dhoomrapaan ki shurooaat jyaadaatar kishoraavastha ya kishoraavastha ke aarambhik daur mein hoti hai. dhoomrapaan mein jokhim ke tatv aur vidroh hota hai, jo ki aksar yuva logon ko aakarshit karta hai. uchch star ke model aur saathiyon ki upasthiti bhi dhoomrapaan karne ko protsaahit kar sakti hai. choonki kishor vayaskon ki tulana mein apne saathiyon se adhik prabhaavit hote hain isliye maata-pita, school tatha svaasthya peshevar in logon ke cigarette peene ke prayaas ko rokane mein aksar asafal hote hain.[58][59]

kisi sansthaan mein jama aisa vyaapaarik agrim jiske mad mein jamaakarta ko na to koi maal diya gaya ho aur na usaki koi vyaapaarik seva ki gayi ho us sansthaan ke liya deya dhan hai. yeh rakam sansthaan mein deya khaate mein ankit ki jaati hai. svaami, saajhedaaron, sanchaalakon tatha karmachaariyon dvaara sansthaan ko diya gaya rin is khaate mein pravishti naheen paata. vah ek alag deya rinakhaate mein ankit kiya jaata hai. deya khaata vyaapaarik agrim ka khaata hai. vah sansthaan ke liye deya to hai par vah rin naheen hai isliye iski svatantr sthiti hai. vyaapaar se sambaddh agrim jama raashi maatr ka ismein ankan hota hai. theek yahi sthiti sansthaan dvaara diye gaye vyaapaarik agrim ki hai. vah dhanaraashi jo agrim ke roop mein anya kisi vyaapaarik sansthaan ko di gayi ho aur uske mad mein na to koi maal aaya ho aur na anya vyaapaarik seva li gayi ho sansthaan ke praapya khaate mein daali jaati hai. jiske naam yeh raashi praapya khaate mein daali jaati hai vah sansthaan apne yahaaain is rakam ko deya khaate mein daalata hai.
RFID praudyogiki ke upayog ne kaafi vivaad ko janm diya aur yahaan tak ki upabhokta gopaneeyata pairokaaron dvaara utpaad bahishkaar bhi hua. CASPIAN (kanjyoomar ageinst suparamaarket praaivesi invejn end nambaring) ki sah-sansthaapak Cathrine albrekt aur lij maikintaayar is praudyogiki ki do pramukh aalochak hain jo RFID taig ka ullekh "spaaichips" ke roop mein karti hain. RFID sambandhit do mukhya gopaneeyata chintaaen hain:
baharahaal, pathan seema, reedar aur taig, donon ka hi ek kaarya hai. praudyogiki ke kshetr mein sudhaar se taig ki pathan seema mein vruddhi ki ja sakti hai. reedar ke taig ke bahut paas hone se kam doori ke taig pathaneeya ho jaate hain. aam taur par, ek taig ki pathan seema ko reedar se utani doori par seemit kiya jaata hai jis par taig, reedar kshetr se taig ko niyantrit karne ke liye paryaapt oorja kheench sake. ek reedar ki shakti ko badhaakar, taig ko unke liye niyat doori se adhik door se padha ja sakta hai. pathan doori par seema, tab reedar ko taig se vaapas bheje gaye sanket ka signal-tu-nauej anupaat ban jaata hai. do suraksha sammelanon mein shodhakartaaon ne dikhaaya ki nishkriya Ultra-HighFID taig, ameriki passport mein prayukt HighFID prakaar vaale naheen, jo aamtaur par 30 feet tak padhe jaate hain, upayukt upakaranon ke upayog dvaara 50-69 foot ki doori se padhe ja sakte hain.[73][74]
According to General Pakravan, "The ayatollah used to say in this very flowery Eastern way, 'Timsar [General], I count the days until we reach the day of our luncheon.'" He described the ayatollah as, very handsome, someone with extraordinary presence, a power of seduction and great charisma. They talked about religion, philosophy, and history. General Pakravan also found him to be very ambitious and secretive. "So much so that it made my hair stand on end. It was frightening," he told his wife.
