RFID praudyogikiyon ko ab antim-upayokta anuprayogon mein sangrahaalayon mein bhi laagoo kiya ja raha hai. sen Francisco, California mein ek vigyaan sangrahaalaya, eksaploretoriam mein custom-dijaaind anuprayog "eXsport" iska ek udaaharan hai. sangrahaalaya mein pravesh karne vaale aagantuk ko ek RF taig diya jaata hai jise ek card ya haar mein lagaaya ja sakta hai. eXspot pranaali, aagantuk ko pradarshan ke baare mein jaankaari praapt karne mein aur giftashaup par ekatr ki jaane waali tasveerein lene mein saksham banaati hai. baad mein ve apne niji web prushth par ja sakte hain, jis par vishesh jaankaari jaise ki yaatra ki taareekh, dekhi gayi pradarshaniyaan aur li gayi tasveeron ko dekha ja sakta hai.[40]
The primary task of INS Sarvekshak includes Hydrographic Surveys, Nautical Chart preparation & Cartography & Training. The ship is also equipped with ROV, AUV & USV.[5] As part of protocol the ship also took part in International Defence Exhibition 2009 held at Abu Dhabi [6] In 2015 Sarvekshak, was deployed in Mauritius for 5 weeks to help in Survey Operations.[7] INS Sarvekshak was also deployed in 2011 to Mauritius as part of survey operations to execute the following tasks in 3 phases.
Wall-Mart aur ameriki raksha vibhaag ne un aavashyakataaon ko prakaashit kiya hai jo unke vikretaaon ne aapoorti shrrunkhala prabandhan mein sudhaar ke liye ladaan par RFID taig par lagaaya hai. in do sangathanon ke aakaar ke kaaran, unka RFID adhidesh duniya bhar mein hajaaron companiyon ko prabhaavit karta hai. samay seema ko kai baar badhaaya gaya hai kyonki kai vikreta RFID pranaali ko laagoo karne mein mahatvapoorn kathinaaiyon ka saamana karte hain. vyavahaar mein, vartamaan mein safal pathan dar keval 80% chalti hai, utpaadon aur paikejing ki vajah se hone vaale radio tarang ksheenan ke kaaran. bhavishya mein yeh aasha ki jaati hai ki chhoti companiyaan bhi baahar jaane vaale apne ladaan par RFID taig lagaane mein saksham hongi.
rekheeya paripth ki tulana mein aankik paripth ko istemaal karne ki vajah iska ek laabh yeh hai ki shor[2] ke kaaran sanketo ka vightan naheen hota hai va unhein aasaani se bheja aur darshaaya ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye, 1 aur 0 ke kram mein banaaye huye lambe aavaaj ke ek sanket ko truti ke bina pun:nirmaan kiya ja sakta hai basharte sanket banaane ke dauraan paida hua shor itna na ho ki usaki vajah se 1 va 0 ko pahachaana hi na ja sake. seedi mein ek ghante ke sangeet ko kareeb 60 lakh dviaadhaari ankon (baainari dijits) ke roop mein sangraheet kiya ja sakta hai.

Singapore mein, saarvajanik parivhan ki bason aur trainon mein nishkriya RFID ko laagoo kiya gaya hai jise EZ-Link card ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. bheed bhare shahar ke aatanrik kshetron mein yaataayaat ko char tol dvaara niyantrit kiya jaata hai jise stord vailyoo card (kaishakaard ke roop mein gyaat) ke upayog ko ek sakriya taiging pranaali ke saath upayog dvaara laagoo kiya jaata hai.

radio-aavrutti pehchaan (angreji: Radio-frequency identification) ek vastu ka upayog hai (aamtaur par ek RFID taig ke roop mein sandarbhit) jise ek utpaad, pashu, ya vyakti mein radio tarangon ke istemaal se pehchaan karne aur traiking ke uddeshya se lagaaya ya daala jaata hai. kuchh taig ko kai meter door se aur paathak ki drushti rekha ke paar se padha ja sakta hai.


