POS store chekaaaut ke liye bhi RFID upayog ka prastaav kiya gaya hai jo khajaanchi ko ek svachaalit tantr se pratisthaapit karega jise kisi baarakod skaining ki jaroorat naheen hoti hai. poorv mein taig ki uchch laagat aur us vakt maujood POS proses praudyogiki ki vajah se yeh sambhav naheen tha. haalaanki, industry stainadard, ohiyo mein ek vastr ki dukaan aur rikaurding studio ne safalataapoorvak ek POS prakriya ko implemented kiya hai jo sampoorn lenaden ko apekshaakrut teji se karne ki anumati deti hai.

1980 ke dashak mein kuchh shodhakartaaon ne paaya ki lagbhag sabhi tulyakaalik rajistar-transfer masheenon ko first-in-first-out tulyakaalan laujik ka upayog karke atulyakaalik dijaainon mein parivrtit kiya ja sakta tha. is yojana mein digital machine, ek data pravaah ke ek set ke roop mein pahachaani jaati hai. pravaah ke har kadam mein, ek atulyakaalik "tulyakaalan sarkit" nirdhaarit karta hai jab us step ka aautaput thos aur ek prastut sanket deta hai ki un stejon ko "deta ko pakado" jismein un stejon ke input mein prayog hua hai. iske liye kuchh apekshaakrut saral tulyakaalan sarkit ki aavashyakta hai.

sakriya RFID ka sabse bada prayog, ameriki raksha vibhaag dvaara apne das lakh se adhik shiping kantenaron par saavi[3] sakriya taig ka upayog hai jo mahaadveepeeya America (CONUS) ke baahar jaata hai. sabse bada nishkriya RFID prayog, difens laujistiks agency (DLA) ka hai jo odin dvaara 72 suvidhaaon par laagoo hai[4] jisne eyarabas ke liye vaishvik prachaar kiya[5] jo vishv bhar mein 13 pariyojanaaon se nirmit tha.

In 2006 Parakala contested the for the Graduates constituency of East and West Godavari Districts of the newly constituted Legislative Council of the state. He polled about 12,000 first preference votes but narrowly missed to make it to the second round in the single transferable preferential voting system. That was the fourth electoral defeat of Parakala. That election also led to Parakala breaking away from BJP. Parakala claimed that there was an informal understanding between him and the party leadership that he would contest as an independent candidate as the election was not fought on party symbols. This was a tactical move necessary to attract voters who were antagonistic to BJP among the educated sections. He claimed that the party reneged on the agreement and put up an official candidate. Parakala resigned from BJP and went ahead with the campaign. In the event the official BJP candidate did not poll more than 200 votes while Parakala polled over 12,000 first preference votes.
Parakala had a chequered public life and an unsuccessful electoral career. Born into a political family, he became familiar with electoral politics since his childhood. His debut as a political activist started when he was elected as the President of the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi unit of the Congress Party affiliated students' organisation National Students' Union of India (NSUI). He contested the Students' Union Elections of JNU and lost to the CPI(M) affiliated organisation SFI candidate. However, it was for the fist time that NSUI polled a respectable number of votes for the central panel of candidates and could win a Councillor seat. Parakala's participation in May 1983 students' agitation on the campus agains the highhanded attitude of the university authorities lent political respectability to NSUI on the Campus. till then Congress affiliated NSUI was treated as political untouchable in the left dominated student politics of the university.
