sanyukt raajya America mein, Chicago traanjit praadhikran ne poori pranaali mein 2002 ke baad se rel bhugataanon ke liye Chicago card aur Chicago card plas ki peshakash ki aur 2005 ke baad se bas bhugataanon ke liye. MBTA ne RFID saksham chaarleekaard ko 2006 mein Boston ke sampoorn metro, streetakaar aur bas pranaali mein laagoo kiya aur dashakon puraane tokan aadhaarit kiraaya sangrah pranaali ko pratisthaapit kiya.
dhoomrapaan ki shurooaat jyaadaatar kishoraavastha ya kishoraavastha ke aarambhik daur mein hoti hai. dhoomrapaan mein jokhim ke tatv aur vidroh hota hai, jo ki aksar yuva logon ko aakarshit karta hai. uchch star ke model aur saathiyon ki upasthiti bhi dhoomrapaan karne ko protsaahit kar sakti hai. choonki kishor vayaskon ki tulana mein apne saathiyon se adhik prabhaavit hote hain isliye maata-pita, school tatha svaasthya peshevar in logon ke cigarette peene ke prayaas ko rokane mein aksar asafal hote hain.[58][59]
Vyapar solves all these problems very well with ease and helps you be on top of you business accounts. It helps you to see all the business accounts/receivables at one place without going through the ledger. It helps you easily remind your parties by just click of a button through whatsapp, message etc. Now you can send transactions to your parties, see your cashflow status, sale/purchase status, expense status etc in just a click. Not only that, you can create sale and purchase transactions with items which you don’t have to enter again and again as app remembers what you did earlier and reduce typing for you drastically. It has lot of other features that you would need on a day to day basis to run your business smoothly and efficiently.
1965 se lekar 2006 tak sanyukt raajya America mein dhoomrapaan ki dar 42% se girkar 20.8% tak aayi hai.[6] jin logon ne chhoda unamein adhikaansh peshevar, sampann log the. upabhog mein kami hone ke baavajood, prati din prati vyakti cigarette ki ausat khapat 1954 mein 22 se badhkar 1978 mein 30 ho gayi. yeh paraspar virodhi parinaam yeh spasht karta hai ki jin logon ne peena chhoda ve kam dhoomrapaan karte the, jabki ve log jinhonne dhoomrapaan karna jaari rakha ve adhik maatra mein halke cigarette peene lage.[37] yeh pravrutti kai audyogik deshon mein saamaantar chalti rahi jahaan bhale hi usaki dar baraabar rahi ya usamein giraavat aayi. haalaanki vikaasasheel duniya mein tambaakoo ki khapat mein 2002 mein 3.4% ki vruddhi jaari rahi.[7] Africa mein jyaadaatar ilaakon mein dhoomrapaan ko aadhunik maana jaata hai aur yeh majaboot pratikool rai hai ki pashchim mein is par bahut kam dhyaan diya jaata hai.[38] aaj roos tambaakoo ka sheersh upabhokta hai aur uske baad Indonesia, laaos, Ukraine, Belarus, grees, Jordan aur cheen hain.[39]
gopaneeyata ke pairokaaron ne pratyaaropan yogya RFID chip ke khilaaf virodh kiya hai aur sambhaavit durupayog ki chetaavani dete hue is prakaar ke RFID upakaranon ko "jaasoosachips" kah kar iski ninda ki hai, saath hi sarkaar dvaara iske istemaal se naagrik adhikaaron ki haani ho sakti hai aur durupayog bhi aasaan ho jaaega. aise durupayog ka ek maamala traiking upakaran ke roop mein microchip ka dohara upayog hoga. is tarah ki chintaaen sanyukt raajya America mein uchit saabit hui jab pata chala ki CIA ke kaaryakram COINTELPRO ka upayog uchch profaail raajaneetik kaaryakartaaon aur asantusht vyaktiyon ki gatividhiyon par nazar rakhane ke liye kiya gaya. aisi bhi sambhaavana hai ki chip ki jaankaari, sarkaaron ke alaava niji vyavasaaya jaise anya logon ko upalabdh hogi, jiske kaaran niyokta ko karmachaariyon ki atyant vyaktigat jaankaari praapt ho jaayegi. iske alaava, gopaneeyata ke pairokaar yeh kehte hain ki is chip mein maujood jaankaari ko aasaani se churaaya ja sakta hai, isliye ismein kisi bhi prakaar ke niji bhandaaran se pehchaan ki chori ka jokhim rahega.
