kuchh dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan ke avasaadak ka prabhaav unki nason ko shaant karta hai, aksar ekaagrata badhaane mein madad karta hai. haalaanki inpeeriyl college London ke anusaar, "nikoteen uttejak aur avasaad donon ka prabhaav dene lagta hai aur yeh sambhaavana hai ki yeh prabhaav kisi bhi samay upayogakarta ki manosthiti, paryaavaran aur upayog ki paristhitiyon dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. adhyayan mein yeh bhi sujhaav diya gaya hai ki kam khuraak ka ek avasaadak prabhaav hai, jabki jyaada khuraak lene ka uttejak prabhaav hota hai.[67] tathaapi nikoteen ke upayog ke prabhaav aur nikoteen chhodne ke prabhaav ko alag karna asambhav hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
usi samay, nae ekeekrut paripth (ICs) eliyn, impinj aur NXP (poorv mein Philips) dvaara shuroo kiye gaye jisne behtar pradarshan dikhaaya aur IT parisanpatti nigraani anuprayog mein visfot hua. aaj ki taareekh mein isko bruhat paimaane par apnaane vaale bank of America aur vels faarago prateet hote hain - pratyek ki ek darjan se adhik deta kendron mein 100,000 se adhik parisanpatti hai.[16]

jab graahak ek dresing room mein pravesh karta hai, to darpan unki chhavi aur celebrity dvaara pahane gaye paridhaan ki chhaviyon ko ek intarektiv pradarshan par darshaata hai. ek web camera us paridhaan ko pahane upabhokta ki ek chhavi website par sabhi ke dekhne ke liye pesh karta hai. isse dukaan ke andar upabhoktaaon aur dukaan ke baahar unke saamaajik network ke beech ek sampark banta hai. is pranaali mein praudyogiki, dresing room mein ek RFID introgetar aintena aur paridhaan par electronic utpaad code RFID taig hai.[41]


jis tarah se main ise dekhata hoon, vahaan 2017 mein ham saat pramukh takaneek pravrttiyon kee dukaan mein hain. yadi aap ek sektar mein najar rakh rahe hain jisamen koee vyavasaay shuroo karane ke lie, inamen se koee ek bahut achchha shart hai yadi aap pahale se hee ek udyamee hain, to is baare mein sochen ki aap apane lakshit darshakon tak nae tareeke se pahunchane ke lie in praudyogikiyon ka laabh kaise utha sakate hain.
agar system vaanchhit degree ki vishvastata ke pratinidhitv karne ke liye paryaapt digital deta ka bhandaaran karta hai to parimaaneekaran truti ko kam kiya ja sakta hai. ek nirdhaarit enaalaug sanket ko theek-theek prastut karne ke liye kitni digital data ki aavashyakta hoti hai usaki jaankaari naaikvist-shaannon namoona prameya ek mahatvapoorn nirdesh pradaan karta hai.
January, 2005 mein, Wall-Mart ne apne sheersh 100 aapoortikrtaaon ke liye sabhi ladaan par RFID lebal lagaana jaroori kar diya. is aavashyakta ko poora karne ke liye, vikretaaon ne dabbon aur pailet par jismein Wall-Mart ke liye EPC taig ki aavashyakta thi, lebal lagaane ke liye RFID printar/inakodar ka upayog kiya. ye smart lebal, saamagri ke andar RFID inlej jad kar aur uske baad lebal ki satah par baar code aur dikhaai dene waali anya jaankaari mudrit kar ke nirmit kiye gaye hain.
apni adyatan sanrachana aur suvijnyaata ke saath si pi aar I ne desh ke vidyut kshetr ko unnat yojana, prachaalan tatha vidyut pranaaliyon ke niyantran ke liye paryaapt yogadaan diya hai. aantarik anusandhaan va vikaas ke alaava, si pi aar I suvijnyaata ke vibhinn kshetron mein nirmaataaon aur anya abhikranon se praayojit anusandhaan pariyojanaaon ko sveekaarata hai.
yadi kisi taig yukt vastu ka bhugataan kredit card ya ek lauyalti card ke upayog ke saath sanyojan ke roop mein kiya jaata hai, to paroksh roop se us vastu ki duniya bhar mein adviteeya ID (RFID taig mein samaahit) ko padh kar kreta ki pehchaan ko nikaalna sambhav ho jaaega. aisa tabhi sambhav hai jab dekhne vaale vyakti ke paas agar lauyalti card deta aur kredit card data tak abhigm bhi ho aur upakaran wala vyakti yeh jaanta ho ki aap kahaan jaane vaale hain.
↑ "VeriChips Implanted at CityWatcher.com". Compliance and Privacy. http://www.complianceandprivacy.com/News-VeriChip-concern.asp. abhigman tithi: 2007-02-03. "No one I spoke with at Six Sigma Security or at CityWatcher knew that the VeriChip had been hacked. They were also surprised to hear of VeriChip's downsides as a medical device. It was clear they weren't aware of some of the controversy surrounding the implant. (Liz McIntyre)"
suraksha visheshagya Bruce shneyar ne sujhaav diya hai ki ek havaai adde ke nikat sanchaalan karta ek lutera ameer deshon se aane vaalon ko shikaar bana sakta hai, ya ek aatankvaadi ek taatkaalik visfotak upakaran design kar sakta hai jo tab kaarya karega jab kisi vishesh desh ke vyakti dvaara sampark kiya jaae yadi yaatri apna card apne shareer ke najadeek (uchch taral aur khaari saamagri) ya ek fauyal-laaind batue mein naheen rakhate.