kuchh dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan ke avasaadak ka prabhaav unki nason ko shaant karta hai, aksar ekaagrata badhaane mein madad karta hai. haalaanki inpeeriyl college London ke anusaar, "nikoteen uttejak aur avasaad donon ka prabhaav dene lagta hai aur yeh sambhaavana hai ki yeh prabhaav kisi bhi samay upayogakarta ki manosthiti, paryaavaran aur upayog ki paristhitiyon dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. adhyayan mein yeh bhi sujhaav diya gaya hai ki kam khuraak ka ek avasaadak prabhaav hai, jabki jyaada khuraak lene ka uttejak prabhaav hota hai.[67] tathaapi nikoteen ke upayog ke prabhaav aur nikoteen chhodne ke prabhaav ko alag karna asambhav hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
jab graahak ek dresing room mein pravesh karta hai, to darpan unki chhavi aur celebrity dvaara pahane gaye paridhaan ki chhaviyon ko ek intarektiv pradarshan par darshaata hai. ek web camera us paridhaan ko pahane upabhokta ki ek chhavi website par sabhi ke dekhne ke liye pesh karta hai. isse dukaan ke andar upabhoktaaon aur dukaan ke baahar unke saamaajik network ke beech ek sampark banta hai. is pranaali mein praudyogiki, dresing room mein ek RFID introgetar aintena aur paridhaan par electronic utpaad code RFID taig hai.[41]
dendaari lekhe ek saamarik, moolya-yojit lekha kaarya hai, jo ek sangathan mein praathamik bina vetan-chitthe ke vitran kaarya sampann karta hai. at: AP parichaalan, sangathan ke vitteeya chakr mein ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaata hai. AP sangathan ko sampoorn dendaari prakriya ke prabhaav ke moolyaankan aur sudhaar hetu, vyavasthit aur anushaasit drushtikon ke jriye apne uddeshyon ko poora karne mein saksham banaata hai. paaramparik AP gatividhiyon ke alaava, jismein anya paksh ikaaiyon (aapoortikrta, vikreta, kar praadhikaari, aadi.) ki deyataaon ko sveekaara jaata hai aur company aur aapoortikrtaaon ke beech sahamat rin neetiyon ke aadhaar par bhugataan kiya jaata hai, vartamaan AP vibhaagon ne dhokhaadhadi nivaaran, laagat mein kami, kaaryapravaah pranaali samaadhaan, nakadi pravaah prabandhan, aantarik niyantran tatha vikreta (saplaai chen) vitt poshan samet aur bhi vyaapak bhoomikaaon ko grahan kiya hai .[3]
maariyo kaardullo ka saaaincha:US Patent 1973 mein aadhunik RFID ka pehla sachcha poorvaj tha; smruti wala ek nishkriya radio traansapondar. praarambhik upakaran nishkriya tha, jo poochh-taachh sanket ke dvaara sanchaalit hota tha aur 1971 mein New York port athauriti aur anya sambhaavit prayoktaaon ke liye iska pradarshan kiya gaya aur yeh ek tol upakaran ke roop mein istemaal ke liye 16 bit smruti ke saath ek traansapondar se bana tha. buniyaadi kaardullo peteint sanchaaran media ke roop mein RF, dhvani aur prakaash ke istemaal ko aavrut karta hai. 1969 mein, niveshakon ke saamane prastut mool vyaapaar yojana ne parivhan (otomotiv vaahan pehchaan, svachaalit tol pranaali, electronic license plate, electronic maalasoochi, vaahan maarg, vaahan pradarshan nigraani), banking (electronic check book, electronic kredit card), suraksha (karmiyon ki pehchaan, svachaalit dwaar, nigraani) aur chikitsa (pehchaan, rogi itihaas) mein iska istemaal dikhaaya.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
ek digital pranaali mein, ek adhik sateek sanket ke pratinidhitv ke liye adhik baainari ankon ka upayog kiya ja sakta hai. haalaanki is prakriya ke liye ismein adhik aankik paripth ki aavashyakta hoti hai, choonki pratyek ank ek hi prakaar ke haardaveyar dvaara sambhaala jaata hai nateejatan ek aasaan maapaneeya tantr ka nirmaan ho jaata hai| ek enaalaug system mein atirikt rejlushan raikhikta mein buniyaadi sudhaar aur sanket shrrunkhala ke pratyek charan ke shor ke abhilkshan mein buniyaadi sudhaar ki aavashyakta hoti hai.