saans se kheenche gaye padaarthon tantrika ke sire ke ant mein raasaayanik pratikriyaaon ko shuroo karte hai. klonerjik riseptar aksar svaabhaavik roop se nyoorotraansameetar (neurotransmitter) esteelaklolaain(acetylcholine) se chaaloo hone vaale hain. Acetylcholine aur nikoteen raasaayanik samaanataaon ko vyakt karta hai jo nikoteen ko riseptar ke roop mein kaam karne ki anumati deta hai.[47] ye nikotinik acetylcholine riseptar keindreeya tantrika tantr mein sthit lagte hain aur tantrika-kankaal ki maansapeshiyon ki taakat jankshan par sakriya roop se dil ki gati, satarkata[10] aur pratikriya samay ko drut kar dete hain.[11] nikoteen acetylcholine uttejana pratyaksh taur par nashe ki lat naheen hai. haalaanki jaise hi dopaamaain se prachur maatra mein nyoorauns nikoteen riseptars pravaahit hote hain, dopaamaain pravaahit hota hai.[48] dopaamaain ke pravaahit hone se, jo aanand se juda hua hai adhik majaboot hota hai aur kaam karne ki smruti mein usase vruddhi ho sakti hai.[12][49] nikoteen aur kokeen nyoorauns ke samaan paitarn hain, jo ki is vichaar ka samarthan karte hain ki in maadak padaarthon ke beech aam adh:star sakriya hai.[50]
nishkriya aur sakriya RFID system ka istemaal sadak ke baahar ke khelon mein hota hai jaise oriyenatiaring, endyooro heyar end haaunds resing. chaalakon par ek traansapondar laga hota hai, aamtaur par unke haath par. jab ve ek laip poora karte hain to ve svaaip karte hain ya riseevar ko chhoote hain jo ek computer se juda hota hai aur unke laip samay ko darj karta hai. kaaseemo group limited aisi pranaali bechata hai, jaisa ki sveedan ka SportIdent. RFID ko kai bharti agencyon dvaara anukoolit kiya ja raha hai jinme unki arhak prakriya ke roop mein ek PET hai (fijikl endyoreins test), vishesh roop se un maamalon mein jahaan ummeedavaaron ki sankhya laakhon mein ho (bhaarateeya railway bharti prabhaag, police aur bijli kshetr). ek bhaarateeya software company, software aautasorsing sarvises ne is pranaali ko pehli baar UHF taig ka upayog karte hue isi uddeshya ke liye sateek banaaya hai aur ve pratidin 30,000 se jyaada ummeedavaaron ko chhaantane mein saksham hain.

V.S started his early political life by organising the agricultural workers in Kuttanadu. He was a well dedicated organizer of coir factory workers at the age of 16 under A.K. Gopalan and A.V. Kunjambu. Even though V.S. Achuthanandan lacked formal education, he was noted for his simplicity, dedication and deep reading. He was initiated into the political movement by P. Krishna Pillai. Later he participated in the freedom movement and the Communist Movement. V.S was in the forefront of the Punnapra-Vayalar uprising and Freedom Struggle against the policies for C.P Ramaswamy Iyer, Divan of Travancore who wanted to establish an American model government in Travancore. He was arrested on 28 October 1946 and was taken to Poonjar police station. He was beaten up severely in the lock – up. Policemen pierced his sole in both legs with bayonet. V.S spent five and half years in jails and four years underground during his political life.
kai dhoomrapaan virodhi sangathanon ka daava hai ki kishor apne hamaumr ke saathiyon ke dabaav tatha doston ke pade saanskrutik prabhaav ke kaaran dhoomrapaan shuroo karte hain. haalaanki, ek adhyayan mein paaya gaya hai ki cigarette peene ka pratyaksh dabaav kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika naheen nibhaata hai. is adhyayan mein yeh bhi report hai ki kishoraavastha mein cigarette peene ke nirdeshaatmak aur pratyaksh donon tarah ke dabaav kam hote hain.[62] aise hi ek adhyayan se pata chala hai ki koi vyakti dhoomrapaan mein usase adhik sakriya bhoomika nibha sakta hai jiski bhoomika pehle sveekaar ki gayi hai aur saathiyon ke dabaav ki tulana mein anya saamaajik prakriyaaon par bhi dhyaan diye jaane ki aavashyakta hai.[63] ek anya adhyayan ke parinaamon se pata chala hai ki saathiyon ke dabaav mein sabhi aayu aur ling ke dal ke dhoomrapaan vyavahaar mahatvapoorn dhang se jude the, lekin ve antaravaiyaktik kaarak kaafi adhik mahatvapoorn the jo 12-13 varsh ki ladkiyon ki tulana mein usi umr ke ladkon ke dhoomrapaan vyavahaar ko alag karta hai. 14-15 saal ke bheetar ke aayu samooh ke logon mein apne saathiyon ke dhoomrapaan ke dabaav ka prabhaav ladkon ki tulana mein ladkiyon par adhik padna ek mahatvapoorn kaarak ke roop mein ubhara.[64] aksar is baat par bahas hoti hai ki kya saathiyon ke dabaav ya swayam chayan kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan ka ek bada kaaran hai. yeh tark ka vishay hai ki saathiyon ke dabaav ka ulta bhi sach hai, jab saathiyon mein se jyaadaatar dhoomrapaan naheen karte hain aur jo aisa karne vaalon ko bahishkrut kar dete hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]hains aaiseink jaise manovaijnyaaanikon ne vishisht dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ke liye ek vyaktitv vikaas profaail kiya hai.
