beedi patali hoti hai, aksar masaaledaar, dakshin Asiaee cigarette teindu patte mein lipte tambaakoo se bani hoti hai aur surakshit rakhane ke liye antim sire par ek rangeen dhaage se bandhi hoti hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] beedi peene se uchch star ka kaarban monoaaksaaid, nikoteen aur sanyukt raajya America mein vishisht cigarette se raal niklata hai.[40][41] saamaanya cigarette ki tulana mein beedi apekshaakrut kam keemat waali hoti hai, jo Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, kanbodiya aur Bhaarat mein gareebon ke beech lambe samay se lokapriya hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

Achuthanandan has served many positions in his long political career. He was the Kerala State Secretary of the CPI(M) between 1980 and 1992 and he became a member of the Politburo in 1985. He has also been active in parliamentary politics; he was elected as a member of Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1967, 1970, 1991, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. He was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 1992 to 1996, from 2001 to 2006 and from 2011 to 2016. He was the editor of CPI(M) mouth piece in Malayalam, Deshabhimani daily. He was the Chief Ministerial candidate for 1996 State elections. In those elections, LDF gained 80 out of 140 seats, but Achuthanandan, who contested from Mararikulam in Alappuzha district, lost by a margin of 1965 votes. Thus, E.K. Nayanar, who held the position twice earlier, became Chief Minister again.
!function(e){function n(t){if(r[t])return r[t].exports;var i=r[t]={i:t,l:!1,exports:{}};return e[t].call(i.exports,i,i.exports,n),i.l=!0,i.exports}var t=window.webpackJsonp;window.webpackJsonp=function(n,r,o){for(var s,a,l=0,u=[];l1)for(var t=1;td)return!1;if(p>f)return!1;var e=window.require.hasModule("shared/browser")&&window.require("shared/browser");return!e||!e.opera}function a(){var e="";return"quora.com"==window.Q.subdomainSuffix&&(e+=[window.location.protocol,"//log.quora.com"].join("")),e+="/ajax/log_errors_3RD_PARTY_POST"}function l(){var e=o(h);h=[],0!==e.length&&c(a(),{revision:window.Q.revision,errors:JSON.stringify(e)})}var u=t("./third_party/tracekit.js"),c=t("./shared/basicrpc.js").rpc;u.remoteFetching=!1,u.collectWindowErrors=!0,u.report.subscribe(r);var f=10,d=window.Q&&window.Q.errorSamplingRate||1,h=[],p=0,m=i(l,1e3),w=window.console&&!(window.NODE_JS&&window.UNIT_TEST);n.report=function(e){try{w&&console.error(e.stack||e),u.report(e)}catch(e){}};var y=function(e,n,t){r({name:n,message:t,source:e,stack:u.computeStackTrace.ofCaller().stack||[]}),w&&console.error(t)};n.logJsError=y.bind(null,"js"),n.logMobileJsError=y.bind(null,"mobile_js")},"./shared/globals.js":function(e,n,t){var r=t("./shared/links.js");(window.Q=window.Q||{}).openUrl=function(e,n){var t=e.href;return r.linkClicked(t,n),window.open(t).opener=null,!1}},"./shared/links.js":function(e,n){var t=[];n.onLinkClick=function(e){t.push(e)},n.linkClicked=function(e,n){for(var r=0;r>>0;if("function"!=typeof e)throw new TypeError;for(arguments.length>1&&(t=n),r=0;r>>0,r=arguments.length>=2?arguments[1]:void 0,i=0;i>>0;if(0===i)return-1;var o=+n||0;if(Math.abs(o)===Infinity&&(o=0),o>=i)return-1;for(t=Math.max(o>=0?o:i-Math.abs(o),0);t>>0;if("function"!=typeof e)throw new TypeError(e+" is not a function");for(arguments.length>1&&(t=n),r=0;r>>0;if("function"!=typeof e)throw new TypeError(e+" is not a function");for(arguments.length>1&&(t=n),r=new Array(s),i=0;i>>0;if("function"!