pichhale paanch saalon se bada aankada ek bada vishay raha hai, jab usane surkhiyon mein ek bayaan diya tha. yah vichaar yah hai ki ikatthe kie gae aankadon ke bade paimaane par jinake paas ab tak pahunch hai- behatar vipanan abhiyaanon ko behatar tareeke se chalaane ke lie yojana banaane se lekar har cheej mein hamen madad kar sakata hai. lekin badee aankadon kee sabase badee shakti-isakee maatraatmak, sankhyaatmak neenv-bhee kamajoree hai. 2017 mein, mujhe ummeed hai ki ham deta ke adhik sanvedanasheel aur gunaatmak bits kee maang karate hue aur adhik drshy, sulabh tareeke se ise pesh karane ke lie bade deta ko maanaveey banaane kee pragati dekhenge.

gharelu svaasthya dhokhaadhadi ka mukaabala karne ke liye, Medicare end Medicaid sarvises ne haal hi mein gharelu svaasthya dekhbhaal udyog ki jaanch karne ki ghoshana ki. March 2009 mein, New York mein ek tikaaoo chikitsa upakaran aapoortikrta, eleet medical saplaai, chikitsa dhokhaadhadi se ladne ke liye hastaakshar karne vaalon mein pratham tha. unhonne is prakriya ko aage badhaane ke liye CYBRA ke EdgeMagic RFID aur baar code software ka chayan kiya. [11]

digital bhangasheelata ko ek digital pranaali ke roopaankan dvaara majabooti ke liye kam kiya ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye ek pairiti bit ya anya truti prabandhan paddhati ko signal path mein daala ja sakta hai. yeh paddhati system ko, truti ka pata lagaane mein madad karti hai aur ya to trutiyon ko sahi karti hai ya fir kam se kam deta ki ek nai pratilipi ke liye poochhati hai. ek state machine mein state traanjishn laujik ka aprayukt state ko pakadne aur ek reeset anukram trigr ya anya niyamit truti vasooli ke liye design kiya ja sakta hai.
san 2000 mein 1.22 log dhoomrapaan karte the. prachalan mein parivartan ka koi anumaan na lagaate hue yeh bhavishyavaani ki gayi hai ki 2010 mein 1.45 billion log aur 2025 mein 1.5 se 1.9 billion log dhoomrapaan kareinge. maan lein ki prasaar ek saal mein 1% kam hota hai aur aay mein 2% ki maamooli vruddhi hoti hai to dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki sankhya 2010 aur 2025 mein anumaanit 1.3 billion hogi.[13]

After the Iranian Revolution, Pakravan was among the first of the Shah's officials to be executed. He was not allowed to have access to a lawyer and the charges filed against him were vague. Given the fact that he was retired at the time of the revolution, his execution seemed all the more unjust. Pakravan was a key player in convincing the Shah to commute the death sentence on Khomeini in 1963 and instead sending him to exile. Khomeini was first sent to Turkey, and then to Iraq, where he stayed until his expulsion and relocation to France in 1978.