In 2006 Parakala contested the for the Graduates constituency of East and West Godavari Districts of the newly constituted Legislative Council of the state. He polled about 12,000 first preference votes but narrowly missed to make it to the second round in the single transferable preferential voting system. That was the fourth electoral defeat of Parakala. That election also led to Parakala breaking away from BJP. Parakala claimed that there was an informal understanding between him and the party leadership that he would contest as an independent candidate as the election was not fought on party symbols. This was a tactical move necessary to attract voters who were antagonistic to BJP among the educated sections. He claimed that the party reneged on the agreement and put up an official candidate. Parakala resigned from BJP and went ahead with the campaign. In the event the official BJP candidate did not poll more than 200 votes while Parakala polled over 12,000 first preference votes.
vipanak (adhikatar) yah jaanakar prasann honge ki sampoorn maanav-vishisht kaaryon ke svachaalan ko saksham karane vaalee unnat takaneek ke saath 2017 mein svachaalan ek bada aadhaar ban jaega. hamaare paas kuchh varshon ke lie prachalan mein robot patrakaar the, aur mujhe ummeed hai ki ve adhik vyaavahaarik prakaar ke lekhon mein ek aur chhalaang lagaane se pahale lambe samay tak nahin rahenge. aisa hone kee sambhaavana hai ki ham kaee prakaar kee shvet-kolar prakaar kee naukariyon mein utpaadakata badhana shuroo kar denge- aur ham kuchh naukariyon ko pooree tarah se gaayab hone se dekhana shuroo karenge. jab otomeshan masheen seekhane ke saath joda jaata hai, to sab kuchh bhee tez ho sakata hai, isalie 2017 mein vaastav mein ek meel ka patthar varsh hone kee sambhaavana hai.
pustakaalayon mein RFID ko lekar jis chinta ka prasaar hua hai vah gopaneeyata ka mudda hai. choonki RFID traansameetar aur reedar ke anusaar, RFID taig ko 350 feet ya 100 meter se padha aur scan kiya ja sakta hai (udaaharan ke smart lebal RFID) aur choonki RFID, freekveinsi ke vargeekaran ka istemaal karta hai (donon, taig ke prakaar par nirbhar karta hai), chinta ka vishay yeh hai ki kya samvedansheel jaankaari ko ek anichhuk srot se ekatr kiya ja sakta hai. haalaanki, pustakaalaya ke RFID taig mein koi sanrakshak jaankaari shaamil naheen hoti,[33] aur adhikaansh pustakaalayon mein prayukt taig jis freekveinsi ka prayog karte hain vah keval lagbhag das foot se pathaneeya hai.[28] saath hi, pustakaalayon ko hamesha yeh record rakhana hai ki kisne kab kya liya hai, to us maayane mein koi nai baat naheen hai. haalaanki, kai pustakaalaya in record ko saamagri ke ek baar vaapas aa jaane ke baad nasht kar dete hain. RFID, paathakon ki gopaneeyata ke is sammaan ko jatil ya samaapt kar degi. iske alaava, ek anya gair-pustakaalaya agency sambhaavit roop se pustakaalaya vyavasthaapak ki jaankaari ya sahamati ke bina pustakaalaya se nikalne vaale pratyek vyakti ke RFID taig ko record kar sakti hai. ek aasaan vikalp hai ki pustak ko ek code sanchaarit karne diya jaae jiska mahatva sirf laaibreri ke daataabes ke saath sanyojan ke roop mein ho. ek aur kadam yeh hai ki kitaab ko jab bhi lautaaya jaae to use ek naya code diya jaae. aur agar bhavishya mein reedar sarvavyaapak ho jaae to (aur sanbhavat: jude hue), chori gayi kitaabon ko laaibreri ke baahar bhi pata lagaaya ja sakta hai. taig ko hataane ko mushkil banaaya ja sakta hai agar taig itna chhota ho ki use ek (yaadruchhik) prushth ke andar adrushya roop se lagaaya ja sake, sanbhavat: prakaashak dvaara vahaan daal diya jaae.
