theem park (jaise United Kingdom mein eltan taavars) RFID ka upayog karte hain taaki unhein raaid ke upayogakarta ki pehchaan karne aur park mein unke bitaaye samay ki ek DVD banaane mein madad ho. din ke ant mein fir ise upayogakartaaon ke liye khareedne ke liye upalabdh karaaya jaata hai. yeh upayogakartaaon ke liye svaichhik hai jo park mein unhein diye jaane vaale kalaai band ko pahan kar aisa kar sakte hain.
Dr. Parakala Prabhakar born in Narsapuram into a well known family of freedom fighters and social reforms is a trained and qualified political economist and a well known commentator on political, economic and social affairs. He served as Communications Advisor, held a cabinet rank position in Andhra Pradesh Government between July 2014 and June 2018. He is a well-known public personality in Andhra Pradesh. For several years he presented a current affairs discussion programme on television channels from Andhra Pradesh. His programmes Pratidhwani on ETV2 and Namaste Andhra Pradesh on NTV were popular and widely watched for their insightful discussion and commentary. [1] He was also a former spokesman and one of the founding general secretaries of Praja Rajyam Party.[2] In the early 2000s, Dr Parakala was the spokesperson of the Andhra Pradesh unit of the BJP.

Parakala was appointed to the NSUI central committee as All India Vice President in 1984. It was almost like a token of appreciation by the Congress High Command of his performance as President of the JNU unit and his contribution to the establishment of the organisation in the citadel of left wing student politics. As an office bearer of the central committee of NSUI, he toured several states and universities to organise the activities of the students' wing of the Congress Party. He took up a massive campaign against drug abuse in the university campuses all over the country. With his departure for United Kingdom in October 1986 to pursue his higher studies at the London School of Economics (LSE), there was a break to his political activity. On his return to India in May 1991 he resumed political activity in his native place Narasapuram in West Godavari District. Tragic political events in the country resulted in dramatic political developments. Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, in the midst of the election campaign and P V Narasimha Rao was elected to lead the Congress Party. After the elections, Narasimha Rao became Prime Minister at the head of a minority government. Parakala family was closely associated with P V Narasimha Rao for a long time, Parakala Seshavataram, Prabhakar's father, being a close political associate of Rao. Narasimha Rao assigned the task of conceiving, designing and building a grand institution to perpetuate the memory of Rajiv Gandhi. He made Parakala as Officer on Special Duty to oversee the implementation of the project 'Rajiv Gandhi National Institute for Youth Development (RGNIYD). It is conceived as an institution to train the youth of India and impart to them skills that are necessary to them to play a vital role in building a modern nation in the 21st century, a theme that was dear to the heart of Rajiv Gandhi. Parakala went around the country to study various institutions, their constitutions, structures, course content etc., and designed the Institute which is functional now under the aegis of Ministry of Human Resource Development. Around this time Parakala was nominated by the Congress High Command to represent the Congress Party at the French Communist Party's Plenary in Paris.
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suraksha visheshagya Bruce shneyar ne sujhaav diya hai ki ek havaai adde ke nikat sanchaalan karta ek lutera ameer deshon se aane vaalon ko shikaar bana sakta hai, ya ek aatankvaadi ek taatkaalik visfotak upakaran design kar sakta hai jo tab kaarya karega jab kisi vishesh desh ke vyakti dvaara sampark kiya jaae yadi yaatri apna card apne shareer ke najadeek (uchch taral aur khaari saamagri) ya ek fauyal-laaind batue mein naheen rakhate.