electronic cigarette tambaakoo ke dhoomrapaan ka ek vaikalpik tareeka hai, haalaanki ismein tambaakoo ka sevan ekdam naheen kiya jaata. yeh ek baitari se chalne wala upakaran hai jo vaashpeekrut propilen glaaikol (propylene glycol)/ nikoteen ghol se nikoteen ki khuraak saans se andar bhejata hai. kaanooni aur saarvajanik svaasthya ki jaanch ke kai maamale vartamaan mein kai deshon mein lambit pade hain, jo iske kaaran apekshaakrut haal mein ubhare hain.
haalaanki, is baat par bahas chal rahi hai ki kab aur kahaan pustakaalayon mein pratham baar RFID shuroo hua, ise pehli baar ek takaneek ke roop mein pustakaalaya seting mein kaaryapravaah mein vruddhi karne hetu 1990 ke dashak mein prastaavit kiya gaya. pustakaalayon mein sarvapratham RFID shuroo karne vaalon mein nishchit roop se Singapore hai aur New York mein raukafelar vishvavidyaalaya is takaneek ka upayog karne wala sanyukt raajya America mein pehla shaikshanik pustakaalaya hai, jabki Michigan mein Farmington Community Library is takaneek ka upayog karne waali pehli saarvajanik sanstha hai, donon ne 1999 mein RFID ka upayog shuroo kiya. Europe mein, RFID ka upayog karne wala pratham saarvajanik pustakaalaya Netherland mein hoogejand-saipemeer mein hai, jahaan 2001 mein lenevaalon ko ek vikalp diya gaya. unhein aashcharyachakit karte hue, bujurg logon sahit 70% ne RFID vikalp ka prayog kiya aur jaldi hi anukoolit ho gaye.
isi prakaar ki samaan praudyogiki, jaise United Kingdom mein 1915 mein aavishkaar ki gayi IFF traansapondar, ka dviteeya vishv yuddh mein mitr raashtron dvaara vimaanon ki dost ya dushman ke roop mein pehchaan karne ke liye niyamit roop se istemaal kiya gaya. abhi bhi traansapondar ka, atyadhik shaktishaali vimaan dvaara aaj bhi prayog kiya jaata hai. RFID ki padtaal karta ek anya kaarya, 1948 ka Harry staukaman ka mahatvapoorn pepar hai, jiska sheershak tha "kamyunikeshan baai meens of riflekted power" (IRE ki kaaryavaahi, pp 1196–1204, October 1948). staukaman ne bhavishyavaani ki ki "... riflekted-power sanchaar mein shesh buniyaadi samasyaaon ko hal karne aur upayogi anuprayogon ke kshetr ka pata lagaane se pehle kaafi anusandhaan aur vikaas ka kaam kiya jaana hai."
1860 ke dashak mein ameriki naagrik yuddh tak usaka vikaas sthir raha, jab praathamik shram shakti daasata se sthaanaantarit hokar fasalon ka hissedaar bani. yeh, maang mein parivartan ke saath hua aur cigarette ke utpaadan ke saath tambaakoo audyogeekaran ki or badha. 1881 mein ek shilpkaar James bonasaik ne cigarette ke utpaadan ki gati badhaane ke liye ek machine ka utpaadan kiya.[29]
sabse chhoti RFID chip ka record hitaachi ke naam hai jo 0.05mm x 0.05mm hai. Mu chip taig, nae RFID taig se 64 guna chhote hain.[7] vinirmaan silikaun-on-insuletar (SOI) prakriya ke upayog dvaara saksham hota hai. "dhoolakan" ke aakaar ke ye chips, 128 bit reed onli memori (ROM) ka upayog karke 38 ankon ki sankhya ko sangrahit kar sakte hain .[8] ek badi chunauti entena ko jodna hai, is prakaar pathan seema ko keval kuchh mileemeetar tak seemit kar diya.
The newly formed government under the leadership of N Chandrababu Naidu took office on June 8, 2018. In about three weeks time Parakala was appointed by the Chief Minister as Communications Advisor to the Government with a Cabinet Rank. Parakala established the communications network for the new state. He created systems and structures that not only communicated the point of view of the government to the people, but also collected dependable feedback from the people and conveyed it to the government leaders. Government schemes and programmes were clearly and creatively explained to the people. New Media, i.e., social media, was introduced into every department of the government. Parakala quit as Advisor to the Government as soon as the leader of the opposition made a critical comment on his continuance in the government in the wake of Telugu Desam braking its alliance with BJP as Parakala's wife happens to be a minister in the NDA government. He wrote in his letter of resignation that he was pained at the Opposition Leaders's comments and did not want any shadow of doubt to be cast on the government and the Chief Ministers fight agains the injustice done to the state by the NDA led union government.

siyol, dakshin Korea aur aaspaas ke shaharon mein, ti-mani card ka prayog saarvajanik paaragaman ke bhugataan ke liye kiya ja sakta hai. dakshin Korea ke kuchh anya shaharon ne is pranaali ko apnaaya hai, jise kuchh dukaanon mein nakadi ke roop mein bhi istemaal kiya ja sakta hai. ti-mani ne yoopaas ki jagah li, jise 1996 mein MIFARE takaneek ka istemaal karte hue pehli baar parivhan bhugataan ke liye pesh kiya gaya tha.