khudara vikretaaon ke maadhyam se bikne vaale utpaadon ke nirmaata khudara vikreta ko beche gaye apne utpaadon ko badhaava dene ke liye ek seemit avadhi ke liye is ummeed ke saath chhoot deta hai, ki khudara vikreta bachat ko apne graahakon tak pahunchaaega. haalaanki, khudara vikreta aamtaur par forward baaing mein vyast ho jaate hain aur chhoot avadhi ke dauraan adhik utpaad khareedne lagte hain jitna ki ve prachaar avadhi ke dauraan bechne ka iraada naheen rakhate. kuchh khudara vikreta ek prakaar ke antarapanan mein sanlagn ho jaate hain aur riyaayati utpaad ko anya khudara vikretaaon ko bechne lag jaate hain, is abhyaas ko daaivarting ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. is abhyaas ka mukaabala karne ke liye, nirmaata, prachaarit maal par RFID taig ke prayog ki sambhaavanaaon ko talaash rahe hain taaki ve track kar sakein ki vaastav mein kaun sa utpaad poori tarah se riyaayati keematon par aapoorti shrrunkhala ke maadhyam se becha gaya hai.[27]
2009 ki garmiyon ke baad se, do kredit card companiyaan vishesh maaicroSD card ke vikaas ke liye dalaas, Texas aadhaarit divaaisafideliti ke saath kaam kar rahi hain. jab ise ek mobile phone mein daala jaaega to yeh microSD card, ek nishkriya taig aur ek RFID reedar, donon ho sakta hai.[11] microSD daalne ke baad, ek upayogakarta ka phone bank khaate se jud jaaega aur usaka upayog mobile bhugataan mein kiya jaaega.
"sviching gati" yeh bataati hai ki ek inavartar prati sekand kitni baar troo se faals aur vaapas mein badal sakta hai ("laujikl naheen" prakriya ki ek electronic prastuti). tej laujik kam samay mein adhik kaarya ko poora kar sakte hain. digital laujik pehli baar tab upayogi ban gaye jab svichn gati pachaas hartj se oopar ho gayi, kyonki vah yaantrik kailakuletar ka sanchaalan kar rahe manushyon ke ek dal se tej thi. aadhunik electronic digital laujik niyamit roop se paanch geegaahartj (5 × 109 hartj) par parivrtit hote hain aur kuchh prayogashaala pranaali ek teraahartj (1 × 1012 hartj) se adhik par parivrtit hoti hai.
kredit card companiyaan ab kisi bhi mobile phone se gair-sampark bhugataan card jodne ke liye bhugataan samaadhaan talaash rahi hain. ek vaahak samaadhaan jo is udyog ki jaroorat ko poora kare ab upalabdh hai. 3mm se kam mota, yeh up-card 2 varshon tak apne paryaavaran ko jhel sakega aur ek baar daale jaane ke baad yeh tatvon se rakshit aur vaahak mein surakshit rahega.[10]
purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki lat paanch guna adhik hoti hain,[13] haalaanki chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] viksit deshon mein purushon mein dhoomrapaan apne charam par pahunch chuka hai aur usamein giraavat aani shuroo ho gayi hai haalaanki mahilaaon ke maamale mein vruddhi barkaraar hai.[53]

Germany mein dhoomrapaan virodhi samooh aksar sharaab virodhi samoohon ke saath jud gaye,[30] tambaakoo ke sevan ke khilaaf der taibakajejaner Der Tabakgegner (tambaakoo pratidvandvi) patrika mein 1912 aur 1932 mein prakaashit lekh mein pehli baar vakaalat ki gayi. san 1929 mein Germany ke dresaden ke fritj likint ne ek lekh prakaashit kiya jismein fefadon ke Cancer-tobaiko link ka aupachaarik saankhyikeeya saboot tha. edaulf hitlar ne ghanaghor avasaad ke dauraan dhoomrapaan karne ki lat ko paise ki barabaadi kehkar ninda ki thi aur baad mein usane drudh vaktavya diye.[31] yeh aandolan aage chalakar naaji prajanan neeti ke kaaran aur majboot hua jismein mahilaaon ke dhoomrapaan ko ek jarman parivaar mein patniyon aur maataaon ke liye anupayukt maana gaya.[32]
16 se 18 November 2005 ke beech, sanyukt raashtra ke world summit on the informeshan society (WSIS) ke dauraan free software movement ke sansthaapak richrd staulaman ne RFID suraksha card ke istemaal ka virodh kiya. pehli baithak ke dauraan yeh sahamati hui ki bhavishya ki baithakon mein RFID card ka upayog naheen kiya jaaega aur yeh jaankaar ki is aashvaasan ko toda gaya hai, unhonne apne card ko elyoomeeniym panni mein lapet liya aur ve ise keval suraksha stationon par hi kholeinge. yeh virodh suraksha karmiyon ki kaafi chinta ka kaaran bana, jahaan kuchh ne unhein sammelan kaksh se jismein ve mukhya vakta the baahar jaane se roka aur doosare sammelan kaksh mein jahaan unka bolna abhi baaki tha, pravesh karne naheen diya gaya.[76][77]
The Vyapar - Accounting & Invoicing has 8 plans - Basic - Desktop INRUSD 38 (Device/Year),Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 68 (Device/ 3 Years),Super Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 98 (Device/ 5 Years),Ultra Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 167 (Device/ 10 Years),Basic - Android INRUSD 11 (Device/Year),Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 27 (Device/ 3 Years),Super Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 42 (Device/ 5 Years),Ultra Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 74 (Device/ 10 Years).
