dhoomrapaan ki shurooaat jyaadaatar kishoraavastha ya kishoraavastha ke aarambhik daur mein hoti hai. dhoomrapaan mein jokhim ke tatv aur vidroh hota hai, jo ki aksar yuva logon ko aakarshit karta hai. uchch star ke model aur saathiyon ki upasthiti bhi dhoomrapaan karne ko protsaahit kar sakti hai. choonki kishor vayaskon ki tulana mein apne saathiyon se adhik prabhaavit hote hain isliye maata-pita, school tatha svaasthya peshevar in logon ke cigarette peene ke prayaas ko rokane mein aksar asafal hote hain.[58][59]

ZDNet ke anusaar, aalochakon ka maanana hai ki is praudyogiki se kisi vyakti ki har gatividhi par nazar rakha jaaega aur yeh gopaneeyata par ek aakraman hoga. vivaad is baat par hai ki aalochak maanate hain ki sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog hoga. kuchh log aise bhavishya ki avadhaarana pesh karte hain jahaan har gatividhi par sarkaar ki nazar hogi.[86] Cathrine albrekt ke spaaichips: how major korporeshan end gavarnameint plaan tu track yor evri moov vith RFID, se ek vyakti ko "gair-nijta waali duniya ki kalpana" ke liye protsaahit kiya jaata hai. "jahaan aapki har khareed ki nigraani aur ek detaabes mein darj ki jaati hai aur aapki har cheej sankhyaabaddh hai. jiske tahat, kisi anya sudoor raajya ke ya shaayad kisi doosare desh ke vyakti ke paas aapki har khareed ka byaura hoga. aur kya, unka pata lagaaya ja sakta hai aur door se najar rakhi ja sakti hai."[87] seedhe shabdon mein kahein, shadayantrakaareeyon ka tark hai ki RFID chip ke saath sarkaar ek vyakti ko bhaan hue bina hi usaki gopaneeyata bhang kar sakti hai.
kuchh dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan ke avasaadak ka prabhaav unki nason ko shaant karta hai, aksar ekaagrata badhaane mein madad karta hai. haalaanki inpeeriyl college London ke anusaar, "nikoteen uttejak aur avasaad donon ka prabhaav dene lagta hai aur yeh sambhaavana hai ki yeh prabhaav kisi bhi samay upayogakarta ki manosthiti, paryaavaran aur upayog ki paristhitiyon dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. adhyayan mein yeh bhi sujhaav diya gaya hai ki kam khuraak ka ek avasaadak prabhaav hai, jabki jyaada khuraak lene ka uttejak prabhaav hota hai.[67] tathaapi nikoteen ke upayog ke prabhaav aur nikoteen chhodne ke prabhaav ko alag karna asambhav hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

RFID suraksha ko lekar ek praathamik chinta RFID taig ki avaidh traiking hai. taig, jo vaishvik roop se pathaneeya hain, ve niji sthaan gopaneeyata aur kaurporet/sainya suraksha, donon ke liye khatra paida kar rahe hain. is tarah ki chintaaen, ameriki raksha vibhaag dvaara haal mein aapoorti shrrunkhala prabandhan ke liye RFID taig ko apnaane se uthaai gayi hain.[63] aam taur par, gopaneeyata sangathanon ne electronic utpaad code (EPC) RFID taig ko upabhokta utpaadon mein sannihit karne ke chal rahe prayaason ke sandarbh mein chinta vyakt ki hai.
RFID suraksha ko lekar ek praathamik chinta RFID taig ki avaidh traiking hai. taig, jo vaishvik roop se pathaneeya hain, ve niji sthaan gopaneeyata aur kaurporet/sainya suraksha, donon ke liye khatra paida kar rahe hain. is tarah ki chintaaen, ameriki raksha vibhaag dvaara haal mein aapoorti shrrunkhala prabandhan ke liye RFID taig ko apnaane se uthaai gayi hain.[63] aam taur par, gopaneeyata sangathanon ne electronic utpaad code (EPC) RFID taig ko upabhokta utpaadon mein sannihit karne ke chal rahe prayaason ke sandarbh mein chinta vyakt ki hai.