anya desh jo passport mein RFID lagaate hain, unamein shaamil hain Norway (2005)[34], Japan (1 March 2006), Spain Ireland aur Britain sahit Europeeya sangh ke adhikaansh desh (2006 ke aaspaas), Australia aur sanyukt raajya America (2007), Serbia (July 2008), Korea (August 2008), taaivaan (December 2008), albaaniya (January 2009), fileepeens (August 2009).
dhoomrapaan ki shurooaat jyaadaatar kishoraavastha ya kishoraavastha ke aarambhik daur mein hoti hai. dhoomrapaan mein jokhim ke tatv aur vidroh hota hai, jo ki aksar yuva logon ko aakarshit karta hai. uchch star ke model aur saathiyon ki upasthiti bhi dhoomrapaan karne ko protsaahit kar sakti hai. choonki kishor vayaskon ki tulana mein apne saathiyon se adhik prabhaavit hote hain isliye maata-pita, school tatha svaasthya peshevar in logon ke cigarette peene ke prayaas ko rokane mein aksar asafal hote hain.[58][59]

web aadhaarit prabandhan upakaran, sangathanon ko apni sampatti ki nigraani ki anumati dete hue duniya mein kaheen se bhi prabandhan ke faisale karne mein saksham karte hain. web aadhaarit anuprayog ka ab matlab hai ki, teesara paksh, jaise vinirmaata aur thekedaar ko parisanpatti deta ko adyatan karne ke liye pahunch di ja sakti hai, udaaharan ke liye jismein shaamil hai, nireekshan itihaas aur online pralekhan hastaantaran jo yeh sunishchit karta hai ki antim upayogakarta ke paas hamesha sahi, rial-time data ho. sangathan, pehle se hi mobile parisanpatti prabandhan samaadhaan ke saath RFID taig ko sanyojit karke apni sampatti ko darj karne aur uske sthaan par najar rakhane, usaki vartamaan sthiti aur unka rakh-rakhaav kiya gaya hai ya naheen, yeh jaanane ke liye prayog kar rahe hain.

NADRA ne RFID aadhaarit chaalak license viksit kiya hai jis par license dhaarak ki vyaktigat jaankaari aur yaataayaat ullanghan, jaari kiye gaye ticket aur bakaaya dand ke baare mein data sangrahit hote hain. license card is tarah se dijaain kiye gaye hain ki driving adhikaar ko gambhir ullanghan ke maamale mein electronic tareeke se radd kiya ja sake. [49]


ham intaranet-too-things (aaeeotee) kee aane vaalee kraanti ke baare mein sun rahe hain aur saal ke lie smaart hom teknolojee kee intar-kanektivitee ka parinaam hai. to holdap kya hai? ham sab ab smaart, jude gharon mein kyon nahin rahate hain? samasya ka ek hissa bahut jyaada pratispardha nahin hai, paryaapt sahayog ke saath-saath baajaar mein bahut saare vyaktigat upakaranon aur aips hain, lekin sab kuchh ek saath ek ekal, seemales upayogakarta anubhav mein baantane ke lie hain. ab jab badee kampaniyaan pahale se hee samaan upayogakarta anubhav (jaise googlai, amezain, aur aippal) mein shaamil ho rahee hain, to mujhe ummeed hai ki aane vaale varsh mein ham is morche par kuchh badee pragati dekhenge.