kai dhoomrapaan virodhi sangathanon ka daava hai ki kishor apne hamaumr ke saathiyon ke dabaav tatha doston ke pade saanskrutik prabhaav ke kaaran dhoomrapaan shuroo karte hain. haalaanki, ek adhyayan mein paaya gaya hai ki cigarette peene ka pratyaksh dabaav kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika naheen nibhaata hai. is adhyayan mein yeh bhi report hai ki kishoraavastha mein cigarette peene ke nirdeshaatmak aur pratyaksh donon tarah ke dabaav kam hote hain.[62] aise hi ek adhyayan se pata chala hai ki koi vyakti dhoomrapaan mein usase adhik sakriya bhoomika nibha sakta hai jiski bhoomika pehle sveekaar ki gayi hai aur saathiyon ke dabaav ki tulana mein anya saamaajik prakriyaaon par bhi dhyaan diye jaane ki aavashyakta hai.[63] ek anya adhyayan ke parinaamon se pata chala hai ki saathiyon ke dabaav mein sabhi aayu aur ling ke dal ke dhoomrapaan vyavahaar mahatvapoorn dhang se jude the, lekin ve antaravaiyaktik kaarak kaafi adhik mahatvapoorn the jo 12-13 varsh ki ladkiyon ki tulana mein usi umr ke ladkon ke dhoomrapaan vyavahaar ko alag karta hai. 14-15 saal ke bheetar ke aayu samooh ke logon mein apne saathiyon ke dhoomrapaan ke dabaav ka prabhaav ladkon ki tulana mein ladkiyon par adhik padna ek mahatvapoorn kaarak ke roop mein ubhara.[64] aksar is baat par bahas hoti hai ki kya saathiyon ke dabaav ya swayam chayan kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan ka ek bada kaaran hai. yeh tark ka vishay hai ki saathiyon ke dabaav ka ulta bhi sach hai, jab saathiyon mein se jyaadaatar dhoomrapaan naheen karte hain aur jo aisa karne vaalon ko bahishkrut kar dete hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]hains aaiseink jaise manovaijnyaaanikon ne vishisht dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ke liye ek vyaktitv vikaas profaail kiya hai.
traiking item se sambandhit aankadon ke bhandaaran ko kai teraabaaits ki aavashyakta hogi. upayogi jaankaari banaane ke liye, RFID deta ko chhaanane aur vargeekrut karne ki jaroorat hai. aisi sambhaavana hai ki maal ko, RFID taig ka upayog karne vaale pailet se track kiya jaaega aur package star par yoonivrsal product code (UPC) ya anoothe baarakod dvaara EAN se.
ek baar input deta ko sahi maanane ke baad, khud dijaain ko abhi bhi shuddhata ke liye satyaapit kiya jaana chaahiye. kuchh upakaran pravaah, pehle ek dijaain ke utpaadan dvaara design ki pushti karte hain aur fir upakaran pravaah ke liye sangat input deta ke utpaadan ke liye design ki skaining karte hain. yadi scan kiya hua deta, input deta ke saath mel khaata hai, to upakaran pravaah ne shaayad koi trutiyaan pesh naheen ki.
rekheeya paripth ki tulana mein aankik paripth ko istemaal karne ki vajah iska ek laabh yeh hai ki shor[2] ke kaaran sanketo ka vightan naheen hota hai va unhein aasaani se bheja aur darshaaya ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye, 1 aur 0 ke kram mein banaaye huye lambe aavaaj ke ek sanket ko truti ke bina pun:nirmaan kiya ja sakta hai basharte sanket banaane ke dauraan paida hua shor itna na ho ki usaki vajah se 1 va 0 ko pahachaana hi na ja sake. seedi mein ek ghante ke sangeet ko kareeb 60 lakh dviaadhaari ankon (baainari dijits) ke roop mein sangraheet kiya ja sakta hai.

