praarambhik ekeekrut paripth ek aanandadaayak sanyog the. unhein paise bachaane ke liye nirmit naheen kiya gaya tha, balki vajan bachaane ke liye aur Apollo gaaideins computer ko ek antariksh yaan ko ek inarshial gaaideins system ko niyantrit karne ki anumati dene ke liye banaaya gaya tha. pehla ekeekrut paripth laujik gate ki keemat kareeb $50 thi (1960 dollar mein, jab ek engineer $10,000/varsh kamaata tha). sabhi ko aashcharyachakit karte hue, jab sarkit ka thok mein utpaadan hone laga to ve digital laujik nirmaan ki sabse sasti vidhi ban gaye. is praudyogiki mein sudhaar ne laagat mein sabhi baad ke sudhaaron ko prerit kiya.

As a child, Pakravan accompanied his parents to Cairo, where his father was appointed diplomatic agent. There, he received his primary education at the Lycée Français. He was then sent to Liège, Belgium where he attended high school and university. Pakravan then studied at the artillery school in Poitiers, France, and the Ecole d’Application d’Artillerie in Fontainebleau.
shalya chikitsa, yahaan tak ki ek chhote paimaane par bhi, apne jokhim saath laati hai. RFID chip pratyaaropan bhi koi apavaad naheen hai. "yoojing radio freekveinsi aaidenteefikeshan (RFID) teknolaaji in hyumans in the United states for total control,"[12] ke lekhak David bi smith ke anusaar, smith svaasthya jokhimon ka udaaharan dete hain jaise "... pratikool ootak pratikriya, pratyaaropit traansapondar ka pravaas, samjhauta soochana suraksha, pratyaaropit traansapondar ki vifalta, pratyaaropan ki vifalta, electronic skainar ki vifalta, vidyut chumbakeeya hastakshep bijli ke khatre, chunbakeeya anunaad imejing asangati aur needal stick"(38). is tarah ke jokhim kisi ko bhi ho sakte hain.
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July, 2004 mein, America ke khaadya evam aushadhi prashaasan ne ek aadesh jaari kiya jo aavashyak roop se ek antim sameeksha ki prakriya shuroo karta hai jo tay karega ki kya aspataalon mein rogiyon ki pehchaan karne aur/ya sambandhit aspataal ke staaf ko medical record ka upayog karne ki anumati dene ke liye RFID pranaali ka upayog kiya ja sakta hai. tab se, America ke kai aspataalon mein mareejon mein ek RFID taig pratyaaropit kiya jaata hai aur aamtaur par kaaryapravaah aur soochi prabandhan ke liye RFID pranaali ka upayog shuroo kiya gaya hai.[58] kuchh aise saboot bhi hain ki aspataalon mein RFID pranaali ke kaaryaanvayan ke parinaamasvaroop nurse aur aspataal ke anya karmachaariyon ki gatividhiyon par adhik nigraani rakhi ja sakti hai.[59] IVF kleenik mein shukraanu aur ande ke beech ghaalamel ko rokane ke liye RFID ke istemaal par vichaar kiya ja raha hai. [10]
RFID ko vastu-stareeya khudara upayog ke liye apnaaya ja raha hai. kaaryakushalata aur utpaad upalabdhata laabh ke alaava, yeh pranaali electronic aartikl sarvilaans(EAS) ka ek behatareen roop pradaan karti hai aur upabhoktaaon ke liye ek behtar sv-jaanch prakriya. pehli vaanijyik, saarvajanik vastu-stareeya RFID khudara pranaali ki sthaapana maana jaata hai ki north kairolina, America mein freedom shoping ink dvaara May 2005 mein ki gayi.