tambaakoo ke sevan ka sabse aam tareeka dhoomrapaan hai aur tambaakoo dhoomrapaan kiya jaane wala sabse aam padaarth hai. krushi utpaad ko aksar doosare yogaj ke saath milaaya jaata hai[8] aur fir sulagaaya jaata hai. parinaamasvaroop bhaap ko saans ke jariye andar kheencha jaata hai fir sakriya padaarth ko fefadon ke maadhyam se koshikaaon se avashoshit kar liya jaata hai.[9] sakriya padaarth tantrika ant mein raasaayanik pratikriyaaon ko shuroo karti hai jisse hrudaya gati, smruti aur satarkata[10] aur pratikriya ki avadhi badh jaati hai.[11] dopaamaain (Dopamine) aur baad mein endorfin(endorphin) ka risaav hota hai jo aksar aanand se jude hue hain.[12] 2000 mein dhoomrapaan ka sevan kuchh 1.22 billion log karte the. purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki sambhaavana adhik hoti hain[13] tathaapi chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] gareebon mein ameeron ki tulana mein aur viksit deshon ke logon mein ameer deshon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki sambhaavana adhik hoti hai.[7]
Vyapar is our highly admired product for Garment, clothing manufacturer industries. At present many companies using Vyapar at Surat and across India to manage their business effectively. Vyapar has complete accounting included, (See ABAMS for complete accounting features). Designwise (with Images) (Party Designs and your both) purchase/sale/stock. Vyapar also includes Complete Purchase Order and Sale Order Management. It also includes Gray Taka or Than management and its job work process pipeline.
Parakala resigned his RGNIYD assignment in 1994 in order to contest the Legislative Assembly elections from the constituency which was earlier represented by both his father and mother. That election saw the return of N T Ramarao to power with a landslide victory.Congress party was decimated in the state. Parakala lost the election with over 20,000 votes margin. Although unsuccessful, his imaginative campaign was admired and talked about throughout the state. Perhaps for the first time a constituency-level manifesto was released for Narasapuram. A short campaign video specially shot for the election was released and exhibited throughout the constituency by moving television sets and video cassette players manually from place to place. Audio cassettes of Parakala's public speeches were widely circulated in the constituency. Such campaign techniques were quite rare, although not completely unknown, during those days when even the television penetration was very low.
RFID suraksha ko lekar ek praathamik chinta RFID taig ki avaidh traiking hai. taig, jo vaishvik roop se pathaneeya hain, ve niji sthaan gopaneeyata aur kaurporet/sainya suraksha, donon ke liye khatra paida kar rahe hain. is tarah ki chintaaen, ameriki raksha vibhaag dvaara haal mein aapoorti shrrunkhala prabandhan ke liye RFID taig ko apnaane se uthaai gayi hain.[63] aam taur par, gopaneeyata sangathanon ne electronic utpaad code (EPC) RFID taig ko upabhokta utpaadon mein sannihit karne ke chal rahe prayaason ke sandarbh mein chinta vyakt ki hai.
cigarette se utpann ek paroksh saarvajanik svaasthya samasya durghatanaavash lagne waali aag hai, jo aamtaur par sharaab ke sevan ke saath judi hai. cigarette ki kai dijaainein prastaavit hain, kuchh swayam tambaakoo companiyon, jo cigarette ke ek ya do minute tak istemaal na kiye jaane par bujhaane se judi hain, taaki aag lagne ka jokhim kam ho jaaye. ameriki tambaakoo companiyon ke alaava kuchh ne is vichaar ka virodh kiya hai, jabki anya ne ise apnaaya hai. aaraje renolds 1983 mein in sigreton ke prototaaip banaane ke netrutvakarta the[99] aur ameriki baajaar ke sabhi sigreton ko 2010 tak aag se surakshit bana diya jaayega.[100] Phillip mauris iske sakriya samarthan mein naheen hai.[101] desh ki teesari sabse badi tambaakoo company lorillaard (Lorillard) asamanjas mein lagti hai.[101]

Achuthanandan has served many positions in his long political career. He was the Kerala State Secretary of the CPI(M) between 1980 and 1992 and he became a member of the Politburo in 1985. He has also been active in parliamentary politics; he was elected as a member of Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1967, 1970, 1991, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. He was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 1992 to 1996, from 2001 to 2006 and from 2011 to 2016. He was the editor of CPI(M) mouth piece in Malayalam, Deshabhimani daily. He was the Chief Ministerial candidate for 1996 State elections. In those elections, LDF gained 80 out of 140 seats, but Achuthanandan, who contested from Mararikulam in Alappuzha district, lost by a margin of 1965 votes. Thus, E.K. Nayanar, who held the position twice earlier, became Chief Minister again.
