antararaashtreeya maanakon se tulya nishpaadan gunataayukt si pi aar I saare Bhaarat mein vyaapt apni saat prayogashaalaaon mein svichgiyr, fayoojagiyr, parinaamitr, kebil, sandhaaritr jaise vibhinn vidyut upaskar, vidyut rodhak saamagriyaaain aur pranaaliyaaain, sancharan line tower, drav paraavaidyuton tatha apaaranparik oorja yuktiyon ke nishpaadan, moolyaankan aur pramaaneekaran par vishisht sevaaeain upalabdh karaata hai.
uttari America ka relarod udyog, RFID aadhaarit ek svachaalit upakaran pehchaan pranaali sanchaalit karta hai. engine aur roling stock do nishkriya RFID taig se lais hote hain (upakaran ke pratyek chhor par ek-ek laga hota hai); pratyek taig par kootit data, upakaranon ke maalik, gaadi sankhya, upakaranon ke prakaar, eksel ki sankhya aadi ki pehchaan karta hai. upakaran maalik aur car ke number ka upayog, ameriki relarod association ke car soochi daataabes se upakaranon ki bhautik visheshataaon ke baare mein adhik jaankaari nikaalne mein kiya ja sakta hai aur relarod ke niji detaabes se maal ke ladaan, mool, gantavya, aadi ki jaankaari praapt ki ja sakti hai.[20]
choonki ve ek aisi gatividhi mein lipt hote hain jiska svaasthya par nakaaraatmak prabhaav padta hai, at: aise log jo log dhoomrapaan karte hain, ve apne vyavahaar ko yuktisangat banaane ke liye prayatnashali rahate hain. doosare shabdon mein ve sveekaaryata viksit karte hain, jaroori naheen ki unke paas yeh taarkik kaaran ho ki unke liye dhoomrapaan ki sveekaaryata kyon hai. udaaharan ke liye, ek dhoomrapaan karne wala apne vyavahaar ka auchitya yeh kehkar saabit kar sakta hai ki har koi marata hai aur isliye vaastav mein cigarette kuchh bhi naheen badalti. ya ek vyakti auchitya saabit karne ke liye yeh vishvaas jata sakta hai ki dhoomrapaan tanaav se raahat ya anya laabh dilaata hai. is prakaar ki maanyataaenchinta se rokati hain aur log dhoomrapaan jaari rakhate hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
richrd daul ne 1950 mein british medical journal mein anusandhaan prakaashit kiya jismein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech kareebi sambandh pradarshit kiya gaya.[35] chaar saal baad 1954 mein british doctoron ke adhyayan mein, jise 20 varshon tak lagbhag 40 hajaar doctoron ne kiya tha, is sujhaav ki pushti ki, jiske aadhaar par sarkaar ne salaah jaari ki ki dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ki dar ka aapasi sambandh hai.[5] isi tarah 1964 mein dhoomrapaan aur svaasthya par sanyukt raajya America ke surgeon general ki report dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech sambandh par sujhaav se shuroo hui.
gopaneeyata ke pairokaaron ne pratyaaropan yogya RFID chip ke khilaaf virodh kiya hai aur sambhaavit durupayog ki chetaavani dete hue is prakaar ke RFID upakaranon ko "jaasoosachips" kah kar iski ninda ki hai, saath hi sarkaar dvaara iske istemaal se naagrik adhikaaron ki haani ho sakti hai aur durupayog bhi aasaan ho jaaega. aise durupayog ka ek maamala traiking upakaran ke roop mein microchip ka dohara upayog hoga. is tarah ki chintaaen sanyukt raajya America mein uchit saabit hui jab pata chala ki CIA ke kaaryakram COINTELPRO ka upayog uchch profaail raajaneetik kaaryakartaaon aur asantusht vyaktiyon ki gatividhiyon par nazar rakhane ke liye kiya gaya. aisi bhi sambhaavana hai ki chip ki jaankaari, sarkaaron ke alaava niji vyavasaaya jaise anya logon ko upalabdh hogi, jiske kaaran niyokta ko karmachaariyon ki atyant vyaktigat jaankaari praapt ho jaayegi. iske alaava, gopaneeyata ke pairokaar yeh kehte hain ki is chip mein maujood jaankaari ko aasaani se churaaya ja sakta hai, isliye ismein kisi bhi prakaar ke niji bhandaaran se pehchaan ki chori ka jokhim rahega.
ek aadhunik svachaalit pehchaan praudyogiki jaise radio freekveinsi pehchaan (RFID) praudyogiki par aadhaarit auto-ID laibs pranaali mein vastusoochi pranaali ke liye mahatvapoorn upayog hai. vishesh roop se, yeh praudyogiki maujooda soochi ka sahi gyaan pradaan karti hai. Wall-Mart par kiye gaye ek academic adhyayan mein[22], 0.1 aur 15 ikaai ke beech bikne vaale utpaadon ke liye RFID ne out-of-stock mein 30 pratishat ki kami kar di. RFID upayog karne ke anya laabh mein shaamil hai shram laagat mein kami, vyaapaar prakriyaaon ka saraleekaran aur taalika trutiyon mein kami.

mahangi engineering prakriyaaon ko svachaalit karne ke liye, kuchh EDA state table le sakte hain jo state machine ka varnan karte hain aur ek state machine ke mishrit bhaag ke liye ek truth table ya ek fankshan table ka utpaadan kar sakte hain. state table paath ka ek tukada hai jo pratyek state ko paristhitiyon ke saath soocheebaddh karta hai, jo unke aur sambandhit utpaadan sanketon ke beech sankraman ko niyantrit karta hai.

RFID taig, aksar UPC ya EAN baarakod ke liye ek pratisthaapan hain, jiske puraane baarakod praudyogiki ki tulana mein kai mahatvapoorn laabh hain. ho sakta hai ve kabhi bhi poori tarah se baarakod ki jagah na lein, kuchh unki laagat ke kaaran aur ek hi vastu par ekaadhik deta sroton ka laabh. kai anya yojanaaon ke saath, nai EPC, uchit keemat par vyaapak roop se upalabdh hai.
veparaaijr ek upakaran hai jiska upayog paudhe ki saamagri ke sakriya tatv ko parishuddh karne ke liye hota hai. vanaspati ko jalaane ke badle sambhaavit pareshaani paida karne vaale jahareele ya Cancer paida karne vaale up utpaad ko tambaakoo se door karne hetu veparaaijr, saamagri ko ek aanshik vaikyoom mein itna tapaata hai ki paudhe mein upasthit sakriya yaugik khaulakar bhaap ban jaayein. dhoomrapaan saamagri sambandhi chikitseeya prashaasan seedhe paudhe ki saamagri ko garm karne mein aksar is vidhi ka upayog karta hai.

design ke aadhaar par, EPCglobal Network bhi Dos hamlon ke prati kamzor hai. EPC deta anurodhon ko hal karne mein DNS ke saath aisi hi pranaali ka upayog mein, ONS root sarvar Dos hamle ke liye asurakshit ho jaate hain. EPCglobal Network ke saath shuruaat karne ki yojana bana raha koi bhi sangathan yeh gyaat hone par thithur jaaega ki EPCglobal Network ke buniyaadi dhaanche mein DNS ke samaan hi suraksha kamjoriyaan hain.

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