suraksha visheshagyon ne pehchaan ki chori ke jokhim ke kaaran logon ke satyaapan ke liye RFID ka upayog karne ke khilaaf chetaavani di hai. udaaharan ke liye ek madhya vyakti hamla ek hamlaavar ko vaastavik samay mein ek vyakti ki pehchaan chori karne mein saksham banaaega. RFID ke sansaadhan kami ke kaaran hamlon ke aise model ke khilaaf suraksha vastut: asambhav hai, kyonki ismein jatil doori-bandhan protokaul ki aavashyakta hoti hai.[43][44][45][46]
tambaakoo aur anya nasheele padaarthon ke istemaal ke beech sambandhon ko achhi tarah se sthaapit kiya gaya hai, lekin is saahacharya ki prakruti aspasht bani hui hai. do mukhya siddhaant fenotaaipik kaaryakaaran sambandh (getave) model aur sahasambaddh daayitv model hain. kaaryakaaran sambandh model ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan bhavishya mein nasheeli davaaon ke prayog ka ek praathamik prabhaav daalata hai,[102] jabki sahasanbaddh daayitv model ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan aur anya nasheeli davaaon ke prayog aanuvanshik ya paryaavaraneeya kaarakon se nirdisht hain.[103]
sanbhaar-tantr aur parivhan, RFID praudyogiki ke kaaryaanvayan ke pramukh kshetr hain. udaaharan ke liye, yaard prabandhan, shiping aur maal dhulaai aur vitran kendra, kuchh aisi jagahein hain RFID traiking praudyogiki ka istemaal kiya jaata hai. duniya bhar ki parivhan companiyaan, vyaapaar moolya aur kaaryakushalata par RFID praudyogiki ke prabhaav ke kaaran isko tavajjo deti hain.

saans se kheenche gaye padaarthon tantrika ke sire ke ant mein raasaayanik pratikriyaaon ko shuroo karte hai. klonerjik riseptar aksar svaabhaavik roop se nyoorotraansameetar (neurotransmitter) esteelaklolaain(acetylcholine) se chaaloo hone vaale hain. Acetylcholine aur nikoteen raasaayanik samaanataaon ko vyakt karta hai jo nikoteen ko riseptar ke roop mein kaam karne ki anumati deta hai.[47] ye nikotinik acetylcholine riseptar keindreeya tantrika tantr mein sthit lagte hain aur tantrika-kankaal ki maansapeshiyon ki taakat jankshan par sakriya roop se dil ki gati, satarkata[10] aur pratikriya samay ko drut kar dete hain.[11] nikoteen acetylcholine uttejana pratyaksh taur par nashe ki lat naheen hai. haalaanki jaise hi dopaamaain se prachur maatra mein nyoorauns nikoteen riseptars pravaahit hote hain, dopaamaain pravaahit hota hai.[48] dopaamaain ke pravaahit hone se, jo aanand se juda hua hai adhik majaboot hota hai aur kaam karne ki smruti mein usase vruddhi ho sakti hai.[12][49] nikoteen aur kokeen nyoorauns ke samaan paitarn hain, jo ki is vichaar ka samarthan karte hain ki in maadak padaarthon ke beech aam adh:star sakriya hai.[50]

kai deshon mein dhoomrapaan ki umr nirdhaarit hai, sanyukt raajya America sahit kai deshon, Europeeya sangh ke adhikaansh sadasya raajyon, New Zealand, Canada, dakshin Africa, isaraail, Bhaarat, Brazil, chili, kosta rika aur Australia mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko naabaaligon ko bechana avaidh hai aur Netherland, ostriya, Belgium, Denmark aur dakshin Africa mein 16 se kam aayu ke logon ko tambaakoo utpaad bechana avaidh hai. 1 sitmbar 2007 ko Germany mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko khareedne ki nyoonatam aayu badhaakar 16 se 18 kar di gayi aur usi ke saath saath great Britain mein bhi 1 October 2007 se yeh seema 16 se 18 kar di gayi.[98] sanyukt raajya America ke 50 mein se 46 raajyon mein nyoonatam aayu 18 varsh hai, Alabama, alaaska, new jersey ke alaava, yoota aur jahaan kaanooni umr 19 varsh hai (New York ke uttari raajya onondaga County ke saath hi saath New York ke lambe aaisalaind ki County sufafolk aur nassoo mein bhi).[krupaya uddharan jodein] kuchh deshon mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko (arthaat khareedne par) bachchon ko dene aur yahaan tak ki dhoomrapaan karne ke kaarya mein sanlagn bachchon ke khilaaf bhi kaanoon hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein] aise kaanoonon ki antarnihit dhaarana hai ki log tambaakoo ke istemaal ke jokhim ke baare mein jaankaar hi upayog ke sambandh mein nirnaya lein. in kaanoonon mein kuchh deshon aur raajyon ne ek dheela pravartan kiya hai. anya kshetron mein cigarette abhi bhi bachchon ko bech rahe hain kyonki ullanghan ke liye jurmaana kam hain ya tulanaatmak roop se bachchon ko bechana laabhakaarak hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] haalaanki cheen, Turkey aur kai anya deshon mein aam taur par ek bachche ko tambaakoo utpaadon ko khareedne mein kam mushkil ka saamana karna padta hai kyonki aksar unase apne maata-pita ke liye tambaakoo khareedne ke liye dukaan jaane ko kaha jaata hai.

