1612 mein jemsataaun ke avasthaapan ke chhah saal baad John raalf pehle adhivaasi hain jinhonne tambaakoo ki ek nakadi fasal ke roop mein safalataapoorvak kheti ki. tambaakoo ki maang mein teji se vruddhi hui, use "bhoora sona" kaha gaya, kyonki usane sone ke abhiyaan mein vifal varjeeniya ko share company mein punarjeevit kar diya.[21] puraani duniya ki maangon ko poora karne ke liye tambaakoo ki paidaavaar lagaataar ki gayi jiske parinaamasvaroop jameen ki urvara shakti sheegra hi kam ho gayi. isne pashchim ko ek agyaat mahaadveep mein basane ke liye prerak ka kaarya kiya aur isi tarah tambaakoo utpaadan ka ek vistaar hua.[22] bekan vidroh ke pehle tak anubandhit daasata hi praathamik shram bal ka aadhaar thi jiske kaaran das pratha par dhyaan kendrit hua.[23] yeh pravrutti ameriki kraanti ke baad kam hui aur daasapratha laabhaheen maani gayi. haalaanki yeh pratha 1794 mein punarjeevit ho gayi jab kapaas ki charkhi ka aavishkaar hua.[24][page needed]
sakriya RFID ka sabse bada prayog, ameriki raksha vibhaag dvaara apne das lakh se adhik shiping kantenaron par saavi[3] sakriya taig ka upayog hai jo mahaadveepeeya America (CONUS) ke baahar jaata hai. sabse bada nishkriya RFID prayog, difens laujistiks agency (DLA) ka hai jo odin dvaara 72 suvidhaaon par laagoo hai[4] jisne eyarabas ke liye vaishvik prachaar kiya[5] jo vishv bhar mein 13 pariyojanaaon se nirmit tha.
ek digital pranaali mein, ek adhik sateek sanket ke pratinidhitv ke liye adhik baainari ankon ka upayog kiya ja sakta hai. haalaanki is prakriya ke liye ismein adhik aankik paripth ki aavashyakta hoti hai, choonki pratyek ank ek hi prakaar ke haardaveyar dvaara sambhaala jaata hai nateejatan ek aasaan maapaneeya tantr ka nirmaan ho jaata hai| ek enaalaug system mein atirikt rejlushan raikhikta mein buniyaadi sudhaar aur sanket shrrunkhala ke pratyek charan ke shor ke abhilkshan mein buniyaadi sudhaar ki aavashyakta hoti hai.
2002 ke baad se taaipei, taaivaan mein parivhan pranaali, kiraaya sangrah ke liye RFID sanchaalit card ka upayog karti hai. iji card ko sthaaneeya suvidha store aur metro stationon par chaarj kiya ja sakta hai aur metro, bason aur parking mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai. upayog ko bhavishya mein taaivaan ke sampoorn taapoo mein laagoo karne ki yojana hai.
ek audio deta mein singal-bit truti seedhe leeniyr pals code modyuleshan (jaise ek CD-ROM par) ke roop mein store ho jaane se ek singal klik se varst ho jaata hai. iske bajaay bahut se log storej space aur daaunalod samay ko surakshit karne ke liye audio kampreshan ka upayog karte hain kyonki ek ekal bit truti bhi poore gaane ko karapt kar sakta hai.

Amazed with the clarity of thoughts and the anecdotes she uses to convince the audience and take the...m to accept her view points on any topic. Yet to read her book but watched some of her vedios available online. I can't agree more with her, if one can forgive, love unconditionally and feel humble & gratitude for all blessings, life will be more peaceful and contented! Wishing her all the best to grow and reach the global stage of motivational speakers ! See More


yaantrik tark aksar aisi vaashing machine mein un logon ke roop mein saste niyantrakon mein prayog kiya jaata hai. mashahoor roop se, Charles baibej dvaara pehla computer design ko yaantrik laujik ke prayog ke liye dijaain kiya gaya tha. yaantrik laujik ko, bahut chhote computer mein bhi istemaal kiya ja sakta hai jise naino takaneek dvaara banaaya ja sakta hai.
anukramik system iske atirikt do upashreniyon mein vibhaajit hota hai. jab ek "klauk" signal state ko parivrtit karta hai tab "tulyakaalik" anukramik pranaali ek hi baar mein state ko badal deta hai. jab bhi input badalate hain "atulyakaalik" anukramik pranaali parivartan ko prasaarit karta hai. tulyakaalik anukramik system atulyakaalik sarkit ki visheshata se bana hota hai jaise flip flop, jo klauk jab parivartan karta hai tabhi ye parivartan karta hai aur jismein timing margin ko dhyaan se design kiya jaata hai.