choonki ve ek aisi gatividhi mein lipt hote hain jiska svaasthya par nakaaraatmak prabhaav padta hai, at: aise log jo log dhoomrapaan karte hain, ve apne vyavahaar ko yuktisangat banaane ke liye prayatnashali rahate hain. doosare shabdon mein ve sveekaaryata viksit karte hain, jaroori naheen ki unke paas yeh taarkik kaaran ho ki unke liye dhoomrapaan ki sveekaaryata kyon hai. udaaharan ke liye, ek dhoomrapaan karne wala apne vyavahaar ka auchitya yeh kehkar saabit kar sakta hai ki har koi marata hai aur isliye vaastav mein cigarette kuchh bhi naheen badalti. ya ek vyakti auchitya saabit karne ke liye yeh vishvaas jata sakta hai ki dhoomrapaan tanaav se raahat ya anya laabh dilaata hai. is prakaar ki maanyataaenchinta se rokati hain aur log dhoomrapaan jaari rakhate hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
अमेरिका की प्रबंधन पत्रिका हार्वर्ड बिजनस रिव्यू में कल प्रकाशित एक लेख में कहा गया है कि भारत में सरकार की अगुवाई में डिजिटल उठा-पटक की एक अनोखी कहानी कही जा रही है और वहां डिजिटल रूप से सशक्त समाज का निर्माण किया जा रहा है।‘कैसे भारत पहली डिजिटल अर्थव्यवस्था की ओर बढ़ रहा है’ शीर्षक से लिखे लेख में कहा गया है, “भारत ने इसकी चुनौतियों को कम करने के लिए डिजिटल प्रक्रिया को धीमा करने के बजाए विपरीत दृष्टिकोण अपनाया है और डिजिटल प्रक्रिया को तेज कर दिया है ताकि देश आर्थिक एवं सामाजिक क्षेत्र में समावेशी विकास हासिल करने की पूरी संभावनाओं का लाभ उठा सके।
Japani shahar osaaka mein school prashaasan ab ek praathamik school mein bachchon ke kapde, back paik aur chhaatr ID mein chip laga raha hai.[38] donkaastar, England mein ek school, chhaatron ki vardi mein radio chips traiking karke ek nigraani pranaali ka parikshan kar raha hai taaki vidyaarthiyon par najar rakhi ja sake. [39] vest London, England, mein sitmbar, 2008 mein shuroo seint Charles siksth firm college mukhya dwaar se baahar jaane aur andar aane ke liye ek RFID card pranaali ka prayog kar raha hai, taaki upasthiti ka khaaka aur anaadhikrut pravesh ko roka ja sake. jaisa ki klekaheetan England, mein vhitklif mount school mein hai jo RFID ka upayog karte hue ek vishesh prakaar se dijaain kiye gaye card ke jariye imaarat ke baahar aur andar maujood vidyaarthiyon aur karmachaariyon ko track karta hai. fileepeens mein, kuchh schoolon mein pustak lene ke liye pehle se hi ID mein RFID ka upayog kiya jaata hai aur us vishesh school mein dwaar par RFID ID skainars lage hain. ye school hain kvijon city ka klairat school, Colegio de San Juan de Letran aur anya niji school.
svaasthya ke haanikaarak prabhaavon se pratirodh ki kami aashaavaadi poorvaagrah ka ek praacheen aadarsh (prototeepikl) udaaharan hai. iske alaava sambhaavana ki samajh ki kami ki aam taur par iska prabhaav jyaada umr mein dikhaayi deta hai aur vyaktitv mein hraas ya vikaar paida karta hai jo aam taur par uchch jokhim ya aatm vinaashakaari vyavahaar mein dikhaayi deta hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
ek safal pilot ke baad, aavaas evam vikaas board (HDB) Singapore ne 2006 mein kaagaj season parking ticket (SPT) ko pratisthaapit karte hue RFID ko laagoo karne ke liye do nividaaon ko jaari kiya. safal nividaakaaron ne March 2007 ke baad se SPT dhaarakon ko RFID taig vitrit kiya.[14] viytanaam mein, futek ke paas is desh mein kai bilding ke liye svachaalit jaanch ticket pranaali laagoo hai.
digital sarkit ka doosra roop lukaap table se nirmit hota hai ("prograamebal laujik divaais" ke roop mein anek beche ja chuka hain, haalaanki PLD ke anya prakaar vidyamaan hain). lukaap taalika, masheenon par aadhaarit laujik geton ki tarah hi kaarya kar sakti hain lekin aasaani se taaron ko badle bina hi reeprograam kar sakti hain. iska arth yeh hai ki designer, aksar taaron ki vyavastha ko badle bina hi design trutiyon ki marammat kar sakte hain. isliye chhoti maatra mein utpaad prograamebal laujik divaais aksar adhimaanya samaadhaan kar rahe hain. ve aam taur par injeeniyron dvaara electronic design svachaalan software ka upayog kar design kiya jaata hai (adhik jaankaari ke liye neeche dekhein).
