is gatividhi ke liye dhoomrapaan karne vaalon dvaara diye gaye kaaran ko mote taur par is prakaar vargeekrut kiya ja sakta hai: dhoomrapaan ke nashe ki lat, maje ke liye dhoomrapaan, tanaav mein kami/vishraam, saamaajikta ke kaaran dhoomrapaan, uttejana, aadat/svachaalan aur prabandhan . in vajahon mein se kitni vajahein jimmedaar hain yeh lingabhed par nirbhar hai, tanaav mein kami/vishraam, uttejana aur saamaajikta ke kaaran dhoomrapaan ke maamale mahilaaon mein purushon se adhik hone ki sambhaavana ka havaala diya gaya hai.[66]
tambaakoo ek krushi utpaad hai jo nikoteeniya prajaati ke paudhon ki taaja pattiyon ka prasanskaran hai. is prajaati mein kai upajaatiyaan hain, haalaanki nikoteeniya tabaakum (Nicotiana tabacum) saamaanyat: ugaaya jaata hai. nikoteeaana rastika (Nicotiana rustica) nikoteen ki uchch saandrata ke maamale mein doosare number par hai. in pattiyon ki kheti hoti hai aur dheeme okseekaran ki suvidha aur tambaakoo ke patte mein kairoteenauyad ko kam hone diya jaata hai taaki vah svasth ho jaaye. isse tambaakoo ke patton mein kuchh yaugik taiyaar hote hain jo meethi ghaas, chai, tel gulaab ya fal jaisa khushaboodaar jaayaka paida karte hain. paikejing se pehle tambaakoo aksar nashe ki shakti badhaane ke liye anya yogaj ke saath sanyukt roop se rakha jaata hai taaki utpaad ka peeech (pH) badal jaaye ya dhoomrapaan ka prabhaav ya svaad behtar ho jaaye. sanyukt raajya America mein in yojakon mein 599 padaarthon ka niyman kiya gaya hai.[8] is utpaad ko uske baad prasanskrut aur paik kar upabhokta baajaar ke liye bhej diya jaata hai. khapat ke saadhan ke taur par sakriya tatvon ke saath kam gaun-utpaad ko naye tareeke ke roop mein sammilit kar is kshetr mein vyaapak sambhaavnaaon ka vistaar kiya gaya hai.

RFID daud samay ke kai roop 1990 ke dashak ke praarambh se vibhinn prakaar ki race ki timing ke liye prayog mein rahe hain. yeh istamaal pijn race se shuroo hua, jise ek company dvaara shuroo kiya gaya jiska naam tha barasingahauyasan ki daaistar electronic Gmbh, Germany: daaistar electronics. ek marathon mein jaanvaron ya vyaktiyon ke race praarambh aur samaapti ke panjeekaran ke liye iska prayog kiya jaata hai, jahaan har khilaadi ke liye sahi staupavauch reeding paana asambhav hai.
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Shalini, an illegitimate daughter of Sukanya, but making Sukanya believe that kid is dead & married off to another person with whom she gives birth to 2 children. The emotional drama between daughter and mother when Shalini goes to Sukanya's house, both unaware of their relationship, Sukanya tortures her own daughter for the sake of her legal daughter, Anu, but Shalini supports Sukanya always. It is about negative shaded Anu ill-treating her sister, Shalini, even after knowing the relationship they both share.
parirkshan, fir ek prayukt ki ja rahi freekveinsi ka kaarya hai. lo frikvesnsi LowFID taig, jaise jo manushya aur paalatoo jaanvaron ke liye pratyaaropan yogya upakaranon mein istemaal hote hain, parirkshan ke prati apekshaakrut pratirodhi hain, haalaanki mote dhaatu ki panni adhikaansh pathan ko rokegi. haai freekveinsi HighFID taig (13.56 MHz - smart card aur abhigm baij) parirkshan ke prati samvedansheel hain aur jab ye kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh seinteemeetar ke andar hote hain to inhein padhna mushkil hota hai. UHF Ultra-HighFID taig (pailet aur dibbe) ko padhna kathin hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh meeleemeetar ke bheetar rakha jaae, haalaanki unki pathan seema vaastav mein badh jaati hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu se 2–4 cm par rakha jaata hai aur iska kaaran hai taig par pratibinbit tarang aur insideint tarang ka sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran. UHFID taig ko sthaitik-virodhi plastic bag ke andar rakh kar adhikaansh pathan se safalataapoorvak parirkshit kiya ja sakta hai.[sandigdh – charcha karein]
nishkriya aur sakriya RFID system ka istemaal sadak ke baahar ke khelon mein hota hai jaise oriyenatiaring, endyooro heyar end haaunds resing. chaalakon par ek traansapondar laga hota hai, aamtaur par unke haath par. jab ve ek laip poora karte hain to ve svaaip karte hain ya riseevar ko chhoote hain jo ek computer se juda hota hai aur unke laip samay ko darj karta hai. kaaseemo group limited aisi pranaali bechata hai, jaisa ki sveedan ka SportIdent. RFID ko kai bharti agencyon dvaara anukoolit kiya ja raha hai jinme unki arhak prakriya ke roop mein ek PET hai (fijikl endyoreins test), vishesh roop se un maamalon mein jahaan ummeedavaaron ki sankhya laakhon mein ho (bhaarateeya railway bharti prabhaag, police aur bijli kshetr). ek bhaarateeya software company, software aautasorsing sarvises ne is pranaali ko pehli baar UHF taig ka upayog karte hue isi uddeshya ke liye sateek banaaya hai aur ve pratidin 30,000 se jyaada ummeedavaaron ko chhaantane mein saksham hain.
kai adhyayanon ne yeh sthaapana ki hai ki cigarette ki bikri aur dhoomrapaan ke upayog ke samay sambandhi dhaanche alag hain. udaaharan ke liye, sanyukt raajya America mein cigarette ki bikri ka dhaancha kaafi had tak mausam se juda hua hai, garmi ke maheene mein iski bikri kaafi badh jaati hai, jabki sardiyon mein iski khapat kam ho jaati hai.[68]