In her memoirs, Mrs. Pakravan provides the following description of the arrest, imprisonment, and execution of her husband by the Islamic Revolutionary Court. She argues that General Pakravan was taken from his house to an unknown destination. When his son tried to contact him, he was told that the general was not arrested at all but that he was the guest of the Ayatollah. But in fact he was imprisoned shortly after his arrest.
INS Sarvekshak had previously visited Mauritius in February 2006 and March 2007 to undertake hydrographic surveys. The survey work by INS Sarvekshak was of immense help to Mauritius with regards to fishing, ecosystem preservation and management, establishment of artificial reefs, delimitation of the Continental Shelf of Mauritius and safe navigation of ships and crafts.[8] In 2007 the ship surveyed Port Mathurin, Rodrigues, which was last surveyed 133 years ago.[9] In 2011 the ship was also deployed in Seychelles to carry out hydrographic surveys off the atoll of Aldabra, Picard Island, Polyminie and part of Malabar Island and Grande-Terre island on the request of Government of Seychelles as the last survey of the area was done back in 1960s.[10] As part of goodwill tour 20 students from Jammu and Kashmir also toured the ship in 2011.[11]
sigaar sookhe aur kinvit tambaakoo ko kas kar bandal kar banaaya jaata hai jisse tambaakoo ko prajvalit kar uske dhuen ko munh tak kheencha ja sakta hai. aam taur par dhuen ka uchch kshaareeya tatv saans ke jariye andar naheen kheencha jaata kyonki vah jald hi shvaasanali aur fefadon ke liye pareshaani ka sabab ho sakta hai. iske bajaay aam taur par ve munh mein lete hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein] sigaar peene ka prachalan sthaan, aitihaasik kaal, sarvekshan ka aadhaar banaayi gayi aabaadi aur sarvekshan ke aakalan ki apanaayi gayi paddhati par nirbhar karta hai. sanyukt raajya America ab tak sheersh upabhokta desh hai, uske baad Germany aur United Kingdom hai, duniya bhar mein sigaar ki bikri ka yogadaan 75% America aur pashchimi Europe mein hai.[42] 2005 mein 4.3% purush aur 0.3% mahilaaon ke sigaar peene ka anumaan hai.[43]
gharelu svaasthya dhokhaadhadi ka mukaabala karne ke liye, Medicare end Medicaid sarvises ne haal hi mein gharelu svaasthya dekhbhaal udyog ki jaanch karne ki ghoshana ki. March 2009 mein, New York mein ek tikaaoo chikitsa upakaran aapoortikrta, eleet medical saplaai, chikitsa dhokhaadhadi se ladne ke liye hastaakshar karne vaalon mein pratham tha. unhonne is prakriya ko aage badhaane ke liye CYBRA ke EdgeMagic RFID aur baar code software ka chayan kiya. [11]
He initiated the Munnar eviction mission. Massive portions of land allegedly grabbed over the years by resort owners and multinational companies like Tata Tea Limited. Later, the demolition team landed in the city of Kochi, and other cities in Kerala and recovered huge parts of land. Then the mission stalled when it caught CPI(M) and even the team which led it was orphaned. The District Collector Raju Narayana Swamy, Inspector General of Police and the Person in charge were replaced. As the opponents claim, this may cause to have lost some credibility of the government. Meanwhile, Achuthanandan said that the Munnar mission would continue vigorously and extended to other areas[25][26][27]
↑ Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus; Reichel, William Cornelius (June 1971) [1876] (PDF), History, manners, and customs of the Indian nations who once inhabited Pennsylvania and the neighbouring states, The Historical society of Pennsylvania, pa॰ 149, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0405028533, http://books.google.com/books?id=qPCuo4LkrIwC&printsec=frontcover, abhigman tithi: 2009-03-22
baajaar mein aise kai utpaad upalabdh hain jo RFID saksham card ya passport ke sambandhit vaahak ko apne deta ke parirkshan ki anumati deinge. balki ab to, sanyukt raajya America ki sarkaar ne apne nae karmachaari ID card ke liye ek anumodit parirkshan aasteen ya lifaafe ke saath use bhejana aavashyak kar diya hai.[68] is baat ko lekar virodhaabhaasi vichaar vyaapt hain ki kya elyoominiym RFID chip ke padhne ko rok sakta hai. kuchh logon ka daava hai ki elyoominiym parirkshan, jo moolat: ek fairaade pinjare ka nirmaan karta hai, bilkul kaam karta hai.[69] doosaron ka daava hai ki elyoomeeniym panni mein ek RFID card ko sirf lapetne se keval prasaaran mein aur adhik baadha aati hai, isliye poori tarah se ise rokane mein kaaragar naheen hai.[70]
haai-freekveinsi RFID ya HFID/HighFID taig pustakaalaya ki pustakon ya kitaabon ki dukaan ki traiking, gahanon ki traiking, pailet traiking, abhigm niyantran nirmaan, airline saamaan traiking aur paridhaan aur davaaon ki traiking. haai-freekveinsi taig, vyaapak roop se pehchaan baij mein prayukt hote hain jinhonne pehle ke maignetik-straaip card ka sthaan liya. dhaarak ko pramaanit karne ke liye in baij ko reedar se ek nishchit doori ke bheetar rakhana hota hai. American express blue kredit card mein ab ek HighFID taig shaamil hai. fravari 2008 mein, ameeraat airline ne London aur dubai havaai addon par RFID saamaan traiking ka pareekshan shuroo kiya.