tambaakoo ke sevan ka sabse aam tareeka dhoomrapaan hai aur tambaakoo dhoomrapaan kiya jaane wala sabse aam padaarth hai. krushi utpaad ko aksar doosare yogaj ke saath milaaya jaata hai[8] aur fir sulagaaya jaata hai. parinaamasvaroop bhaap ko saans ke jariye andar kheencha jaata hai fir sakriya padaarth ko fefadon ke maadhyam se koshikaaon se avashoshit kar liya jaata hai.[9] sakriya padaarth tantrika ant mein raasaayanik pratikriyaaon ko shuroo karti hai jisse hrudaya gati, smruti aur satarkata[10] aur pratikriya ki avadhi badh jaati hai.[11] dopaamaain (Dopamine) aur baad mein endorfin(endorphin) ka risaav hota hai jo aksar aanand se jude hue hain.[12] 2000 mein dhoomrapaan ka sevan kuchh 1.22 billion log karte the. purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki sambhaavana adhik hoti hain[13] tathaapi chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] gareebon mein ameeron ki tulana mein aur viksit deshon ke logon mein ameer deshon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki sambhaavana adhik hoti hai.[7]
purushon mein mahilaaon ki tulana mein dhoomrapaan ki lat paanch guna adhik hoti hain,[13] haalaanki chhote aayu varg mein is laingik antar mein giraavat aati hai.[14][15] viksit deshon mein purushon mein dhoomrapaan apne charam par pahunch chuka hai aur usamein giraavat aani shuroo ho gayi hai haalaanki mahilaaon ke maamale mein vruddhi barkaraar hai.[53]
kuchh deshon mein bhi tambaakoo utpaadon ki paikejing par kaanooni aavashyakataaon ko laagoo kiya. udaaharan ke liye Europeeya sangh ke deshon Turkey, Australia[96] aur dakshin Africa mein cigarette ke packet par pramukhata ke saath dhoomrapaan ke kaaran svaasthya ke saath jude jokhim ke ullekh ka lebal anivaarya hai.[97] Canada, Australia, Thailand, aaisalaind aur Brazil mein bhi cigarette ke packet par dhoomrapaan ke prabhaav ki chetaavani ke lebal ki anivaaryata laagoo ki hai aur usamein dhoomrapaan ka svaasthya par padne vaale prabhaavon ke rekhaachitr ko bhi shaamil kiya hai. Canada mein cigarette ke packet mein card bhi daala jaata hai. ve solah hain aur unamein se keval ek packet mein aata hai. unamein dhoomrapaan chhodne ki vibhinn vidhiyon ko samajhaaya gaya hai. iske alaava United Kingdom mein kai graafik NHSvijnyaaapan hain, ek mein dikhaaya gaya hai ki cigarette mein vasaayukt jamaav bhara hota hai aur yeh ek cigarette dhoomrapaan karne vaale ki dhamani ka prateek hai.
dhoomrapaan ke alaava dava ke roop mein bhi tambaakoo ka upayog hota hai. ek dard nivaarak ke taur par yeh kaan ke dard aur daant ke dard aur kabhi-kabhi ek pralep ke roop mein bhi istemaal kiya jaata hai. registaan mein rahane vaale bhaarateeya kehte hain ki dhoomrapaan karne se jukaam theek ho jaata hai, khaaskar yadi tambaakoo mein tejapaat ke chhote patte tejapaat ki dori ya bhaarateeya gulameinhadi ya khaansi mool Leptotaenia multifida mila diye jaayein, jo iske atirikt asthama aur tapedik ke liye vishesh roop se achha maana gaya.[20]
vishv svaasthya sangathan (WHO) ka kehna hai ki "tambaakoo ke kaaran paida hui beemaariyon aur usase hui maut ke maamalon ke jyaadaatar shikaar gareeb log hote hain. 1.22 billion dhoomrapaan karne vaalon mein se 1 billion vikaasasheel ya sankramanakaaleen arthavyavasthaaon mein rahate hain. dhoomrapaan ki darein viksit duniya mein ya to khatm ho gayi hain ya unamein giraavat I hai.[54] haalaanki vikaasasheel duniya mein tambaakoo sevan prati varsh 3.4% ki dar se badh rahi hai, jitni 2002 mein thi.[7]
2004 mein haardaveyar action group ne ek nae protokaul, class 1 janareshan 2 intarafes nirmit kiya jisne kai samasyaaon ko sulajhaaya jiska anubhav class 0 tatha class 1 ke saath kiya gaya tha. EPC Gen2 maanak, December 2004 mein manjoor hua tha aur sambhaavana hai ki yeh aage badhte nishkriya RFID taig maanakon ka aadhaar banega. ise Intermec se ek vivaad ke baad ki is maanak se unke RFID-sambandhit kai peteint ka ullanghan ho sakta hai, manjoori di gayi. yeh faisala kiya gaya ki sirf maanak se unke peteint ka ullanghan naheen ho raha hai, balki yeh ki yadi taig ko ek vishesh tareeke se padhna hai to ho sakta hai ki Intermec ko kuchh rauyalti ka bhugataan karna hoga. EPC Gen2 maanak ko ISO 18000-6C ke roop mein maamooli sanshodhanon ke saath 2006 mein apnaaya gaya.

