gair electronic digital tantr nirmaan sambhav hai. siddhaant roop mein, asatat state ka pratinidhitv aur laujik kaaryon ka pratinidhitv karne mein saksham kisi bhi takaneek ka istemaal yaantrik laujik banaane ke liye kiya ja sakta hai. MIT ke chhaatron, erleen gi, Edward haardabek, daini hilis (the kanekshan machine ke sah-lekhak), maargaret minsaki aur bairi aur Brian silvaraman bhaai, ne tinkar khilaune, string, ek int aur ek teevr peinsil se do computer ka nirmaan kiya.[3] tinkaratauya computer, Boston vigyaan sangrahaalaya mein hai.
POS store chekaaaut ke liye bhi RFID upayog ka prastaav kiya gaya hai jo khajaanchi ko ek svachaalit tantr se pratisthaapit karega jise kisi baarakod skaining ki jaroorat naheen hoti hai. poorv mein taig ki uchch laagat aur us vakt maujood POS proses praudyogiki ki vajah se yeh sambhav naheen tha. haalaanki, industry stainadard, ohiyo mein ek vastr ki dukaan aur rikaurding studio ne safalataapoorvak ek POS prakriya ko implemented kiya hai jo sampoorn lenaden ko apekshaakrut teji se karne ki anumati deti hai.
theem park (jaise United Kingdom mein eltan taavars) RFID ka upayog karte hain taaki unhein raaid ke upayogakarta ki pehchaan karne aur park mein unke bitaaye samay ki ek DVD banaane mein madad ho. din ke ant mein fir ise upayogakartaaon ke liye khareedne ke liye upalabdh karaaya jaata hai. yeh upayogakartaaon ke liye svaichhik hai jo park mein unhein diye jaane vaale kalaai band ko pahan kar aisa kar sakte hain.

tambaakoo dhoomrapaan ek aisa abhyaas hai jismein tambaakoo ko jalaaya jaata hai aur usaka dhuaan ya to chakha jaata hai ya fir use saans mein kheencha jaata hai. iska chalan 5000-3000 E.poo.ke praarambhik kaal mein shuroo hua.[1] kai sabhyataaon mein dhaarmik anushthaanon ke dauraan ise sugandh ke taur par jalaaya gaya, jise baad mein aanand praapt karne ke liye ya fir ek saamaajik upakaran ke roop mein apnaaya gaya.[2] puraani duniya mein tambaakoo 1500 ke dashak ke antim daur mein prachalit hua jahaan isne saajha vyaapaarik maarg ka anusaran kiya. haalaanki yeh padaarth aksar aalochna ka shikaar banta raha hai, lekin iske baavajood vah lokapriya ho gaya.[3] jarman vaigyaaniko ne aupachaarik roop se der se 1920 ke dashak ke ant mein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech ke sambandhon ki pehchaan ki jisse aadhunik itihaas mein pehle dhoomrapaan virodhi abhiyaan ki shuruaat hui. aandolan tathaapi dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan dushmanon ki seema mein pahunchane mein naakaam raha aur uske baad jald hi alokapriya ho gaya.[4] 1950 mein svaasthya adhikaariyon ne fir se dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech ke sambandh par charcha shuroo ki.[5] vaigyaanik pramaan 1980 ke dashak mein praapt hue, jisne is abhyaas ke khilaaf raajaneetik kaarravaai par jor diya. 1965 se viksit deshon mein khapat ya to ksheen hui ya fir usamein giraavat aayi.[6] haalaanki, vikaasasheel duniya mein badhat jaari hai.[7]
maariyo kaardullo ka saaaincha:US Patent 1973 mein aadhunik RFID ka pehla sachcha poorvaj tha; smruti wala ek nishkriya radio traansapondar. praarambhik upakaran nishkriya tha, jo poochh-taachh sanket ke dvaara sanchaalit hota tha aur 1971 mein New York port athauriti aur anya sambhaavit prayoktaaon ke liye iska pradarshan kiya gaya aur yeh ek tol upakaran ke roop mein istemaal ke liye 16 bit smruti ke saath ek traansapondar se bana tha. buniyaadi kaardullo peteint sanchaaran media ke roop mein RF, dhvani aur prakaash ke istemaal ko aavrut karta hai. 1969 mein, niveshakon ke saamane prastut mool vyaapaar yojana ne parivhan (otomotiv vaahan pehchaan, svachaalit tol pranaali, electronic license plate, electronic maalasoochi, vaahan maarg, vaahan pradarshan nigraani), banking (electronic check book, electronic kredit card), suraksha (karmiyon ki pehchaan, svachaalit dwaar, nigraani) aur chikitsa (pehchaan, rogi itihaas) mein iska istemaal dikhaaya.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
1612 mein jemsataaun ke avasthaapan ke chhah saal baad John raalf pehle adhivaasi hain jinhonne tambaakoo ki ek nakadi fasal ke roop mein safalataapoorvak kheti ki. tambaakoo ki maang mein teji se vruddhi hui, use "bhoora sona" kaha gaya, kyonki usane sone ke abhiyaan mein vifal varjeeniya ko share company mein punarjeevit kar diya.[21] puraani duniya ki maangon ko poora karne ke liye tambaakoo ki paidaavaar lagaataar ki gayi jiske parinaamasvaroop jameen ki urvara shakti sheegra hi kam ho gayi. isne pashchim ko ek agyaat mahaadveep mein basane ke liye prerak ka kaarya kiya aur isi tarah tambaakoo utpaadan ka ek vistaar hua.[22] bekan vidroh ke pehle tak anubandhit daasata hi praathamik shram bal ka aadhaar thi jiske kaaran das pratha par dhyaan kendrit hua.[23] yeh pravrutti ameriki kraanti ke baad kam hui aur daasapratha laabhaheen maani gayi. haalaanki yeh pratha 1794 mein punarjeevit ho gayi jab kapaas ki charkhi ka aavishkaar hua.[24][page needed]
purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki lat paanch guna adhik hoti hain,[13] haalaanki chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] viksit deshon mein purushon mein dhoomrapaan apne charam par pahunch chuka hai aur usamein giraavat aani shuroo ho gayi hai haalaanki mahilaaon ke maamale mein vruddhi barkaraar hai.[53]

