During the assembly elections held in Kerala in April–May 2006, VS Achuthanandan defeated Satheesan Pacheeni of the United Democratic Front by a margin of 20,017 votes in Malampuzha constituency in Palakkad district. He was sworn in as Chief Minister of Kerala on 18 May 2006, with his 21-member cabinet. Aged 82 years and 7 months at time, he was the oldest Chief Minister of Kerala, and one of the oldest in the whole India. It is noticeable that he had been denied a party ticket to contest elections just two months before he sworn in. He became the 11th Chief Minister of Kerala. On 12 July the CPM Polit bureau and Central Committee removed him from the PB for his stands taken in relation to the accusation and legal procedures against Pinarayi Vijayan in his reported involvement in the Lavlin bribery.
In a gap of about two years he contested the by-election to Narsapuram Assembly constituency which arose as the sitting MLA got elected to Lok Sabha in the 1996 general elections. That by-election was a closely fought election and Parakala lost it narrowly. Inner party squabbles and bickerings led to Parakala's exit from Congress Party. He joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in late 1997. BJP hardly had a presence in the state and especially in West Godavari District. He contested the ensuing 1998 Lok Sabha election from Narasapur Lok Sabha constituency, and not surprisingly, lost. He played an active role in the party affairs, became a spokesperson of the state unit, and went on to become a member of the BJP's national economic cell that guided the party's economic policy. He was also made a member of a task force of the Planning Commission of India that formulated the Xth Fiver Year Plan.
kai adhyayanon ne yeh sthaapana ki hai ki cigarette ki bikri aur dhoomrapaan ke upayog ke samay sambandhi dhaanche alag hain. udaaharan ke liye, sanyukt raajya America mein cigarette ki bikri ka dhaancha kaafi had tak mausam se juda hua hai, garmi ke maheene mein iski bikri kaafi badh jaati hai, jabki sardiyon mein iski khapat kam ho jaati hai.[68]
According to General Pakravan, "The ayatollah used to say in this very flowery Eastern way, 'Timsar [General], I count the days until we reach the day of our luncheon.'" He described the ayatollah as, very handsome, someone with extraordinary presence, a power of seduction and great charisma. They talked about religion, philosophy, and history. General Pakravan also found him to be very ambitious and secretive. "So much so that it made my hair stand on end. It was frightening," he told his wife.
agar system vaanchhit degree ki vishvastata ke pratinidhitv karne ke liye paryaapt digital deta ka bhandaaran karta hai to parimaaneekaran truti ko kam kiya ja sakta hai. ek nirdhaarit enaalaug sanket ko theek-theek prastut karne ke liye kitni digital data ki aavashyakta hoti hai usaki jaankaari naaikvist-shaannon namoona prameya ek mahatvapoorn nirdesh pradaan karta hai.
RFID daud samay ke kai roop 1990 ke dashak ke praarambh se vibhinn prakaar ki race ki timing ke liye prayog mein rahe hain. yeh istamaal pijn race se shuroo hua, jise ek company dvaara shuroo kiya gaya jiska naam tha barasingahauyasan ki daaistar electronic Gmbh, Germany: daaistar electronics. ek marathon mein jaanvaron ya vyaktiyon ke race praarambh aur samaapti ke panjeekaran ke liye iska prayog kiya jaata hai, jahaan har khilaadi ke liye sahi staupavauch reeding paana asambhav hai.