Europeeya sangh mein 1991 se television without frantiyrs direktiv (1989)[93] ke tahat sabhi tambaakoo vigyaapan aur television par praayojan pratibandhit kar diya, is pratibandh ko television vigyaapan nideshaalaya dvaara vistaarit kiya gaya jo July 2005 ko amal mein aaya jismein media ke anya roopon ko bhi shaamil kar liya gaya jaise Internet, print media aur radio. yeh nirdesh cinemagharon mein vigyaapan, hording ya bikri ke prayog par - ya saanskrutik aayojanon, khel ki pratiyogitaaon par laagoo naheen hota, jo poori tarah sthaaneeya hote hain, jiske sahabhaagiyon mein keval ek sadasya raajya hota hai,[94] kyonki yeh sab Europeeya aayog ke kshetraadhikaar se baahar aata hai. tathaapi, adhikaansh sadasya nirdesh ko apne desh ke kaanoon ke anusaar sthaanaantarit kar dete hain unke kshetr ko vyaapak kar dete hain aur sthaaneeya vigyaapan lete karte hain. Europeeya aayog ki 2008 ki ek report ne nishkarsh nikaala ki nirdesh ka sabhi Europeeya sangh ke sadasya raajyon mein safalataapoorvak raashtreeya kaanoon mein sthaanaantaran ho gaya hai aurain kaanoonon ko achhi tarah se laagoo kiya gaya.[95]
Parakala took his Ph.D from renowned London School of Economics. He submitted a thesis "Security Doctrines and Foreign Policy Behaviour: A Study of Brazil, Ghana and Indonesia". He worked for his thesis in the International Relations Department under the supervision of Dr Christopher Coker. Before joining the LSE, he went to Jawaharlal Nehru University (School of International Studies) for his MA and MPhil degrees. He did his graduation from Andhra Loyola College in Vijayawada. First year of his Intermediate was from Hyderabad and for the second year of the course he went back to his native town Narasapuram. In Hyderabad he attended Nampally Junior College and in Narasapuram he went to Sri YN College. His schooling was also in two places. His primary and secondary education was in Narasapuram. He went to Lakshminarasamamba Municipal school for his primary education. He went to Mission High School for his High School. He did his tenth partly in Narasapuram and partly in Peoples' High School in Himayatnagar, Hyderabad.
pehla ardhachaalak laujik parivaar, rejistar-traanjistar laujik tha. yeh tube se hajaar guna adhik vishvasaneeya tha, aaraam se chalta tha aur kam bijli istemaal karta tha, lekin teenon mein se bahut nyoon fan-in tha. daayod-traanjistar laujik ne fainaaaut mein saat tak sudhaar kiya aur bijli mein kami ki. kuchh DTL dijaainon ne fainaaaut mein vruddhi ke liye NPN aur PNP traanjistaron ki paryaayakramik paraton ke saath do bijli-aapoorti ka upayog kiya.

Singapore mein, saarvajanik parivhan ki bason aur trainon mein nishkriya RFID ko laagoo kiya gaya hai jise EZ-Link card ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. bheed bhare shahar ke aatanrik kshetron mein yaataayaat ko char tol dvaara niyantrit kiya jaata hai jise stord vailyoo card (kaishakaard ke roop mein gyaat) ke upayog ko ek sakriya taiging pranaali ke saath upayog dvaara laagoo kiya jaata hai.