During the CPM state conference held in Kottayam, he was criticized strongly due to his style of functioning by a majority of Pinarayi Vijayan supporters (38/53) known as official faction and they demanded his ouster from Chief Minister. They warned that the party would lose seats if it goes for ahead parliamentary elections under his leadership.[30][31]


suraksha visheshagyon ne pehchaan ki chori ke jokhim ke kaaran logon ke satyaapan ke liye RFID ka upayog karne ke khilaaf chetaavani di hai. udaaharan ke liye ek madhya vyakti hamla ek hamlaavar ko vaastavik samay mein ek vyakti ki pehchaan chori karne mein saksham banaaega. RFID ke sansaadhan kami ke kaaran hamlon ke aise model ke khilaaf suraksha vastut: asambhav hai, kyonki ismein jatil doori-bandhan protokaul ki aavashyakta hoti hai.[43][44][45][46]

saans se kheenche gaye padaarthon tantrika ke sire ke ant mein raasaayanik pratikriyaaon ko shuroo karte hai. klonerjik riseptar aksar svaabhaavik roop se nyoorotraansameetar (neurotransmitter) esteelaklolaain(acetylcholine) se chaaloo hone vaale hain. Acetylcholine aur nikoteen raasaayanik samaanataaon ko vyakt karta hai jo nikoteen ko riseptar ke roop mein kaam karne ki anumati deta hai.[47] ye nikotinik acetylcholine riseptar keindreeya tantrika tantr mein sthit lagte hain aur tantrika-kankaal ki maansapeshiyon ki taakat jankshan par sakriya roop se dil ki gati, satarkata[10] aur pratikriya samay ko drut kar dete hain.[11] nikoteen acetylcholine uttejana pratyaksh taur par nashe ki lat naheen hai. haalaanki jaise hi dopaamaain se prachur maatra mein nyoorauns nikoteen riseptars pravaahit hote hain, dopaamaain pravaahit hota hai.[48] dopaamaain ke pravaahit hone se, jo aanand se juda hua hai adhik majaboot hota hai aur kaam karne ki smruti mein usase vruddhi ho sakti hai.[12][49] nikoteen aur kokeen nyoorauns ke samaan paitarn hain, jo ki is vichaar ka samarthan karte hain ki in maadak padaarthon ke beech aam adh:star sakriya hai.[50]


vivotek ke sanyojan mein dairy queen ne bhi apne nae vafaadaari aur puraskaar kaaryakram ke hisse ke roop mein mobile phone par RFIDs ka prayog shuroo kar diya hai. apne phone par lagaane ke liye sanrakshak, ek RFID taig praapt kar sakte hain. sakriyn ke baad, phone mein pronnati aur koopan praapt honge, jise vivotek ke vishesh NFC upakaranon ke dvaara padha ja sakta hai.
1995 se 1970 ke beech gareeb vikaasasheel deshon mein prati vyakti cigarette ki khapat mein 67 pratishat ki vruddhi hui hai, jabki usamein ameer viksit duniya mein 10 pratishat giraavat aayi hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaalon mein se assi pratishat ab kam viksit deshon mein rahate hain. 2030 tak vishv svaasthya sangathan (WHO) ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 10 million logon ki maut prativrsh dhoomrapaan se sambandhit beemaariyon se hogi jo duniya bhar mein maut ka ek sabse bada kaaran hoga, mahilaaon mein iski sabse badi vruddhi hogi. WHO ki bhavishyavaani hai ki 20 veen sadi mein dhoomrapaan se hui mauton ki daron mein 21 veen sadi mein das guna vruddhi hogi. ("Washington"(Washingtonian) patrika, December 2007).
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