Parakala is a trained political economist. After his return from the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1991 summer, he established a policy and research consultancy and by name Centre for Public Policy Studies (CPPS). He led the Centre as its director. CPPS worked for governments, both union and state, and undertook many evaluation studies for inter-governmental organisations such as Unicef, ILO, UNDP, WTO etc. CPPS also undertook public opinion polls and election analyses. CPPS is now made into a private limited company with the name RightFOLIO. RightFOLIO has a large portfolio: political analysis, election studies, Communications, Conferences, Brand Consulting, and Human Resource consulting. Parakala is now heading RightFOLIO as its Managing director.

keemat ke ghatne se RFID praudyogiki teji se prachalit ho rahi hai. January 2003 mein jilet ne ghoshana ki ki usane eliyn technology ko 500 million taig ka aadesh diya hai. jilet ke V.P. dik kaantavel, jo ab Cisco ke karmachaari hain, ka kehna hai ki company ne har taig ke liye "das seint ke andar" bhugataan kiya hai. Japani HIBIKI pahal, is keemat ko kam karke 5 yen (4 yooroseint) par laana chaahata hai. aur January 2009 mein envego ne 5.9 seint ke taig ki ghoshana ki.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

uber (aur “uber ____” hone ke aadhaar par banaaya gaya staartaps ke parinaamasvaroop paagalapan) jaise braandon ke lie dhanyavaad, logon ko phon eplikeshan ke maadhyam se maang par sab kuchh karane ke lie upayog kiya ja raha hai 2017 mein, mujhe ummeed hai ki yah dekhane ke lie ki yah aage bhee vikasit ho. hamaare paas savaaree, bhojan vitaran, aur yahaan tak ​​ki ek ke lie hamaare paas upalabdh hajaaron aip hain
1980 ke dashak mein kuchh shodhakartaaon ne paaya ki lagbhag sabhi tulyakaalik rajistar-transfer masheenon ko first-in-first-out tulyakaalan laujik ka upayog karke atulyakaalik dijaainon mein parivrtit kiya ja sakta tha. is yojana mein digital machine, ek data pravaah ke ek set ke roop mein pahachaani jaati hai. pravaah ke har kadam mein, ek atulyakaalik "tulyakaalan sarkit" nirdhaarit karta hai jab us step ka aautaput thos aur ek prastut sanket deta hai ki un stejon ko "deta ko pakado" jismein un stejon ke input mein prayog hua hai. iske liye kuchh apekshaakrut saral tulyakaalan sarkit ki aavashyakta hai.
August, 2004 mein, ohiyo punarvaas aur sudhaar vibhaag (ODRC) ne alaanko teknolaujeej ke kaarmik-traiking takaneek ke moolyaankan ke liye $415,000 karaar ko manjoori di. kaidi, kalaai par ghadeenuma traansameetar pahaneinge jo hataane ke prayaas ko jaan sakega aur jail ke computeron ko chetaavani dega. yeh pariyojana ameriki jailon mein chips traiking ki pehli ghatna naheen hai. Michigan, California aur ilinois mein suvidhaaen, pehle se hi is praudyogiki ko apanaae hue hain.