↑ Kulikoff, Allan (1986-08-01), Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, The University of North Carolina Press, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0807842249, http://books.google.com/books?id=NCvU9_bj-1QC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Tobacco+%26+Slaves:+The+Development+of+Southern+Cultures+in+the+Chesapeake, abhigman tithi: 2009-03-22
2005 ke roop mein lagbhag sabhi digital masheenein tulyakaalik design hote hain kyonki tulyakaalik design ko banaana aur satyaapit karna bahut aasaan hai-vartamaan mein digital masheenon ki nakl karne vaale sauftaver, atulyakaalik design ko naheen sanbhaalate. tathaapi, atulyakaalik tark ko behtar samjha jaata hai, yadi usase kaam nikaala ja sake to, kyonki usaki gati ghadi dvaara manamaane dhang se gati seemit naheen hai, bajaay, yeh un laujik geton dvaara anumat gati par saamaanya roop se chalti hai, jinse inka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. tej bhaagon ke upayog dvaara ek atulyakaalik sarkit nirmaan, apratyaksh roop se sarkit ko teji se "daudaati" hai.
fir bhi anya kootlekhit protokaul, anadhikrut paathakon ke khilaaf gopaneeyata haasil karne ke prayaas mein hain, haalaanki ye protokaul abhi anusandhaan charan mein hain. RFID taig ko surakshit karne mein ek badi chunauti, taig ke bheetar kampyooteshanal sansaadhanon ki kami hai. maanak kootalekhan takaneek mein adhikaansh kam keemat vaale RFID upakaranon mein upalabdh sansaadhanon ki tulana mein adhik ki aavashyakta hoti hai. RSA security ne ek prototaaip upakaran ko peteint karaaya hai jo sthaaneeya star par ek maanak takkar parihaar protokaul ke dakhal se RFID sanketon ko jaam kar deta hai, or prayokta ko agar vaanchhit ho to pehchaan rokane ki anumati deta hai.[64] vibhinn neetigat upaayon ka bhi prastaav kiya gaya hai, jaise ki RFID taig waali vastu ko ek udyog maanak lebal ke saath chihnit karna. RFID suraksha, kuchh varshon se ek bahut sakriya anusandhaan kshetr hai, jismein 2002 se lekar aaj tak 400 se adhik vaigyaanik pepar prakaashit kiye gaye hain. is kshetr mein sandarbh ki ek vyaapak soochi RFID Security and Privacy Lounge mein pai ja sakti hai.
udaaharan ke liye, kuchh laujik parivaaron mein, NAND gate, nirmaan hone vaale saralatam digital gate hain. anya sabhi laujik waali kaarravaai NAND gate dvaara kaaryaanvit ki ja sakti hain. yadi ek sarkit ko pehle se hi ek NAND gate ki aavashyakta hai aur ek ekal chip aam taur par chaar NAND gate rakhata hai, to baaki ke gate ko anya laujik kaarravaaiyon ko jaise laujikl end laagoo karne ke liye prayog kiya ja sakta hai. yeh, un vibhinn prakaar ke gate se yukt chip ki aavashyakta ko samaapt kar sakta hai.
Canadian Cattle Identification Agency ne baarakod taig ke liye ek sthaanaapann ke roop mein RFID taig ka prayog shuroo kiya. taig ki aavashyakta gojaateeya jhund ke mool ki pehchaan karne ke liye hoti hai aur iska prayog yeh pata lagaane ke liye kiya jaata hai kab ek paiking plant ek shav ko khaarij karta hai. vartamaan mein CCIA taig ka istemaal, ek svaichhik aadhaar par viskaunsin mein aur America ke kisaanon dvaara kiya ja raha hai. USDA vartamaan mein apna swayam ka kaaryakram viksit kar raha hai.
ek baar input deta ko sahi maanane ke baad, khud dijaain ko abhi bhi shuddhata ke liye satyaapit kiya jaana chaahiye. kuchh upakaran pravaah, pehle ek dijaain ke utpaadan dvaara design ki pushti karte hain aur fir upakaran pravaah ke liye sangat input deta ke utpaadan ke liye design ki skaining karte hain. yadi scan kiya hua deta, input deta ke saath mel khaata hai, to upakaran pravaah ne shaayad koi trutiyaan pesh naheen ki.
praarambhik ekeekrut paripth ek aanandadaayak sanyog the. unhein paise bachaane ke liye nirmit naheen kiya gaya tha, balki vajan bachaane ke liye aur Apollo gaaideins computer ko ek antariksh yaan ko ek inarshial gaaideins system ko niyantrit karne ki anumati dene ke liye banaaya gaya tha. pehla ekeekrut paripth laujik gate ki keemat kareeb $50 thi (1960 dollar mein, jab ek engineer $10,000/varsh kamaata tha). sabhi ko aashcharyachakit karte hue, jab sarkit ka thok mein utpaadan hone laga to ve digital laujik nirmaan ki sabse sasti vidhi ban gaye. is praudyogiki mein sudhaar ne laagat mein sabhi baad ke sudhaaron ko prerit kiya.
