ek FDA-naamit taask fors ne vartamaan mein vyaavasaayik taur par upalabdh vibhinn praudyogikiyon ke adhyayan ke baad yeh nishkarsh diya ki unamein se kaun si takaneekein vanshaavali aavashyakataaon ko poora kar sakti hain. baar koding sahit adhyayan ki gayi sabhi praudyogikiyon mein, RFID sabse adhik sambhaavana yukt dikhti hai aur samiti ne mahasoos kiya ki vanshaavali aavashyakta ko, aasaani se upalabdh chhej ko nivesh kar ke praapt kiya ja sakta hai. (adhik jaankaari ke liye dekhein RFID-FDA-Regulations)
digital electronic, ya sookshmaadvik aankik paddhati aisi pranaali hai jo vidyut sanketon ko, rekheeya star ke ek nirantar pattiyon ke bajaae ek alag alag pattiyon ki shrrunkhala ke roop mein darshaati hai. is patti ke sabhi star sanketon ki ek hi avastha ko darshaate hain. sanketo ki is pruthakata ki vajah se nirmaan sahanasheelata ke kaaà¤ħaan rekheeya sanketo ke star mein aaye apekshaakrut chhote badlaav alag aavaran naheen chhodte hai. jiske parinaam svarup sanketo ki avastha ko mahasoos karne wala paripth inhe najaraandaaj kar deta hai.
1980 ke dashak mein mile vaigyaanik pramaan ke anusaar tambaakoo companiyaan ne daava kiya hai ki laaparavaahi baratne ka kaaran svaasthya par padne vaale pratikool prabhaav se pehle unka anajaan hona tha ya paryaapt vishvasaneeyata ka abhaav tha. svaasthya adhikaariyon ne 1998 tak in daavon ka saath diya jiske baad unhonne apni sthiti ulat di. tambaakoo pradhaan niptaan samjhauta (the tobaiko master saitalameint egreemeint) mool roop se chaar sabse badi tambaakoo companiyon aur 46 raajyon ke ameriki etorni general ke beech hua. tambaakoo ke kuchh khaas prakaar ke vijnyaaapanon par pratibandh laga diya gaya aur svaasthya muaavaje ke taur par bhugataan ko aavashyak kar diya gaya, jo baad mein sanyukt raajya America ke itihaas mein sabse bade naagrik niptaan ke roop saamane aaya.[36]

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