kreteks ek cigarette hai jo tambaakoo, laung aur ek svaadisht chatani ke ek jatil mishran ke masaale se bani hai. yeh pehli baar kudus, jaava mein 1880 ke dashak mein pesh ki gayi, jo fefadon ko laung ke aushadheeya yugenol (eugenol) dene ke liye banaayi gayi thi. tambaakoo ki gunavatta aur vividhta ne kretek ke utpaadan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika ada ki kyonki kretek mein 30 se adhik prakaar ke tambaakoo sammilit ho sakte hain. laung ki kaliyon ke kiye gaye chhote-chhote tukado mein tambaakoo ka 1/3 vajan ka mishran uske svaad ko badhaata hai. sanyukt raajya America ke kai raajyon mein kreteks par pratibandh hai[krupaya uddharan jodein] aur sanyukt raajya America mein 2004 mein tambaakoo aur menthaul ke alaava anya masaalon ka "vishesh svaad" hone ke kaaran kreteks ko cigarette mein vargeekrut na kar use nishiddh kar diya gaya.[44]

richrd daul ne 1950 mein british medical journal mein anusandhaan prakaashit kiya jismein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech kareebi sambandh pradarshit kiya gaya.[35] chaar saal baad 1954 mein british doctoron ke adhyayan mein, jise 20 varshon tak lagbhag 40 hajaar doctoron ne kiya tha, is sujhaav ki pushti ki, jiske aadhaar par sarkaar ne salaah jaari ki ki dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ki dar ka aapasi sambandh hai.[5] isi tarah 1964 mein dhoomrapaan aur svaasthya par sanyukt raajya America ke surgeon general ki report dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech sambandh par sujhaav se shuroo hui.
Singapore mein, saarvajanik parivhan ki bason aur trainon mein nishkriya RFID ko laagoo kiya gaya hai jise EZ-Link card ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. bheed bhare shahar ke aatanrik kshetron mein yaataayaat ko char tol dvaara niyantrit kiya jaata hai jise stord vailyoo card (kaishakaard ke roop mein gyaat) ke upayog ko ek sakriya taiging pranaali ke saath upayog dvaara laagoo kiya jaata hai.
digital masheenein, pehli baar upayogi tab bani jab ek svich ke liye MTBF kuchh sau ghante se oopar ho gaya. fir bhi, inmein se kai masheenon mein jatiltaaen theen, achhi tarah se abhyaas ki jaane waali marammat prakriyaaen aur ek tube ke jal jaane ya ek keet ke ek rile mein fans jaane ke kaaran kai ghanton tak kaam naheen karateen thi. aadhunik traanjistar krut ekeekrut paripth laujik gate mein lagbhag ek treeliyn ghante ka MTBFs hai (1 × 1012)),[krupaya uddharan jodein] aur unki jaroorat hai kyonki unke paas bahut saare laujik gate hai.
The anti-reclamation stir launched by the Kerala State Karshaka Thozhilali Union (KSKTU) at Mankompu in 1996–97, under the leadership of Achuthanandan created much controversy. This stir was claimed to be highlighting the serious problem of the massive conversion of paddy fields into other type of land, affecting the food security of the Kerala. But this soon developed into a crop destruction drive. The protest got the sobriquet following the violent methods and crop destruction resorted to by the KSKTU cadre. The stir attracted lot of public attention and Achuthanandan was forced to express his disapproval of any destruction of crops. 15 Years later, in November 2011, a UDF Minister, who is politically opposed to Achuthanadan, justified this struggle.[36] JanataDal Socialist leader and minister for Agriculture, K.P. Mohananan, MM,said, such a struggle was necessary as Conversion of Paddy fields to other type of crops is a serious concern.