Nokia ke 2008 ke upakaran, 6212, mein RFID kshamataaen bhi hain. saksham haindaset ka upayog karte hue kredit card ki jaankaari ko sangraheet kiya ja sakta hai aur bank khaaton tak seedhe pahuncha ja sakta hain. is phone ko, agar mobile bhugataan ke liye ek vektar ke roop mein istemaal kiya jaae to ismein is maayane mein atirikt suraksha hoti hai ki ismein upayogakartaaon ko bhugataan ke praadhikrut hone se pehle ek paasakod ya pin darj karne ki aavashyakta hogi.[13]

apni adyatan sanrachana aur suvijnyaata ke saath si pi aar I ne desh ke vidyut kshetr ko unnat yojana, prachaalan tatha vidyut pranaaliyon ke niyantran ke liye paryaapt yogadaan diya hai. aantarik anusandhaan va vikaas ke alaava, si pi aar I suvijnyaata ke vibhinn kshetron mein nirmaataaon aur anya abhikranon se praayojit anusandhaan pariyojanaaon ko sveekaarata hai.
INS Sarvekshak had previously visited Mauritius in February 2006 and March 2007 to undertake hydrographic surveys. The survey work by INS Sarvekshak was of immense help to Mauritius with regards to fishing, ecosystem preservation and management, establishment of artificial reefs, delimitation of the Continental Shelf of Mauritius and safe navigation of ships and crafts.[8] In 2007 the ship surveyed Port Mathurin, Rodrigues, which was last surveyed 133 years ago.[9] In 2011 the ship was also deployed in Seychelles to carry out hydrographic surveys off the atoll of Aldabra, Picard Island, Polyminie and part of Malabar Island and Grande-Terre island on the request of Government of Seychelles as the last survey of the area was done back in 1960s.[10] As part of goodwill tour 20 students from Jammu and Kashmir also toured the ship in 2011.[11]
tambaakoo ek krushi utpaad hai jo nikoteeniya prajaati ke paudhon ki taaja pattiyon ka prasanskaran hai. is prajaati mein kai upajaatiyaan hain, haalaanki nikoteeniya tabaakum (Nicotiana tabacum) saamaanyat: ugaaya jaata hai. nikoteeaana rastika (Nicotiana rustica) nikoteen ki uchch saandrata ke maamale mein doosare number par hai. in pattiyon ki kheti hoti hai aur dheeme okseekaran ki suvidha aur tambaakoo ke patte mein kairoteenauyad ko kam hone diya jaata hai taaki vah svasth ho jaaye. isse tambaakoo ke patton mein kuchh yaugik taiyaar hote hain jo meethi ghaas, chai, tel gulaab ya fal jaisa khushaboodaar jaayaka paida karte hain. paikejing se pehle tambaakoo aksar nashe ki shakti badhaane ke liye anya yogaj ke saath sanyukt roop se rakha jaata hai taaki utpaad ka peeech (pH) badal jaaye ya dhoomrapaan ka prabhaav ya svaad behtar ho jaaye. sanyukt raajya America mein in yojakon mein 599 padaarthon ka niyman kiya gaya hai.[8] is utpaad ko uske baad prasanskrut aur paik kar upabhokta baajaar ke liye bhej diya jaata hai. khapat ke saadhan ke taur par sakriya tatvon ke saath kam gaun-utpaad ko naye tareeke ke roop mein sammilit kar is kshetr mein vyaapak sambhaavnaaon ka vistaar kiya gaya hai.