sigaar sookhe aur kinvit tambaakoo ko kas kar bandal kar banaaya jaata hai jisse tambaakoo ko prajvalit kar uske dhuen ko munh tak kheencha ja sakta hai. aam taur par dhuen ka uchch kshaareeya tatv saans ke jariye andar naheen kheencha jaata kyonki vah jald hi shvaasanali aur fefadon ke liye pareshaani ka sabab ho sakta hai. iske bajaay aam taur par ve munh mein lete hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein] sigaar peene ka prachalan sthaan, aitihaasik kaal, sarvekshan ka aadhaar banaayi gayi aabaadi aur sarvekshan ke aakalan ki apanaayi gayi paddhati par nirbhar karta hai. sanyukt raajya America ab tak sheersh upabhokta desh hai, uske baad Germany aur United Kingdom hai, duniya bhar mein sigaar ki bikri ka yogadaan 75% America aur pashchimi Europe mein hai.[42] 2005 mein 4.3% purush aur 0.3% mahilaaon ke sigaar peene ka anumaan hai.[43]
1612 mein jemsataaun ke avasthaapan ke chhah saal baad John raalf pehle adhivaasi hain jinhonne tambaakoo ki ek nakadi fasal ke roop mein safalataapoorvak kheti ki. tambaakoo ki maang mein teji se vruddhi hui, use "bhoora sona" kaha gaya, kyonki usane sone ke abhiyaan mein vifal varjeeniya ko share company mein punarjeevit kar diya.[21] puraani duniya ki maangon ko poora karne ke liye tambaakoo ki paidaavaar lagaataar ki gayi jiske parinaamasvaroop jameen ki urvara shakti sheegra hi kam ho gayi. isne pashchim ko ek agyaat mahaadveep mein basane ke liye prerak ka kaarya kiya aur isi tarah tambaakoo utpaadan ka ek vistaar hua.[22] bekan vidroh ke pehle tak anubandhit daasata hi praathamik shram bal ka aadhaar thi jiske kaaran das pratha par dhyaan kendrit hua.[23] yeh pravrutti ameriki kraanti ke baad kam hui aur daasapratha laabhaheen maani gayi. haalaanki yeh pratha 1794 mein punarjeevit ho gayi jab kapaas ki charkhi ka aavishkaar hua.[24][page needed]
In a gap of about two years he contested the by-election to Narsapuram Assembly constituency which arose as the sitting MLA got elected to Lok Sabha in the 1996 general elections. That by-election was a closely fought election and Parakala lost it narrowly. Inner party squabbles and bickerings led to Parakala's exit from Congress Party. He joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in late 1997. BJP hardly had a presence in the state and especially in West Godavari District. He contested the ensuing 1998 Lok Sabha election from Narasapur Lok Sabha constituency, and not surprisingly, lost. He played an active role in the party affairs, became a spokesperson of the state unit, and went on to become a member of the BJP's national economic cell that guided the party's economic policy. He was also made a member of a task force of the Planning Commission of India that formulated the Xth Fiver Year Plan.

vyaya prashaasan aam taur par dendaari lekhon ke saath kreeb se juda hua hai aur kabhi-kabhi ek hi karmachaari dvaara ye kaarya kiye jaate hain. vyaya prashaasak yeh pushti karte hue karmachaari ke vyaya report ka satyaapan karta hai ki vimaan yaataayaat, bhoo-parivhan, bhojan aur manoranjan, teleefon, hotel tatha anya vyaya ke samarthan mein raseedein upalabdh hain. yeh pralekhan, kar uddeshyon ke liye aur anupayukt ya glat kharchon ki pratipoorti ki rokathaam ke liye aavashyak hai. vimaan yaataayaat kharch mein, shaayad sabse adhik dhokhaadhadi ki sambhaavana hai, kyonki havaai yaatra ki uchch laagat aur havaai yaatra sambandhi pralekhan ki bhraamak prakruti ki vajah se, jismein aarakshan, raseedein aur vaastavik tikton ka vinyaas shaamil hain.
radio-aavrutti pehchaan (angreji: Radio-frequency identification) ek vastu ka upayog hai (aamtaur par ek RFID taig ke roop mein sandarbhit) jise ek utpaad, pashu, ya vyakti mein radio tarangon ke istemaal se pehchaan karne aur traiking ke uddeshya se lagaaya ya daala jaata hai. kuchh taig ko kai meter door se aur paathak ki drushti rekha ke paar se padha ja sakta hai.
jab se digital sarkit enaalaug ghatakon se bana hain digital sarkit lo-prisishn se bhi dheere ganana karta hai jo ek samaan space aur shakti ka prayog karta hai. haalaanki digital sarkit iske uchch shor unmukti ke kaaran baar-baar aakalan kar paaega. doosari or, uchch parishuddhata domen mein (udaaharan ke liye jahaan parishuddhata ke liye 14 ya adhik bits ki aavashyakta hai) enaalaug sarkit ko adhik shakti aur digital samakaksh kshetr ki aavashyakta hai.