1945 mein lion theremin ne soviyt sangh ke liye ek jaasoosi upakaran ka aavishkaar kiya jo shravya jaankaari ke saath ghatna radio tarangon ko pun: sanchaarit karta tha. dhvani tarangein ek daayafraam ko hilaati thi jo rejonetar ke aakaar ko thoda badal deti thi, jo pratibinbit radio aavrutti ko modyulet kar deti thi. yadyapi yeh upakaran ek gupt shravya upakaran tha, na ki ek pehchaan taig, ise RFID praudyogiki ka ek poorvavarti maana jaata hai, kyonki yeh bhi vaise hi nishkriya tha, jo ek baahya srot se vidyutachumbakeeya tarangon dvaara shaktishaali aur sakriya ho jaata tha.[1]
khudara vikretaaon ke maadhyam se bikne vaale utpaadon ke nirmaata khudara vikreta ko beche gaye apne utpaadon ko badhaava dene ke liye ek seemit avadhi ke liye is ummeed ke saath chhoot deta hai, ki khudara vikreta bachat ko apne graahakon tak pahunchaaega. haalaanki, khudara vikreta aamtaur par forward baaing mein vyast ho jaate hain aur chhoot avadhi ke dauraan adhik utpaad khareedne lagte hain jitna ki ve prachaar avadhi ke dauraan bechne ka iraada naheen rakhate. kuchh khudara vikreta ek prakaar ke antarapanan mein sanlagn ho jaate hain aur riyaayati utpaad ko anya khudara vikretaaon ko bechne lag jaate hain, is abhyaas ko daaivarting ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. is abhyaas ka mukaabala karne ke liye, nirmaata, prachaarit maal par RFID taig ke prayog ki sambhaavanaaon ko talaash rahe hain taaki ve track kar sakein ki vaastav mein kaun sa utpaad poori tarah se riyaayati keematon par aapoorti shrrunkhala ke maadhyam se becha gaya hai.[27]
America mein khaadya evam aushadhi prashaasan ne maanavon mein RFID chip ke prayog ko manjoori di hai.[80] kuchh vyaavasaayik pratishthaan, graahakon ko seva ke bhugataan ke liye ek RFID-aadhaarit taib ke upayog ka vikalp dete hain, jaise Barcelona mein baaja beech night club.[81] isse ek vyakti ki gopaneeyata sambandhit chintaaen badh gayi hain choonki ve jahaan bhi ve jaayeinge unhein unke ek adviteeya pahachaanakarta dvaara sambhaavit roop se track kiya ja sakta hai. chintaaen vyaapt hain ki ek adhinaayakavaadi sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog kiya ja sakta hai ya svatantrata ko hataane mein falit ho sakta hai.[82]
Dr. Parakala Prabhakar born in Narsapuram into a well known family of freedom fighters and social reforms is a trained and qualified political economist and a well known commentator on political, economic and social affairs. He served as Communications Advisor, held a cabinet rank position in Andhra Pradesh Government between July 2014 and June 2018. He is a well-known public personality in Andhra Pradesh. For several years he presented a current affairs discussion programme on television channels from Andhra Pradesh. His programmes Pratidhwani on ETV2 and Namaste Andhra Pradesh on NTV were popular and widely watched for their insightful discussion and commentary. [1] He was also a former spokesman and one of the founding general secretaries of Praja Rajyam Party.[2] In the early 2000s, Dr Parakala was the spokesperson of the Andhra Pradesh unit of the BJP.
hamesha ki tarah ek tulyakaalik anukramik state machine ko ek sanyojan laujik mein vibhaajit karke laagoo karne ka vyaavahaarik tareeka hota hai aur flip flop ke set ko "state rajistar" kaha jaata hai. har baar ek ghadi tik tik ki signal deti hai aur state rajistar sanyojan laujik ke pichhle state se utpann pratikriya par kabja kar leti hai aur state machine ke sanyojan bhaag mein aparivrtineeya input ke roop mein fir se ise daal deti hai. sanyojan laujik mein samay ke khapat vaale adhikaansh laujik aakalan dvaara ghadi ki sabse tej dar set hoti hai.
digital electronic, ya sookshmaadvik aankik paddhati aisi pranaali hai jo vidyut sanketon ko, rekheeya star ke ek nirantar pattiyon ke bajaae ek alag alag pattiyon ki shrrunkhala ke roop mein darshaati hai. is patti ke sabhi star sanketon ki ek hi avastha ko darshaate hain. sanketo ki is pruthakata ki vajah se nirmaan sahanasheelata ke kaaऱaan rekheeya sanketo ke star mein aaye apekshaakrut chhote badlaav alag aavaran naheen chhodte hai. jiske parinaam svarup sanketo ki avastha ko mahasoos karne wala paripth inhe najaraandaaj kar deta hai.
upakaran pravaah ka lekhan aur deebaging, digital design ka utpaadan karne waali companiyon mein ek sthaapit engineering visheshata hai. upakaran pravaah aam taur par ek vistrut computer faail ya faailon ke set mein mit jaata hai jo yeh varnan karta hai ki kaise laujik ka bhautik roop se nirmaan karein. ismein aksar ek ekeekrut paripth ya mudrit sarkit board par traanjistar aur taar kheenchne ke nirdesh shaamil hote hain.

