bahirmukhata ek aisi visheshata hai jo jyaadaatar dhoomrapaan se judi hai aur dhoomrapaan karne vaale milnasaar, aavegi, jokhim uthaane vaale aur uttejana ki chaahate rakhane vaale vyakti hote hain.[65] haalaanki vyaktitv aur saamaajik kaarak logon ko dhoomrapaan ke liye prerit kar karte hain, vaastavik aadat prabhaav daalne ki anukoolata ki kriya hai. praarambhik charan ke dauraan dhoomrapaan sukhad anubhootiyaan pradaan karta hai (iske dopaamaain-dopamine pranaali par prabhaav ke kaaran) aur is tarah sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran ke ek srot ke roop mein kaarya karta hai. ek vyakti dvaara kai varshon tak dhoomrapaan karne ke pashchaat parihaar ke lakshan aur nakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran pramukh utprerak ho jaate hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]


RFID passport ke liye maanak antarraashtreeya naagar vimaanan sangathan (ICAO) dvaara nirdhaarit kiye jaate hain aur ye ICAO dastaavej 9303, bhaag 1, khand 1 aur 2 mein nihit hain (6 sanskaran, 2006). ICAO E-passport mein ISO/IEC 14443 RFID chip ko "kauntaiktales intigreted sarkit" ke roop mein sandarbhit karta hai. ICAO maanak, E-passport ko pahachaanane ke liye saamane ke aavaran par ek maanak E-passport logo upalabdh karaate hain.
During the CPM state conference held in Kottayam, he was criticized strongly due to his style of functioning by a majority of Pinarayi Vijayan supporters (38/53) known as official faction and they demanded his ouster from Chief Minister. They warned that the party would lose seats if it goes for ahead parliamentary elections under his leadership.[30][31]
dendaari lekhon mein, ek saadhaaran glati se adhik bhugataan ho sakta hai. ek saamaanya udaaharan mein dupleeket beejak shaamil hain. ek beejak asthaai roop se glat jagah rakha ja sakta hai ya abhi bhi anumodan star par ho sakti hai, jab vikreta uske bhugataan ki sthiti maaloom karne ke liye sampark karta hai. A/P staaf sadasya chhaan-been karta hai aur paata hai ki usaka bhugataan abhi naheen hua hai, to vikreta dupleeket beejak bhejata hai; is beech mool beejak ka pata chalta hai aur usaka bhugataan ho jaata hai. uske baad dupleeket beejak aata hai aur anajaane mein usaka bhi bhugataan ho jaata hai, shaayad kisi alag beejak sankhya ke adheen.
Parakala since the beginning was against the idea of dividing the state of Andhra Pradesh. Towards the end of 2009, when the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government at the centre announced their intent to divide the state into two and granting statehood to Telangana, there was a political upheaval in Andhra Pradesh. Parakala along with a few likeminded people launched Visalandhra Mahasabgha, a forum to keep the state of Andhra Pradesh united. The forum held meetings, produced booklets and literature and argued for the unity of the state. It questioned the rationale and arguments of those who advocated statehood for Telangana. Parakala led the movement as the organisation's General Secretary. He toured the length and breadth of coastal and Rayalaseema regions. He was prevented form entering the Telangana districts by the separatist agitators, particularly the Telangana Rashtra Samiti activists. He was physically attacked, his house was stoned and the book he published was burnt in public view in the meeting hall where it was released. His publication 'Refuting an Agitation' listed the arguments of the separatists and refuted one after another with facts and figures and historical evidence. The agitators were unable provide a counter argument to the powerful critique of the agitation launched by Visalandhra Mahasabha. But the forum was not a mass body. It was only a platform of intellectuals and the mass parties have all either remained neutral or supported the demand for separate statehood for Telangana. Visalandhra Mahasabha could not muster mass support to sustain the agitation. The political class did not back the Mahasabha wholeheartedly. Even those who opposed the division of the state hardly took any initiative for mass mobilisation. The state was divided and the Visalandhra Mahasabha remained a mute spectator to the bifurcation of the first linguistic state in the country.
