↑ Kulikoff, Allan (1986-08-01), Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, The University of North Carolina Press, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0807842249, http://books.google.com/books?id=NCvU9_bj-1QC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Tobacco+%26+Slaves:+The+Development+of+Southern+Cultures+in+the+Chesapeake, abhigman tithi: 2009-03-22

Vyapar will help a business owner know the exact status of his daily business accounting, receivable/payables and stock/inventory, party ledger. He can send invoices to his parties using whatsapp, sms, email. Track… · More the balances of every party separately and remind them regularly for payment. It has the automatic reminder functionality which helps a business to get paid faster. Helps business owner get the exact status of his stock quantity, get the stock value in hand, share party statement with his parties and a lot of other daily business transactions.


aam taur par dendaari lekhon ke karmiyon dvaara gban rokane ke liye, durupayog ke khilaaf vividh jaanch maujood hain. kartavyon ka pruthakkaran ek aam niyantran hai. lagbhag sabhi companiyon mein check ke sansaadhan aur mudran ke liye ek junior karmachaari aur check ke punareekshan aur us par hastaakshar karne ke liye ek varishth karmachaari hota hai. aksar, lekhaankan software pratyek karmachaari ko keval unhein saunpe gaye kaarya ko nishpaadit karne tak hi seemit karte hain, taaki aisa koi jriya maujood na ho, jisse koi karmachaari - niyantrak bhi - akele koi bhugataan kar paae.
2002 mein rog niyantran aur rokathaam kendra ne kaha ki sanyukt raajya America mein beche gaye cigarette ke ek packet par dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki chikitsa aur utpaadakata mein kshati ke roop mein desh ke 7 $ (dollar) se adhik kharch hote hain, jo prativrsh dhoomrapaan karne vaale prati vyakti par prativrsh $ 2000 se adhik baithata hai.[70] svaasthya arthashaastriyon ke ek dal ne ek anya adhyayan mein paaya ki unke parivaaron aur samaaj dvaara sanyukt pradatt moolya cigarette ke prati packet par 41 dollar hai.[83]
dendaari lekhon mein, ek saadhaaran glati se adhik bhugataan ho sakta hai. ek saamaanya udaaharan mein dupleeket beejak shaamil hain. ek beejak asthaai roop se glat jagah rakha ja sakta hai ya abhi bhi anumodan star par ho sakti hai, jab vikreta uske bhugataan ki sthiti maaloom karne ke liye sampark karta hai. A/P staaf sadasya chhaan-been karta hai aur paata hai ki usaka bhugataan abhi naheen hua hai, to vikreta dupleeket beejak bhejata hai; is beech mool beejak ka pata chalta hai aur usaka bhugataan ho jaata hai. uske baad dupleeket beejak aata hai aur anajaane mein usaka bhi bhugataan ho jaata hai, shaayad kisi alag beejak sankhya ke adheen.
2006 mein RFID taig ko nae ameriki passport mein shaamil kiya gaya. America ne 2005 mein 10 million passport ka utpaadan kiya aur anumaan hai ki 2006 mein 13 million ka utpaadan kiya jaaega. smaaratraik dvaara nirmit chips ka jadaaoo kaarya vaisi hi jaankaari ko sanjo kar rakhega jaisa ki passport mein mudrit hota hai aur ismein maalik ki ek digital tasveer bhi shaamil hogi.[35] ameriki videsh vibhaag ne shuroo mein kaha ki chips ko keval 10 semi (4 inch) ki doori se padha ja sakega, lekin vyaapak aalochna aur spasht pradarshan ke baad yeh vishesh upakaran pareekshan passport ko 10 meter (33 foot) ki doori se padh sakta hai, in passport ki dijaain mein dhaatu ka ek astar hai jo anaadhikrut paathakon ke liye ismein se jaankaari "kheenchne" ko adhik kathin banaata hai jab passport band ho. yeh vibhaag besik ekses control (BAC) bhi laagoo karega jo passport deta prushth par mudrit aksharon ke roop mein ek vyaktigat pehchaan sankhya (PIN) ke roop mein kaarya karega. ek passport taig ko padhe jaane se pehle, is pin ko ek RFID reedar mein darj karna hoga. BAC chip aur prashnakarta ke beech ke kisi bhi samvaad ke enkripshan ko saksham banaata hai.[36]
uparokt dvaara uthaai gayi chintaaon ko klipd taig ke prayog dvaara aanshik roop se khtm kiya ja sakta hai. klipd taig, ek RFID taig hai jise upabhokta gopaneeyata ko badhaane ke liye dijaain kiya gaya hai. klipd taig ka sujhaav IBM shodhakartaaon, paul moskovitj aur guentar karjoth dvaara diya gaya hai. bikri ke baad, upabhokta taig ke ek hisse ko ukhaad sakta hai. isse ek lambi doori ke taig ko ek najadeeki taig mein parivartan ki anumati milti hai jise ab bhi padha ja sakta hai, lekin sirf kam doori par - kuchh inch ya seinteemeetar se bhi kam mein. taig ke is sanshodhan ki aaainkhon se dekhkar pushti ki ja sakti hai. is taig ka upayog baad mein vaapasi, yaad dilaane, ya risaaikiling ke liye kiya ja sakta hai.
In what can be considered as a near repeat of the 2006 pre-election build-up, the Politbureau of CPI-M impressed upon the state leadership to permit VS Achuthanandan to contest elections for the April 2011 Assembly election in Kerala.[16] VS Achuthanandan contested from the Malampuzha Constituency and won with a margin of around 25,000 votes. It was the VS factor that had created history in the 2011 elections with the Opposition front UDF winning the elections on the margin of 72-68 assembly seats. This is considered as loss for UDF as they were ahead in 100 constituencies during the 2009 Lok Sabha Election. After this election VS has been considered the man behind the Uprising of LDF after the 2009 Parliament and 2010 Municipal election loses.[17]

poore Europe mein aur vishesh roop se peris mein (pranaali RATP dvaara 1995 mein shuroo ki gayi), lion, bordo, grenobal, nainsi aur maarsile France mein, poore purtagaali raajamaarg vyavastha mein aur kai purtagaali saarvajanik car park mein, Milan, turin, Italy mein nepals aur floreins aur Belgium mein brasels, kailipso antararaashtreeya maanak ke anuroop RFID paas ka saarvajanik parivhan pranaali ke liye upayog kiya jaata hai. unka upayog ab Canada (mauntriyl), maiksiko, isaraail, Columbia mein bogota aur parera, naarve mein stavaangar, laksamabarg, aadi mein bhi kiya jaata hai.
ek safal pilot ke baad, aavaas evam vikaas board (HDB) Singapore ne 2006 mein kaagaj season parking ticket (SPT) ko pratisthaapit karte hue RFID ko laagoo karne ke liye do nividaaon ko jaari kiya. safal nividaakaaron ne March 2007 ke baad se SPT dhaarakon ko RFID taig vitrit kiya.[14] viytanaam mein, futek ke paas is desh mein kai bilding ke liye svachaalit jaanch ticket pranaali laagoo hai.
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