=typeof e)throw new TypeError;for(var r=[],i=arguments.length>=2?arguments[1]:void 0,o=0;o>>0,i=0;if(2==arguments.length)n=arguments[1];else{for(;i=r)throw new TypeError("Reduce of empty array with no initial value");n=t[i++]}for(;i>>0;if(0===i)return-1;for(n=i-1,arguments.length>1&&(n=Number(arguments[1]),n!=n?n=0:0!==n&&n!=1/0&&n!=-1/0&&(n=(n>0||-1)*Math.floor(Math.abs(n)))),t=n>=0?Math.min(n,i-1):i-Math.abs(n);t>=0;t--)if(t in r&&r[t]===e)return t;return-1};t(Array.prototype,"lastIndexOf",c)}if(!Array.prototype.includes){var f=function(e){"use strict";if(null==this)throw new TypeError("Array.prototype.includes called on null or undefined");var n=Object(this),t=parseInt(n.length,10)||0;if(0===t)return!1;var r,i=parseInt(arguments[1],10)||0;i>=0?r=i:(r=t+i)<0&&(r=0);for(var o;r

donon ke paas hi aankade seemit hain. rog niyantran aur rokathaam kendra (the seintars for dijeej control end prijrveshan) ne 2002 mein prakaashit apne anusandhaan mein daava kiya hai ki sanyukt raajya America mein beche gaye ek packet cigarette par chikitsa dekhbhaal aur utpaadak hraas par 7 dollar se adhik ki laagat aati hai.[70] laagat aur adhik ho sakti hai jabki ek anya adhyayan mein use prati packet par $ 41 ki laagat bataayi hai, jinmein se jyaadaatar vyaktigat aur usaki/ uske parivaar ko vahan karna padta hai.[71] is tarah se ek anya aur adhyayan ke lekhak doosaron ke liye bahut kam laagat bataate hue kehte hain: "sankhya ke kam hone ka kaaran niji peinshan, saamaajik suraksha aur chikitsa hai- kharch ki ganana mein sabse bada kaarak samaaj hai- dhoomrapaan vaastav mein paise bachaata hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaale kam umr mein mar jaate hain aur ve vah dhan naheen uthaate jo un pranaaliyon se unhein bhugataan kiye jaate.[71]
As a child, Pakravan accompanied his parents to Cairo, where his father was appointed diplomatic agent. There, he received his primary education at the Lycée Français. He was then sent to Liège, Belgium where he attended high school and university. Pakravan then studied at the artillery school in Poitiers, France, and the Ecole d’Application d’Artillerie in Fontainebleau.

sitmbar 2008 ko, Alcatel-Lucent demo faul 2008 par pehli upabhokta RFID seva pesh ki: touchatag. yeh USB ke maadhyam se PC (Windows ya Mac) se judta hai aur jab yeh ek RFID taig se lais vastu ka pata lagaata hai, to malteemeediya ke tamaam prakaar ke anuprayog prakshepit karta hai. unke paas ek anuprayog vikaas kaaryakram aur vyaapaar samaadhaan bhi hai (udaaharan, pingaping-Belgium ke saath sahayog aur Accor Services ke liye ek vaanijyik pilot.[54]
uber (aur “uber ____” hone ke aadhaar par banaaya gaya staartaps ke parinaamasvaroop paagalapan) jaise braandon ke lie dhanyavaad, logon ko phon eplikeshan ke maadhyam se maang par sab kuchh karane ke lie upayog kiya ja raha hai 2017 mein, mujhe ummeed hai ki yah dekhane ke lie ki yah aage bhee vikasit ho. hamaare paas savaaree, bhojan vitaran, aur yahaan tak ​​ki ek ke lie hamaare paas upalabdh hajaaron aip hain
hamesha ki tarah ek tulyakaalik anukramik state machine ko ek sanyojan laujik mein vibhaajit karke laagoo karne ka vyaavahaarik tareeka hota hai aur flip flop ke set ko "state rajistar" kaha jaata hai. har baar ek ghadi tik tik ki signal deti hai aur state rajistar sanyojan laujik ke pichhle state se utpann pratikriya par kabja kar leti hai aur state machine ke sanyojan bhaag mein aparivrtineeya input ke roop mein fir se ise daal deti hai. sanyojan laujik mein samay ke khapat vaale adhikaansh laujik aakalan dvaara ghadi ki sabse tej dar set hoti hai.