In her memoirs, Mrs. Pakravan provides the following description of the arrest, imprisonment, and execution of her husband by the Islamic Revolutionary Court. She argues that General Pakravan was taken from his house to an unknown destination. When his son tried to contact him, he was told that the general was not arrested at all but that he was the guest of the Ayatollah. But in fact he was imprisoned shortly after his arrest.
cigarette se utpann ek paroksh saarvajanik svaasthya samasya durghatanaavash lagne waali aag hai, jo aamtaur par sharaab ke sevan ke saath judi hai. cigarette ki kai dijaainein prastaavit hain, kuchh swayam tambaakoo companiyon, jo cigarette ke ek ya do minute tak istemaal na kiye jaane par bujhaane se judi hain, taaki aag lagne ka jokhim kam ho jaaye. ameriki tambaakoo companiyon ke alaava kuchh ne is vichaar ka virodh kiya hai, jabki anya ne ise apnaaya hai. aaraje renolds 1983 mein in sigreton ke prototaaip banaane ke netrutvakarta the[99] aur ameriki baajaar ke sabhi sigreton ko 2010 tak aag se surakshit bana diya jaayega.[100] Phillip mauris iske sakriya samarthan mein naheen hai.[101] desh ki teesari sabse badi tambaakoo company lorillaard (Lorillard) asamanjas mein lagti hai.[101]

web aadhaarit prabandhan upakaran, sangathanon ko apni sampatti ki nigraani ki anumati dete hue duniya mein kaheen se bhi prabandhan ke faisale karne mein saksham karte hain. web aadhaarit anuprayog ka ab matlab hai ki, teesara paksh, jaise vinirmaata aur thekedaar ko parisanpatti deta ko adyatan karne ke liye pahunch di ja sakti hai, udaaharan ke liye jismein shaamil hai, nireekshan itihaas aur online pralekhan hastaantaran jo yeh sunishchit karta hai ki antim upayogakarta ke paas hamesha sahi, rial-time data ho. sangathan, pehle se hi mobile parisanpatti prabandhan samaadhaan ke saath RFID taig ko sanyojit karke apni sampatti ko darj karne aur uske sthaan par najar rakhane, usaki vartamaan sthiti aur unka rakh-rakhaav kiya gaya hai ya naheen, yeh jaanane ke liye prayog kar rahe hain.

prativedan ke liye engineer digital system ke prakaaron par vichaar karte hain. adhikaansh digital system "sanyojan system" aur "anukramik system" mein vibhaajit ho jaate hain. sanyojan pranaali mein hamesha jo input diya jaata hai vahi aautaput vah deta hai. yeh mool roop se laujik prakriya ke set ka pratinidhitv karta hai aur jiski charcha pehle hi ki ja chuki hai.
jyaadaatar maamalon mein sanketo ki avastha ki sankhya do hoti hai aur in do avasthaaon ko do voltej staron dvaara darshaaya jaata hai: prayog mein aapoorti voltej ke aadhaar par ek va doosra (aamtaur par "jameeni" ya shoonya volt ke roop mein kaha jaata hai)| 1 uchch star par hota hai va 0 nimn star par. aksar ye donon star "lo" aur "haai" ke roop mein pratinidhitv karte hain.

saare pareekshan ke baad, deta bits jagah par hain, dijaain ko "saamaanya mod" ke liye reekanfigr kiya jaata hai aur ek ya ek se adhik klauk pals ko laagoo kiya jaata hain, taaki dosh ka pata lag sake (jaise stak-ait lo ya stak-ait haai) aur pareekshan ke parinaam ka pragrahan scan shift rajistar mein flip-flop mein aur/ya leches mein kiya jaata hai. ant mein, pareekshan ke parinaam ko block seema mein sthaanaantarit kar diya jaata hai aur poorvaanumaan "gud machine" nateeje ke prati tulana ki jaati hai.


lekin, January 2009 mein saims club ne paalan na karne par lagne vaale jurmaane ko kaafi kam kar diya, jise usane prati pailet $2 se ghataakar sirf 12 seint prati pailet kar diya. Wall-Mart ka anumaan hai ki saims ke liye khud taiging karne par prati pailet 12 seint ka kharcha aaega. saims ne yeh bhi ghoshana ki ki pailet-stareeya taiging ko 2010 mein poori shrrunkhala bhar mein shuroo kiye jaane ki ummeed hai, jabki vyaktigat vastu par taiging ki samay seema "vichaaraadheen" hai.