अमेरिका की प्रबंधन पत्रिका हार्वर्ड बिजनस रिव्यू में कल प्रकाशित एक लेख में कहा गया है कि भारत में सरकार की अगुवाई में डिजिटल उठा-पटक की एक अनोखी कहानी कही जा रही है और वहां डिजिटल रूप से सशक्त समाज का निर्माण किया जा रहा है।‘कैसे भारत पहली डिजिटल अर्थव्यवस्था की ओर बढ़ रहा है’ शीर्षक से लिखे लेख में कहा गया है, “भारत ने इसकी चुनौतियों को कम करने के लिए डिजिटल प्रक्रिया को धीमा करने के बजाए विपरीत दृष्टिकोण अपनाया है और डिजिटल प्रक्रिया को तेज कर दिया है ताकि देश आर्थिक एवं सामाजिक क्षेत्र में समावेशी विकास हासिल करने की पूरी संभावनाओं का लाभ उठा सके।


lekha-pareekshak aksar kaate gaye chekon ke samarthan mein anumodit beejakon, vyaya riporton aur anya samarthak pralekhanon ki maujoodagi par dhyaan keindrit karte hain. aapoortikrta se pushtikran ya bayaan ka hona, khaate ke astitv ka samuchit pramaan hai. yeh asaamaanya naheen hai ki lekha-pareeksha ke chaaloo hone tak, inmein se kuchh pralekhan kho jaaen ya glat faailon mein rakhe jaaen. aisi sthitiyon mein lekha-pareekshak namoone ke aakaar ko badhaane ka faisala kar sakte hain.
baajaar mein aise kai utpaad upalabdh hain jo RFID saksham card ya passport ke sambandhit vaahak ko apne deta ke parirkshan ki anumati deinge. balki ab to, sanyukt raajya America ki sarkaar ne apne nae karmachaari ID card ke liye ek anumodit parirkshan aasteen ya lifaafe ke saath use bhejana aavashyak kar diya hai.[68] is baat ko lekar virodhaabhaasi vichaar vyaapt hain ki kya elyoominiym RFID chip ke padhne ko rok sakta hai. kuchh logon ka daava hai ki elyoominiym parirkshan, jo moolat: ek fairaade pinjare ka nirmaan karta hai, bilkul kaam karta hai.[69] doosaron ka daava hai ki elyoomeeniym panni mein ek RFID card ko sirf lapetne se keval prasaaran mein aur adhik baadha aati hai, isliye poori tarah se ise rokane mein kaaragar naheen hai.[70]
tambaakoo ek krushi utpaad hai jo nikoteeniya prajaati ke paudhon ki taaja pattiyon ka prasanskaran hai. is prajaati mein kai upajaatiyaan hain, haalaanki nikoteeniya tabaakum (Nicotiana tabacum) saamaanyat: ugaaya jaata hai. nikoteeaana rastika (Nicotiana rustica) nikoteen ki uchch saandrata ke maamale mein doosare number par hai. in pattiyon ki kheti hoti hai aur dheeme okseekaran ki suvidha aur tambaakoo ke patte mein kairoteenauyad ko kam hone diya jaata hai taaki vah svasth ho jaaye. isse tambaakoo ke patton mein kuchh yaugik taiyaar hote hain jo meethi ghaas, chai, tel gulaab ya fal jaisa khushaboodaar jaayaka paida karte hain. paikejing se pehle tambaakoo aksar nashe ki shakti badhaane ke liye anya yogaj ke saath sanyukt roop se rakha jaata hai taaki utpaad ka peeech (pH) badal jaaye ya dhoomrapaan ka prabhaav ya svaad behtar ho jaaye. sanyukt raajya America mein in yojakon mein 599 padaarthon ka niyman kiya gaya hai.[8] is utpaad ko uske baad prasanskrut aur paik kar upabhokta baajaar ke liye bhej diya jaata hai. khapat ke saadhan ke taur par sakriya tatvon ke saath kam gaun-utpaad ko naye tareeke ke roop mein sammilit kar is kshetr mein vyaapak sambhaavnaaon ka vistaar kiya gaya hai.
vyaya prashaasan aam taur par dendaari lekhon ke saath kreeb se juda hua hai aur kabhi-kabhi ek hi karmachaari dvaara ye kaarya kiye jaate hain. vyaya prashaasak yeh pushti karte hue karmachaari ke vyaya report ka satyaapan karta hai ki vimaan yaataayaat, bhoo-parivhan, bhojan aur manoranjan, teleefon, hotel tatha anya vyaya ke samarthan mein raseedein upalabdh hain. yeh pralekhan, kar uddeshyon ke liye aur anupayukt ya glat kharchon ki pratipoorti ki rokathaam ke liye aavashyak hai. vimaan yaataayaat kharch mein, shaayad sabse adhik dhokhaadhadi ki sambhaavana hai, kyonki havaai yaatra ki uchch laagat aur havaai yaatra sambandhi pralekhan ki bhraamak prakruti ki vajah se, jismein aarakshan, raseedein aur vaastavik tikton ka vinyaas shaamil hain.
aam taur par dendaari lekhon ke karmiyon dvaara gban rokane ke liye, durupayog ke khilaaf vividh jaanch maujood hain. kartavyon ka pruthakkaran ek aam niyantran hai. lagbhag sabhi companiyon mein check ke sansaadhan aur mudran ke liye ek junior karmachaari aur check ke punareekshan aur us par hastaakshar karne ke liye ek varishth karmachaari hota hai. aksar, lekhaankan software pratyek karmachaari ko keval unhein saunpe gaye kaarya ko nishpaadit karne tak hi seemit karte hain, taaki aisa koi jriya maujood na ho, jisse koi karmachaari - niyantrak bhi - akele koi bhugataan kar paae.
2005 ke roop mein lagbhag sabhi digital masheenein tulyakaalik design hote hain kyonki tulyakaalik design ko banaana aur satyaapit karna bahut aasaan hai-vartamaan mein digital masheenon ki nakl karne vaale sauftaver, atulyakaalik design ko naheen sanbhaalate. tathaapi, atulyakaalik tark ko behtar samjha jaata hai, yadi usase kaam nikaala ja sake to, kyonki usaki gati ghadi dvaara manamaane dhang se gati seemit naheen hai, bajaay, yeh un laujik geton dvaara anumat gati par saamaanya roop se chalti hai, jinse inka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. tej bhaagon ke upayog dvaara ek atulyakaalik sarkit nirmaan, apratyaksh roop se sarkit ko teji se "daudaati" hai.