1945 mein lion theremin ne soviyt sangh ke liye ek jaasoosi upakaran ka aavishkaar kiya jo shravya jaankaari ke saath ghatna radio tarangon ko pun: sanchaarit karta tha. dhvani tarangein ek daayafraam ko hilaati thi jo rejonetar ke aakaar ko thoda badal deti thi, jo pratibinbit radio aavrutti ko modyulet kar deti thi. yadyapi yeh upakaran ek gupt shravya upakaran tha, na ki ek pehchaan taig, ise RFID praudyogiki ka ek poorvavarti maana jaata hai, kyonki yeh bhi vaise hi nishkriya tha, jo ek baahya srot se vidyutachumbakeeya tarangon dvaara shaktishaali aur sakriya ho jaata tha.[1]
kai deshon jaise Ireland, laataviya, estoniya, Netherland, France, Finland, naarve, Canada, Australia, sveedan, Portugal, Singapore, Italy, Indonesia, Bhaarat, lithuaaniya, chili, Spain, aaisalaind, United Kingdom, sloveniya aur maalta ne saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan ke khilaaf kaanoon banaaye hain, jinmein baar aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. restaurant mein bhi kuchh nyaayaalayon ne anumati di hai ki ve sunishchit dhoomrapaan kshetron (ya dhoomrapaan nishedh ke liye) ka nirmaan karein. sanyukt raajya America mein kai raajyon mein restaurant mein dhoomrapaan nishedh hai aur kuchh sharaabakhaanon mein bhi dhoomrapaan nishedh hai. Canada ke praanton mein inador kaaryasthalon aur saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan avaidh hai jinmein sharaabakhaane aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. 31 March 2008 ko Canada ne sabhi saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan par pratibandh lagaaya, saath hi saath kisi bhi saarvajanik jagah ke pravesh dwaar ke 10 meter ke bheetar bhi yeh pratibandh laagoo hai. Australia mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh har raajya mein alag-alag hai. vartamaan mein kveensalaind mein sabhi saarvajanik sthalon ke androoni hisson mein dhoomrapaan par poornataya pratibandh hai (jinmein kaaryasthal, sharaabakhaane, pab aur bhojanaalaya shaamil hain) saath hi saath aavaajaahi vaale samudra tat aur kuchh saarvajanik sthalon ke baahari kshetr shaamil hain. tathaapi, chihnit dhoomrapaan kshetr apavaad hain. Victoria mein train stationon, bas staap aur train staap par dhoomrapaan nishiddh hai aur in saarvajanik sthaanon par jahaan dhoomrapaan se parivhan ka intajaar kar raha gair dhoomrapaan karne wala prabhaavit ho sakta hai aur 1 July 2007 se use sabhi inador saarvajanik sthalon par laagoo kar diya gaya hai. New Zealand aur Brazil mein saarvajanik sthaanon se sanlagn kshetr mein dhoomrapaan karne par pratibandh laga diya hai, jismein mukhya roop se sharaabakhaana, restaurant aur pab shaamil hai. Hongkong mein 1 January 2007 ko kaaryasthal mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh laga diya gaya jaise restaurant, karaaoke rooms, imaaraton aur saarvajanik park. sharaab parosane vaale baar jinmein 18 varsh ki aayu se kam ke logon ko pravesh naheen dete, ko 2009 tak chhoot di gayi. romaaniya mein railgaadiyon, metro stationon, saarvajanik sansthaanon (jahaan aamtaur par nirdisht sthal baahar hai) aur saarvajanik parivhan mein dhoomrapaan avaidh hai.
kuchh companiyaan nae vikretaaon ko jodne aur vaauchar pravisht karne ke kaarya ko bhi alag karti hain. isse kisi karmachaari ke liye asambhav ho jaata hai ki vah khud ko vikreta ke roop mein jode aur fir kisi anya karmachaari ke saath bina saanth-gaanth ke apne naam check kaatein. yeh faail master veindar faail ke roop mein nirdisht hai. yeh company ke aapoortikrtaaon ke baare mein sabhi mahatvapoorn jaankaari ka bhandaar hai. jahaan beejak ke bhugataan ka maamala hai, yeh dendaari lekhon ka sandarbh bindu hai.[5]
16 se 18 November 2005 ke beech, sanyukt raashtra ke world summit on the informeshan society (WSIS) ke dauraan free software movement ke sansthaapak richrd staulaman ne RFID suraksha card ke istemaal ka virodh kiya. pehli baithak ke dauraan yeh sahamati hui ki bhavishya ki baithakon mein RFID card ka upayog naheen kiya jaaega aur yeh jaankaar ki is aashvaasan ko toda gaya hai, unhonne apne card ko elyoomeeniym panni mein lapet liya aur ve ise keval suraksha stationon par hi kholeinge. yeh virodh suraksha karmiyon ki kaafi chinta ka kaaran bana, jahaan kuchh ne unhein sammelan kaksh se jismein ve mukhya vakta the baahar jaane se roka aur doosare sammelan kaksh mein jahaan unka bolna abhi baaki tha, pravesh karne naheen diya gaya.[76][77]

saan Diego, California, metropolitan traanjit system (MTS), north County traanjit distrikt (NCTD) aur the sain Diego asosiyeshan of gavarmeint (SANDAG) ek ri-raaitebal RFID smart card ka upayog karti hai jise sthaaneeya taur par kampaas card ke roop mein nirdisht kiya jaata hai aur bason aur railgaadiyon ki yaatra aasaan banaane ke liye dainik, saaptaahik ya maasik paas ya nakad moolya ke roop mein upayog kiya ja sakta hai.