lo-freekveinsi (LF: 125-134.2 kHz aur 140-148.5 kHz) (LowFID) taig aur haai-freekveinsi (HF: 13.56 MHz) (HighFID) taig bina ek license ke vishv star par prayog kiya ja sakta. ultra haai-freekveinsi (UHF: 868-928 MHz) (Ultra-HighFID ya UHFID) taig ko duniya bhar mein istemaal naheen kiya ja sakta hai kyonki koi bhi vaishvik maanak naheen hai. uttari America mein, UHF ko 902-928& MHz (915 MHz center freekveinsi se ± 13 MHz) ke liye bina license ke istemaal kiya ja sakta hai, par paareshan adhikaar ke liye pratibandh maujood hain. Europe mein, RFID aur anya kam-kshamata vidyut radio anuprayog, ETSI ki sifaarishon EN 300 220 aur EN 302 208 aur ERO 70 03 sifaarish dvaara viniymit hain, jo RFID ko 865-868 megaahartaj ke kuchh jatil band pratibandhon ke saath sanchaalan ki anumati dete hain. paathakon ko prasaaran se pehle ek channel par najar rakhane ki jaroorat hoti hai ("lisen bifor tauk"); is aavashyakta se pradarshan par thoda pratibandh laga hai, jiska sankalp maujooda shodh ka vishay hai. uttar ameriki UHF maanak, France mein sveekaar naheen kiye jaate hain choonki ye uske sainya band ke saath hastakshep karte hain. cheen aur Japan ke liye, UHF ka upayog karne ke liye koi niyam naheen hai. in deshon mein har UHF ke aavedan ke liye ek site license ki jarurat hai, jiska aavedan sthaaneeya adhikaariyon ke paas kiya jaana chaahiye aur ise radd kiya ja sakta hai. Australia aur New Zealand ke liye 918-926 megaahartaj gair-license vaale hain, lekin sancharan adhikaar ke liye pratibandh maujood hain.
radio-aavrutti pehchaan (angreji: Radio-frequency identification) ek vastu ka upayog hai (aamtaur par ek RFID taig ke roop mein sandarbhit) jise ek utpaad, pashu, ya vyakti mein radio tarangon ke istemaal se pehchaan karne aur traiking ke uddeshya se lagaaya ya daala jaata hai. kuchh taig ko kai meter door se aur paathak ki drushti rekha ke paar se padha ja sakta hai.
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sanyukt raajya America mein cigarette kar alag-alag raajyon mein ek doosare se vyaapak roop se bhinn hai. udaaharan ke liye dakshin kairolina mein ek packet par keval 7 seint hai, jo desh ka nyoonatam hai, jabki road aailaind mein America ka uchchatam sitret tax prati packet $ 3.46 hai. Alabama mein, ilinois, misauri, New York shahar, Tennessee aur varjeeniya, kaauntiyon aur shaharon cigarette ki keemat par ek atirikt seemit kar laagoo hain.[87] uchch kar dar ke kaaran new jersey mein cigarette ke ek ausat packet ki keemat $ 6.45 hai,[88][89] jo abhi bhi cigarette ke ek packet ki anumaanit baahya laagat se bhi kam hai.
RFID praudyogiki ke kai upayogon mein se ek hai unka pustakaalayon mein prayog. is praudyogiki ne dheere-dheere pustakaalaya ki cheejon par (kitaabein, CD, DVD, aadi) paaramparik baarakod ki jagah lena shuroo kar diya hai. RFID taig mein pehchaan sambandhit jaankaari ho sakti hai jaise ek pustak ka sheershak ya saamagri prakaar, jiske tahat ek alag daataabes ki or ishaara karne ki aavashyakta naheen hogi (lekin yeh uttar America mein durlabh hai). yeh jaankaari ek RFID reedar dvaara padhi jaati hai, jo maanak baarakod reedar ko jo saamaanyat: ek pustakaalaya ki sanchalan mej par paaya jaata hai, pratisthaapit karta hai. pustakaalaya saamagri par paaya jaane wala RFID taig aamtaur par uttar America mein 50 mm X 50 mm aur Europe mein 50 mm x 75 mm ke naap ka hota hai. ise baarakod ki jagah ya usamein shaamil kiya ja sakta hai, jo staaf ko soochi prabandhan ka ek alag tareeka aur lene vaalon ko swayam seva pradaan karega. yeh ek suraksha upakaran ke roop mein bhi kaarya kar sakte hain aur paramparaagat vidyut chumbakeeya patti[28] ki jagah le sakte hain aur na keval kitaabein, balki sadasyata card mein bhi ek RFID taig lagaaya ja sakta hai.
The Vyapar - Accounting & Invoicing has 8 plans - Basic - Desktop INRUSD 38 (Device/Year),Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 68 (Device/ 3 Years),Super Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 98 (Device/ 5 Years),Ultra Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 167 (Device/ 10 Years),Basic - Android INRUSD 11 (Device/Year),Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 27 (Device/ 3 Years),Super Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 42 (Device/ 5 Years),Ultra Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 74 (Device/ 10 Years).