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kuchh dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan ke avasaadak ka prabhaav unki nason ko shaant karta hai, aksar ekaagrata badhaane mein madad karta hai. haalaanki inpeeriyl college London ke anusaar, "nikoteen uttejak aur avasaad donon ka prabhaav dene lagta hai aur yeh sambhaavana hai ki yeh prabhaav kisi bhi samay upayogakarta ki manosthiti, paryaavaran aur upayog ki paristhitiyon dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. adhyayan mein yeh bhi sujhaav diya gaya hai ki kam khuraak ka ek avasaadak prabhaav hai, jabki jyaada khuraak lene ka uttejak prabhaav hota hai.[67] tathaapi nikoteen ke upayog ke prabhaav aur nikoteen chhodne ke prabhaav ko alag karna asambhav hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
svaasthya ke haanikaarak prabhaavon se pratirodh ki kami aashaavaadi poorvaagrah ka ek praacheen aadarsh (prototeepikl) udaaharan hai. iske alaava sambhaavana ki samajh ki kami ki aam taur par iska prabhaav jyaada umr mein dikhaayi deta hai aur vyaktitv mein hraas ya vikaar paida karta hai jo aam taur par uchch jokhim ya aatm vinaashakaari vyavahaar mein dikhaayi deta hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

radio-aavrutti pehchaan (angreji: Radio-frequency identification) ek vastu ka upayog hai (aamtaur par ek RFID taig ke roop mein sandarbhit) jise ek utpaad, pashu, ya vyakti mein radio tarangon ke istemaal se pehchaan karne aur traiking ke uddeshya se lagaaya ya daala jaata hai. kuchh taig ko kai meter door se aur paathak ki drushti rekha ke paar se padha ja sakta hai.