Parakala had a chequered public life and an unsuccessful electoral career. Born into a political family, he became familiar with electoral politics since his childhood. His debut as a political activist started when he was elected as the President of the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi unit of the Congress Party affiliated students' organisation National Students' Union of India (NSUI). He contested the Students' Union Elections of JNU and lost to the CPI(M) affiliated organisation SFI candidate. However, it was for the fist time that NSUI polled a respectable number of votes for the central panel of candidates and could win a Councillor seat. Parakala's participation in May 1983 students' agitation on the campus agains the highhanded attitude of the university authorities lent political respectability to NSUI on the Campus. till then Congress affiliated NSUI was treated as political untouchable in the left dominated student politics of the university.
raksha ki ek dviteeya shreni, taig kloning ko rokane ke liye kriptograafi ka upayog karti hai. kuchh taig ek prakaar ke "roling code" yojana ka upayog karte hain, jismein taig pahachaanakarta jaankaari pratyek scan ke baad parivrtit ho jaati hai, is tarah dekhi gayi pratikriyaaon ki upayogita ko kam kar deti hai. adhik parishkrut upakaran chunauti-pratikriya pramaaneekaran mein sanlagn hote hain jahaan taig, reedar ke saath soochana ka aadaan pradaan karta hai. in protokaul mein, taig aur reedar ke beech asurakshit sanchaar channel par gupt taig jaankaari naheen bheji jaati hai. balki, reedar taig ke liye ek chunauti jaari karta hai, jo ek parinaam ke saath javaab deta hai jiski ganana kuchh gupt moolya ke saath bandhe kriptograafik sarkit ka upayog karte hue ki jaati hai. aise protokaul, samamit ya saarvajanik kunji kriptograafi par aadhaarit ho sakta hai. koot roop se saksham taig ki aamtaur par keemat naatakeeya roop se uchch hoti hai aur ise saral samakaksh se adhik bijli ki aavashyakta hoti hai aur parinaamasvaroop in taig ki tainaati adhik seemit hai. is laagat/vidyut bandhan ne kuchh nirmaataaon ko kaafi kamjor ya svaamitv waali enkripshan yojanaaon ka upayog karke kootlekhit taig lagaane mein prerit kiya, jo parishkrut hamle ko aavashyak roop se naheen rokate. udaaharan ke liye, eksaun-mobil speedapaas, Texas instroomeints dvaara nirmit ek kootalekh-saksham taig ka upayog karta hai, jise digital signechar traansapondar (DST) kehte hain, jismein kam laagat ke liye ek chunauti-pratikriya protokaul karne ke liye ek kamjor, svaamitv enkripshan yojana shaamil hai.
kuchh deshon mein bhi tambaakoo utpaadon ki paikejing par kaanooni aavashyakataaon ko laagoo kiya. udaaharan ke liye Europeeya sangh ke deshon Turkey, Australia[96] aur dakshin Africa mein cigarette ke packet par pramukhata ke saath dhoomrapaan ke kaaran svaasthya ke saath jude jokhim ke ullekh ka lebal anivaarya hai.[97] Canada, Australia, Thailand, aaisalaind aur Brazil mein bhi cigarette ke packet par dhoomrapaan ke prabhaav ki chetaavani ke lebal ki anivaaryata laagoo ki hai aur usamein dhoomrapaan ka svaasthya par padne vaale prabhaavon ke rekhaachitr ko bhi shaamil kiya hai. Canada mein cigarette ke packet mein card bhi daala jaata hai. ve solah hain aur unamein se keval ek packet mein aata hai. unamein dhoomrapaan chhodne ki vibhinn vidhiyon ko samajhaaya gaya hai. iske alaava United Kingdom mein kai graafik NHSvijnyaaapan hain, ek mein dikhaaya gaya hai ki cigarette mein vasaayukt jamaav bhara hota hai aur yeh ek cigarette dhoomrapaan karne vaale ki dhamani ka prateek hai.
