1612 mein jemsataaun ke avasthaapan ke chhah saal baad John raalf pehle adhivaasi hain jinhonne tambaakoo ki ek nakadi fasal ke roop mein safalataapoorvak kheti ki. tambaakoo ki maang mein teji se vruddhi hui, use "bhoora sona" kaha gaya, kyonki usane sone ke abhiyaan mein vifal varjeeniya ko share company mein punarjeevit kar diya.[21] puraani duniya ki maangon ko poora karne ke liye tambaakoo ki paidaavaar lagaataar ki gayi jiske parinaamasvaroop jameen ki urvara shakti sheegra hi kam ho gayi. isne pashchim ko ek agyaat mahaadveep mein basane ke liye prerak ka kaarya kiya aur isi tarah tambaakoo utpaadan ka ek vistaar hua.[22] bekan vidroh ke pehle tak anubandhit daasata hi praathamik shram bal ka aadhaar thi jiske kaaran das pratha par dhyaan kendrit hua.[23] yeh pravrutti ameriki kraanti ke baad kam hui aur daasapratha laabhaheen maani gayi. haalaanki yeh pratha 1794 mein punarjeevit ho gayi jab kapaas ki charkhi ka aavishkaar hua.[24][page needed]

sitmbar 2008 ko, Alcatel-Lucent demo faul 2008 par pehli upabhokta RFID seva pesh ki: touchatag. yeh USB ke maadhyam se PC (Windows ya Mac) se judta hai aur jab yeh ek RFID taig se lais vastu ka pata lagaata hai, to malteemeediya ke tamaam prakaar ke anuprayog prakshepit karta hai. unke paas ek anuprayog vikaas kaaryakram aur vyaapaar samaadhaan bhi hai (udaaharan, pingaping-Belgium ke saath sahayog aur Accor Services ke liye ek vaanijyik pilot.[54]
yadi kisi taig yukt vastu ka bhugataan kredit card ya ek lauyalti card ke upayog ke saath sanyojan ke roop mein kiya jaata hai, to paroksh roop se us vastu ki duniya bhar mein adviteeya ID (RFID taig mein samaahit) ko padh kar kreta ki pehchaan ko nikaalna sambhav ho jaaega. aisa tabhi sambhav hai jab dekhne vaale vyakti ke paas agar lauyalti card deta aur kredit card data tak abhigm bhi ho aur upakaran wala vyakti yeh jaanta ho ki aap kahaan jaane vaale hain.
sarkaarein, yaataayaat prabandhan ke liye RFID anuprayogon ka upayog karti hain, jabki motor vaahan companiyaan, utpaad prabandhan ke liye vibhinn RFID traiking samaadhaan ka upayog karti hain. in samaadhaanon mein se kai, bhavishya mein ek saath kaam kar sakte hain, haalaanki gopaneeyata niyam kai pahal ko us gati mein aage badhne se rokate hain jiski takaneek anumati deta hai.

sanvedya jagat enalaug ke hain aur is jagat se sanket enalaug maatraaen hain. udaaharan ke liye prakaash, taapamaan, dhvani, vidyut chaalakata, vidyut aur chunbakeeya aadhaar enaalaug hain. sabse upayogi digital system nirantar enaalaug sanketon se digital sanketon ko alag karne ke liye badalna hoga. yeh parimaaneekaran trutiyon ka kaaran banta hai.
1995 se 1970 ke beech gareeb vikaasasheel deshon mein prati vyakti cigarette ki khapat mein 67 pratishat ki vruddhi hui hai, jabki usamein ameer viksit duniya mein 10 pratishat giraavat aayi hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaalon mein se assi pratishat ab kam viksit deshon mein rahate hain. 2030 tak vishv svaasthya sangathan (WHO) ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 10 million logon ki maut prativrsh dhoomrapaan se sambandhit beemaariyon se hogi jo duniya bhar mein maut ka ek sabse bada kaaran hoga, mahilaaon mein iski sabse badi vruddhi hogi. WHO ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 20 veen sadi mein dhoomrapaan se hui mauton ki daron mein 21 veen sadi mein das guna vruddhi hogi. ("Washington"(Washingtonian) patrika, December 2007).
ek FDA-naamit taask fors ne vartamaan mein vyaavasaayik taur par upalabdh vibhinn praudyogikiyon ke adhyayan ke baad yeh nishkarsh diya ki unamein se kaun si takaneekein vanshaavali aavashyakataaon ko poora kar sakti hain. baar koding sahit adhyayan ki gayi sabhi praudyogikiyon mein, RFID sabse adhik sambhaavana yukt dikhti hai aur samiti ne mahasoos kiya ki vanshaavali aavashyakta ko, aasaani se upalabdh chhej ko nivesh kar ke praapt kiya ja sakta hai. (adhik jaankaari ke liye dekhein RFID-FDA-Regulations)
yadi kisi taig yukt vastu ka bhugataan kredit card ya ek lauyalti card ke upayog ke saath sanyojan ke roop mein kiya jaata hai, to paroksh roop se us vastu ki duniya bhar mein adviteeya ID (RFID taig mein samaahit) ko padh kar kreta ki pehchaan ko nikaalna sambhav ho jaaega. aisa tabhi sambhav hai jab dekhne vaale vyakti ke paas agar lauyalti card deta aur kredit card data tak abhigm bhi ho aur upakaran wala vyakti yeh jaanta ho ki aap kahaan jaane vaale hain.
Canada mein cigarette par karon ne jyaada mahange braandon ki keematein CAD$10 se bhi jyaada badha di hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]United Kingdom mein 20 cigarette ke packet ki keemat £a4.25 aur £a5.50 ke beech hai jo khareede gaye brand aur is par nirbhar karta hai ki vah kahaan se khareedi gayi hai.[90] Britain mein cigarette ka kaala baajaar bahut majboot hai jiska kaaran uchch karaadhaan hai aur yeh anumaan hai ki cigarette ka 27% aur 68% haath se lapetne waali (handrolling) tambaakoo ki khapat Britain kar ka gair-bhugataan (NUKDP) waali hai.[91]
V.S started his early political life by organising the agricultural workers in Kuttanadu. He was a well dedicated organizer of coir factory workers at the age of 16 under A.K. Gopalan and A.V. Kunjambu. Even though V.S. Achuthanandan lacked formal education, he was noted for his simplicity, dedication and deep reading. He was initiated into the political movement by P. Krishna Pillai. Later he participated in the freedom movement and the Communist Movement. V.S was in the forefront of the Punnapra-Vayalar uprising and Freedom Struggle against the policies for C.P Ramaswamy Iyer, Divan of Travancore who wanted to establish an American model government in Travancore. He was arrested on 28 October 1946 and was taken to Poonjar police station. He was beaten up severely in the lock – up. Policemen pierced his sole in both legs with bayonet. V.S spent five and half years in jails and four years underground during his political life.
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