Parakala is a trained political economist. After his return from the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1991 summer, he established a policy and research consultancy and by name Centre for Public Policy Studies (CPPS). He led the Centre as its director. CPPS worked for governments, both union and state, and undertook many evaluation studies for inter-governmental organisations such as Unicef, ILO, UNDP, WTO etc. CPPS also undertook public opinion polls and election analyses. CPPS is now made into a private limited company with the name RightFOLIO. RightFOLIO has a large portfolio: political analysis, election studies, Communications, Conferences, Brand Consulting, and Human Resource consulting. Parakala is now heading RightFOLIO as its Managing director.
saarvajanik pustakaalaya ka dach sangh (Vereniging van Openbare' Bibliotheken) ek anyonyakriya 'sandarbh pustakaalaya' ki avadhaarana par kaam kar raha hai, jahaan lenevaalon ko ek reedar/hedafon set milta hai, jo unhein pustakaalaya ke vaanchhit anubhaag ki or le jaata hai (GPS ke vipreet, traayanguleshan tareeke ka upayog karke) aur jiska istamaal ve alamaariyon par rakhi pustakon se vaanchhit star ke vivran ke saath soochana padhne ke liye kar sakte hain (udaaharan ke liye, jor se padha gaya bhaag) jo pustak ke taig se hi aata hai ya kaheen aur sthit detaabes se aur lenevaale ki vareeyataaon ke aadhaar par vikalp ka sujhaav praapt karke, is prakaar pustakaalaya ka aur adhik vyaktigat sanskaran banaaya ja sakta hai. isse ve pustakaalaya ke un bhaagon mein bhi jaayeinge jahaan anyatha ve yaatra naheen karte. lenevaale, is pranaali ka upayog anubhavon ke aadaan-pradaan ke liye bhi kar sakte hain (jaise pustak greding mein). ise pehle se hi bachchon dvaara mijnstempel.nl mein aabhaasi daayare mein kiya ja raha hai, lekin ise bhautik roop mein bhi kiya ja sakta hai. lenevaale, vaapasi mej par kitaab ko gred de sakte hain.
do saal baad vaal street journal ne "Wall-maarts radio-traikd inveintari hits stetik" naamak lekh prakaashit kiya. lekh ne kaha ki Wall-Mart dvaara ullikhit RFID yojana "asafalata ke lakshan dikha rahi hai" jiska kaaran hai Wall-Mart ke adhikaariyon dvaara is praudyogiki ko apni dukaanon par praarambh karne mein aur aapoortikrtaaon ke liye astitvaheen protsaahanon ko shuroo karne mein asafalata.
pehla ardhachaalak laujik parivaar, rejistar-traanjistar laujik tha. yeh tube se hajaar guna adhik vishvasaneeya tha, aaraam se chalta tha aur kam bijli istemaal karta tha, lekin teenon mein se bahut nyoon fan-in tha. daayod-traanjistar laujik ne fainaaaut mein saat tak sudhaar kiya aur bijli mein kami ki. kuchh DTL dijaainon ne fainaaaut mein vruddhi ke liye NPN aur PNP traanjistaron ki paryaayakramik paraton ke saath do bijli-aapoorti ka upayog kiya.
paryaapt vaigyaanik saboot se pata chalta hai ki cigarette ki oonchi keemat ke kaaran cigarette ki samagr khapat mein kami aati hai. jyaadaatar adhyayanon se sanket milta hai ki moolya mein 10% ki vruddhi se cigarette ke samagr upabhog mein 3% se 5% kami ho jaayegi. moolya vruddhi ke baad yuvaaon, alpasankhyakon aur kam aay vaale dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ke nasha chhodne ki sambhaavana, anya dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki tulana mein do se teen guna adhik badh jaati hai.[84][85] dhoomrapaan karna aksar ek bahut drudh hone ka udaaharan maane jaate hain haalaanki, uda. hai ki keematon mein bhaari vruddhi ka parinaam, jiska khapat par kaafi kam prabhaav padta hai.