kreteks ek cigarette hai jo tambaakoo, laung aur ek svaadisht chatani ke ek jatil mishran ke masaale se bani hai. yeh pehli baar kudus, jaava mein 1880 ke dashak mein pesh ki gayi, jo fefadon ko laung ke aushadheeya yugenol (eugenol) dene ke liye banaayi gayi thi. tambaakoo ki gunavatta aur vividhta ne kretek ke utpaadan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika ada ki kyonki kretek mein 30 se adhik prakaar ke tambaakoo sammilit ho sakte hain. laung ki kaliyon ke kiye gaye chhote-chhote tukado mein tambaakoo ka 1/3 vajan ka mishran uske svaad ko badhaata hai. sanyukt raajya America ke kai raajyon mein kreteks par pratibandh hai[krupaya uddharan jodein] aur sanyukt raajya America mein 2004 mein tambaakoo aur menthaul ke alaava anya masaalon ka "vishesh svaad" hone ke kaaran kreteks ko cigarette mein vargeekrut na kar use nishiddh kar diya gaya.[44]


In her memoirs, Mrs. Pakravan provides the following description of the arrest, imprisonment, and execution of her husband by the Islamic Revolutionary Court. She argues that General Pakravan was taken from his house to an unknown destination. When his son tried to contact him, he was told that the general was not arrested at all but that he was the guest of the Ayatollah. But in fact he was imprisoned shortly after his arrest.
khudara vikretaaon ke maadhyam se bikne vaale utpaadon ke nirmaata khudara vikreta ko beche gaye apne utpaadon ko badhaava dene ke liye ek seemit avadhi ke liye is ummeed ke saath chhoot deta hai, ki khudara vikreta bachat ko apne graahakon tak pahunchaaega. haalaanki, khudara vikreta aamtaur par forward baaing mein vyast ho jaate hain aur chhoot avadhi ke dauraan adhik utpaad khareedne lagte hain jitna ki ve prachaar avadhi ke dauraan bechne ka iraada naheen rakhate. kuchh khudara vikreta ek prakaar ke antarapanan mein sanlagn ho jaate hain aur riyaayati utpaad ko anya khudara vikretaaon ko bechne lag jaate hain, is abhyaas ko daaivarting ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. is abhyaas ka mukaabala karne ke liye, nirmaata, prachaarit maal par RFID taig ke prayog ki sambhaavanaaon ko talaash rahe hain taaki ve track kar sakein ki vaastav mein kaun sa utpaad poori tarah se riyaayati keematon par aapoorti shrrunkhala ke maadhyam se becha gaya hai.[27]

kai deshon jaise Ireland, laataviya, estoniya, Netherland, France, Finland, naarve, Canada, Australia, sveedan, Portugal, Singapore, Italy, Indonesia, Bhaarat, lithuaaniya, chili, Spain, aaisalaind, United Kingdom, sloveniya aur maalta ne saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan ke khilaaf kaanoon banaaye hain, jinmein baar aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. restaurant mein bhi kuchh nyaayaalayon ne anumati di hai ki ve sunishchit dhoomrapaan kshetron (ya dhoomrapaan nishedh ke liye) ka nirmaan karein. sanyukt raajya America mein kai raajyon mein restaurant mein dhoomrapaan nishedh hai aur kuchh sharaabakhaanon mein bhi dhoomrapaan nishedh hai. Canada ke praanton mein inador kaaryasthalon aur saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan avaidh hai jinmein sharaabakhaane aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. 31 March 2008 ko Canada ne sabhi saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan par pratibandh lagaaya, saath hi saath kisi bhi saarvajanik jagah ke pravesh dwaar ke 10 meter ke bheetar bhi yeh pratibandh laagoo hai. Australia mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh har raajya mein alag-alag hai. vartamaan mein kveensalaind mein sabhi saarvajanik sthalon ke androoni hisson mein dhoomrapaan par poornataya pratibandh hai (jinmein kaaryasthal, sharaabakhaane, pab aur bhojanaalaya shaamil hain) saath hi saath aavaajaahi vaale samudra tat aur kuchh saarvajanik sthalon ke baahari kshetr shaamil hain. tathaapi, chihnit dhoomrapaan kshetr apavaad hain. Victoria mein train stationon, bas staap aur train staap par dhoomrapaan nishiddh hai aur in saarvajanik sthaanon par jahaan dhoomrapaan se parivhan ka intajaar kar raha gair dhoomrapaan karne wala prabhaavit ho sakta hai aur 1 July 2007 se use sabhi inador saarvajanik sthalon par laagoo kar diya gaya hai. New Zealand aur Brazil mein saarvajanik sthaanon se sanlagn kshetr mein dhoomrapaan karne par pratibandh laga diya hai, jismein mukhya roop se sharaabakhaana, restaurant aur pab shaamil hai. Hongkong mein 1 January 2007 ko kaaryasthal mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh laga diya gaya jaise restaurant, karaaoke rooms, imaaraton aur saarvajanik park. sharaab parosane vaale baar jinmein 18 varsh ki aayu se kam ke logon ko pravesh naheen dete, ko 2009 tak chhoot di gayi. romaaniya mein railgaadiyon, metro stationon, saarvajanik sansthaanon (jahaan aamtaur par nirdisht sthal baahar hai) aur saarvajanik parivhan mein dhoomrapaan avaidh hai.