poorvi uttar ameriki janajaatiyaan vyaapaar ke ek sahaj sveekaar taiyaar mad ke roop mein tambaakoo ke paauch ka badi maatra mein apne paas rakhate hain aur aksar pipe se dhoomrapaan karte hain, chaahe vah paribhaashit samaaroh ho jise pavitra maana jaata hai ya saude ko pakka karne ke liye[17] aur ve ise jeevan ke sabhi charanon sabhi avsaron par peete hain, yahaan tak ki bachapan mein bhi.[18][page needed] aisi maanyata hai ki tambaakoo is jagat ke nirmaata se mila ek ek upahaar tha aur tambaakoo ke kash se nikla dhuaan us vyakti vishesh ke vichaaron aur praarthanaaon ko svarg tak le ja paane mein saksham hai.[19]
1980 ke dashak mein mile vaigyaanik pramaan ke anusaar tambaakoo companiyaan ne daava kiya hai ki laaparavaahi baratne ka kaaran svaasthya par padne vaale pratikool prabhaav se pehle unka anajaan hona tha ya paryaapt vishvasaneeyata ka abhaav tha. svaasthya adhikaariyon ne 1998 tak in daavon ka saath diya jiske baad unhonne apni sthiti ulat di. tambaakoo pradhaan niptaan samjhauta (the tobaiko master saitalameint egreemeint) mool roop se chaar sabse badi tambaakoo companiyon aur 46 raajyon ke ameriki etorni general ke beech hua. tambaakoo ke kuchh khaas prakaar ke vijnyaaapanon par pratibandh laga diya gaya aur svaasthya muaavaje ke taur par bhugataan ko aavashyak kar diya gaya, jo baad mein sanyukt raajya America ke itihaas mein sabse bade naagrik niptaan ke roop saamane aaya.[36]
2005 ke roop mein lagbhag sabhi digital masheenein tulyakaalik design hote hain kyonki tulyakaalik design ko banaana aur satyaapit karna bahut aasaan hai-vartamaan mein digital masheenon ki nakl karne vaale sauftaver, atulyakaalik design ko naheen sanbhaalate. tathaapi, atulyakaalik tark ko behtar samjha jaata hai, yadi usase kaam nikaala ja sake to, kyonki usaki gati ghadi dvaara manamaane dhang se gati seemit naheen hai, bajaay, yeh un laujik geton dvaara anumat gati par saamaanya roop se chalti hai, jinse inka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. tej bhaagon ke upayog dvaara ek atulyakaalik sarkit nirmaan, apratyaksh roop se sarkit ko teji se "daudaati" hai.
Britain mein, RFID praudyogiki ka upayog karke, saarvajanik parivhan ke aseemit prayog ke liye poorv bhugataan ki sanchaalan pranaali ko taiyaar kiya ja raha hai. yeh design kreditkaard sadrush paas mein antarnihit hai, jise jab scan kiya jaata hai to paas ke vaidh hone ka vivran aur us paas ke vaidh hone ke dinon ka pata chalta hai. pehli baar ise laagoo karne waali company nautingham shahar ki NCT company hai, jahaan aam janta pyaar se ise "beep card" kehti hai. iske baad ise safalataapoorvak London mein laagoo kiya gaya, jahaan "oyastar card" pe-aij-you-go yaatra ki anumati deta hai saath hi saath vibhinn samayaavadhi aur vibhinn kshetron ke liye maanya paas ki bhi anumati hai.
1612 mein jemsataaun ke avasthaapan ke chhah saal baad John raalf pehle adhivaasi hain jinhonne tambaakoo ki ek nakadi fasal ke roop mein safalataapoorvak kheti ki. tambaakoo ki maang mein teji se vruddhi hui, use "bhoora sona" kaha gaya, kyonki usane sone ke abhiyaan mein vifal varjeeniya ko share company mein punarjeevit kar diya.[21] puraani duniya ki maangon ko poora karne ke liye tambaakoo ki paidaavaar lagaataar ki gayi jiske parinaamasvaroop jameen ki urvara shakti sheegra hi kam ho gayi. isne pashchim ko ek agyaat mahaadveep mein basane ke liye prerak ka kaarya kiya aur isi tarah tambaakoo utpaadan ka ek vistaar hua.[22] bekan vidroh ke pehle tak anubandhit daasata hi praathamik shram bal ka aadhaar thi jiske kaaran das pratha par dhyaan kendrit hua.[23] yeh pravrutti ameriki kraanti ke baad kam hui aur daasapratha laabhaheen maani gayi. haalaanki yeh pratha 1794 mein punarjeevit ho gayi jab kapaas ki charkhi ka aavishkaar hua.[24][page needed]
mobile kanpyooting aur web praudyogikiyon ke saath milkar RFID, sangathanon ko apni sampatti ki pehchaan karne aur prabandhan karne ka tareeka pradaan karti hai. shuroo mein ekeekrut RFID reedar ke saath pramukh reetel kreg paitarasan, nauksavile, TN. mobile computer, mein shuroo kiya gaya jo ab upakaranon ka poora set pradaan kar sakte hain jo kaagaji kaarravaai ko samaapt kar sakta hai aur pehchaan aur upasthiti ka saboot de sakta hai. yeh tareeka shaareerik roop se deta pravishti ko samaapt karta hai.