Xero Beautiful Accounting Software is a cloud-based accounting software for small and mid-sized businesses. It's product are based on the software as a service (SaaS) model and sold by subscription , based on the type and number of company entities managed by the subscriber. Xero accounting software is accessible from any computer or mobile device , making for a smarter , easier accounting process.
donon ke paas hi aankade seemit hain. rog niyantran aur rokathaam kendra (the seintars for dijeej control end prijrveshan) ne 2002 mein prakaashit apne anusandhaan mein daava kiya hai ki sanyukt raajya America mein beche gaye ek packet cigarette par chikitsa dekhbhaal aur utpaadak hraas par 7 dollar se adhik ki laagat aati hai.[70] laagat aur adhik ho sakti hai jabki ek anya adhyayan mein use prati packet par $ 41 ki laagat bataayi hai, jinmein se jyaadaatar vyaktigat aur usaki/ uske parivaar ko vahan karna padta hai.[71] is tarah se ek anya aur adhyayan ke lekhak doosaron ke liye bahut kam laagat bataate hue kehte hain: "sankhya ke kam hone ka kaaran niji peinshan, saamaajik suraksha aur chikitsa hai- kharch ki ganana mein sabse bada kaarak samaaj hai- dhoomrapaan vaastav mein paise bachaata hai. dhoomrapaan karne vaale kam umr mein mar jaate hain aur ve vah dhan naheen uthaate jo un pranaaliyon se unhein bhugataan kiye jaate.[71]
dendaari lekhe ek saamarik, moolya-yojit lekha kaarya hai, jo ek sangathan mein praathamik bina vetan-chitthe ke vitran kaarya sampann karta hai. at: AP parichaalan, sangathan ke vitteeya chakr mein ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaata hai. AP sangathan ko sampoorn dendaari prakriya ke prabhaav ke moolyaankan aur sudhaar hetu, vyavasthit aur anushaasit drushtikon ke jriye apne uddeshyon ko poora karne mein saksham banaata hai. paaramparik AP gatividhiyon ke alaava, jismein anya paksh ikaaiyon (aapoortikrta, vikreta, kar praadhikaari, aadi.) ki deyataaon ko sveekaara jaata hai aur company aur aapoortikrtaaon ke beech sahamat rin neetiyon ke aadhaar par bhugataan kiya jaata hai, vartamaan AP vibhaagon ne dhokhaadhadi nivaaran, laagat mein kami, kaaryapravaah pranaali samaadhaan, nakadi pravaah prabandhan, aantarik niyantran tatha vikreta (saplaai chen) vitt poshan samet aur bhi vyaapak bhoomikaaon ko grahan kiya hai .[3]
haai-freekveinsi RFID ya HFID/HighFID taig pustakaalaya ki pustakon ya kitaabon ki dukaan ki traiking, gahanon ki traiking, pailet traiking, abhigm niyantran nirmaan, airline saamaan traiking aur paridhaan aur davaaon ki traiking. haai-freekveinsi taig, vyaapak roop se pehchaan baij mein prayukt hote hain jinhonne pehle ke maignetik-straaip card ka sthaan liya. dhaarak ko pramaanit karne ke liye in baij ko reedar se ek nishchit doori ke bheetar rakhana hota hai. American express blue kredit card mein ab ek HighFID taig shaamil hai. fravari 2008 mein, ameeraat airline ne London aur dubai havaai addon par RFID saamaan traiking ka pareekshan shuroo kiya.