He initiated the Munnar eviction mission. Massive portions of land allegedly grabbed over the years by resort owners and multinational companies like Tata Tea Limited. Later, the demolition team landed in the city of Kochi, and other cities in Kerala and recovered huge parts of land. Then the mission stalled when it caught CPI(M) and even the team which led it was orphaned. The District Collector Raju Narayana Swamy, Inspector General of Police and the Person in charge were replaced. As the opponents claim, this may cause to have lost some credibility of the government. Meanwhile, Achuthanandan said that the Munnar mission would continue vigorously and extended to other areas[25][26][27]

sansthaan ki ye sahaayak khaata bahiyaaain hai. deya khaata bahi mein sansthaan ke sabhi deya khaate tatha praapya khaata bahi mein uske sabhi praapya khaate ankit rahate hain. yadi khaaton ki sankhya adhik hui to ek se adhik khaata bahiyaaain varnaanukram ya bhaugolik aadhaar par suvidhaanusaar bhi ye bahiyaaain rakhi jaati hai. sansthaan ke samaanya khaate mein bhi deya tatha praapya dhan ka aalekh rahata hai. in khaata bahiyon ki alag vyavastha shramavibhaajan ke sahaj laabh ke kaaran ki jaati hai kyonki iske dvaara vitt vibhaag ko baaaint kar tatha alag svatantr roop se bhi kaam karne mein sahaayata milti hai. saath hi shram aur samay ki bachat hoti hai. hisaab kitaab ke Milan mein bhi isse sahaayata milti hai kyonki sansthaan ke saamaanya khaate se in bahiyon ke khaate ka santulan samay samay par hota rahata hai jisse bhool chook ki chhaanabeen bhi aasaani se ho jaati hai. bade vyaapaarik sansthaanon mein in sahaayak bahiyon ka upayog vyaapak paimaane par kiya jaata hai.


kredit card companiyaan ab kisi bhi mobile phone se gair-sampark bhugataan card jodne ke liye bhugataan samaadhaan talaash rahi hain. ek vaahak samaadhaan jo is udyog ki jaroorat ko poora kare ab upalabdh hai. 3mm se kam mota, yeh up-card 2 varshon tak apne paryaavaran ko jhel sakega aur ek baar daale jaane ke baad yeh tatvon se rakshit aur vaahak mein surakshit rahega.[10]

sanvedya jagat enalaug ke hain aur is jagat se sanket enalaug maatraaen hain. udaaharan ke liye prakaash, taapamaan, dhvani, vidyut chaalakata, vidyut aur chunbakeeya aadhaar enaalaug hain. sabse upayogi digital system nirantar enaalaug sanketon se digital sanketon ko alag karne ke liye badalna hoga. yeh parimaaneekaran trutiyon ka kaaran banta hai.