puraani duniya mein parichit hone ke baad se hi tambaakoo ki raajya aur dharmik netaaon dvaara lagaataar aalochna hui. otoman saamraajya 1623-40 ke sultaan muraad IV (chaturth) logon ki naitikta aur svaasthya ke liye dhoomrapaan ko khatra bataakar us par pratibandh lagaane ki koshish karne vaale pehle logon mein se the. cheeni samraat chongajhen ne apni maut ke do saal pehle fatwe jaari kar dhoomrapaan par pratibandh laga diya tha aur ming raajavansh ko apadasth kar diya tha. baad mein mool roop se khaanaabadosh ashv yoddha King raajavansh ke maanchoo ne dhoomrapaan ke khilaaf prachaar kiya ki vah teerandaaji ki upeksha karne se bhi adhik jaghanya aparaadh hai. Japan mein ido avadhi mein shuruaat mein tambaakoo baagaanon kotaanaashaahi dvaara ghruna ki nigaah se dekha gaya kyonki moolyavaan kheton ko khaadyaann fasalon ke liye istemaal karne ke bajaay manoranjak maadak padaarth ka istemaal kar nasht karne ko sainya arthavyavastha ke liye khatre ke taur par dekha gaya.[26]
ek FDA-naamit taask fors ne vartamaan mein vyaavasaayik taur par upalabdh vibhinn praudyogikiyon ke adhyayan ke baad yeh nishkarsh diya ki unamein se kaun si takaneekein vanshaavali aavashyakataaon ko poora kar sakti hain. baar koding sahit adhyayan ki gayi sabhi praudyogikiyon mein, RFID sabse adhik sambhaavana yukt dikhti hai aur samiti ne mahasoos kiya ki vanshaavali aavashyakta ko, aasaani se upalabdh chhej ko nivesh kar ke praapt kiya ja sakta hai. (adhik jaankaari ke liye dekhein RFID-FDA-Regulations)
keyboard_arrow_right Budgeting keyboard_arrow_right Email Integration keyboard_arrow_right Financial Management keyboard_arrow_right Invoice keyboard_arrow_right Mobile Support keyboard_arrow_right Multiple Company keyboard_arrow_right Recurring invoice keyboard_arrow_right Accounts payable keyboard_arrow_right General Ledger keyboard_arrow_right Bills of Material keyboard_arrow_right Revenue Management keyboard_arrow_right Financial Accounting keyboard_arrow_right Service Tax keyboard_arrow_right Barcode Integration keyboard_arrow_right Customer Management keyboard_arrow_right Expense Tracking keyboard_arrow_right Inventory Management keyboard_arrow_right Manufacturing keyboard_arrow_right Multi User login & Roll based access keyboard_arrow_right POS invoicing keyboard_arrow_right Taxation Management keyboard_arrow_right Accounts Receivable keyboard_arrow_right Cash Management keyboard_arrow_right Billing & Invoicing keyboard_arrow_right Utilities keyboard_arrow_right VAT / CST / GST Reports keyboard_arrow_right Access your Data on the Go
paanv ki daud mein, dhaavak nishkriya taig pahanate hain jo track ke donon chhoron ya track ke aar-paar bichhe Matt par rakhe enteena dvaara padha jaata hai. nyoon ya uchch freekveinsi antim peedhi taig ke bajaay UHF aadhaarit taig, vishesh roop se design kiye gaye entena ke dvaara sateek reeding pradaan karte hain. rash truti, laip kaaunt trutiyaan aur durghatanaaon se bacha ja sakta hai choonki bina ek batch mod mein rahe koi bhi kabhi bhi shuroo aur khatm kar sakta hai.