In 2017 Sarvekshak became the 1st ship of Indian Navy ever to deploy solar power. It has innovatively deployed the zero-maintenance solar power system, capable of generating 5.4 kW electricity and replacing the ship’s traditional 4.4 kW emergency diesel alternator.[12] The installation cost was around Rs. 19 lakh and the generation cost is Rs. 12 per kv per hour. The estimated savings for a lifespan of about 15 years is around Rs. 1 crore. The current diesel generator consumes a litre of diesel to produce five units of electricity. Captain Rajesh Bargoti, the commanding officer of the ship, said It took about six months to put the entire system in place. We are now using solar energy for lights and a couple of air conditioners.'[13] The estimated profit generated in a ship service life of 25 years is Rs 2.7 crore in this small project alone. "Even if the system is used for 25 days in one year, the system can repay its cost in less than 10 years while protecting the nature," the Navy said.
passport ko adhik surakshit banaane ke prayaas mein kai deshon ne passport mein RFID laagoo kiya hai. baharahaal, Britain ke chips par enkripshan ko 48 ghante ke andar tod diya gaya tha.[66] us ghatna ke baad se aur adhik prayaas ne shodhakartaaon ko, jab passport ko uske maalik ke paas bheja ja raha ho us vakt passport deta ko klon karne ki anumati di. jahaan ek aparaadhi ko chupake se lifaafe ko kholana aur fir band karne ki jaroorat thi, ab yeh pata lage bina kiya ja sakta hai, jisse passport pranaali mein kuchh asuraksha badh gayi hai.[67]
sanbhaar-tantr aur parivhan, RFID praudyogiki ke kaaryaanvayan ke pramukh kshetr hain. udaaharan ke liye, yaard prabandhan, shiping aur maal dhulaai aur vitran kendra, kuchh aisi jagahein hain RFID traiking praudyogiki ka istemaal kiya jaata hai. duniya bhar ki parivhan companiyaan, vyaapaar moolya aur kaaryakushalata par RFID praudyogiki ke prabhaav ke kaaran isko tavajjo deti hain.
Parakala resigned his RGNIYD assignment in 1994 in order to contest the Legislative Assembly elections from the constituency which was earlier represented by both his father and mother. That election saw the return of N T Ramarao to power with a landslide victory.Congress party was decimated in the state. Parakala lost the election with over 20,000 votes margin. Although unsuccessful, his imaginative campaign was admired and talked about throughout the state. Perhaps for the first time a constituency-level manifesto was released for Narasapuram. A short campaign video specially shot for the election was released and exhibited throughout the constituency by moving television sets and video cassette players manually from place to place. Audio cassettes of Parakala's public speeches were widely circulated in the constituency. Such campaign techniques were quite rare, although not completely unknown, during those days when even the television penetration was very low.
1600 dashak ke madhya mein pratyek pramukh samaaj mein tambaakoo ke dhoomrapaan ka prachalan karaaya gaya aur kai maamalon mein iske upayog ko kai shaasakon dvaara kathor dand ya jurmaana lagaakar samaapt karne prayaason ke baavajood vah mool sanskruti mein pehle hi aatmasaat kiya ja chuka tha. tambaakoo utpaad aur paudha donon pramukh vyaapaar maargon se pramukh bandaragaahon aur baajaaron mein aaya aur fir bheetari pradeshon mein pahuncha. angreji bhaasha mein smoking (smoking) shabd 1700 ke dashak ke paravarti kaal mein gadha gaya, usase pehle use drinking smok (drinking smoke) kaha jaata tha.[3][page needed]
sanyukt raajya America mein cigarette kar alag-alag raajyon mein ek doosare se vyaapak roop se bhinn hai. udaaharan ke liye dakshin kairolina mein ek packet par keval 7 seint hai, jo desh ka nyoonatam hai, jabki road aailaind mein America ka uchchatam sitret tax prati packet $ 3.46 hai. Alabama mein, ilinois, misauri, New York shahar, Tennessee aur varjeeniya, kaauntiyon aur shaharon cigarette ki keemat par ek atirikt seemit kar laagoo hain.[87] uchch kar dar ke kaaran new jersey mein cigarette ke ek ausat packet ki keemat $ 6.45 hai,[88][89] jo abhi bhi cigarette ke ek packet ki anumaanit baahya laagat se bhi kam hai.