RFID taig ka istamaal jin tol booth par electronic tol sangrahan ke liye kiya jaata hai unamein shaamil hain jaurjiya ka krooj card, California ka faasatraik, Colorado ka E-470, ilinois ka I-paas, oklaahoma ka paaikapaas, vistaar karte poorvi raajyon ka E-ZPass pranaali (maisaachusets ke fast len, delaaveyar, new haimpashaayar tarnapik, maireelaind, new jersey tarnapik peinsilveniya tarnapik, vest varjeeniya tarnapik, New York ki throove pranaali, varjeeniya, main tarnapik aur rode dweep ke nyooport brij sahit), sentral florida bhi is takaneek ka istemaal apne E-PASS pranaali ke maadhyam se karte hain. E-paas aur sanapaas paarasparik roop se sangat hain. florida ka sanapaas, Texas mein vibhinn pranaali jismein shaamil hain D/FW ka NTTA tolataig, ostin metro TxTag aur Houston HCTRA EZ taig (jo praarambhik 2007 ke roop mein kisi bhi Texas tol road par maanya hain), kensaas ka K-taig, "kraus-ijraail raajamaarg" (raajamaarg 6), fileepeens ka south lujon expressway E-paas, Brisbane ke kveensalaind motaravej ka govaaya taig (pehle E-tol ke naam se gyaat), Australia, mein system, otopista del sol (sans raajamaarg), otopista sentral (kendreeya raajamaarg), otopista los librtadores, kostaanera norte, vespusiyo norte express aur vespusiyo sur shahari raajamaarg aur har aane wala shahari raajamaarg (ek "mukt pravaah" saadhan mein) chili mein niji niveshakon ko chhoot praapt, Hongkong ke sabhi tol surang (ototol) aur Portugal ke sabhi raajamaarg (viya verd, tol ke poore network ka vistaar karne waali duniya ki pehli pranaali), France (libr-T pranaali), Italy (teleepaas), Spain (Via-T), braajeel (sem paraar - Via Fáacil). taig, jo aam taur par sakriya prakaar ke hote hain, vaahanon ke booth se gujarte samay door se padhe jaate hain aur taig jaankaari ka prayog ek poorv bhugataan khaate se tol raashi ko naame likhne ke liye kiya jaata hai. yeh pranaali tol plaaja ke maadhyam se yaataayaat ko gati dene mein madad karti hai, choonki yeh RFID vaahan taig ke liye taareekh, samay aur bill ke aankade darj karta hai. greater Toronto area mein plaaja aur kataar-mukt 407 express tol root, sabhi biling ke liye ek traansapondar (ek sakriya taig) ke prayog ki anumati deta hai. isse, license plate dvaara ek vaahan ki pehchaan karne ki aavashyakta samaapt ho jaati hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
RFID daud samay ke kai roop 1990 ke dashak ke praarambh se vibhinn prakaar ki race ki timing ke liye prayog mein rahe hain. yeh istamaal pijn race se shuroo hua, jise ek company dvaara shuroo kiya gaya jiska naam tha barasingahauyasan ki daaistar electronic Gmbh, Germany: daaistar electronics. ek marathon mein jaanvaron ya vyaktiyon ke race praarambh aur samaapti ke panjeekaran ke liye iska prayog kiya jaata hai, jahaan har khilaadi ke liye sahi staupavauch reeding paana asambhav hai.
Categories: 1923 birthsChief Ministers of KeralaCommunist Party of India (Marxist) politicians from KeralaIndian atheistsLiving peopleMalayali politiciansKerala politiciansIndian independence activists from KeralaTrade unionists from KeralaLeaders of the Opposition in KeralaChief ministers from Communist Party of India (Marxist)People from Alappuzha districtKerala MLAs 1967–70Kerala MLAs 1970–77Kerala MLAs 1991–96Kerala MLAs 2001–06Kerala MLAs 2006–11Kerala MLAs 2011–16
America mein khaadya evam aushadhi prashaasan ne maanavon mein RFID chip ke prayog ko manjoori di hai.[80] kuchh vyaavasaayik pratishthaan, graahakon ko seva ke bhugataan ke liye ek RFID-aadhaarit taib ke upayog ka vikalp dete hain, jaise Barcelona mein baaja beech night club.[81] isse ek vyakti ki gopaneeyata sambandhit chintaaen badh gayi hain choonki ve jahaan bhi ve jaayeinge unhein unke ek adviteeya pahachaanakarta dvaara sambhaavit roop se track kiya ja sakta hai. chintaaen vyaapt hain ki ek adhinaayakavaadi sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog kiya ja sakta hai ya svatantrata ko hataane mein falit ho sakta hai.[82]
ek laujik gate ki "vishvasaneeyata", asafalata (MTBF) ke beech uske ausat samay ka varnan karti hai. digital masheenon mein aksar laakhon laujik gate hote hai. iske alaava, adhikaansh digital masheenon ko unki laagat ko kam karne ke liye "anukoolit" kiya jaata hai. nateeja saaf hota hai, ek ekal laujik gate ki vifalta, ek digital machine ke kaam band karne ka kaaran banegi.
haalaanki, is baat par bahas chal rahi hai ki kab aur kahaan pustakaalayon mein pratham baar RFID shuroo hua, ise pehli baar ek takaneek ke roop mein pustakaalaya seting mein kaaryapravaah mein vruddhi karne hetu 1990 ke dashak mein prastaavit kiya gaya. pustakaalayon mein sarvapratham RFID shuroo karne vaalon mein nishchit roop se Singapore hai aur New York mein raukafelar vishvavidyaalaya is takaneek ka upayog karne wala sanyukt raajya America mein pehla shaikshanik pustakaalaya hai, jabki Michigan mein Farmington Community Library is takaneek ka upayog karne waali pehli saarvajanik sanstha hai, donon ne 1999 mein RFID ka upayog shuroo kiya. Europe mein, RFID ka upayog karne wala pratham saarvajanik pustakaalaya Netherland mein hoogejand-saipemeer mein hai, jahaan 2001 mein lenevaalon ko ek vikalp diya gaya. unhein aashcharyachakit karte hue, bujurg logon sahit 70% ne RFID vikalp ka prayog kiya aur jaldi hi anukoolit ho gaye.
sanyukt raajya America mein cigarette kar alag-alag raajyon mein ek doosare se vyaapak roop se bhinn hai. udaaharan ke liye dakshin kairolina mein ek packet par keval 7 seint hai, jo desh ka nyoonatam hai, jabki road aailaind mein America ka uchchatam sitret tax prati packet $ 3.46 hai. Alabama mein, ilinois, misauri, New York shahar, Tennessee aur varjeeniya, kaauntiyon aur shaharon cigarette ki keemat par ek atirikt seemit kar laagoo hain.[87] uchch kar dar ke kaaran new jersey mein cigarette ke ek ausat packet ki keemat $ 6.45 hai,[88][89] jo abhi bhi cigarette ke ek packet ki anumaanit baahya laagat se bhi kam hai.
dhoomrapaan ki shurooaat jyaadaatar kishoraavastha ya kishoraavastha ke aarambhik daur mein hoti hai. dhoomrapaan mein jokhim ke tatv aur vidroh hota hai, jo ki aksar yuva logon ko aakarshit karta hai. uchch star ke model aur saathiyon ki upasthiti bhi dhoomrapaan karne ko protsaahit kar sakti hai. choonki kishor vayaskon ki tulana mein apne saathiyon se adhik prabhaavit hote hain isliye maata-pita, school tatha svaasthya peshevar in logon ke cigarette peene ke prayaas ko rokane mein aksar asafal hote hain.[58][59]