In 2006 Parakala contested the for the Graduates constituency of East and West Godavari Districts of the newly constituted Legislative Council of the state. He polled about 12,000 first preference votes but narrowly missed to make it to the second round in the single transferable preferential voting system. That was the fourth electoral defeat of Parakala. That election also led to Parakala breaking away from BJP. Parakala claimed that there was an informal understanding between him and the party leadership that he would contest as an independent candidate as the election was not fought on party symbols. This was a tactical move necessary to attract voters who were antagonistic to BJP among the educated sections. He claimed that the party reneged on the agreement and put up an official candidate. Parakala resigned from BJP and went ahead with the campaign. In the event the official BJP candidate did not poll more than 200 votes while Parakala polled over 12,000 first preference votes.

RFID taig ka istamaal jin tol booth par electronic tol sangrahan ke liye kiya jaata hai unamein shaamil hain jaurjiya ka krooj card, California ka faasatraik, Colorado ka E-470, ilinois ka I-paas, oklaahoma ka paaikapaas, vistaar karte poorvi raajyon ka E-ZPass pranaali (maisaachusets ke fast len, delaaveyar, new haimpashaayar tarnapik, maireelaind, new jersey tarnapik peinsilveniya tarnapik, vest varjeeniya tarnapik, New York ki throove pranaali, varjeeniya, main tarnapik aur rode dweep ke nyooport brij sahit), sentral florida bhi is takaneek ka istemaal apne E-PASS pranaali ke maadhyam se karte hain. E-paas aur sanapaas paarasparik roop se sangat hain. florida ka sanapaas, Texas mein vibhinn pranaali jismein shaamil hain D/FW ka NTTA tolataig, ostin metro TxTag aur Houston HCTRA EZ taig (jo praarambhik 2007 ke roop mein kisi bhi Texas tol road par maanya hain), kensaas ka K-taig, "kraus-ijraail raajamaarg" (raajamaarg 6), fileepeens ka south lujon expressway E-paas, Brisbane ke kveensalaind motaravej ka govaaya taig (pehle E-tol ke naam se gyaat), Australia, mein system, otopista del sol (sans raajamaarg), otopista sentral (kendreeya raajamaarg), otopista los librtadores, kostaanera norte, vespusiyo norte express aur vespusiyo sur shahari raajamaarg aur har aane wala shahari raajamaarg (ek "mukt pravaah" saadhan mein) chili mein niji niveshakon ko chhoot praapt, Hongkong ke sabhi tol surang (ototol) aur Portugal ke sabhi raajamaarg (viya verd, tol ke poore network ka vistaar karne waali duniya ki pehli pranaali), France (libr-T pranaali), Italy (teleepaas), Spain (Via-T), braajeel (sem paraar - Via Fáacil). taig, jo aam taur par sakriya prakaar ke hote hain, vaahanon ke booth se gujarte samay door se padhe jaate hain aur taig jaankaari ka prayog ek poorv bhugataan khaate se tol raashi ko naame likhne ke liye kiya jaata hai. yeh pranaali tol plaaja ke maadhyam se yaataayaat ko gati dene mein madad karti hai, choonki yeh RFID vaahan taig ke liye taareekh, samay aur bill ke aankade darj karta hai. greater Toronto area mein plaaja aur kataar-mukt 407 express tol root, sabhi biling ke liye ek traansapondar (ek sakriya taig) ke prayog ki anumati deta hai. isse, license plate dvaara ek vaahan ki pehchaan karne ki aavashyakta samaapt ho jaati hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