Achuthanandan was heavily criticized for his allegedly insensitive comments in regards to the family of the late NSG commando Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan who was slain while defending the city of Mumbai during the 2008 terrorist attacks. Under public criticism for not visiting the mourning family, the CM finally decided to visit them. But allegedly agitated by the perceived insult and insensitivity in sending police dogs to check in a house in mourning as well as Achuthanandan's not offering condolences in a timely manner, Sandeep's father requested that the minister not visit. When Achuthanandan attempted to enter the house, he was evicted by the father on live TV.[32][33] Smarting from the snub, Achuthanandan stated during a TV interview that "Is there any rule that both the Karnataka Chief Minister and Kerala Chief Minister should go together to his (Sandeep's) home? If it were not that it was Sandeep's house, not even a dog would have gone there."(translated to English from his reply in Malayalam).[34] Faced by heavy public criticism and furor over this, Achuthanandan eventually offered a public apology, which was accepted by Sandeep's father, bringing an end to the controversy.[35]
Parakala since the beginning was against the idea of dividing the state of Andhra Pradesh. Towards the end of 2009, when the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government at the centre announced their intent to divide the state into two and granting statehood to Telangana, there was a political upheaval in Andhra Pradesh. Parakala along with a few likeminded people launched Visalandhra Mahasabgha, a forum to keep the state of Andhra Pradesh united. The forum held meetings, produced booklets and literature and argued for the unity of the state. It questioned the rationale and arguments of those who advocated statehood for Telangana. Parakala led the movement as the organisation's General Secretary. He toured the length and breadth of coastal and Rayalaseema regions. He was prevented form entering the Telangana districts by the separatist agitators, particularly the Telangana Rashtra Samiti activists. He was physically attacked, his house was stoned and the book he published was burnt in public view in the meeting hall where it was released. His publication 'Refuting an Agitation' listed the arguments of the separatists and refuted one after another with facts and figures and historical evidence. The agitators were unable provide a counter argument to the powerful critique of the agitation launched by Visalandhra Mahasabha. But the forum was not a mass body. It was only a platform of intellectuals and the mass parties have all either remained neutral or supported the demand for separate statehood for Telangana. Visalandhra Mahasabha could not muster mass support to sustain the agitation. The political class did not back the Mahasabha wholeheartedly. Even those who opposed the division of the state hardly took any initiative for mass mobilisation. The state was divided and the Visalandhra Mahasabha remained a mute spectator to the bifurcation of the first linguistic state in the country.
Born on 20 October 1923 to Sankaran and Accamma in Alappuzha, Travancore (part of present-day Kerala state, India), he lost his mother when he was four years old and subsequently lost his father at age 11. This forced him to quit his studies after finishing 7th standard in school and college[9] He started working by helping his elder brother in a village tailoring shop. Later he took up the job of meshing coir to make ropes at a coir factory.[10][11]
kuchh pranaaliyon mein yadi digital deta ka ek bhaag lupt ho jaae ya galat tareeke se vyavahrut hon, to sambandhit deta ke vishaal khandon ka arth poori tarah se badal sakta hai. kyonki kleef ifekt ke kaaran, upayogakartaaon ke liye bataana mushkil hai ki koi vishisht system vifalta ke kagaar par sahi tha ya fir vah asafal hone se pehle bahut adhik shor ko sahan kar sakta hai ya naheen.
EPCglobal ke abhiyaanon mein se ek tha 1990 ke dashak mein RFID duniya mein prachalit protokaul ke kolaahal ko saral karna. do taig air intarafes (ek taig aur ek reedar ke beech soochana ka aadaan-pradaan karne ke liye protokaul) ko EPCglobal dvaara 2003 se pehle paribhaashit (lekin pushti naheen) kiya gaya. in protokaul ka, jinhein saamaanyat: class 0 tatha class 1 ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, 2002-2005 mein mahatvapoorn vyaavasaayik kaaryaanvayan hua.