Prabhakar married Nirmala Sitaraman in 1986. They have a daughter. His mother was Congress MLA in Andhra Pradesh, while his father Parakala Seshavatharam was a long time Legislator and served in three successive Cabinets in the state of Andhra Pradesh in the 1970s and early 1980s. Parakala took his doctorate from London School of Economics. He did his Master of Arts (M.A.) and Master of Philosophy (M.Phil) from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi.


kai deshon mein dhoomrapaan ki umr nirdhaarit hai, sanyukt raajya America sahit kai deshon, Europeeya sangh ke adhikaansh sadasya raajyon, New Zealand, Canada, dakshin Africa, isaraail, Bhaarat, Brazil, chili, kosta rika aur Australia mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko naabaaligon ko bechana avaidh hai aur Netherland, ostriya, Belgium, Denmark aur dakshin Africa mein 16 se kam aayu ke logon ko tambaakoo utpaad bechana avaidh hai. 1 sitmbar 2007 ko Germany mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko khareedne ki nyoonatam aayu badhaakar 16 se 18 kar di gayi aur usi ke saath saath great Britain mein bhi 1 October 2007 se yeh seema 16 se 18 kar di gayi.[98] sanyukt raajya America ke 50 mein se 46 raajyon mein nyoonatam aayu 18 varsh hai, Alabama, alaaska, new jersey ke alaava, yoota aur jahaan kaanooni umr 19 varsh hai (New York ke uttari raajya onondaga County ke saath hi saath New York ke lambe aaisalaind ki County sufafolk aur nassoo mein bhi).[krupaya uddharan jodein] kuchh deshon mein tambaakoo utpaadon ko (arthaat khareedne par) bachchon ko dene aur yahaan tak ki dhoomrapaan karne ke kaarya mein sanlagn bachchon ke khilaaf bhi kaanoon hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein] aise kaanoonon ki antarnihit dhaarana hai ki log tambaakoo ke istemaal ke jokhim ke baare mein jaankaar hi upayog ke sambandh mein nirnaya lein. in kaanoonon mein kuchh deshon aur raajyon ne ek dheela pravartan kiya hai. anya kshetron mein cigarette abhi bhi bachchon ko bech rahe hain kyonki ullanghan ke liye jurmaana kam hain ya tulanaatmak roop se bachchon ko bechana laabhakaarak hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] haalaanki cheen, Turkey aur kai anya deshon mein aam taur par ek bachche ko tambaakoo utpaadon ko khareedne mein kam mushkil ka saamana karna padta hai kyonki aksar unase apne maata-pita ke liye tambaakoo khareedne ke liye dukaan jaane ko kaha jaata hai.
richrd daul ne 1950 mein british medical journal mein anusandhaan prakaashit kiya jismein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech kareebi sambandh pradarshit kiya gaya.[35] chaar saal baad 1954 mein british doctoron ke adhyayan mein, jise 20 varshon tak lagbhag 40 hajaar doctoron ne kiya tha, is sujhaav ki pushti ki, jiske aadhaar par sarkaar ne salaah jaari ki ki dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ki dar ka aapasi sambandh hai.[5] isi tarah 1964 mein dhoomrapaan aur svaasthya par sanyukt raajya America ke surgeon general ki report dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech sambandh par sujhaav se shuroo hui.
hamane pahale se hee sanvardhit vaastavikata (eaar) aur aabhaasee vaastavikata (veeaar) praudyogikee ke lie 2016 mein kuchh pramukh kadamon ko dekha hai. okulas ripht ko sakaaraatmak risepshan ke lie jaaree kiya gaya tha, aur hajaaron veeaar aips aur gems ka paalan kiya gaya tha. hamane piksamon go bhee dekha, eaar gem, 100 miliyan se adhik daunalod ke saath visphot kiya. baajaar eaar aur veeaar ke lie taiyaar hai, aur in epleekeshans ke lie hamaare paas pahale se shuruaatee stareey upakaran aur tek mil chuke hain, lekin isase pahale ki ham cheejen sachamuch le jaenge, agale saal hone ja rahe hain. ek baar ve karate hain, aapako vyaavahaarik roop se har cheej ke eaar aur veeaar sanskaranon ke lie taiyaar rahana hoga- aur paalan karane ke lie paryaapt vipanan avasaron ka paalan karana hoga.