gair electronic digital tantr nirmaan sambhav hai. siddhaant roop mein, asatat state ka pratinidhitv aur laujik kaaryon ka pratinidhitv karne mein saksham kisi bhi takaneek ka istemaal yaantrik laujik banaane ke liye kiya ja sakta hai. MIT ke chhaatron, erleen gi, Edward haardabek, daini hilis (the kanekshan machine ke sah-lekhak), maargaret minsaki aur bairi aur Brian silvaraman bhaai, ne tinkar khilaune, string, ek int aur ek teevr peinsil se do computer ka nirmaan kiya.[3] tinkaratauya computer, Boston vigyaan sangrahaalaya mein hai.
tambaakoo dhoomrapaan ek aisa abhyaas hai jismein tambaakoo ko jalaaya jaata hai aur usaka dhuaan ya to chakha jaata hai ya fir use saans mein kheencha jaata hai. iska chalan 5000-3000 E.poo.ke praarambhik kaal mein shuroo hua.[1] kai sabhyataaon mein dhaarmik anushthaanon ke dauraan ise sugandh ke taur par jalaaya gaya, jise baad mein aanand praapt karne ke liye ya fir ek saamaajik upakaran ke roop mein apnaaya gaya.[2] puraani duniya mein tambaakoo 1500 ke dashak ke antim daur mein prachalit hua jahaan isne saajha vyaapaarik maarg ka anusaran kiya. haalaanki yeh padaarth aksar aalochna ka shikaar banta raha hai, lekin iske baavajood vah lokapriya ho gaya.[3] jarman vaigyaaniko ne aupachaarik roop se der se 1920 ke dashak ke ant mein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech ke sambandhon ki pehchaan ki jisse aadhunik itihaas mein pehle dhoomrapaan virodhi abhiyaan ki shuruaat hui. aandolan tathaapi dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan dushmanon ki seema mein pahunchane mein naakaam raha aur uske baad jald hi alokapriya ho gaya.[4] 1950 mein svaasthya adhikaariyon ne fir se dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech ke sambandh par charcha shuroo ki.[5] vaigyaanik pramaan 1980 ke dashak mein praapt hue, jisne is abhyaas ke khilaaf raajaneetik kaarravaai par jor diya. 1965 se viksit deshon mein khapat ya to ksheen hui ya fir usamein giraavat aayi.[6] haalaanki, vikaasasheel duniya mein badhat jaari hai.[7]
antararaashtreeya maanakon se tulya nishpaadan gunataayukt si pi aar I saare Bhaarat mein vyaapt apni saat prayogashaalaaon mein svichgiyr, fayoojagiyr, parinaamitr, kebil, sandhaaritr jaise vibhinn vidyut upaskar, vidyut rodhak saamagriyaaain aur pranaaliyaaain, sancharan line tower, drav paraavaidyuton tatha apaaranparik oorja yuktiyon ke nishpaadan, moolyaankan aur pramaaneekaran par vishisht sevaaeain upalabdh karaata hai.
RFID passport ke liye maanak antarraashtreeya naagar vimaanan sangathan (ICAO) dvaara nirdhaarit kiye jaate hain aur ye ICAO dastaavej 9303, bhaag 1, khand 1 aur 2 mein nihit hain (6 sanskaran, 2006). ICAO E-passport mein ISO/IEC 14443 RFID chip ko "kauntaiktales intigreted sarkit" ke roop mein sandarbhit karta hai. ICAO maanak, E-passport ko pahachaanane ke liye saamane ke aavaran par ek maanak E-passport logo upalabdh karaate hain.