V.A.Arun Kumar, son of V. S. Achuthanandan, was appointed as Additional Director for the Institute of Human Resources Development (IHRD), a state owned organization controlling a handful of state owned engineering colleges, technical schools and other institutions. This appointment is alleged to be irregular.[37][38][39][40] It has been alleged that changes were made in the notification for appointing Mr. Arun Kumar and the existing qualifications of additional director were amended to enable V. A. Arun Kumar to apply for the post.[37] This issue in now facing a Lokayukta enquiry as well as a Vigilance[41][42] enquiry. He is facing yet another Lokayuktha enquiry regarding allegations related to the Model Finishing School of (IHRD).[43]
2006 mein RFID taig ko nae ameriki passport mein shaamil kiya gaya. America ne 2005 mein 10 million passport ka utpaadan kiya aur anumaan hai ki 2006 mein 13 million ka utpaadan kiya jaaega. smaaratraik dvaara nirmit chips ka jadaaoo kaarya vaisi hi jaankaari ko sanjo kar rakhega jaisa ki passport mein mudrit hota hai aur ismein maalik ki ek digital tasveer bhi shaamil hogi.[35] ameriki videsh vibhaag ne shuroo mein kaha ki chips ko keval 10 semi (4 inch) ki doori se padha ja sakega, lekin vyaapak aalochna aur spasht pradarshan ke baad yeh vishesh upakaran pareekshan passport ko 10 meter (33 foot) ki doori se padh sakta hai, in passport ki dijaain mein dhaatu ka ek astar hai jo anaadhikrut paathakon ke liye ismein se jaankaari "kheenchne" ko adhik kathin banaata hai jab passport band ho. yeh vibhaag besik ekses control (BAC) bhi laagoo karega jo passport deta prushth par mudrit aksharon ke roop mein ek vyaktigat pehchaan sankhya (PIN) ke roop mein kaarya karega. ek passport taig ko padhe jaane se pehle, is pin ko ek RFID reedar mein darj karna hoga. BAC chip aur prashnakarta ke beech ke kisi bhi samvaad ke enkripshan ko saksham banaata hai.[36]
RFID praudyogiki ke kai upayogon mein se ek hai unka pustakaalayon mein prayog. is praudyogiki ne dheere-dheere pustakaalaya ki cheejon par (kitaabein, CD, DVD, aadi) paaramparik baarakod ki jagah lena shuroo kar diya hai. RFID taig mein pehchaan sambandhit jaankaari ho sakti hai jaise ek pustak ka sheershak ya saamagri prakaar, jiske tahat ek alag daataabes ki or ishaara karne ki aavashyakta naheen hogi (lekin yeh uttar America mein durlabh hai). yeh jaankaari ek RFID reedar dvaara padhi jaati hai, jo maanak baarakod reedar ko jo saamaanyat: ek pustakaalaya ki sanchalan mej par paaya jaata hai, pratisthaapit karta hai. pustakaalaya saamagri par paaya jaane wala RFID taig aamtaur par uttar America mein 50 mm X 50 mm aur Europe mein 50 mm x 75 mm ke naap ka hota hai. ise baarakod ki jagah ya usamein shaamil kiya ja sakta hai, jo staaf ko soochi prabandhan ka ek alag tareeka aur lene vaalon ko swayam seva pradaan karega. yeh ek suraksha upakaran ke roop mein bhi kaarya kar sakte hain aur paramparaagat vidyut chumbakeeya patti[28] ki jagah le sakte hain aur na keval kitaabein, balki sadasyata card mein bhi ek RFID taig lagaaya ja sakta hai.