Parakala since the beginning was against the idea of dividing the state of Andhra Pradesh. Towards the end of 2009, when the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government at the centre announced their intent to divide the state into two and granting statehood to Telangana, there was a political upheaval in Andhra Pradesh. Parakala along with a few likeminded people launched Visalandhra Mahasabgha, a forum to keep the state of Andhra Pradesh united. The forum held meetings, produced booklets and literature and argued for the unity of the state. It questioned the rationale and arguments of those who advocated statehood for Telangana. Parakala led the movement as the organisation's General Secretary. He toured the length and breadth of coastal and Rayalaseema regions. He was prevented form entering the Telangana districts by the separatist agitators, particularly the Telangana Rashtra Samiti activists. He was physically attacked, his house was stoned and the book he published was burnt in public view in the meeting hall where it was released. His publication 'Refuting an Agitation' listed the arguments of the separatists and refuted one after another with facts and figures and historical evidence. The agitators were unable provide a counter argument to the powerful critique of the agitation launched by Visalandhra Mahasabha. But the forum was not a mass body. It was only a platform of intellectuals and the mass parties have all either remained neutral or supported the demand for separate statehood for Telangana. Visalandhra Mahasabha could not muster mass support to sustain the agitation. The political class did not back the Mahasabha wholeheartedly. Even those who opposed the division of the state hardly took any initiative for mass mobilisation. The state was divided and the Visalandhra Mahasabha remained a mute spectator to the bifurcation of the first linguistic state in the country.

Japani shahar osaaka mein school prashaasan ab ek praathamik school mein bachchon ke kapde, back paik aur chhaatr ID mein chip laga raha hai.[38] donkaastar, England mein ek school, chhaatron ki vardi mein radio chips traiking karke ek nigraani pranaali ka parikshan kar raha hai taaki vidyaarthiyon par najar rakhi ja sake. [39] vest London, England, mein sitmbar, 2008 mein shuroo seint Charles siksth firm college mukhya dwaar se baahar jaane aur andar aane ke liye ek RFID card pranaali ka prayog kar raha hai, taaki upasthiti ka khaaka aur anaadhikrut pravesh ko roka ja sake. jaisa ki klekaheetan England, mein vhitklif mount school mein hai jo RFID ka upayog karte hue ek vishesh prakaar se dijaain kiye gaye card ke jariye imaarat ke baahar aur andar maujood vidyaarthiyon aur karmachaariyon ko track karta hai. fileepeens mein, kuchh schoolon mein pustak lene ke liye pehle se hi ID mein RFID ka upayog kiya jaata hai aur us vishesh school mein dwaar par RFID ID skainars lage hain. ye school hain kvijon city ka klairat school, Colegio de San Juan de Letran aur anya niji school.
In the weeks that follow, eat only easily digestible food, as the intestines are very sensitive after this practice. For 7 days avoid milk, cheese, raw fruit and vegetables, black tea and coffee. For 20 days avoid gas-forming foods such as beans, cauliflower, cabbage, garlic, onions, hot spices and carbonated drinks. For at least 40 days avoid meat, fish, eggs and alcohol - however, for our health it is best to do without these completely.
RFID, 2006 kaios kamyunikeshan Congress ke mukhya vishyon mein se ek tha (barlin mein kaios computer club dvaara aayojit) aur isne ek bruhat press bahas ko shuroo kiya. vishay shaamil the: electronic passport, maaifeyar kriptograafi aur FIFA vishv cup 2006 ke liye ticket. vaarta ne darshaaya ki kaise 2006 FIFA vishv cup football mein asli duniya ke RFID praudyogiki ke pehle vyaapak prayog ne kaam kiya. monokrom samooh ne ek vishesh 'haik RFID' geet ka manchan kiya.[79]
kai dhoomrapaan virodhi sangathanon ka daava hai ki kishor apne hamaumr ke saathiyon ke dabaav tatha doston ke pade saanskrutik prabhaav ke kaaran dhoomrapaan shuroo karte hain. haalaanki, ek adhyayan mein paaya gaya hai ki cigarette peene ka pratyaksh dabaav kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika naheen nibhaata hai. is adhyayan mein yeh bhi report hai ki kishoraavastha mein cigarette peene ke nirdeshaatmak aur pratyaksh donon tarah ke dabaav kam hote hain.[62] aise hi ek adhyayan se pata chala hai ki koi vyakti dhoomrapaan mein usase adhik sakriya bhoomika nibha sakta hai jiski bhoomika pehle sveekaar ki gayi hai aur saathiyon ke dabaav ki tulana mein anya saamaajik prakriyaaon par bhi dhyaan diye jaane ki aavashyakta hai.[63] ek anya adhyayan ke parinaamon se pata chala hai ki saathiyon ke dabaav mein sabhi aayu aur ling ke dal ke dhoomrapaan vyavahaar mahatvapoorn dhang se jude the, lekin ve antaravaiyaktik kaarak kaafi adhik mahatvapoorn the jo 12-13 varsh ki ladkiyon ki tulana mein usi umr ke ladkon ke dhoomrapaan vyavahaar ko alag karta hai. 14-15 saal ke bheetar ke aayu samooh ke logon mein apne saathiyon ke dhoomrapaan ke dabaav ka prabhaav ladkon ki tulana mein ladkiyon par adhik padna ek mahatvapoorn kaarak ke roop mein ubhara.[64] aksar is baat par bahas hoti hai ki kya saathiyon ke dabaav ya swayam chayan kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan ka ek bada kaaran hai. yeh tark ka vishay hai ki saathiyon ke dabaav ka ulta bhi sach hai, jab saathiyon mein se jyaadaatar dhoomrapaan naheen karte hain aur jo aisa karne vaalon ko bahishkrut kar dete hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]hains aaiseink jaise manovaijnyaaanikon ne vishisht dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ke liye ek vyaktitv vikaas profaail kiya hai.