baithakon aur sammelanon mein bhi upasthiti baij mein RFID praudyogiki laagoo ki ja rahi hai taaki sammelanon mein logon ko track kiya ja sake. isse jo aankada upalabdh hota hai usase pata chalta hai ki logon ne din ke samay kis kamre mein pravesh kiya aur baahar gaye.[51] yeh data aayojakon ko dikhaane ke liye upalabdh hota hai taaki sammelan ki saamagri aur dijaain mein sudhaar karne mein unki madad ki ja sake. pradarshaniyon mein pradarshakon ke liye netrutv bahaali prakriya mein sudhaar karne ke liye bhi RFID ka upayog kiya ja raha hai.
san 2000 mein 1.22 log dhoomrapaan karte the. prachalan mein parivartan ka koi anumaan na lagaate hue yeh bhavishyavaani ki gayi hai ki 2010 mein 1.45 billion log aur 2025 mein 1.5 se 1.9 billion log dhoomrapaan kareinge. maan lein ki prasaar ek saal mein 1% kam hota hai aur aay mein 2% ki maamooli vruddhi hoti hai to dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki sankhya 2010 aur 2025 mein anumaanit 1.3 billion hogi.[13]
purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki lat paanch guna adhik hoti hain,[13] haalaanki chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] viksit deshon mein purushon mein dhoomrapaan apne charam par pahunch chuka hai aur usamein giraavat aani shuroo ho gayi hai haalaanki mahilaaon ke maamale mein vruddhi barkaraar hai.[53]

In 2006 Parakala contested the for the Graduates constituency of East and West Godavari Districts of the newly constituted Legislative Council of the state. He polled about 12,000 first preference votes but narrowly missed to make it to the second round in the single transferable preferential voting system. That was the fourth electoral defeat of Parakala. That election also led to Parakala breaking away from BJP. Parakala claimed that there was an informal understanding between him and the party leadership that he would contest as an independent candidate as the election was not fought on party symbols. This was a tactical move necessary to attract voters who were antagonistic to BJP among the educated sections. He claimed that the party reneged on the agreement and put up an official candidate. Parakala resigned from BJP and went ahead with the campaign. In the event the official BJP candidate did not poll more than 200 votes while Parakala polled over 12,000 first preference votes.
suraksha visheshagyon ne pehchaan ki chori ke jokhim ke kaaran logon ke satyaapan ke liye RFID ka upayog karne ke khilaaf chetaavani di hai. udaaharan ke liye ek madhya vyakti hamla ek hamlaavar ko vaastavik samay mein ek vyakti ki pehchaan chori karne mein saksham banaaega. RFID ke sansaadhan kami ke kaaran hamlon ke aise model ke khilaaf suraksha vastut: asambhav hai, kyonki ismein jatil doori-bandhan protokaul ki aavashyakta hoti hai.[43][44][45][46]
parirkshan, fir ek prayukt ki ja rahi freekveinsi ka kaarya hai. lo frikvesnsi LowFID taig, jaise jo manushya aur paalatoo jaanvaron ke liye pratyaaropan yogya upakaranon mein istemaal hote hain, parirkshan ke prati apekshaakrut pratirodhi hain, haalaanki mote dhaatu ki panni adhikaansh pathan ko rokegi. haai freekveinsi HighFID taig (13.56 MHz - smart card aur abhigm baij) parirkshan ke prati samvedansheel hain aur jab ye kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh seinteemeetar ke andar hote hain to inhein padhna mushkil hota hai. UHF Ultra-HighFID taig (pailet aur dibbe) ko padhna kathin hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh meeleemeetar ke bheetar rakha jaae, haalaanki unki pathan seema vaastav mein badh jaati hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu se 2–4 cm par rakha jaata hai aur iska kaaran hai taig par pratibinbit tarang aur insideint tarang ka sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran. UHFID taig ko sthaitik-virodhi plastic bag ke andar rakh kar adhikaansh pathan se safalataapoorvak parirkshit kiya ja sakta hai.[sandigdh – charcha karein]