cigarette ke maamale mein French "chhota sigaar" dhoomrapaan ka ek utpaad hai jise patali tambaakoo ki pattiyon ko ant mein kaatkar aur tambaakoo ka punargathan kar theek se taiyaar kiya jaata hai, aksar ise anya yogaj ke saath sanyukt kar ek velanaakaar kaagaj mein lapet diya jaata hai.[8] cigarette aamtaur par sulagaakar usaka dhuaan ek selooloj eseetet filtar ke maadhyam se munh aur fefadon mein kheencha jaata hai. cigarette peena tambaakoo-sevan ka sabse aam tareeka hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
lo-freekveinsi (LF: 125-134.2 kHz aur 140-148.5 kHz) (LowFID) taig aur haai-freekveinsi (HF: 13.56 MHz) (HighFID) taig bina ek license ke vishv star par prayog kiya ja sakta. ultra haai-freekveinsi (UHF: 868-928 MHz) (Ultra-HighFID ya UHFID) taig ko duniya bhar mein istemaal naheen kiya ja sakta hai kyonki koi bhi vaishvik maanak naheen hai. uttari America mein, UHF ko 902-928& MHz (915 MHz center freekveinsi se ± 13 MHz) ke liye bina license ke istemaal kiya ja sakta hai, par paareshan adhikaar ke liye pratibandh maujood hain. Europe mein, RFID aur anya kam-kshamata vidyut radio anuprayog, ETSI ki sifaarishon EN 300 220 aur EN 302 208 aur ERO 70 03 sifaarish dvaara viniymit hain, jo RFID ko 865-868 megaahartaj ke kuchh jatil band pratibandhon ke saath sanchaalan ki anumati dete hain. paathakon ko prasaaran se pehle ek channel par najar rakhane ki jaroorat hoti hai ("lisen bifor tauk"); is aavashyakta se pradarshan par thoda pratibandh laga hai, jiska sankalp maujooda shodh ka vishay hai. uttar ameriki UHF maanak, France mein sveekaar naheen kiye jaate hain choonki ye uske sainya band ke saath hastakshep karte hain. cheen aur Japan ke liye, UHF ka upayog karne ke liye koi niyam naheen hai. in deshon mein har UHF ke aavedan ke liye ek site license ki jarurat hai, jiska aavedan sthaaneeya adhikaariyon ke paas kiya jaana chaahiye aur ise radd kiya ja sakta hai. Australia aur New Zealand ke liye 918-926 megaahartaj gair-license vaale hain, lekin sancharan adhikaar ke liye pratibandh maujood hain.
Germany mein dhoomrapaan virodhi samooh aksar sharaab virodhi samoohon ke saath jud gaye,[30] tambaakoo ke sevan ke khilaaf der taibakajejaner Der Tabakgegner (tambaakoo pratidvandvi) patrika mein 1912 aur 1932 mein prakaashit lekh mein pehli baar vakaalat ki gayi. san 1929 mein Germany ke dresaden ke fritj likint ne ek lekh prakaashit kiya jismein fefadon ke Cancer-tobaiko link ka aupachaarik saankhyikeeya saboot tha. edaulf hitlar ne ghanaghor avasaad ke dauraan dhoomrapaan karne ki lat ko paise ki barabaadi kehkar ninda ki thi aur baad mein usane drudh vaktavya diye.[31] yeh aandolan aage chalakar naaji prajanan neeti ke kaaran aur majboot hua jismein mahilaaon ke dhoomrapaan ko ek jarman parivaar mein patniyon aur maataaon ke liye anupayukt maana gaya.[32]

dendaari lekha ek aisa faail ya khaata hai, jismein vyakti ya company dvaara aapoortikrtaaon ko bakaaya, lekin ab tak adatt (karj ka ek roop) paisa hota hai. jab aapko beejak praapt hota hai, to aap use faail se jodte hain aur bhugataan karte samay use hataate hain. is prakaar, A/P rin ka ek aisa svaroop hai, jo aapoortikrta apne khreedaaron ko pesh karte hain, jiske jriye pehle se hi praapt kisi utpaad ya seva ke liye baad mein bhugataan anumat hota hai.
In the 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, the Left Democratic Front (LDF) secured a huge win with a total of 91 seats in 140 assembly constituencies. At the age of 92, VS travelled across the state campaigning for the party with much vigour. V S Achuthanandan also contested this election from Malampuzha constituency, where he won by a margin of 27,142 votes. Being the face and most recognizable leader of the front, he staked his claim to be the next Chief Minister. However, the State and Central leadership appointed Pinarayi Vijayan as Chief Minister instead.
radio-aavrutti pehchaan (angreji: Radio-frequency identification) ek vastu ka upayog hai (aamtaur par ek RFID taig ke roop mein sandarbhit) jise ek utpaad, pashu, ya vyakti mein radio tarangon ke istemaal se pehchaan karne aur traiking ke uddeshya se lagaaya ya daala jaata hai. kuchh taig ko kai meter door se aur paathak ki drushti rekha ke paar se padha ja sakta hai.