kai deshon jaise Ireland, laataviya, estoniya, Netherland, France, Finland, naarve, Canada, Australia, sveedan, Portugal, Singapore, Italy, Indonesia, Bhaarat, lithuaaniya, chili, Spain, aaisalaind, United Kingdom, sloveniya aur maalta ne saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan ke khilaaf kaanoon banaaye hain, jinmein baar aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. restaurant mein bhi kuchh nyaayaalayon ne anumati di hai ki ve sunishchit dhoomrapaan kshetron (ya dhoomrapaan nishedh ke liye) ka nirmaan karein. sanyukt raajya America mein kai raajyon mein restaurant mein dhoomrapaan nishedh hai aur kuchh sharaabakhaanon mein bhi dhoomrapaan nishedh hai. Canada ke praanton mein inador kaaryasthalon aur saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan avaidh hai jinmein sharaabakhaane aur restaurant bhi shaamil hain. 31 March 2008 ko Canada ne sabhi saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan par pratibandh lagaaya, saath hi saath kisi bhi saarvajanik jagah ke pravesh dwaar ke 10 meter ke bheetar bhi yeh pratibandh laagoo hai. Australia mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh har raajya mein alag-alag hai. vartamaan mein kveensalaind mein sabhi saarvajanik sthalon ke androoni hisson mein dhoomrapaan par poornataya pratibandh hai (jinmein kaaryasthal, sharaabakhaane, pab aur bhojanaalaya shaamil hain) saath hi saath aavaajaahi vaale samudra tat aur kuchh saarvajanik sthalon ke baahari kshetr shaamil hain. tathaapi, chihnit dhoomrapaan kshetr apavaad hain. Victoria mein train stationon, bas staap aur train staap par dhoomrapaan nishiddh hai aur in saarvajanik sthaanon par jahaan dhoomrapaan se parivhan ka intajaar kar raha gair dhoomrapaan karne wala prabhaavit ho sakta hai aur 1 July 2007 se use sabhi inador saarvajanik sthalon par laagoo kar diya gaya hai. New Zealand aur Brazil mein saarvajanik sthaanon se sanlagn kshetr mein dhoomrapaan karne par pratibandh laga diya hai, jismein mukhya roop se sharaabakhaana, restaurant aur pab shaamil hai. Hongkong mein 1 January 2007 ko kaaryasthal mein dhoomrapaan par pratibandh laga diya gaya jaise restaurant, karaaoke rooms, imaaraton aur saarvajanik park. sharaab parosane vaale baar jinmein 18 varsh ki aayu se kam ke logon ko pravesh naheen dete, ko 2009 tak chhoot di gayi. romaaniya mein railgaadiyon, metro stationon, saarvajanik sansthaanon (jahaan aamtaur par nirdisht sthal baahar hai) aur saarvajanik parivhan mein dhoomrapaan avaidh hai.
2009 ki garmiyon ke baad se, do kredit card companiyaan vishesh maaicroSD card ke vikaas ke liye dalaas, Texas aadhaarit divaaisafideliti ke saath kaam kar rahi hain. jab ise ek mobile phone mein daala jaaega to yeh microSD card, ek nishkriya taig aur ek RFID reedar, donon ho sakta hai.[11] microSD daalne ke baad, ek upayogakarta ka phone bank khaate se jud jaaega aur usaka upayog mobile bhugataan mein kiya jaaega.
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