RFID, 2006 kaios kamyunikeshan Congress ke mukhya vishyon mein se ek tha (barlin mein kaios computer club dvaara aayojit) aur isne ek bruhat press bahas ko shuroo kiya. vishay shaamil the: electronic passport, maaifeyar kriptograafi aur FIFA vishv cup 2006 ke liye ticket. vaarta ne darshaaya ki kaise 2006 FIFA vishv cup football mein asli duniya ke RFID praudyogiki ke pehle vyaapak prayog ne kaam kiya. monokrom samooh ne ek vishesh 'haik RFID' geet ka manchan kiya.[79]
Through his involvement in social, political issues and continues fight against corruption and sex, land, lottery mafias, he made lot of enemies from politics, religion, caste etc. and his political enemies reacted against him. A Kerala high court verdict undermined this - "Kerala High Court quashed the FIR against him in a land allotment issue, holding that framing a case against him on 'false and frivolous' charges was unworthy of any merit." The court said some features presented in the case were 'too disturbing', that in fact 'gives enough room to generate suspicion that the machinery of vigilance is misused and abused to silence political opponents.'

adviteeya pehchaan, RFID taig ke liye ek anivaarya aavashyakta hai, number yojana ki vishesh pasand ke baavajood. RFID taig deta kshamata itni badi hogi ki har vyaktigat taig mein ek adviteeya code hoga, jabki vartamaan baar code, kisi vishesh utpaad ke liye ek hi prakaar ke code ke liye seemit hain. RFID taig ki vishishtata ka matlab hai ki kisi utpaad ko ek sthaan se doosare sthaan par jaate samay track kiya ja sakega, jo antat: upabhokta ke haathon mein samaapt hoga. isse chori aur utpaad nuksaan ke anya roopon se nipatne mein madad milegi. utpaadon ka anurekhan ek mahatvapoorn visheshata hai jise taig ki ek anoothi pehchaan aur vastu ki kram sankhya vaale RFID taig se achhi tarah se samarthan milta hai. isse companiyon ko gunavatta ki kami aur parinaamasvaroop smruti abhiyaan se nipatne mein madad milegi aur saath hi bikri ke baad upabhoktaaon ki traiking aur rooparekha ke baare mein chinta bhi badhegi.


ameriki raashtra ke kai mool nivaasi dhaarmik anushthaanon ke ek hisse ke roop mein ek pavitra pipe se tambaakoo ka aupachaarik dhoomrapaan kar praarthana karte hain. sema (Sema) tambaakoo ke anishinaabe (Anishinaabe) ka shabd hai, jo praarthana mein upayog ke dauraan param pavitra paudhe ke liye viksit hua kyonki aisa vishvaas hai ki usaka dhuaan praarthana ko svarg tak le jaata hai. jyaadaatar sabse pramukh dharmon mein tambaakoo ka sevan vishesh roop se varjit naheen hai, haalaanki ise ek anaitik aadat ke roop mein hatotsaahit kiya gaya. niyantrit adhyayan ke maadhyam se svaasthya jokhimon ki pehchaan kiye jaane ke pehle dhoomrapaan ko kuchh isaai prachaarakon aur samaaj sudhaarakon dvaara ek anaitik lat maana jaata tha. laitar de seint aandolan ke sansthaapak Joseph smith, junior ne darj kiya ki 27 fravari 1833 ko unhein ek rahasyodghaatan mila jo tambaakoo ke prayog ko hatotsaahit karne wala tha. yeh "gyaan ka shabd" baad mein ek aajnyaa ke roop mein sveekaar kar liya gaya aur vafaadaar laitar-de sannyaasiyon ne tambaakoo se poori tarah bachane ka maarg apnaaya.[80] jenova ke gavaahon ne dhoomrapaan ke khilaaf baaibil ke aadesh ko apna aadhaar banaaya "apne shareer ke har kalank ko saaf karo" korinthins (2 Corinthians 7:1). yahoodi dharmaguru yisrail meer kaagan (1838-1933) un pehle logon mein se tha, jinhonne yahoodi adhikaariyon se dhoomrapaan par baat ki. sikh dharm mein tambaakoo peene par sakht paabandi hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] bahaai panth mein haalaanki tambaakoo par paabandi naheen hai, lekin use hatotsaahit kiya jaata hai.[81]