do saal baad vaal street journal ne "Wall-maarts radio-traikd inveintari hits stetik" naamak lekh prakaashit kiya. lekh ne kaha ki Wall-Mart dvaara ullikhit RFID yojana "asafalata ke lakshan dikha rahi hai" jiska kaaran hai Wall-Mart ke adhikaariyon dvaara is praudyogiki ko apni dukaanon par praarambh karne mein aur aapoortikrtaaon ke liye astitvaheen protsaahanon ko shuroo karne mein asafalata.
RFID ke kai pustakaalaya anuprayog hain jo atyadhik laabhakaari ho sakte hain vishesh roop se parisancharan karmachaariyon ke liye. choonki RFID taig ko kisi vastu ke andar se bhi padha ja sakta hai, kisi saamagri ko scan karne ke liye kisi kitaab ke aavaran ya DVD ke khol ko kholne ki jaroorat naheen hai. isse ripteeteev motion injureej ko kam kiya ja sakta hai. jahaan pustakon ke oopar ek baarakod hai, vahaan abhi bhi yeh suvidha hai ki lenevaale ek kitaab ko ek baar mein karne ki bajaae, pustakon ke ek poore dher ko ek baar mein scan kar sakte hain. choonki RFID taig ko gati mein bhi padha ja sakta hai, RFID reedar ka upayog lautaai gayi saamagri ki kanveyar belt par rahate hue jaanch karne se karmachaari samay mein bachat hoti hai. lekin, jaisa ki baarakod ke saath hai, yeh sabhi lenevaalon ke dvaara swayam hi kiya ja sakta hai jiska arth hua ki unhein fir kabhi karmachaariyon ki sahaayata ki jaroorat na ho. ek nishchit sthaan ke in reedar ke alaava portebal reedar bhi hain (laaibreriyn ke liye, lekin bhavishya mein sanbhavat: lenevaalon ke liye bhi, sanbhavat: yahaan tak ki unke swayam ke saamaanya-uddeshya vaale reedar). in sab ke saath, vastusoochi ko kuchh second ke bheetar, saamagri ke ek poore shelf par kiya ja sakega, jiske tahat ek bhi pustak ko aalamaari se hataana naheen padega.[30]. amyo, sveedan mein, RFID ka istemaal netraheenon ke liye shravya pustakein lene ke liye kiya jaata hai.[31] Malaysia mein, malteemeediya university laaibreri, saaibarajaya mein pustakon ka sateek sthaan ingit karne ke liye smart shelvs ka prayog kiya jaata hai.[32] Netherland mein, haath mein pakade jaane vaale reedar ko is uddeshya ke liye shuroo kiya gaya hai.
In 2006 Parakala contested the for the Graduates constituency of East and West Godavari Districts of the newly constituted Legislative Council of the state. He polled about 12,000 first preference votes but narrowly missed to make it to the second round in the single transferable preferential voting system. That was the fourth electoral defeat of Parakala. That election also led to Parakala breaking away from BJP. Parakala claimed that there was an informal understanding between him and the party leadership that he would contest as an independent candidate as the election was not fought on party symbols. This was a tactical move necessary to attract voters who were antagonistic to BJP among the educated sections. He claimed that the party reneged on the agreement and put up an official candidate. Parakala resigned from BJP and went ahead with the campaign. In the event the official BJP candidate did not poll more than 200 votes while Parakala polled over 12,000 first preference votes.
ek audio deta mein singal-bit truti seedhe leeniyr pals code modyuleshan (jaise ek CD-ROM par) ke roop mein store ho jaane se ek singal klik se varst ho jaata hai. iske bajaay bahut se log storej space aur daaunalod samay ko surakshit karne ke liye audio kampreshan ka upayog karte hain kyonki ek ekal bit truti bhi poore gaane ko karapt kar sakta hai.

ek baar input deta ko sahi maanane ke baad, khud dijaain ko abhi bhi shuddhata ke liye satyaapit kiya jaana chaahiye. kuchh upakaran pravaah, pehle ek dijaain ke utpaadan dvaara design ki pushti karte hain aur fir upakaran pravaah ke liye sangat input deta ke utpaadan ke liye design ki skaining karte hain. yadi scan kiya hua deta, input deta ke saath mel khaata hai, to upakaran pravaah ne shaayad koi trutiyaan pesh naheen ki.