kendreeya vidyut anusandhaan sansthaan (angreji : central power research Institute, laghu: si.pi.aar.I) jo aamtaur par si pi aar I ke naam se jaana jaata hai, sanprati vighut mantraalaya ke adheen ek svaayatt society hai. Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara 1960 mein iski sthaapana ki gayi tatha 1978 mein svaayatt society ke roop mein usaka punagarthan kiya gaya. sansthaan ka prabandh shaasi nikaaya karta hai jiske sadasya sarkaar, vidyut upayogitaaon, udyogon, shaikshink sansthaaon aadi ka pratinidhitv karte hain. sachiv vidyut mantraalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar shaasi pirshad ke adhyaksh hain. sansthaan ke mukhya adhishaasi mahaanideshak hain, jo shaasi parishd ke sadasya sachiv bhi hein.
gharon mein aam taur par vidyut company, telephone company, kebal teleevijn ya upagrah dish seva, akhbaar ka chanda aur anya aisi niyamit sevaaen dendaari lekhe hain. gruhasth log saamaanyat: check ya kredit card ka upayog karte hue, hastachaalit tareeke se maasik aadhaar par inka dhyaan rakhate aur bhugataan karte hain. vyaapaar mein, aam taur par A/P faail mein vyaapak sevaaen shaamil hoti hain aur saamaanya roop se lekhaakaar ya bahi-khaata likhnevaale, jab unhein beejak milta hai to is dendaari khaate mein aane vaale dhan aur jab ve bhugataan karte hain, to is khaate se jaane vaale dhan ke pravaah ki khoj-khabar ke liye lekhaankan software ka prayog karte hain. badi companiyaan ek sangathan ke beejakon ke sansaadhan mein prayukt kaagj aur hastachaalit tatvon ko svachaalit karne ke liye teji se vishesh dendaari lekhon ke svachaalan ka prayog kar rahi hain.
August, 2004 mein, ohiyo punarvaas aur sudhaar vibhaag (ODRC) ne alaanko teknolaujeej ke kaarmik-traiking takaneek ke moolyaankan ke liye $415,000 karaar ko manjoori di. kaidi, kalaai par ghadeenuma traansameetar pahaneinge jo hataane ke prayaas ko jaan sakega aur jail ke computeron ko chetaavani dega. yeh pariyojana ameriki jailon mein chips traiking ki pehli ghatna naheen hai. Michigan, California aur ilinois mein suvidhaaen, pehle se hi is praudyogiki ko apanaae hue hain.
Achuthanandan has served many positions in his long political career. He was the Kerala State Secretary of the CPI(M) between 1980 and 1992 and he became a member of the Politburo in 1985. He has also been active in parliamentary politics; he was elected as a member of Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1967, 1970, 1991, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. He was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 1992 to 1996, from 2001 to 2006 and from 2011 to 2016. He was the editor of CPI(M) mouth piece in Malayalam, Deshabhimani daily. He was the Chief Ministerial candidate for 1996 State elections. In those elections, LDF gained 80 out of 140 seats, but Achuthanandan, who contested from Mararikulam in Alappuzha district, lost by a margin of 1965 votes. Thus, E.K. Nayanar, who held the position twice earlier, became Chief Minister again.
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As a child, Pakravan accompanied his parents to Cairo, where his father was appointed diplomatic agent. There, he received his primary education at the Lycée Français. He was then sent to Liège, Belgium where he attended high school and university. Pakravan then studied at the artillery school in Poitiers, France, and the Ecole d’Application d’Artillerie in Fontainebleau.