Canada mein cigarette par karon ne jyaada mahange braandon ki keematein CAD$10 se bhi jyaada badha di hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]United Kingdom mein 20 cigarette ke packet ki keemat £a4.25 aur £a5.50 ke beech hai jo khareede gaye brand aur is par nirbhar karta hai ki vah kahaan se khareedi gayi hai.[90] Britain mein cigarette ka kaala baajaar bahut majboot hai jiska kaaran uchch karaadhaan hai aur yeh anumaan hai ki cigarette ka 27% aur 68% haath se lapetne waali (handrolling) tambaakoo ki khapat Britain kar ka gair-bhugataan (NUKDP) waali hai.[91]

2002 mein bees pratishat yuva kishor (13-15) duniya bhar mein dhoomrapaan karte the. jismein se 80,000 ke 1,00,000 bachchon ne roj dhoomrapaan karna shuroo kiya tha- jinmein se lagbhag aadhe Asia mein rahate hain. jinhonne kishor umr mein dhoomrapaan shuroo kiya tha unamein se aadhe logon ke 15 se 20 saal tak dhoomrapaan jaari rakhane ka anumaan hai.[7]
Parakala since the beginning was against the idea of dividing the state of Andhra Pradesh. Towards the end of 2009, when the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government at the centre announced their intent to divide the state into two and granting statehood to Telangana, there was a political upheaval in Andhra Pradesh. Parakala along with a few likeminded people launched Visalandhra Mahasabgha, a forum to keep the state of Andhra Pradesh united. The forum held meetings, produced booklets and literature and argued for the unity of the state. It questioned the rationale and arguments of those who advocated statehood for Telangana. Parakala led the movement as the organisation's General Secretary. He toured the length and breadth of coastal and Rayalaseema regions. He was prevented form entering the Telangana districts by the separatist agitators, particularly the Telangana Rashtra Samiti activists. He was physically attacked, his house was stoned and the book he published was burnt in public view in the meeting hall where it was released. His publication 'Refuting an Agitation' listed the arguments of the separatists and refuted one after another with facts and figures and historical evidence. The agitators were unable provide a counter argument to the powerful critique of the agitation launched by Visalandhra Mahasabha. But the forum was not a mass body. It was only a platform of intellectuals and the mass parties have all either remained neutral or supported the demand for separate statehood for Telangana. Visalandhra Mahasabha could not muster mass support to sustain the agitation. The political class did not back the Mahasabha wholeheartedly. Even those who opposed the division of the state hardly took any initiative for mass mobilisation. The state was divided and the Visalandhra Mahasabha remained a mute spectator to the bifurcation of the first linguistic state in the country.
With just the entry of sales and puchases, Vyapar will help you know the exact status of your business accounts, receivable/payables and stock at all times anywhere. It will become your best bookkeeper buddy giving you all the information about your sales, purchases, cashflow, stock, accounts, receivables, payables etc and literally bring your business on your fingertips. It will help you get paid faster by giving you automatic payment reminders.