America mein khaadya evam aushadhi prashaasan ne maanavon mein RFID chip ke prayog ko manjoori di hai.[80] kuchh vyaavasaayik pratishthaan, graahakon ko seva ke bhugataan ke liye ek RFID-aadhaarit taib ke upayog ka vikalp dete hain, jaise Barcelona mein baaja beech night club.[81] isse ek vyakti ki gopaneeyata sambandhit chintaaen badh gayi hain choonki ve jahaan bhi ve jaayeinge unhein unke ek adviteeya pahachaanakarta dvaara sambhaavit roop se track kiya ja sakta hai. chintaaen vyaapt hain ki ek adhinaayakavaadi sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog kiya ja sakta hai ya svatantrata ko hataane mein falit ho sakta hai.[82]
Parakala is a trained political economist. After his return from the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1991 summer, he established a policy and research consultancy and by name Centre for Public Policy Studies (CPPS). He led the Centre as its director. CPPS worked for governments, both union and state, and undertook many evaluation studies for inter-governmental organisations such as Unicef, ILO, UNDP, WTO etc. CPPS also undertook public opinion polls and election analyses. CPPS is now made into a private limited company with the name RightFOLIO. RightFOLIO has a large portfolio: political analysis, election studies, Communications, Conferences, Brand Consulting, and Human Resource consulting. Parakala is now heading RightFOLIO as its Managing director.
Canadian Cattle Identification Agency ne baarakod taig ke liye ek sthaanaapann ke roop mein RFID taig ka prayog shuroo kiya. taig ki aavashyakta gojaateeya jhund ke mool ki pehchaan karne ke liye hoti hai aur iska prayog yeh pata lagaane ke liye kiya jaata hai kab ek paiking plant ek shav ko khaarij karta hai. vartamaan mein CCIA taig ka istemaal, ek svaichhik aadhaar par viskaunsin mein aur America ke kisaanon dvaara kiya ja raha hai. USDA vartamaan mein apna swayam ka kaaryakram viksit kar raha hai.
uparokt dvaara uthaai gayi chintaaon ko klipd taig ke prayog dvaara aanshik roop se khtm kiya ja sakta hai. klipd taig, ek RFID taig hai jise upabhokta gopaneeyata ko badhaane ke liye dijaain kiya gaya hai. klipd taig ka sujhaav IBM shodhakartaaon, paul moskovitj aur guentar karjoth dvaara diya gaya hai. bikri ke baad, upabhokta taig ke ek hisse ko ukhaad sakta hai. isse ek lambi doori ke taig ko ek najadeeki taig mein parivartan ki anumati milti hai jise ab bhi padha ja sakta hai, lekin sirf kam doori par - kuchh inch ya seinteemeetar se bhi kam mein. taig ke is sanshodhan ki aaainkhon se dekhkar pushti ki ja sakti hai. is taig ka upayog baad mein vaapasi, yaad dilaane, ya risaaikiling ke liye kiya ja sakta hai.
digital sarkit ka doosra roop lukaap table se nirmit hota hai ("prograamebal laujik divaais" ke roop mein anek beche ja chuka hain, haalaanki PLD ke anya prakaar vidyamaan hain). lukaap taalika, masheenon par aadhaarit laujik geton ki tarah hi kaarya kar sakti hain lekin aasaani se taaron ko badle bina hi reeprograam kar sakti hain. iska arth yeh hai ki designer, aksar taaron ki vyavastha ko badle bina hi design trutiyon ki marammat kar sakte hain. isliye chhoti maatra mein utpaad prograamebal laujik divaais aksar adhimaanya samaadhaan kar rahe hain. ve aam taur par injeeniyron dvaara electronic design svachaalan software ka upayog kar design kiya jaata hai (adhik jaankaari ke liye neeche dekhein).