isi prakaar ki samaan praudyogiki, jaise United Kingdom mein 1915 mein aavishkaar ki gayi IFF traansapondar, ka dviteeya vishv yuddh mein mitr raashtron dvaara vimaanon ki dost ya dushman ke roop mein pehchaan karne ke liye niyamit roop se istemaal kiya gaya. abhi bhi traansapondar ka, atyadhik shaktishaali vimaan dvaara aaj bhi prayog kiya jaata hai. RFID ki padtaal karta ek anya kaarya, 1948 ka Harry staukaman ka mahatvapoorn pepar hai, jiska sheershak tha "kamyunikeshan baai meens of riflekted power" (IRE ki kaaryavaahi, pp 1196–1204, October 1948). staukaman ne bhavishyavaani ki ki "... riflekted-power sanchaar mein shesh buniyaadi samasyaaon ko hal karne aur upayogi anuprayogon ke kshetr ka pata lagaane se pehle kaafi anusandhaan aur vikaas ka kaam kiya jaana hai."


New York shahar mahanagar parivhan praadhikran ne ek RFID pareekshan kiya jismein maastarakaard dvaara pepaas ka upayog kiya gaya. yeh pareekshan mukhya roop se IRT leksingatan evenyoo line par kiya gaya jismein anya laainon ke kai vyast station bhi shaamil the. yeh pareekshan 31 May 2009 ko samaapt hua, lekin pepaas ke upayog ke vikalp ko vyaapak paimaane par baad ki taareekh mein pun: shuroo kiya ja sakta hai. MTA, New York shahar ke sabave aur bason par kiraaya bhugataan ke liye smaartalink (PATH dvaara shuroo) ko sveekaar karne aur antat: metrokaard ke ek pratisthaapan ke roop mein chalaane ki sambhaavana ka adhyayan kar raha hai.

tambaakoo ek krushi utpaad hai jo nikoteeniya prajaati ke paudhon ki taaja pattiyon ka prasanskaran hai. is prajaati mein kai upajaatiyaan hain, haalaanki nikoteeniya tabaakum (Nicotiana tabacum) saamaanyat: ugaaya jaata hai. nikoteeaana rastika (Nicotiana rustica) nikoteen ki uchch saandrata ke maamale mein doosare number par hai. in pattiyon ki kheti hoti hai aur dheeme okseekaran ki suvidha aur tambaakoo ke patte mein kairoteenauyad ko kam hone diya jaata hai taaki vah svasth ho jaaye. isse tambaakoo ke patton mein kuchh yaugik taiyaar hote hain jo meethi ghaas, chai, tel gulaab ya fal jaisa khushaboodaar jaayaka paida karte hain. paikejing se pehle tambaakoo aksar nashe ki shakti badhaane ke liye anya yogaj ke saath sanyukt roop se rakha jaata hai taaki utpaad ka peeech (pH) badal jaaye ya dhoomrapaan ka prabhaav ya svaad behtar ho jaaye. sanyukt raajya America mein in yojakon mein 599 padaarthon ka niyman kiya gaya hai.[8] is utpaad ko uske baad prasanskrut aur paik kar upabhokta baajaar ke liye bhej diya jaata hai. khapat ke saadhan ke taur par sakriya tatvon ke saath kam gaun-utpaad ko naye tareeke ke roop mein sammilit kar is kshetr mein vyaapak sambhaavnaaon ka vistaar kiya gaya hai.


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keemat ke ghatne se RFID praudyogiki teji se prachalit ho rahi hai. January 2003 mein jilet ne ghoshana ki ki usane eliyn technology ko 500 million taig ka aadesh diya hai. jilet ke V.P. dik kaantavel, jo ab Cisco ke karmachaari hain, ka kehna hai ki company ne har taig ke liye "das seint ke andar" bhugataan kiya hai. Japani HIBIKI pahal, is keemat ko kam karke 5 yen (4 yooroseint) par laana chaahata hai. aur January 2009 mein envego ne 5.9 seint ke taig ki ghoshana ki.[krupaya uddharan jodein]