svaasthya ke haanikaarak prabhaavon se pratirodh ki kami aashaavaadi poorvaagrah ka ek praacheen aadarsh (prototeepikl) udaaharan hai. iske alaava sambhaavana ki samajh ki kami ki aam taur par iska prabhaav jyaada umr mein dikhaayi deta hai aur vyaktitv mein hraas ya vikaar paida karta hai jo aam taur par uchch jokhim ya aatm vinaashakaari vyavahaar mein dikhaayi deta hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
The primary task of INS Sarvekshak includes Hydrographic Surveys, Nautical Chart preparation & Cartography & Training. The ship is also equipped with ROV, AUV & USV.[5] As part of protocol the ship also took part in International Defence Exhibition 2009 held at Abu Dhabi [6] In 2015 Sarvekshak, was deployed in Mauritius for 5 weeks to help in Survey Operations.[7] INS Sarvekshak was also deployed in 2011 to Mauritius as part of survey operations to execute the following tasks in 3 phases.
sooparakandaktiviti ki khoj, raipid ekal flaks kvaantam (RSFQ) ke vikaas sarkit praudyogiki ko sambhav kar pai hai joki traanjistar ke bajaay josefasan jankshan ka upayog karta hai. haal hi mein, aise shuddh optikl kanpyooting pranaali ko banaane ka prayaas kiya gaya, joki naunaleeneear optikl tatvon ka prayog karke digital soochana sansaadhit karne mein saksham hai.
praudyogiki ke udaya ke saath, kuchh vyaktiyon ko RFID maanav pratyaaropan ke kaaran adhikaaron ki haani ka dar hai. vereechip ek RFID pratyaaropan par kaam kar raha hai jismein GPS traiking kshamata hogi.[84] ameriki sarkaar dvaara yeh takaneek na keval ek vyakti ke liye balki astitv mein maujood har bhautik vastu ki kisi bhi aur har samay bhaugolik avasthati jaanane ki anumati degi. jahaan ek or yeh takaneek laapata bachchon ya bhagodon ka pata lagaane mein sahaayata kar sakti hai, vaheen doosari or yeh sarkaaron ko RFID chip vaale kisi vastu ya vyakti par nazar rakhane ki anumati deta hai. iske alaava, ise saiddhaantik roop se kisi vyakti ki jaankaari ya sahamati ke bina kiya ja sakta hai; aur isi baat par vivaad hai.
sabse saamaanya-uddeshya transfer-laujik machine ek computer hai. yeh moolat: ek svat: baainari abekas hai. aam taur par computer ki niyantran ikaai ka design ek micro program ke roop mein kiya gaya hai jise ek maaikroseekveinsar dvaara chalaaya jaata hai. yeh micro program ek player-piyaano rol ki tarah hoti hai. har taalika pravishti ya sookshm program ke "shabd" state ke har bit ko command deti hai jo ki computer par niyantran karti hai. anukramak fir use ginti karta hai aur memori ya sanyojan laujik machine mein yeh ginti sambodhit karta hai jismein micro program samaahit hota hai. maaikroprograam se bits ankaganiteeya laujik ikaai, memori aur computer ke anya bhaagon aur swayam maaikrosikyonsar par niyantran karta hai.

upakaran pravaah ka lekhan aur deebaging, digital design ka utpaadan karne waali companiyon mein ek sthaapit engineering visheshata hai. upakaran pravaah aam taur par ek vistrut computer faail ya faailon ke set mein mit jaata hai jo yeh varnan karta hai ki kaise laujik ka bhautik roop se nirmaan karein. ismein aksar ek ekeekrut paripth ya mudrit sarkit board par traanjistar aur taar kheenchne ke nirdesh shaamil hote hain.