apratyaksh dhoomrapaan tambaakoo ke dhuen ka anaichhik sevan hai. second hand dhoomrapaan (SHS) vah khapat hai jahaan sulagane ka sira maujood hota, paryaavaran tambaakoo dhoomrapaan (ETS) ya thard hand dhoomrapaan vah dhoomrapaan hai jiska upabhog jalne vaale sire ke baad bhi hota rahata hai. iske nakaaraatmak prabhaav ke kaaran upabhog ke is svaroop ne tambaakoo utpaadon ke viniyman mein ek keindreeya bhoomika nibhaai.
poore Europe mein aur vishesh roop se peris mein (pranaali RATP dvaara 1995 mein shuroo ki gayi), lion, bordo, grenobal, nainsi aur maarsile France mein, poore purtagaali raajamaarg vyavastha mein aur kai purtagaali saarvajanik car park mein, Milan, turin, Italy mein nepals aur floreins aur Belgium mein brasels, kailipso antararaashtreeya maanak ke anuroop RFID paas ka saarvajanik parivhan pranaali ke liye upayog kiya jaata hai. unka upayog ab Canada (mauntriyl), maiksiko, isaraail, Columbia mein bogota aur parera, naarve mein stavaangar, laksamabarg, aadi mein bhi kiya jaata hai.
yaantrik tark aksar aisi vaashing machine mein un logon ke roop mein saste niyantrakon mein prayog kiya jaata hai. mashahoor roop se, Charles baibej dvaara pehla computer design ko yaantrik laujik ke prayog ke liye dijaain kiya gaya tha. yaantrik laujik ko, bahut chhote computer mein bhi istemaal kiya ja sakta hai jise naino takaneek dvaara banaaya ja sakta hai.

parirkshan, fir ek prayukt ki ja rahi freekveinsi ka kaarya hai. lo frikvesnsi LowFID taig, jaise jo manushya aur paalatoo jaanvaron ke liye pratyaaropan yogya upakaranon mein istemaal hote hain, parirkshan ke prati apekshaakrut pratirodhi hain, haalaanki mote dhaatu ki panni adhikaansh pathan ko rokegi. haai freekveinsi HighFID taig (13.56 MHz - smart card aur abhigm baij) parirkshan ke prati samvedansheel hain aur jab ye kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh seinteemeetar ke andar hote hain to inhein padhna mushkil hota hai. UHF Ultra-HighFID taig (pailet aur dibbe) ko padhna kathin hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh meeleemeetar ke bheetar rakha jaae, haalaanki unki pathan seema vaastav mein badh jaati hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu se 2–4 cm par rakha jaata hai aur iska kaaran hai taig par pratibinbit tarang aur insideint tarang ka sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran. UHFID taig ko sthaitik-virodhi plastic bag ke andar rakh kar adhikaansh pathan se safalataapoorvak parirkshit kiya ja sakta hai.[sandigdh – charcha karein]
RFID taig, aksar UPC ya EAN baarakod ke liye ek pratisthaapan hain, jiske puraane baarakod praudyogiki ki tulana mein kai mahatvapoorn laabh hain. ho sakta hai ve kabhi bhi poori tarah se baarakod ki jagah na lein, kuchh unki laagat ke kaaran aur ek hi vastu par ekaadhik deta sroton ka laabh. kai anya yojanaaon ke saath, nai EPC, uchit keemat par vyaapak roop se upalabdh hai.
I Am Rahul Sankhala Founder of HAMARA VYAPAR this company part of Sankhala Services, which started in 2010. Income tax, SALES tax, service tax and all type business registration and all kinds of advice as a small firm in my life It was given in the firm and today even this work continues in this firm. In the beginning I have to face big difficulties in this work because people Due to being a new firm and not having my CA, my firm was afraid to work At that time, there was a little disappointment, but did not give up on the condition that today the condition of the smallest firm started with the help of the services, it has raised its rank very high..