kai deshon mein dhoomrapaan ki umr nirdhaarit hai, sanyukt raajya America sahit kai deshon, Europeeya sangh ke adhikaansh sadasya raajyon, New Zealand, Canada, dakshin Africa, isaraail, Bhaarat, Brazil, chili, kosta rika aur Australia mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko naabaaligon ko bechana avaidh hai aur Netherland, ostriya, Belgium, Denmark aur dakshin Africa mein 16 se kam aayu ke logon ko tambaakoo utpaad bechana avaidh hai. 1 sitmbar 2007 ko Germany mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko khareedne ki nyoonatam aayu badhaakar 16 se 18 kar di gayi aur usi ke saath saath great Britain mein bhi 1 October 2007 se yeh seema 16 se 18 kar di gayi.[98] sanyukt raajya America ke 50 mein se 46 raajyon mein nyoonatam aayu 18 varsh hai, Alabama, alaaska, new jersey ke alaava, yoota aur jahaan kaanooni umr 19 varsh hai (New York ke uttari raajya onondaga County ke saath hi saath New York ke lambe aaisalaind ki County sufafolk aur nassoo mein bhi).[krupaya uddharan jodein] kuchh deshon mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko (arthaat khareedne par) bachchon ko dene aur yahaan tak ki dhoomrapaan karne ke kaarya mein sanlagn bachchon ke khilaaf bhi kaanoon hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein] aise kaanoonon ki antarnihit dhaarana hai ki log tambaakoo ke istemaal ke jokhim ke baare mein jaankaar hi upayog ke sambandh mein nirnaya lein. in kaanoonon mein kuchh deshon aur raajyon ne ek dheela pravartan kiya hai. anya kshetron mein cigarette abhi bhi bachchon ko bech rahe hain kyonki ullanghan ke liye jurmaana kam hain ya tulanaatmak roop se bachchon ko bechana laabhakaarak hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] haalaanki cheen, Turkey aur kai anya deshon mein aam taur par ek bachche ko tambaakoo utpaadon ko khareedne mein kam mushkil ka saamana karna padta hai kyonki aksar unase apne maata-pita ke liye tambaakoo khareedne ke liye dukaan jaane ko kaha jaata hai.
In what can be considered as a near repeat of the 2006 pre-election build-up, the Politbureau of CPI-M impressed upon the state leadership to permit VS Achuthanandan to contest elections for the April 2011 Assembly election in Kerala.[16] VS Achuthanandan contested from the Malampuzha Constituency and won with a margin of around 25,000 votes. It was the VS factor that had created history in the 2011 elections with the Opposition front UDF winning the elections on the margin of 72-68 assembly seats. This is considered as loss for UDF as they were ahead in 100 constituencies during the 2009 Lok Sabha Election. After this election VS has been considered the man behind the Uprising of LDF after the 2009 Parliament and 2010 Municipal election loses.[17]
upakaran pravaah ka lekhan aur deebaging, digital design ka utpaadan karne waali companiyon mein ek sthaapit engineering visheshata hai. upakaran pravaah aam taur par ek vistrut computer faail ya faailon ke set mein mit jaata hai jo yeh varnan karta hai ki kaise laujik ka bhautik roop se nirmaan karein. ismein aksar ek ekeekrut paripth ya mudrit sarkit board par traanjistar aur taar kheenchne ke nirdesh shaamil hote hain.
isi tarah, 7-Eleven, ek nae sampark-mukt bhugataan pranaali ko badhaava dene ke liye MasterCard ke saath kaam kar raha hai. pareekshan mein shaamil hone vaalon ko ek maanaarth nokiya 3220 selafon diya jaata hai - sakriykaran ke baad, ise ek RFID saksham maastarkaard kredit card ke roop mein, duniya bhar ki 7-Eleven ki kisi bhi shrrunkhala mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai.[12]
RFID suraksha ko lekar ek praathamik chinta RFID taig ki avaidh traiking hai. taig, jo vaishvik roop se pathaneeya hain, ve niji sthaan gopaneeyata aur kaurporet/sainya suraksha, donon ke liye khatra paida kar rahe hain. is tarah ki chintaaen, ameriki raksha vibhaag dvaara haal mein aapoorti shrrunkhala prabandhan ke liye RFID taig ko apnaane se uthaai gayi hain.[63] aam taur par, gopaneeyata sangathanon ne electronic utpaad code (EPC) RFID taig ko upabhokta utpaadon mein sannihit karne ke chal rahe prayaason ke sandarbh mein chinta vyakt ki hai.