June 1967 mein sangheeya sanchaar aayog ne nirnaya liya ki TV station par dhoomrapaan aur svaasthya charcha ka prasaaran aparyaapt hai aur vah bhugataan kiye jaane vaale un vijnyaaapanon ki kami poori naheen kar paate jo paanch se das minute roj prasaarit hote hain. April 1970 mein Congress ne television aur radio par cigarette ke vigyaapan par pratibandh lagaane vaale jan svaasthya cigarette dhoomrapaan adhiniyam ko paarit kar diya, jo 2 January 1971 ko laagoo hua.[92]

saarvajanik pustakaalaya ka dach sangh (Vereniging van Openbare' Bibliotheken) ek anyonyakriya 'sandarbh pustakaalaya' ki avadhaarana par kaam kar raha hai, jahaan lenevaalon ko ek reedar/hedafon set milta hai, jo unhein pustakaalaya ke vaanchhit anubhaag ki or le jaata hai (GPS ke vipreet, traayanguleshan tareeke ka upayog karke) aur jiska istamaal ve alamaariyon par rakhi pustakon se vaanchhit star ke vivran ke saath soochana padhne ke liye kar sakte hain (udaaharan ke liye, jor se padha gaya bhaag) jo pustak ke taig se hi aata hai ya kaheen aur sthit detaabes se aur lenevaale ki vareeyataaon ke aadhaar par vikalp ka sujhaav praapt karke, is prakaar pustakaalaya ka aur adhik vyaktigat sanskaran banaaya ja sakta hai. isse ve pustakaalaya ke un bhaagon mein bhi jaayeinge jahaan anyatha ve yaatra naheen karte. lenevaale, is pranaali ka upayog anubhavon ke aadaan-pradaan ke liye bhi kar sakte hain (jaise pustak greding mein). ise pehle se hi bachchon dvaara mijnstempel.nl mein aabhaasi daayare mein kiya ja raha hai, lekin ise bhautik roop mein bhi kiya ja sakta hai. lenevaale, vaapasi mej par kitaab ko gred de sakte hain.
Achuthanandan has served many positions in his long political career. He was the Kerala State Secretary of the CPI(M) between 1980 and 1992 and he became a member of the Politburo in 1985. He has also been active in parliamentary politics; he was elected as a member of Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1967, 1970, 1991, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. He was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 1992 to 1996, from 2001 to 2006 and from 2011 to 2016. He was the editor of CPI(M) mouth piece in Malayalam, Deshabhimani daily. He was the Chief Ministerial candidate for 1996 State elections. In those elections, LDF gained 80 out of 140 seats, but Achuthanandan, who contested from Mararikulam in Alappuzha district, lost by a margin of 1965 votes. Thus, E.K. Nayanar, who held the position twice earlier, became Chief Minister again.
saare pareekshan ke baad, deta bits jagah par hain, dijaain ko "saamaanya mod" ke liye reekanfigr kiya jaata hai aur ek ya ek se adhik klauk pals ko laagoo kiya jaata hain, taaki dosh ka pata lag sake (jaise stak-ait lo ya stak-ait haai) aur pareekshan ke parinaam ka pragrahan scan shift rajistar mein flip-flop mein aur/ya leches mein kiya jaata hai. ant mein, pareekshan ke parinaam ko block seema mein sthaanaantarit kar diya jaata hai aur poorvaanumaan "gud machine" nateeje ke prati tulana ki jaati hai.
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