jyaadaatar maamalon mein sanketo ki avastha ki sankhya do hoti hai aur in do avasthaaon ko do voltej staron dvaara darshaaya jaata hai: prayog mein aapoorti voltej ke aadhaar par ek va doosra (aamtaur par "jameeni" ya shoonya volt ke roop mein kaha jaata hai)| 1 uchch star par hota hai va 0 nimn star par. aksar ye donon star "lo" aur "haai" ke roop mein pratinidhitv karte hain.
computer aarkitekchar ek vishesh engineering gatividhi hai jo rajistar, aakalan laujik, bason aur computer ke anya bhaagon ko kuchh prayojan ke liye sabse achhe tareekon se shreneebaddh karne ki koshish karta hai. computer vaastukaar ne laagat kam karne aur gati ko teevr karne aur computer prograaming trutiyon ki pratirksha ke liye computer ke design mein vruhad maatra mein suprayog ko lagaaya hai. aur teji se baitari paavard computer pranaali mein bijli ko kam karna iska saadhaaran uddeshya hai. kai computer aarkeetek maaikroprograamars ke roop mein vistrut prashikshuta ki seva de rahe hain.
Canadian Cattle Identification Agency ne baarakod taig ke liye ek sthaanaapann ke roop mein RFID taig ka prayog shuroo kiya. taig ki aavashyakta gojaateeya jhund ke mool ki pehchaan karne ke liye hoti hai aur iska prayog yeh pata lagaane ke liye kiya jaata hai kab ek paiking plant ek shav ko khaarij karta hai. vartamaan mein CCIA taig ka istemaal, ek svaichhik aadhaar par viskaunsin mein aur America ke kisaanon dvaara kiya ja raha hai. USDA vartamaan mein apna swayam ka kaaryakram viksit kar raha hai.
keemat ke ghatne se RFID praudyogiki teji se prachalit ho rahi hai. January 2003 mein jilet ne ghoshana ki ki usane eliyn technology ko 500 million taig ka aadesh diya hai. jilet ke V.P. dik kaantavel, jo ab Cisco ke karmachaari hain, ka kehna hai ki company ne har taig ke liye "das seint ke andar" bhugataan kiya hai. Japani HIBIKI pahal, is keemat ko kam karke 5 yen (4 yooroseint) par laana chaahata hai. aur January 2009 mein envego ne 5.9 seint ke taig ki ghoshana ki.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
usi samay, nae ekeekrut paripth (ICs) eliyn, impinj aur NXP (poorv mein Philips) dvaara shuroo kiye gaye jisne behtar pradarshan dikhaaya aur IT parisanpatti nigraani anuprayog mein visfot hua. aaj ki taareekh mein isko bruhat paimaane par apnaane vaale bank of America aur vels faarago prateet hote hain - pratyek ki ek darjan se adhik deta kendron mein 100,000 se adhik parisanpatti hai.[16]
V.S started his early political life by organising the agricultural workers in Kuttanadu. He was a well dedicated organizer of coir factory workers at the age of 16 under A.K. Gopalan and A.V. Kunjambu. Even though V.S. Achuthanandan lacked formal education, he was noted for his simplicity, dedication and deep reading. He was initiated into the political movement by P. Krishna Pillai. Later he participated in the freedom movement and the Communist Movement. V.S was in the forefront of the Punnapra-Vayalar uprising and Freedom Struggle against the policies for C.P Ramaswamy Iyer, Divan of Travancore who wanted to establish an American model government in Travancore. He was arrested on 28 October 1946 and was taken to Poonjar police station. He was beaten up severely in the lock – up. Policemen pierced his sole in both legs with bayonet. V.S spent five and half years in jails and four years underground during his political life.
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