gharelu svaasthya dhokhaadhadi ka mukaabala karne ke liye, Medicare end Medicaid sarvises ne haal hi mein gharelu svaasthya dekhbhaal udyog ki jaanch karne ki ghoshana ki. March 2009 mein, New York mein ek tikaaoo chikitsa upakaran aapoortikrta, eleet medical saplaai, chikitsa dhokhaadhadi se ladne ke liye hastaakshar karne vaalon mein pratham tha. unhonne is prakriya ko aage badhaane ke liye CYBRA ke EdgeMagic RFID aur baar code software ka chayan kiya. [11]
bahirmukhata ek aisi visheshata hai jo jyaadaatar dhoomrapaan se judi hai aur dhoomrapaan karne vaale milnasaar, aavegi, jokhim uthaane vaale aur uttejana ki chaahate rakhane vaale vyakti hote hain.[65] haalaanki vyaktitv aur saamaajik kaarak logon ko dhoomrapaan ke liye prerit kar karte hain, vaastavik aadat prabhaav daalne ki anukoolata ki kriya hai. praarambhik charan ke dauraan dhoomrapaan sukhad anubhootiyaan pradaan karta hai (iske dopaamaain-dopamine pranaali par prabhaav ke kaaran) aur is tarah sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran ke ek srot ke roop mein kaarya karta hai. ek vyakti dvaara kai varshon tak dhoomrapaan karne ke pashchaat parihaar ke lakshan aur nakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran pramukh utprerak ho jaate hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
design ke aadhaar par, EPCglobal Network bhi Dos hamlon ke prati kamzor hai. EPC deta anurodhon ko hal karne mein DNS ke saath aisi hi pranaali ka upayog mein, ONS root sarvar Dos hamle ke liye asurakshit ho jaate hain. EPCglobal Network ke saath shuruaat karne ki yojana bana raha koi bhi sangathan yeh gyaat hone par thithur jaaega ki EPCglobal Network ke buniyaadi dhaanche mein DNS ke samaan hi suraksha kamjoriyaan hain.
In her memoirs, Mrs. Pakravan provides the following description of the arrest, imprisonment, and execution of her husband by the Islamic Revolutionary Court. She argues that General Pakravan was taken from his house to an unknown destination. When his son tried to contact him, he was told that the general was not arrested at all but that he was the guest of the Ayatollah. But in fact he was imprisoned shortly after his arrest.
tambaakoo mein sakriya tatv, vishesh roop se cigarette mein patton ko jalaakar aur vaashpeekrut gas ko saans se kheenchakar praapt kiya jaata hai. yeh jald aur prabhaavi dhang se padaarthon ko khoon mein avashoshit kar fefadon mein koshikaaon ke jariye pahunchaaya jaata hai. fefadon mein lagbhag 300 million rakt koshikaaen hoti hai, jiske satah ka kshetrafal 70 m2 (ek tennis court ke aakaar ke baraabar) hota hai. yeh vidhi vifal hai kyonki poora dhuaan saans se naheen kheencha jaata hai aur sakriya padaarthon mein se kuchh maatra jalaaye jaane ki prakriya ke dauraan vaashpeekaran mein nasht ho jaati hai.[9] pipe aur sigaar ka dhuaan uchch kshaarayukt hone ke kaaran saans se naheen kheencha jaata jo shvaasanali aur fefadon ko haani pahuncha sakte hain. tathaapi, cigarette (pH 5.3) ke dhuen ki tulana mein iske uchch kshaarayukt (pH 8.5) hone ke kaaran sangathit nikoteen aur adhik aasaani se munh mein shleshm jhilli ke maadhyam se avashoshit kar leta hai.[45] sigaar aur pipe se nikoteen avashoshan baharahaal cigarette ke dhuen se bahut kam hota hai.[46]
kisi sansthaan mein jama aisa vyaapaarik agrim jiske mad mein jamaakarta ko na to koi maal diya gaya ho aur na usaki koi vyaapaarik seva ki gayi ho us sansthaan ke liya deya dhan hai. yeh rakam sansthaan mein deya khaate mein ankit ki jaati hai. svaami, saajhedaaron, sanchaalakon tatha karmachaariyon dvaara sansthaan ko diya gaya rin is khaate mein pravishti naheen paata. vah ek alag deya rinakhaate mein ankit kiya jaata hai. deya khaata vyaapaarik agrim ka khaata hai. vah sansthaan ke liye deya to hai par vah rin naheen hai isliye iski svatantr sthiti hai. vyaapaar se sambaddh agrim jama raashi maatr ka ismein ankan hota hai. theek yahi sthiti sansthaan dvaara diye gaye vyaapaarik agrim ki hai. vah dhanaraashi jo agrim ke roop mein anya kisi vyaapaarik sansthaan ko di gayi ho aur uske mad mein na to koi maal aaya ho aur na anya vyaapaarik seva li gayi ho sansthaan ke praapya khaate mein daali jaati hai. jiske naam yeh raashi praapya khaate mein daali jaati hai vah sansthaan apne yahaaain is rakam ko deya khaate mein daalata hai.
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