digital bhangasheelata ko ek digital pranaali ke roopaankan dvaara majabooti ke liye kam kiya ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye ek pairiti bit ya anya truti prabandhan paddhati ko signal path mein daala ja sakta hai. yeh paddhati system ko, truti ka pata lagaane mein madad karti hai aur ya to trutiyon ko sahi karti hai ya fir kam se kam deta ki ek nai pratilipi ke liye poochhati hai. ek state machine mein state traanjishn laujik ka aprayukt state ko pakadne aur ek reeset anukram trigr ya anya niyamit truti vasooli ke liye design kiya ja sakta hai.
donon ke paas hi aankade seemit hain. rog niyantran aur rokathaam kendra (the seintars for dijeej control end prijrveshan) ne 2002 mein prakaashit apne anusandhaan mein daava kiya hai ki sanyukt raajya America mein beche gaye ek packet cigarette par chikitsa dekhbhaal aur utpaadak hraas par 7 dollar se adhik ki laagat aati hai.[70] laagat aur adhik ho sakti hai jabki ek anya adhyayan mein use prati packet par $ 41 ki laagat bataayi hai, jinmein se jyaadaatar vyaktigat aur usaki/ uske parivaar ko vahan karna padta hai.[71] is tarah se ek anya aur adhyayan ke lekhak doosaron ke liye bahut kam laagat bataate hue kehte hain: "sankhya ke kam hone ka kaaran niji peinshan, saamaajik suraksha aur chikitsa hai- kharch ki ganana mein sabse bada kaarak samaaj hai- dhoomrapaan vaastav mein paise bachaata hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaale kam umr mein mar jaate hain aur ve vah dhan naheen uthaate jo un pranaaliyon se unhein bhugataan kiye jaate.[71]
nishkriya aur sakriya RFID system ka istemaal sadak ke baahar ke khelon mein hota hai jaise oriyenatiaring, endyooro heyar end haaunds resing. chaalakon par ek traansapondar laga hota hai, aamtaur par unke haath par. jab ve ek laip poora karte hain to ve svaaip karte hain ya riseevar ko chhoote hain jo ek computer se juda hota hai aur unke laip samay ko darj karta hai. kaaseemo group limited aisi pranaali bechata hai, jaisa ki sveedan ka SportIdent. RFID ko kai bharti agencyon dvaara anukoolit kiya ja raha hai jinme unki arhak prakriya ke roop mein ek PET hai (fijikl endyoreins test), vishesh roop se un maamalon mein jahaan ummeedavaaron ki sankhya laakhon mein ho (bhaarateeya railway bharti prabhaag, police aur bijli kshetr). ek bhaarateeya software company, software aautasorsing sarvises ne is pranaali ko pehli baar UHF taig ka upayog karte hue isi uddeshya ke liye sateek banaaya hai aur ve pratidin 30,000 se jyaada ummeedavaaron ko chhaantane mein saksham hain.
lekin, January 2009 mein saims club ne paalan na karne par lagne vaale jurmaane ko kaafi kam kar diya, jise usane prati pailet $2 se ghataakar sirf 12 seint prati pailet kar diya. Wall-Mart ka anumaan hai ki saims ke liye khud taiging karne par prati pailet 12 seint ka kharcha aaega. saims ne yeh bhi ghoshana ki ki pailet-stareeya taiging ko 2010 mein poori shrrunkhala bhar mein shuroo kiye jaane ki ummeed hai, jabki vyaktigat vastu par taiging ki samay seema "vichaaraadheen" hai.
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