I Am Rahul Sankhala Founder of HAMARA VYAPAR this company part of Sankhala Services, which started in 2010. Income tax, SALES tax, service tax and all type business registration and all kinds of advice as a small firm in my life It was given in the firm and today even this work continues in this firm. In the beginning I have to face big difficulties in this work because people Due to being a new firm and not having my CA, my firm was afraid to work At that time, there was a little disappointment, but did not give up on the condition that today the condition of the smallest firm started with the help of the services, it has raised its rank very high..
1980 ke dashak mein kuchh shodhakartaaon ne paaya ki lagbhag sabhi tulyakaalik rajistar-transfer masheenon ko first-in-first-out tulyakaalan laujik ka upayog karke atulyakaalik dijaainon mein parivrtit kiya ja sakta tha. is yojana mein digital machine, ek data pravaah ke ek set ke roop mein pahachaani jaati hai. pravaah ke har kadam mein, ek atulyakaalik "tulyakaalan sarkit" nirdhaarit karta hai jab us step ka aautaput thos aur ek prastut sanket deta hai ki un stejon ko "deta ko pakado" jismein un stejon ke input mein prayog hua hai. iske liye kuchh apekshaakrut saral tulyakaalan sarkit ki aavashyakta hai.
richrd daul ne 1950 mein british medical journal mein anusandhaan prakaashit kiya jismein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech kareebi sambandh pradarshit kiya gaya.[35] chaar saal baad 1954 mein british doctoron ke adhyayan mein, jise 20 varshon tak lagbhag 40 hajaar doctoron ne kiya tha, is sujhaav ki pushti ki, jiske aadhaar par sarkaar ne salaah jaari ki ki dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ki dar ka aapasi sambandh hai.[5] isi tarah 1964 mein dhoomrapaan aur svaasthya par sanyukt raajya America ke surgeon general ki report dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech sambandh par sujhaav se shuroo hui.
POS store chekaaaut ke liye bhi RFID upayog ka prastaav kiya gaya hai jo khajaanchi ko ek svachaalit tantr se pratisthaapit karega jise kisi baarakod skaining ki jaroorat naheen hoti hai. poorv mein taig ki uchch laagat aur us vakt maujood POS proses praudyogiki ki vajah se yeh sambhav naheen tha. haalaanki, industry stainadard, ohiyo mein ek vastr ki dukaan aur rikaurding studio ne safalataapoorvak ek POS prakriya ko implemented kiya hai jo sampoorn lenaden ko apekshaakrut teji se karne ki anumati deti hai.
2006 mein RFID taig ko nae ameriki passport mein shaamil kiya gaya. America ne 2005 mein 10 million passport ka utpaadan kiya aur anumaan hai ki 2006 mein 13 million ka utpaadan kiya jaaega. smaaratraik dvaara nirmit chips ka jadaaoo kaarya vaisi hi jaankaari ko sanjo kar rakhega jaisa ki passport mein mudrit hota hai aur ismein maalik ki ek digital tasveer bhi shaamil hogi.[35] ameriki videsh vibhaag ne shuroo mein kaha ki chips ko keval 10 semi (4 inch) ki doori se padha ja sakega, lekin vyaapak aalochna aur spasht pradarshan ke baad yeh vishesh upakaran pareekshan passport ko 10 meter (33 foot) ki doori se padh sakta hai, in passport ki dijaain mein dhaatu ka ek astar hai jo anaadhikrut paathakon ke liye ismein se jaankaari "kheenchne" ko adhik kathin banaata hai jab passport band ho. yeh vibhaag besik ekses control (BAC) bhi laagoo karega jo passport deta prushth par mudrit aksharon ke roop mein ek vyaktigat pehchaan sankhya (PIN) ke roop mein kaarya karega. ek passport taig ko padhe jaane se pehle, is pin ko ek RFID reedar mein darj karna hoga. BAC chip aur prashnakarta ke beech ke kisi bhi samvaad ke enkripshan ko saksham banaata hai.[36]