veparaaijr ek upakaran hai jiska upayog paudhe ki saamagri ke sakriya tatv ko parishuddh karne ke liye hota hai. vanaspati ko jalaane ke badle sambhaavit pareshaani paida karne vaale jahareele ya Cancer paida karne vaale up utpaad ko tambaakoo se door karne hetu veparaaijr, saamagri ko ek aanshik vaikyoom mein itna tapaata hai ki paudhe mein upasthit sakriya yaugik khaulakar bhaap ban jaayein. dhoomrapaan saamagri sambandhi chikitseeya prashaasan seedhe paudhe ki saamagri ko garm karne mein aksar is vidhi ka upayog karta hai.

uber (aur “uber ____” hone ke aadhaar par banaaya gaya staartaps ke parinaamasvaroop paagalapan) jaise braandon ke lie dhanyavaad, logon ko phon eplikeshan ke maadhyam se maang par sab kuchh karane ke lie upayog kiya ja raha hai 2017 mein, mujhe ummeed hai ki yah dekhane ke lie ki yah aage bhee vikasit ho. hamaare paas savaaree, bhojan vitaran, aur yahaan tak ​​ki ek ke lie hamaare paas upalabdh hajaaron aip hain


beedi patali hoti hai, aksar masaaledaar, dakshin Asiaee cigarette teindu patte mein lipte tambaakoo se bani hoti hai aur surakshit rakhane ke liye antim sire par ek rangeen dhaage se bandhi hoti hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] beedi peene se uchch star ka kaarban monoaaksaaid, nikoteen aur sanyukt raajya America mein vishisht cigarette se raal niklata hai.[40][41] saamaanya cigarette ki tulana mein beedi apekshaakrut kam keemat waali hoti hai, jo Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, kanbodiya aur Bhaarat mein gareebon ke beech lambe samay se lokapriya hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
mobail divais dheere-dheere hamaare dainik jeevan mein praudyogikee jod rahe hain. kisee bhee samay kisee bhee smaartaphon ke bina kisee bhee samay dekhane ke lie yah durlabh hai, hamen vaastavik duniya mein vyaavahaarik roop se anant jaanakaaree tak pahunch pradaan kar raha hai. hamaare paas pahale se hee sait-too-stor kray kee tarah cheejen hain, jisase onalain graahakon ko bhautik khudara sthaan mein khareedane aur lene ke lie saksham kiya ja sakata hai, lekin agale star bhautik aur dijital vaastavikataon ke beech aur ekeekaran bhee hoga. amezain jaise onalain braand daish batan jaisee adhik bhautik utpaadon ko shuroo karana shuroo kar denge, aur volamaart jaisee bhautik braand adhik dijital suvidhaen shuroo kar denge, jaise stor maips aur utpaad pareekshan
hamesha ki tarah ek tulyakaalik anukramik state machine ko ek sanyojan laujik mein vibhaajit karke laagoo karne ka vyaavahaarik tareeka hota hai aur flip flop ke set ko "state rajistar" kaha jaata hai. har baar ek ghadi tik tik ki signal deti hai aur state rajistar sanyojan laujik ke pichhle state se utpann pratikriya par kabja kar leti hai aur state machine ke sanyojan bhaag mein aparivrtineeya input ke roop mein fir se ise daal deti hai. sanyojan laujik mein samay ke khapat vaale adhikaansh laujik aakalan dvaara ghadi ki sabse tej dar set hoti hai.
↑ Null, Linda; Lobur, Julia (2006). The essentials of computer organization and architecture. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. pa॰ 121. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0763737696. http://books.google.com/books?id=QGPHA19GE-IC&pg=PA121&dq=digital++circuits+and+Boolean+logic#v=onepage&q=digital%20%20circuits%20and%20Boolean%20logic&f=false. "We can build logic diagrams (which in turn lead to digital circuits) for any Boolean expression..."
dhoomrapaan karne vaale kai kishoraavastha mein ya aarambhik yuvaavastha ke dauraan shuroo karte hain. aam taur par praarambhik avastha mein dhoomrapaan sukhad anubhootiyaan pradaan karta hai, sakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran ke ek srot ke roop mein kaarya karta hai. ek vyakti mein kai varshon ke dhoomrapaan ke baad parihaar ke lakshan aur nakaaraatmak sudrudheekaran use jaari rakhane ka pramukh utprerak ban jaata hai.
RFID praudyogiki ke upayog ne kaafi vivaad ko janm diya aur yahaan tak ki upabhokta gopaneeyata pairokaaron dvaara utpaad bahishkaar bhi hua. CASPIAN (kanjyoomar ageinst suparamaarket praaivesi invejn end nambaring) ki sah-sansthaapak Cathrine albrekt aur lij maikintaayar is praudyogiki ki do pramukh aalochak hain jo RFID taig ka ullekh "spaaichips" ke roop mein karti hain. RFID sambandhit do mukhya gopaneeyata chintaaen hain:
1965 se lekar 2006 tak sanyukt raajya America mein dhoomrapaan ki dar 42% se girkar 20.8% tak aayi hai.[6] jin logon ne chhoda unamein adhikaansh peshevar, sampann log the. upabhog mein kami hone ke baavajood, prati din prati vyakti cigarette ki ausat khapat 1954 mein 22 se badhkar 1978 mein 30 ho gayi. yeh paraspar virodhi parinaam yeh spasht karta hai ki jin logon ne peena chhoda ve kam dhoomrapaan karte the, jabki ve log jinhonne dhoomrapaan karna jaari rakha ve adhik maatra mein halke cigarette peene lage.[37] yeh pravrutti kai audyogik deshon mein saamaantar chalti rahi jahaan bhale hi usaki dar baraabar rahi ya usamein giraavat aayi. haalaanki vikaasasheel duniya mein tambaakoo ki khapat mein 2002 mein 3.4% ki vruddhi jaari rahi.[7] Africa mein jyaadaatar ilaakon mein dhoomrapaan ko aadhunik maana jaata hai aur yeh majaboot pratikool rai hai ki pashchim mein is par bahut kam dhyaan diya jaata hai.[38] aaj roos tambaakoo ka sheersh upabhokta hai aur uske baad Indonesia, laaos, Ukraine, Belarus, grees, Jordan aur cheen hain.[39]