During the CPM state conference held in Kottayam, he was criticized strongly due to his style of functioning by a majority of Pinarayi Vijayan supporters (38/53) known as official faction and they demanded his ouster from Chief Minister. They warned that the party would lose seats if it goes for ahead parliamentary elections under his leadership.[30][31]


digital bhangasheelata ko ek digital pranaali ke roopaankan dvaara majabooti ke liye kam kiya ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye ek pairiti bit ya anya truti prabandhan paddhati ko signal path mein daala ja sakta hai. yeh paddhati system ko, truti ka pata lagaane mein madad karti hai aur ya to trutiyon ko sahi karti hai ya fir kam se kam deta ki ek nai pratilipi ke liye poochhati hai. ek state machine mein state traanjishn laujik ka aprayukt state ko pakadne aur ek reeset anukram trigr ya anya niyamit truti vasooli ke liye design kiya ja sakta hai.
soochana ka bhandaaran enaalaug ki tulana mein digital pranaali mein aasaani se kar sakte hain. digital system ka shor pratirksha vightan ke bina deta ko sangraheet aur pun: praapt karne ki anumati deta hai. ek enaalaug system mein, puraane aur chheejan se shor sangruheet soochana ko nasht karta hai. ek digital pranaali mein jab tak kul shoragul ek nishchit star se neeche hai, jaankaari ko poori tarah se pun: praapt kiya ja sakta hai.
With just the entry of sales and puchases, Vyapar will help you know the exact status of your business accounts, receivable/payables and stock at all times anywhere. It will become your best bookkeeper buddy giving you all the information about your sales, purchases, cashflow, stock, accounts, receivables, payables etc and literally bring your business on your fingertips. It will help you get paid faster by giving you automatic payment reminders.
isi prakaar ki samaan praudyogiki, jaise United Kingdom mein 1915 mein aavishkaar ki gayi IFF traansapondar, ka dviteeya vishv yuddh mein mitr raashtron dvaara vimaanon ki dost ya dushman ke roop mein pehchaan karne ke liye niyamit roop se istemaal kiya gaya. abhi bhi traansapondar ka, atyadhik shaktishaali vimaan dvaara aaj bhi prayog kiya jaata hai. RFID ki padtaal karta ek anya kaarya, 1948 ka Harry staukaman ka mahatvapoorn pepar hai, jiska sheershak tha "kamyunikeshan baai meens of riflekted power" (IRE ki kaaryavaahi, pp 1196–1204, October 1948). staukaman ne bhavishyavaani ki ki "... riflekted-power sanchaar mein shesh buniyaadi samasyaaon ko hal karne aur upayogi anuprayogon ke kshetr ka pata lagaane se pehle kaafi anusandhaan aur vikaas ka kaam kiya jaana hai."
sitmbar 2008 ko, Alcatel-Lucent demo faul 2008 par pehli upabhokta RFID seva pesh ki: touchatag. yeh USB ke maadhyam se PC (Windows ya Mac) se judta hai aur jab yeh ek RFID taig se lais vastu ka pata lagaata hai, to malteemeediya ke tamaam prakaar ke anuprayog prakshepit karta hai. unke paas ek anuprayog vikaas kaaryakram aur vyaapaar samaadhaan bhi hai (udaaharan, pingaping-Belgium ke saath sahayog aur Accor Services ke liye ek vaanijyik pilot.[54]