poore Europe mein aur vishesh roop se peris mein (pranaali RATP dvaara 1995 mein shuroo ki gayi), lion, bordo, grenobal, nainsi aur maarsile France mein, poore purtagaali raajamaarg vyavastha mein aur kai purtagaali saarvajanik car park mein, Milan, turin, Italy mein nepals aur floreins aur Belgium mein brasels, kailipso antararaashtreeya maanak ke anuroop RFID paas ka saarvajanik parivhan pranaali ke liye upayog kiya jaata hai. unka upayog ab Canada (mauntriyl), maiksiko, isaraail, Columbia mein bogota aur parera, naarve mein stavaangar, laksamabarg, aadi mein bhi kiya jaata hai.
ZDNet ke anusaar, aalochakon ka maanana hai ki is praudyogiki se kisi vyakti ki har gatividhi par nazar rakha jaaega aur yeh gopaneeyata par ek aakraman hoga. vivaad is baat par hai ki aalochak maanate hain ki sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog hoga. kuchh log aise bhavishya ki avadhaarana pesh karte hain jahaan har gatividhi par sarkaar ki nazar hogi.[86] Cathrine albrekt ke spaaichips: how major korporeshan end gavarnameint plaan tu track yor evri moov vith RFID, se ek vyakti ko "gair-nijta waali duniya ki kalpana" ke liye protsaahit kiya jaata hai. "jahaan aapki har khareed ki nigraani aur ek detaabes mein darj ki jaati hai aur aapki har cheej sankhyaabaddh hai. jiske tahat, kisi anya sudoor raajya ke ya shaayad kisi doosare desh ke vyakti ke paas aapki har khareed ka byaura hoga. aur kya, unka pata lagaaya ja sakta hai aur door se najar rakhi ja sakti hai."[87] seedhe shabdon mein kahein, shadayantrakaareeyon ka tark hai ki RFID chip ke saath sarkaar ek vyakti ko bhaan hue bina hi usaki gopaneeyata bhang kar sakti hai.
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