RFID ke kai pustakaalaya anuprayog hain jo atyadhik laabhakaari ho sakte hain vishesh roop se parisancharan karmachaariyon ke liye. choonki RFID taig ko kisi vastu ke andar se bhi padha ja sakta hai, kisi saamagri ko scan karne ke liye kisi kitaab ke aavaran ya DVD ke khol ko kholne ki jaroorat naheen hai. isse ripteeteev motion injureej ko kam kiya ja sakta hai. jahaan pustakon ke oopar ek baarakod hai, vahaan abhi bhi yeh suvidha hai ki lenevaale ek kitaab ko ek baar mein karne ki bajaae, pustakon ke ek poore dher ko ek baar mein scan kar sakte hain. choonki RFID taig ko gati mein bhi padha ja sakta hai, RFID reedar ka upayog lautaai gayi saamagri ki kanveyar belt par rahate hue jaanch karne se karmachaari samay mein bachat hoti hai. lekin, jaisa ki baarakod ke saath hai, yeh sabhi lenevaalon ke dvaara swayam hi kiya ja sakta hai jiska arth hua ki unhein fir kabhi karmachaariyon ki sahaayata ki jaroorat na ho. ek nishchit sthaan ke in reedar ke alaava portebal reedar bhi hain (laaibreriyn ke liye, lekin bhavishya mein sanbhavat: lenevaalon ke liye bhi, sanbhavat: yahaan tak ki unke swayam ke saamaanya-uddeshya vaale reedar). in sab ke saath, vastusoochi ko kuchh second ke bheetar, saamagri ke ek poore shelf par kiya ja sakega, jiske tahat ek bhi pustak ko aalamaari se hataana naheen padega.[30]. amyo, sveedan mein, RFID ka istemaal netraheenon ke liye shravya pustakein lene ke liye kiya jaata hai.[31] Malaysia mein, malteemeediya university laaibreri, saaibarajaya mein pustakon ka sateek sthaan ingit karne ke liye smart shelvs ka prayog kiya jaata hai.[32] Netherland mein, haath mein pakade jaane vaale reedar ko is uddeshya ke liye shuroo kiya gaya hai.
sanvedya jagat enalaug ke hain aur is jagat se sanket enalaug maatraaen hain. udaaharan ke liye prakaash, taapamaan, dhvani, vidyut chaalakata, vidyut aur chunbakeeya aadhaar enaalaug hain. sabse upayogi digital system nirantar enaalaug sanketon se digital sanketon ko alag karne ke liye badalna hoga. yeh parimaaneekaran trutiyon ka kaaran banta hai.

lo-freekveinsi (LF: 125-134.2 kHz aur 140-148.5 kHz) (LowFID) taig aur haai-freekveinsi (HF: 13.56 MHz) (HighFID) taig bina ek license ke vishv star par prayog kiya ja sakta. ultra haai-freekveinsi (UHF: 868-928 MHz) (Ultra-HighFID ya UHFID) taig ko duniya bhar mein istemaal naheen kiya ja sakta hai kyonki koi bhi vaishvik maanak naheen hai. uttari America mein, UHF ko 902-928& MHz (915 MHz center freekveinsi se ± 13 MHz) ke liye bina license ke istemaal kiya ja sakta hai, par paareshan adhikaar ke liye pratibandh maujood hain. Europe mein, RFID aur anya kam-kshamata vidyut radio anuprayog, ETSI ki sifaarishon EN 300 220 aur EN 302 208 aur ERO 70 03 sifaarish dvaara viniymit hain, jo RFID ko 865-868 megaahartaj ke kuchh jatil band pratibandhon ke saath sanchaalan ki anumati dete hain. paathakon ko prasaaran se pehle ek channel par najar rakhane ki jaroorat hoti hai ("lisen bifor tauk"); is aavashyakta se pradarshan par thoda pratibandh laga hai, jiska sankalp maujooda shodh ka vishay hai. uttar ameriki UHF maanak, France mein sveekaar naheen kiye jaate hain choonki ye uske sainya band ke saath hastakshep karte hain. cheen aur Japan ke liye, UHF ka upayog karne ke liye koi niyam naheen hai. in deshon mein har UHF ke aavedan ke liye ek site license ki jarurat hai, jiska aavedan sthaaneeya adhikaariyon ke paas kiya jaana chaahiye aur ise radd kiya ja sakta hai. Australia aur New Zealand ke liye 918-926 megaahartaj gair-license vaale hain, lekin sancharan adhikaar ke liye pratibandh maujood hain.