According to General Pakravan, "The ayatollah used to say in this very flowery Eastern way, 'Timsar [General], I count the days until we reach the day of our luncheon.'" He described the ayatollah as, very handsome, someone with extraordinary presence, a power of seduction and great charisma. They talked about religion, philosophy, and history. General Pakravan also found him to be very ambitious and secretive. "So much so that it made my hair stand on end. It was frightening," he told his wife.
Wall-Mart ka ek aur prabhaag, saims club bhi is disha mein aage aaya hai. dinaank 7 January 2008 ko isne apne aapoortikrtaaon ko yeh bataate hue patra bheja ki 31 January 2008, se pratyek poorn ekal-vastu pailet, jise desoto, Texas, ke uske vitran kendron par ya us DC dvaara seva pradatt seedhe uske kisi store par bheja ja raha hai, us par ek EPC Gen 2 RFID taig hona zaroori hai. iska paalan karne mein naakaam rahane vaale aapoortikrta ko seva shulk dena hoga. [24]
ekeekrut paripthon ki vruddhi ke saath, prayukt chips ki nirpeksh sankhya ko kam karne se laagat bachaane ka ek aur tareeka pesh hua. ek designer ka lakshya sirf aasaan sarkit banaana naheen hai, balki ghatak ki ginti kam rakhana hai. kabhi-kabhi yeh antarnihit digital laujik ke sambandh mein thode adhik jatil dijaain mein parint hota hai, lekin fir bhi ghatakon ki sankhya, board aakaar aur yahaan tak ki bijli ki khapat ko kam kar deta hai.
2002 ke baad se taaipei, taaivaan mein parivhan pranaali, kiraaya sangrah ke liye RFID sanchaalit card ka upayog karti hai. iji card ko sthaaneeya suvidha store aur metro stationon par chaarj kiya ja sakta hai aur metro, bason aur parking mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai. upayog ko bhavishya mein taaivaan ke sampoorn taapoo mein laagoo karne ki yojana hai.
laujik gate ke haaidrolik, vaayaveeya aur yaantrik sanskaran maujood hain aur aisi sthitiyon mein istemaal kiye jaate hain jahaan bijli ka upayog naheen kiya ja sakta. pehle do prakaar ko fludeeks ke tahat maana jaata hai. fludeek laujik ka ek prayog, sainya haardaveyar mein hai jiske ek vidyut chumbakeeya pals mein ujaagar hone ki sambhaavana hai (parmaanu EMP, ya NEMP) jo bijli ke sarkit ko nasht karta hai.
pipe dhoomrapaan mein aamtaur par tambaakoo ke dahan ke liye ek chhota sa kaksh (katora) aur ek patali nalika (danda) shaamil hai, jo mukhapatr (thoda) mein samaapt hota hai. tambaakoo ke kase tukadon ko kaksh mein rakha aur prajvalit kar diya jaata hai. pipe mein dhoomrapaan ke liye tambaakoo aksar bahut dhyaan dekar istemaal kiya jaata hai aur svaad ki baareekiyon ki mishrit upalabdhata anya tambaakoo utpaadon mein upalabdh naheen hai.
RFID passport ke liye maanak antarraashtreeya naagar vimaanan sangathan (ICAO) dvaara nirdhaarit kiye jaate hain aur ye ICAO dastaavej 9303, bhaag 1, khand 1 aur 2 mein nihit hain (6 sanskaran, 2006). ICAO E-passport mein ISO/IEC 14443 RFID chip ko "kauntaiktales intigreted sarkit" ke roop mein sandarbhit karta hai. ICAO maanak, E-passport ko pahachaanane ke liye saamane ke aavaran par ek maanak E-passport logo upalabdh karaate hain.

purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki lat paanch guna adhik hoti hain,[13] haalaanki chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] viksit deshon mein purushon mein dhoomrapaan apne charam par pahunch chuka hai aur usamein giraavat aani shuroo ho gayi hai haalaanki mahilaaon ke maamale mein vruddhi barkaraar hai.[53]


Nokia ke 2008 ke upakaran, 6212, mein RFID kshamataaen bhi hain. saksham haindaset ka upayog karte hue kredit card ki jaankaari ko sangraheet kiya ja sakta hai aur bank khaaton tak seedhe pahuncha ja sakta hain. is phone ko, agar mobile bhugataan ke liye ek vektar ke roop mein istemaal kiya jaae to ismein is maayane mein atirikt suraksha hoti hai ki ismein upayogakartaaon ko bhugataan ke praadhikrut hone se pehle ek paasakod ya pin darj karne ki aavashyakta hogi.[13]

shalya chikitsa, yahaan tak ki ek chhote paimaane par bhi, apne jokhim saath laati hai. RFID chip pratyaaropan bhi koi apavaad naheen hai. "yoojing radio freekveinsi aaidenteefikeshan (RFID) teknolaaji in hyumans in the United states for total control,"[12] ke lekhak David bi smith ke anusaar, smith svaasthya jokhimon ka udaaharan dete hain jaise "... pratikool ootak pratikriya, pratyaaropit traansapondar ka pravaas, samjhauta soochana suraksha, pratyaaropit traansapondar ki vifalta, pratyaaropan ki vifalta, electronic skainar ki vifalta, vidyut chumbakeeya hastakshep bijli ke khatre, chunbakeeya anunaad imejing asangati aur needal stick"(38). is tarah ke jokhim kisi ko bhi ho sakte hain.
Britain mein, RFID praudyogiki ka upayog karke, saarvajanik parivhan ke aseemit prayog ke liye poorv bhugataan ki sanchaalan pranaali ko taiyaar kiya ja raha hai. yeh design kreditkaard sadrush paas mein antarnihit hai, jise jab scan kiya jaata hai to paas ke vaidh hone ka vivran aur us paas ke vaidh hone ke dinon ka pata chalta hai. pehli baar ise laagoo karne waali company nautingham shahar ki NCT company hai, jahaan aam janta pyaar se ise "beep card" kehti hai. iske baad ise safalataapoorvak London mein laagoo kiya gaya, jahaan "oyastar card" pe-aij-you-go yaatra ki anumati deta hai saath hi saath vibhinn samayaavadhi aur vibhinn kshetron ke liye maanya paas ki bhi anumati hai.

rajistar hastaantaran laujik mein dviaadhaari sankhya flip flop ke samoohon mein sangraheet hain jise rajistar kaha jaata tha. pratyek rajistar ka aautaput taaron ka bandal hai jise ek "bas" kaha jaata hai jo anya aakalan ke liye us number ko paas rakhata hai. yeh aakalan keval sanyojan laujik ka ek bhaag hai. pratyek aakalan ke paas ek bas aautaput hota hai aur ye kai input rajistaron se juda ho sakta hai. kabhi-kabhi ek rajistar ke paas inke input par bahusanketak hota hai jisse yeh kai bason mein se kisi ek se number ko store kar sakta hai. vaikalpik roop se kai cheejon ke aautaput ko bafars ke maadhyam se joda ja sakta hai jo ek ko chhodkar sabhi upakaranon ke aautaput ko band kar sakta hai. input se pratyek rajistar ke naye data ko sveekaar karne par anukramik state machine niyantran karta hai.
ZDNet ke anusaar, aalochakon ka maanana hai ki is praudyogiki se kisi vyakti ki har gatividhi par nazar rakha jaaega aur yeh gopaneeyata par ek aakraman hoga. vivaad is baat par hai ki aalochak maanate hain ki sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog hoga. kuchh log aise bhavishya ki avadhaarana pesh karte hain jahaan har gatividhi par sarkaar ki nazar hogi.[86] Cathrine albrekt ke spaaichips: how major korporeshan end gavarnameint plaan tu track yor evri moov vith RFID, se ek vyakti ko "gair-nijta waali duniya ki kalpana" ke liye protsaahit kiya jaata hai. "jahaan aapki har khareed ki nigraani aur ek detaabes mein darj ki jaati hai aur aapki har cheej sankhyaabaddh hai. jiske tahat, kisi anya sudoor raajya ke ya shaayad kisi doosare desh ke vyakti ke paas aapki har khareed ka byaura hoga. aur kya, unka pata lagaaya ja sakta hai aur door se najar rakhi ja sakti hai."[87] seedhe shabdon mein kahein, shadayantrakaareeyon ka tark hai ki RFID chip ke saath sarkaar ek vyakti ko bhaan hue bina hi usaki gopaneeyata bhang kar sakti hai.
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