sooparakandaktiviti ki khoj, raipid ekal flaks kvaantam (RSFQ) ke vikaas sarkit praudyogiki ko sambhav kar pai hai joki traanjistar ke bajaay josefasan jankshan ka upayog karta hai. haal hi mein, aise shuddh optikl kanpyooting pranaali ko banaane ka prayaas kiya gaya, joki naunaleeneear optikl tatvon ka prayog karke digital soochana sansaadhit karne mein saksham hai.
INS Sarvekshak (J22) is a hydrographic survey ship in the Indian Navy, under the Southern Naval Command. Apart from a helicopter and Bofors 40 mm gun, the ship is also equipped with four survey motor boats, two small boats.[2] The ship was awarded the runner up trophy in the 2015 Innovation Trophy awards given out on Navy Day as an operational unit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The award was given for developing an innovative solution for tidal measurement during Hydrological Surveys by use of land based terrain mapping equipment and floating buoys mounted with prisms. The award was accepted by Capt Rajesh Bargoti, the Commanding Officer of INS Sarvekshak.[3]
1995 se 1970 ke beech gareeb vikaasasheel deshon mein prati vyakti cigarette ki khapat mein 67 pratishat ki vruddhi hui hai, jabki usamein ameer viksit duniya mein 10 pratishat giraavat aayi hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaalon mein se assi pratishat ab kam viksit deshon mein rahate hain. 2030 tak vishv svaasthya sangathan (WHO) ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 10 million logon ki maut prativrsh dhoomrapaan se sambandhit beemaariyon se hogi jo duniya bhar mein maut ka ek sabse bada kaaran hoga, mahilaaon mein iski sabse badi vruddhi hogi. WHO ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 20 veen sadi mein dhoomrapaan se hui mauton ki daron mein 21 veen sadi mein das guna vruddhi hogi. ("Washington"(Washingtonian) patrika, December 2007).

1860 ke dashak mein ameriki naagrik yuddh tak usaka vikaas sthir raha, jab praathamik shram shakti daasata se sthaanaantarit hokar fasalon ka hissedaar bani. yeh, maang mein parivartan ke saath hua aur cigarette ke utpaadan ke saath tambaakoo audyogeekaran ki or badha. 1881 mein ek shilpkaar James bonasaik ne cigarette ke utpaadan ki gati badhaane ke liye ek machine ka utpaadan kiya.[29]
kuchh dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan ke avasaadak ka prabhaav unki nason ko shaant karta hai, aksar ekaagrata badhaane mein madad karta hai. haalaanki inpeeriyl college London ke anusaar, "nikoteen uttejak aur avasaad donon ka prabhaav dene lagta hai aur yeh sambhaavana hai ki yeh prabhaav kisi bhi samay upayogakarta ki manosthiti, paryaavaran aur upayog ki paristhitiyon dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. adhyayan mein yeh bhi sujhaav diya gaya hai ki kam khuraak ka ek avasaadak prabhaav hai, jabki jyaada khuraak lene ka uttejak prabhaav hota hai.[67] tathaapi nikoteen ke upayog ke prabhaav aur nikoteen chhodne ke prabhaav ko alag karna asambhav hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
agar system vaanchhit degree ki vishvastata ke pratinidhitv karne ke liye paryaapt digital deta ka bhandaaran karta hai to parimaaneekaran truti ko kam kiya ja sakta hai. ek nirdhaarit enaalaug sanket ko theek-theek prastut karne ke liye kitni digital data ki aavashyakta hoti hai usaki jaankaari naaikvist-shaannon namoona prameya ek mahatvapoorn nirdesh pradaan karta hai.
1995 se 1970 ke beech gareeb vikaasasheel deshon mein prati vyakti cigarette ki khapat mein 67 pratishat ki vruddhi hui hai, jabki usamein ameer viksit duniya mein 10 pratishat giraavat aayi hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaalon mein se assi pratishat ab kam viksit deshon mein rahate hain. 2030 tak vishv svaasthya sangathan (WHO) ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 10 million logon ki maut prativrsh dhoomrapaan se sambandhit beemaariyon se hogi jo duniya bhar mein maut ka ek sabse bada kaaran hoga, mahilaaon mein iski sabse badi vruddhi hogi. WHO ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 20 veen sadi mein dhoomrapaan se hui mauton ki daron mein 21 veen sadi mein das guna vruddhi hogi. ("Washington"(Washingtonian) patrika, December 2007).
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