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cigarette se utpann ek paroksh saarvajanik svaasthya samasya durghatanaavash lagne waali aag hai, jo aamtaur par sharaab ke sevan ke saath judi hai. cigarette ki kai dijaainein prastaavit hain, kuchh swayam tambaakoo companiyon, jo cigarette ke ek ya do minute tak istemaal na kiye jaane par bujhaane se judi hain, taaki aag lagne ka jokhim kam ho jaaye. ameriki tambaakoo companiyon ke alaava kuchh ne is vichaar ka virodh kiya hai, jabki anya ne ise apnaaya hai. aaraje renolds 1983 mein in sigreton ke prototaaip banaane ke netrutvakarta the[99] aur ameriki baajaar ke sabhi sigreton ko 2010 tak aag se surakshit bana diya jaayega.[100] Phillip mauris iske sakriya samarthan mein naheen hai.[101] desh ki teesari sabse badi tambaakoo company lorillaard (Lorillard) asamanjas mein lagti hai.[101]

He entered politics through trade union activities and joined State Congress in 1938. In 1940, he became a member of the Communist Party of India (CPI). During his 40 years as a politician he was imprisoned for five years and six months and was in hiding for four and half years. He was a state secretariat member of the CPI in 1957.[14] He is the only living Keralite among the 32 members who left the CPI National Council in 1964 to form the CPI(M). He was Secretary of the Kerala State Committee between 1980 and 1992. Since 1985 he is the member of the CPI(M) Polit Bureau until he was removed as a party disciplinary action. He is the senior most leader of CPI(M) in India.


After four consequent electoral defeats, Parakala withdrew from the electoral arena. He concentrated on public discourse through the current affairs programmes on television and his profession as a policy analyst. But in 2008 some like minded people approached Parakala with an intention to start a new alternative political platform. Popular matinee idol Chiramjivi was to be the face of the party. Parakala lent his support to the idea and worked to establish the party. He was one of the signatories to the application for the registration of the Political Party 'Prajarajyam' and one of its founding General Secretaries and spokespersons. But the experimented turned out to be another disappointment for Parakala. He found that there was no clear agenda and party tickets were given in exchange of money. Several local leaders openly hurled accusations at the party leadership. Parakala held a press conference at the party headquarters and launched a scathing attack on the party leadership for betraying the ideals for which the new platform was to stand for. Terming the party as Poisonous Ivy (Vishavruksham), he announced his resignation. That address to the press was telecast live and thousands viewed it across the state. That spelt the doom for the party. A party that was hoping to have an impressive performance ended up with securing just 18 seats with the charismatic Chiramjivi himself losing one of the two seats he contested from his native place. Many people still question the moral and ethical basis of Parakala holding a press conference at the party headquarters to criticise the party and its leadership. Opinion is still bitterly divided on this. The Prajarajyam seems to have put an end to the party and electoral political career of Parakala.
1860 ke dashak mein ameriki naagrik yuddh tak usaka vikaas sthir raha, jab praathamik shram shakti daasata se sthaanaantarit hokar fasalon ka hissedaar bani. yeh, maang mein parivartan ke saath hua aur cigarette ke utpaadan ke saath tambaakoo audyogeekaran ki or badha. 1881 mein ek shilpkaar James bonasaik ne cigarette ke utpaadan ki gati badhaane ke liye ek machine ka utpaadan kiya.[29]
uparokt dvaara uthaai gayi chintaaon ko klipd taig ke prayog dvaara aanshik roop se khtm kiya ja sakta hai. klipd taig, ek RFID taig hai jise upabhokta gopaneeyata ko badhaane ke liye dijaain kiya gaya hai. klipd taig ka sujhaav IBM shodhakartaaon, paul moskovitj aur guentar karjoth dvaara diya gaya hai. bikri ke baad, upabhokta taig ke ek hisse ko ukhaad sakta hai. isse ek lambi doori ke taig ko ek najadeeki taig mein parivartan ki anumati milti hai jise ab bhi padha ja sakta hai, lekin sirf kam doori par - kuchh inch ya seinteemeetar se bhi kam mein. taig ke is sanshodhan ki aaainkhon se dekhkar pushti ki ja sakti hai. is taig ka upayog baad mein vaapasi, yaad dilaane, ya risaaikiling ke liye kiya ja sakta hai.

kuchh pranaaliyon mein yadi digital deta ka ek bhaag lupt ho jaae ya galat tareeke se vyavahrut hon, to sambandhit deta ke vishaal khandon ka arth poori tarah se badal sakta hai. kyonki kleef ifekt ke kaaran, upayogakartaaon ke liye bataana mushkil hai ki koi vishisht system vifalta ke kagaar par sahi tha ya fir vah asafal hone se pehle bahut adhik shor ko sahan kar sakta hai ya naheen.

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