Europeeya sangh mein 1991 se television without frantiyrs direktiv (1989)[93] ke tahat sabhi tambaakoo vigyaapan aur television par praayojan pratibandhit kar diya, is pratibandh ko television vigyaapan nideshaalaya dvaara vistaarit kiya gaya jo July 2005 ko amal mein aaya jismein media ke anya roopon ko bhi shaamil kar liya gaya jaise Internet, print media aur radio. yeh nirdesh cinemagharon mein vigyaapan, hording ya bikri ke prayog par - ya saanskrutik aayojanon, khel ki pratiyogitaaon par laagoo naheen hota, jo poori tarah sthaaneeya hote hain, jiske sahabhaagiyon mein keval ek sadasya raajya hota hai,[94] kyonki yeh sab Europeeya aayog ke kshetraadhikaar se baahar aata hai. tathaapi, adhikaansh sadasya nirdesh ko apne desh ke kaanoon ke anusaar sthaanaantarit kar dete hain unke kshetr ko vyaapak kar dete hain aur sthaaneeya vigyaapan lete karte hain. Europeeya aayog ki 2008 ki ek report ne nishkarsh nikaala ki nirdesh ka sabhi Europeeya sangh ke sadasya raajyon mein safalataapoorvak raashtreeya kaanoon mein sthaanaantaran ho gaya hai aurain kaanoonon ko achhi tarah se laagoo kiya gaya.[95]
dendaari lekhon mein, ek saadhaaran glati se adhik bhugataan ho sakta hai. ek saamaanya udaaharan mein dupleeket beejak shaamil hain. ek beejak asthaai roop se glat jagah rakha ja sakta hai ya abhi bhi anumodan star par ho sakti hai, jab vikreta uske bhugataan ki sthiti maaloom karne ke liye sampark karta hai. A/P staaf sadasya chhaan-been karta hai aur paata hai ki usaka bhugataan abhi naheen hua hai, to vikreta dupleeket beejak bhejata hai; is beech mool beejak ka pata chalta hai aur usaka bhugataan ho jaata hai. uske baad dupleeket beejak aata hai aur anajaane mein usaka bhi bhugataan ho jaata hai, shaayad kisi alag beejak sankhya ke adheen.
dendaari lekha ek aisa faail ya khaata hai, jismein vyakti ya company dvaara aapoortikrtaaon ko bakaaya, lekin ab tak adatt (karj ka ek roop) paisa hota hai. jab aapko beejak praapt hota hai, to aap use faail se jodte hain aur bhugataan karte samay use hataate hain. is prakaar, A/P rin ka ek aisa svaroop hai, jo aapoortikrta apne khreedaaron ko pesh karte hain, jiske jriye pehle se hi praapt kisi utpaad ya seva ke liye baad mein bhugataan anumat hota hai.
yadi kisi taig yukt vastu ka bhugataan kredit card ya ek lauyalti card ke upayog ke saath sanyojan ke roop mein kiya jaata hai, to paroksh roop se us vastu ki duniya bhar mein adviteeya ID (RFID taig mein samaahit) ko padh kar kreta ki pehchaan ko nikaalna sambhav ho jaaega. aisa tabhi sambhav hai jab dekhne vaale vyakti ke paas agar lauyalti card deta aur kredit card data tak abhigm bhi ho aur upakaran wala vyakti yeh jaanta ho ki aap kahaan jaane vaale hain.
August, 2004 mein, ohiyo punarvaas aur sudhaar vibhaag (ODRC) ne alaanko teknolaujeej ke kaarmik-traiking takaneek ke moolyaankan ke liye $415,000 karaar ko manjoori di. kaidi, kalaai par ghadeenuma traansameetar pahaneinge jo hataane ke prayaas ko jaan sakega aur jail ke computeron ko chetaavani dega. yeh pariyojana ameriki jailon mein chips traiking ki pehli ghatna naheen hai. Michigan, California aur ilinois mein suvidhaaen, pehle se hi is praudyogiki ko apanaae hue hain.