kai deshon jaise Ireland, laataviya, estoniya, Netherland, France, Finland, naarve, Canada, Australia, sveedan, Portugal, Singapore, Italy, Indonesia, Bhaarat, lithuaaniya, chili, Spain, aaisalaind, United Kingdom, sloveniya aur maalta ne saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan ke khilaaf kaanoon banaaye hain, jinmein baar aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. restaurant mein bhi kuchh nyaayaalayon ne anumati di hai ki ve sunishchit dhoomrapaan kshetron (ya dhoomrapaan nishedh ke liye) ka nirmaan karein. sanyukt raajya America mein kai raajyon mein restaurant mein dhoomrapaan nishedh hai aur kuchh sharaabakhaanon mein bhi dhoomrapaan nishedh hai. Canada ke praanton mein inador kaaryasthalon aur saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan avaidh hai jinmein sharaabakhaane aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. 31 March 2008 ko Canada ne sabhi saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan par pratibandh lagaaya, saath hi saath kisi bhi saarvajanik jagah ke pravesh dwaar ke 10 meter ke bheetar bhi yeh pratibandh laagoo hai. Australia mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh har raajya mein alag-alag hai. vartamaan mein kveensalaind mein sabhi saarvajanik sthalon ke androoni hisson mein dhoomrapaan par poornataya pratibandh hai (jinmein kaaryasthal, sharaabakhaane, pab aur bhojanaalaya shaamil hain) saath hi saath aavaajaahi vaale samudra tat aur kuchh saarvajanik sthalon ke baahari kshetr shaamil hain. tathaapi, chihnit dhoomrapaan kshetr apavaad hain. Victoria mein train stationon, bas staap aur train staap par dhoomrapaan nishiddh hai aur in saarvajanik sthaanon par jahaan dhoomrapaan se parivhan ka intajaar kar raha gair dhoomrapaan karne wala prabhaavit ho sakta hai aur 1 July 2007 se use sabhi inador saarvajanik sthalon par laagoo kar diya gaya hai. New Zealand aur Brazil mein saarvajanik sthaanon se sanlagn kshetr mein dhoomrapaan karne par pratibandh laga diya hai, jismein mukhya roop se sharaabakhaana, restaurant aur pab shaamil hai. Hongkong mein 1 January 2007 ko kaaryasthal mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh laga diya gaya jaise restaurant, karaaoke rooms, imaaraton aur saarvajanik park. sharaab parosane vaale baar jinmein 18 varsh ki aayu se kam ke logon ko pravesh naheen dete, ko 2009 tak chhoot di gayi. romaaniya mein railgaadiyon, metro stationon, saarvajanik sansthaanon (jahaan aamtaur par nirdisht sthal baahar hai) aur saarvajanik parivhan mein dhoomrapaan avaidh hai.
usi samay, nae ekeekrut paripth (ICs) eliyn, impinj aur NXP (poorv mein Philips) dvaara shuroo kiye gaye jisne behtar pradarshan dikhaaya aur IT parisanpatti nigraani anuprayog mein visfot hua. aaj ki taareekh mein isko bruhat paimaane par apnaane vaale bank of America aur vels faarago prateet hote hain - pratyek ki ek darjan se adhik deta kendron mein 100,000 se adhik parisanpatti hai.[16]
While he was the chief minister of the state, he had to frequently face struggle with Pinarayi Vijayan, the powerful head of the party which led the ruling coalition. Both of them headed for showdowns, which often prevented Achuthanandan from taking strong decisions. This power struggle often turned worse as both attacking each other. As a result, this group fight created two set of party leaders and even the ministers in the government, the name called the VS group and the Pinarayi group.[28][29]
udaaharan ke liye baitari sanchaalit selyular telephone aksar ek kam shakti ke enaalaug agrasira ke istemaal se base station se radio signal badhaane aur sangati bithaane ke liye karti hai. haalaanki ek base station ke paas grid ki shakti hoti hai aur apekshit vidyut ka prayog kar sakti hai, lekin bahut lacheele software radio mein. is tarah ke base stationon ke liye aasaani se nae selular maanakon mein prayukt sanket prakriya ko aasaani se riprograam kiya ja sakta hai.

Singapore mein, saarvajanik parivhan ki bason aur trainon mein nishkriya RFID ko laagoo kiya gaya hai jise EZ-Link card ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. bheed bhare shahar ke aatanrik kshetron mein yaataayaat ko char tol dvaara niyantrit kiya jaata hai jise stord vailyoo card (kaishakaard ke roop mein gyaat) ke upayog ko ek sakriya taiging pranaali ke saath upayog dvaara laagoo kiya jaata hai.
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