cigarette se utpann ek paroksh saarvajanik svaasthya samasya durghatanaavash lagne waali aag hai, jo aamtaur par sharaab ke sevan ke saath judi hai. cigarette ki kai dijaainein prastaavit hain, kuchh swayam tambaakoo companiyon, jo cigarette ke ek ya do minute tak istemaal na kiye jaane par bujhaane se judi hain, taaki aag lagne ka jokhim kam ho jaaye. ameriki tambaakoo companiyon ke alaava kuchh ne is vichaar ka virodh kiya hai, jabki anya ne ise apnaaya hai. aaraje renolds 1983 mein in sigreton ke prototaaip banaane ke netrutvakarta the[99] aur ameriki baajaar ke sabhi sigreton ko 2010 tak aag se surakshit bana diya jaayega.[100] Phillip mauris iske sakriya samarthan mein naheen hai.[101] desh ki teesari sabse badi tambaakoo company lorillaard (Lorillard) asamanjas mein lagti hai.[101]
saare pareekshan ke baad, deta bits jagah par hain, dijaain ko "saamaanya mod" ke liye reekanfigr kiya jaata hai aur ek ya ek se adhik klauk pals ko laagoo kiya jaata hain, taaki dosh ka pata lag sake (jaise stak-ait lo ya stak-ait haai) aur pareekshan ke parinaam ka pragrahan scan shift rajistar mein flip-flop mein aur/ya leches mein kiya jaata hai. ant mein, pareekshan ke parinaam ko block seema mein sthaanaantarit kar diya jaata hai aur poorvaanumaan "gud machine" nateeje ke prati tulana ki jaati hai.
kuchh companiyaan nae vikretaaon ko jodne aur vaauchar pravisht karne ke kaarya ko bhi alag karti hain. isse kisi karmachaari ke liye asambhav ho jaata hai ki vah khud ko vikreta ke roop mein jode aur fir kisi anya karmachaari ke saath bina saanth-gaanth ke apne naam check kaatein. yeh faail master veindar faail ke roop mein nirdisht hai. yeh company ke aapoortikrtaaon ke baare mein sabhi mahatvapoorn jaankaari ka bhandaar hai. jahaan beejak ke bhugataan ka maamala hai, yeh dendaari lekhon ka sandarbh bindu hai.[5]
parirkshan, fir ek prayukt ki ja rahi freekveinsi ka kaarya hai. lo frikvesnsi LowFID taig, jaise jo manushya aur paalatoo jaanvaron ke liye pratyaaropan yogya upakaranon mein istemaal hote hain, parirkshan ke prati apekshaakrut pratirodhi hain, haalaanki mote dhaatu ki panni adhikaansh pathan ko rokegi. haai freekveinsi HighFID taig (13.56 MHz - smart card aur abhigm baij) parirkshan ke prati samvedansheel hain aur jab ye kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh seinteemeetar ke andar hote hain to inhein padhna mushkil hota hai. UHF Ultra-HighFID taig (pailet aur dibbe) ko padhna kathin hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu ki satah ke kuchh meeleemeetar ke bheetar rakha jaae, haalaanki unki pathan seema vaastav mein badh jaati hai jab unhein kisi dhaatu se 2–4 cm par rakha jaata hai aur iska kaaran hai taig par pratibinbit tarang aur insideint tarang ka sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran. UHFID taig ko sthaitik-virodhi plastic bag ke andar rakh kar adhikaansh pathan se safalataapoorvak parirkshit kiya ja sakta hai.[sandigdh – charcha karein]
ham intaranet-too-things (aaeeotee) kee aane vaalee kraanti ke baare mein sun rahe hain aur saal ke lie smaart hom teknolojee kee intar-kanektivitee ka parinaam hai. to holdap kya hai? ham sab ab smaart, jude gharon mein kyon nahin rahate hain? samasya ka ek hissa bahut jyaada pratispardha nahin hai, paryaapt sahayog ke saath-saath baajaar mein bahut saare vyaktigat upakaranon aur aips hain, lekin sab kuchh ek saath ek ekal, seemales upayogakarta anubhav mein baantane ke lie hain. ab jab badee kampaniyaan pahale se hee samaan upayogakarta anubhav (jaise googlai, amezain, aur aippal) mein shaamil ho rahee hain, to mujhe ummeed hai ki aane vaale varsh mein ham is morche par kuchh badee pragati dekhenge.
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