iske vipreet, kuchh gair-vaigyaanik adhyayan hain jismein se ekcheck ganaraajya ke Phillip mauris[72] dvaara aur doosra kaato Institute dvaara kiye gaye hain,[73] jo vipreet sthiti ka samarthan karte hain. adhyayan ki na to saathiyon dvaara sameeksha ki gayi aur na hi kisi vaigyaanik patrika mein prakaashit kiya gaya aur kaato Institute ko ateet mein tambaakoo companiyon se dhan praapt hua tha.[krupaya uddharan jodein] Phillip mauris ne spasht roop se apne poorv ke adhyayan ke liye yeh kehkar maafi maangi hai ki: "is adhyayan ke liye dhan aur saarvajanik vigyapti mein anya baaton ke alaava dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki samay se pehle hone waali mauton se check ganaraajya ki vistrut kathit laagat bachat ki baat ek ek bhayaanak nishkarsh hai, saath hi saath vah poorn roop se buniyaadi maanaveeya moolyon ki upeksha hai, jo asveekaarya hai. hamaari tambaakoo companiyon mein se ek ne is adhyayan ka kaaryabhaar diya tha, jo ek bhayaanak galati naheen thi, balki vah anuchit tha. Phillip mauris mein ham sabhi, yeh koi maayane naheen rakhata ki ham kahaan kaam karte hain, is kaarya ke liye kshamaapraarthi hain. vaastav mein dhoomrapaan se koi faayda naheen, uske kaaran gambhir aur mahatvapoorn rog hote hain."[72]


Japani shahar osaaka mein school prashaasan ab ek praathamik school mein bachchon ke kapde, back paik aur chhaatr ID mein chip laga raha hai.[38] donkaastar, England mein ek school, chhaatron ki vardi mein radio chips traiking karke ek nigraani pranaali ka parikshan kar raha hai taaki vidyaarthiyon par najar rakhi ja sake. [39] vest London, England, mein sitmbar, 2008 mein shuroo seint Charles siksth firm college mukhya dwaar se baahar jaane aur andar aane ke liye ek RFID card pranaali ka prayog kar raha hai, taaki upasthiti ka khaaka aur anaadhikrut pravesh ko roka ja sake. jaisa ki klekaheetan England, mein vhitklif mount school mein hai jo RFID ka upayog karte hue ek vishesh prakaar se dijaain kiye gaye card ke jariye imaarat ke baahar aur andar maujood vidyaarthiyon aur karmachaariyon ko track karta hai. fileepeens mein, kuchh schoolon mein pustak lene ke liye pehle se hi ID mein RFID ka upayog kiya jaata hai aur us vishesh school mein dwaar par RFID ID skainars lage hain. ye school hain kvijon city ka klairat school, Colegio de San Juan de Letran aur anya niji school.

gharon mein aam taur par vidyut company, telephone company, kebal teleevijn ya upagrah dish seva, akhbaar ka chanda aur anya aisi niyamit sevaaen dendaari lekhe hain. gruhasth log saamaanyat: check ya kredit card ka upayog karte hue, hastachaalit tareeke se maasik aadhaar par inka dhyaan rakhate aur bhugataan karte hain. vyaapaar mein, aam taur par A/P faail mein vyaapak sevaaen shaamil hoti hain aur saamaanya roop se lekhaakaar ya bahi-khaata likhnevaale, jab unhein beejak milta hai to is dendaari khaate mein aane vaale dhan aur jab ve bhugataan karte hain, to is khaate se jaane vaale dhan ke pravaah ki khoj-khabar ke liye lekhaankan software ka prayog karte hain. badi companiyaan ek sangathan ke beejakon ke sansaadhan mein prayukt kaagj aur hastachaalit tatvon ko svachaalit karne ke liye teji se vishesh dendaari lekhon ke svachaalan ka prayog kar rahi hain.
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