saans se kheenche gaye padaarthon tantrika ke sire ke ant mein raasaayanik pratikriyaaon ko shuroo karte hai. klonerjik riseptar aksar svaabhaavik roop se nyoorotraansameetar (neurotransmitter) esteelaklolaain(acetylcholine) se chaaloo hone vaale hain. Acetylcholine aur nikoteen raasaayanik samaanataaon ko vyakt karta hai jo nikoteen ko riseptar ke roop mein kaam karne ki anumati deta hai.[47] ye nikotinik acetylcholine riseptar keindreeya tantrika tantr mein sthit lagte hain aur tantrika-kankaal ki maansapeshiyon ki taakat jankshan par sakriya roop se dil ki gati, satarkata[10] aur pratikriya samay ko drut kar dete hain.[11] nikoteen acetylcholine uttejana pratyaksh taur par nashe ki lat naheen hai. haalaanki jaise hi dopaamaain se prachur maatra mein nyoorauns nikoteen riseptars pravaahit hote hain, dopaamaain pravaahit hota hai.[48] dopaamaain ke pravaahit hone se, jo aanand se juda hua hai adhik majaboot hota hai aur kaam karne ki smruti mein usase vruddhi ho sakti hai.[12][49] nikoteen aur kokeen nyoorauns ke samaan paitarn hain, jo ki is vichaar ka samarthan karte hain ki in maadak padaarthon ke beech aam adh:star sakriya hai.[50]
(function(){"use strict";function s(e){return"function"==typeof e||"object"==typeof e&&null!==e}function a(e){return"function"==typeof e}function l(e){X=e}function u(e){G=e}function c(){return function(){r.nextTick(p)}}function f(){var e=0,n=new ne(p),t=document.createTextNode("");return n.observe(t,{characterData:!0}),function(){t.data=e=++e%2}}function d(){var e=new MessageChannel;return e.port1.onmessage=p,function(){e.port2.postMessage(0)}}function h(){return function(){setTimeout(p,1)}}function p(){for(var e=0;et.length)&&(n=t.length),n-=e.length;var r=t.indexOf(e,n);return-1!==r&&r===n}),String.prototype.startsWith||(String.prototype.startsWith=function(e,n){return n=n||0,this.substr(n,e.length)===e}),String.prototype.trim||(String.prototype.trim=function(){return this.replace(/^[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+|[\s\uFEFF\xA0]+$/g,"")}),String.prototype.includes||(String.prototype.includes=function(e,n){"use strict";return"number"!=typeof n&&(n=0),!(n+e.length>this.length)&&-1!==this.indexOf(e,n)})},"./shared/require-global.js":function(e,n,t){e.exports=t("./shared/require-shim.js")},"./shared/require-shim.js":function(e,n,t){var r=t("./shared/errors.js"),i=(this.window,!1),o=null,s=null,a=new Promise(function(e,n){o=e,s=n}),l=function(e){if(!l.hasModule(e)){var n=new Error('Cannot find module "'+e+'"');throw n.code="MODULE_NOT_FOUND",n}return t("./"+e+".js")};l.loadChunk=function(e){return a.then(function(){return"main"==e?t.e("main").then(function(e){t("./main.js")}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe):"dev"==e?Promise.all([t.e("main"),t.e("dev")]).then(function(e){t("./shared/dev.js")}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe):"internal"==e?Promise.all([t.e("main"),t.e("internal"),t.e("qtext2"),t.e("dev")]).then(function(e){t("./internal.js")}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe):"ads_manager"==e?Promise.all([t.e("main"),t.e("ads_manager")]).then(function(e){undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined,undefined}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe):"publisher_dashboard"==e?t.e("publisher_dashboard").then(function(e){undefined,undefined}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe):"content_widgets"==e?Promise.all([t.e("main"),t.e("content_widgets")]).then(function(e){t("./content_widgets.iframe.js")}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe):void 0})},l.whenReady=function(e,n){Promise.all(window.webpackChunks.map(function(e){return l.loadChunk(e)})).then(function(){n()})},l.installPageProperties=function(e,n){window.Q.settings=e,window.Q.gating=n,i=!0,o()},l.assertPagePropertiesInstalled=function(){i||(s(),r.logJsError("installPageProperties","The install page properties promise was rejected in require-shim."))},l.prefetchAll=function(){t("./settings.js");Promise.all([t.e("main"),t.e("qtext2")]).then(function(){}.bind(null,t))["catch"](t.oe)},l.hasModule=function(e){return!!window.NODE_JS||t.m.hasOwnProperty("./"+e+".js")},l.execAll=function(){var e=Object.keys(t.m);try{for(var n=0;n=c?n():document.fonts.load(u(o,'"'+o.family+'"'),a).then(function(n){1<=n.length?e():setTimeout(t,25)},function(){n()})}t()});var w=new Promise(function(e,n){l=setTimeout(n,c)});Promise.race([w,m]).then(function(){clearTimeout(l),e(o)},function(){n(o)})}else t(function(){function t(){var n;(n=-1!=y&&-1!=g||-1!=y&&-1!=v||-1!=g&&-1!=v)&&((n=y!=g&&y!=v&&g!=v)||(null===f&&(n=/AppleWebKit\/([0-9]+)(?:\.([0-9]+))/.exec(window.navigator.userAgent),f=!!n&&(536>parseInt(n[1],10)||536===parseInt(n[1],10)&&11>=parseInt(n[2],10))),n=f&&(y==b&&g==b&&v==b||y==x&&g==x&&v==x||y==j&&g==j&&v==j)),n=!n),n&&(null!==_.parentNode&&_.parentNode.removeChild(_),clearTimeout(l),e(o))}function d(){if((new Date).getTime()-h>=c)null!==_.parentNode&&_.parentNode.removeChild(_),n(o);else{var e=document.hidden;!0!==e&&void 0!==e||(y=p.a.offsetWidth,g=m.a.offsetWidth,v=w.a.offsetWidth,t()),l=setTimeout(d,50)}}var p=new r(a),m=new r(a),w=new r(a),y=-1,g=-1,v=-1,b=-1,x=-1,j=-1,_=document.createElement("div");_.dir="ltr",i(p,u(o,"sans-serif")),i(m,u(o,"serif")),i(w,u(o,"monospace")),_.appendChild(p.a),_.appendChild(m.a),_.appendChild(w.a),document.body.appendChild(_),b=p.a.offsetWidth,x=m.a.offsetWidth,j=w.a.offsetWidth,d(),s(p,function(e){y=e,t()}),i(p,u(o,'"'+o.family+'",sans-serif')),s(m,function(e){g=e,t()}),i(m,u(o,'"'+o.family+'",serif')),s(w,function(e){v=e,t()}),i(w,u(o,'"'+o.family+'",monospace'))})})},void 0!==e?e.exports=a:(window.FontFaceObserver=a,window.FontFaceObserver.prototype.load=a.prototype.load)}()},"./third_party/tracekit.js":function(e,n){/**
electronic cigarette tambaakoo ke dhoomrapaan ka ek vaikalpik tareeka hai, haalaanki ismein tambaakoo ka sevan ekdam naheen kiya jaata. yeh ek baitari se chalne wala upakaran hai jo vaashpeekrut propilen glaaikol (propylene glycol)/ nikoteen ghol se nikoteen ki khuraak saans se andar bhejata hai. kaanooni aur saarvajanik svaasthya ki jaanch ke kai maamale vartamaan mein kai deshon mein lambit pade hain, jo iske kaaran apekshaakrut haal mein ubhare hain.
uttari America ka relarod udyog, RFID aadhaarit ek svachaalit upakaran pehchaan pranaali sanchaalit karta hai. engine aur roling stock do nishkriya RFID taig se lais hote hain (upakaran ke pratyek chhor par ek-ek laga hota hai); pratyek taig par kootit data, upakaranon ke maalik, gaadi sankhya, upakaranon ke prakaar, eksel ki sankhya aadi ki pehchaan karta hai. upakaran maalik aur car ke number ka upayog, ameriki relarod association ke car soochi daataabes se upakaranon ki bhautik visheshataaon ke baare mein adhik jaankaari nikaalne mein kiya ja sakta hai aur relarod ke niji detaabes se maal ke ladaan, mool, gantavya, aadi ki jaankaari praapt ki ja sakti hai.[20]
January, 2005 mein, Wall-Mart ne apne sheersh 100 aapoortikrtaaon ke liye sabhi ladaan par RFID lebal lagaana jaroori kar diya. is aavashyakta ko poora karne ke liye, vikretaaon ne dabbon aur pailet par jismein Wall-Mart ke liye EPC taig ki aavashyakta thi, lebal lagaane ke liye RFID printar/inakodar ka upayog kiya. ye smart lebal, saamagri ke andar RFID inlej jad kar aur uske baad lebal ki satah par baar code aur dikhaai dene waali anya jaankaari mudrit kar ke nirmit kiye gaye hain.
×