poorvi uttar ameriki janajaatiyaan vyaapaar ke ek sahaj sveekaar taiyaar mad ke roop mein tambaakoo ke paauch ka badi maatra mein apne paas rakhate hain aur aksar pipe se dhoomrapaan karte hain, chaahe vah paribhaashit samaaroh ho jise pavitra maana jaata hai ya saude ko pakka karne ke liye[17] aur ve ise jeevan ke sabhi charanon sabhi avsaron par peete hain, yahaan tak ki bachapan mein bhi.[18][page needed] aisi maanyata hai ki tambaakoo is jagat ke nirmaata se mila ek ek upahaar tha aur tambaakoo ke kash se nikla dhuaan us vyakti vishesh ke vichaaron aur praarthanaaon ko svarg tak le ja paane mein saksham hai.[19]
RFID praudyogiki ke kai upayogon mein se ek hai unka pustakaalayon mein prayog. is praudyogiki ne dheere-dheere pustakaalaya ki cheejon par (kitaabein, CD, DVD, aadi) paaramparik baarakod ki jagah lena shuroo kar diya hai. RFID taig mein pehchaan sambandhit jaankaari ho sakti hai jaise ek pustak ka sheershak ya saamagri prakaar, jiske tahat ek alag daataabes ki or ishaara karne ki aavashyakta naheen hogi (lekin yeh uttar America mein durlabh hai). yeh jaankaari ek RFID reedar dvaara padhi jaati hai, jo maanak baarakod reedar ko jo saamaanyat: ek pustakaalaya ki sanchalan mej par paaya jaata hai, pratisthaapit karta hai. pustakaalaya saamagri par paaya jaane wala RFID taig aamtaur par uttar America mein 50 mm X 50 mm aur Europe mein 50 mm x 75 mm ke naap ka hota hai. ise baarakod ki jagah ya usamein shaamil kiya ja sakta hai, jo staaf ko soochi prabandhan ka ek alag tareeka aur lene vaalon ko swayam seva pradaan karega. yeh ek suraksha upakaran ke roop mein bhi kaarya kar sakte hain aur paramparaagat vidyut chumbakeeya patti[28] ki jagah le sakte hain aur na keval kitaabein, balki sadasyata card mein bhi ek RFID taig lagaaya ja sakta hai.
sarkaarein, yaataayaat prabandhan ke liye RFID anuprayogon ka upayog karti hain, jabki motor vaahan companiyaan, utpaad prabandhan ke liye vibhinn RFID traiking samaadhaan ka upayog karti hain. in samaadhaanon mein se kai, bhavishya mein ek saath kaam kar sakte hain, haalaanki gopaneeyata niyam kai pahal ko us gati mein aage badhne se rokate hain jiski takaneek anumati deta hai.
January, 2005 mein, Wall-Mart ne apne sheersh 100 aapoortikrtaaon ke liye sabhi ladaan par RFID lebal lagaana jaroori kar diya. is aavashyakta ko poora karne ke liye, vikretaaon ne dabbon aur pailet par jismein Wall-Mart ke liye EPC taig ki aavashyakta thi, lebal lagaane ke liye RFID printar/inakodar ka upayog kiya. ye smart lebal, saamagri ke andar RFID inlej jad kar aur uske baad lebal ki satah par baar code aur dikhaai dene waali anya jaankaari mudrit kar ke nirmit kiye gaye hain.

kai adhyayanon ne yeh sthaapana ki hai ki cigarette ki bikri aur dhoomrapaan ke upayog ke samay sambandhi dhaanche alag hain. udaaharan ke liye, sanyukt raajya America mein cigarette ki bikri ka dhaancha kaafi had tak mausam se juda hua hai, garmi ke maheene mein iski bikri kaafi badh jaati hai, jabki sardiyon mein iski khapat kam ho jaati hai.[68]
choonki ve ek aisi gatividhi mein lipt hote hain jiska svaasthya par nakaaraatmak prabhaav padta hai, at: aise log jo log dhoomrapaan karte hain, ve apne vyavahaar ko yuktisangat banaane ke liye prayatnashali rahate hain. doosare shabdon mein ve sveekaaryata viksit karte hain, jaroori naheen ki unke paas yeh taarkik kaaran ho ki unke liye dhoomrapaan ki sveekaaryata kyon hai. udaaharan ke liye, ek dhoomrapaan karne wala apne vyavahaar ka auchitya yeh kehkar saabit kar sakta hai ki har koi marata hai aur isliye vaastav mein cigarette kuchh bhi naheen badalti. ya ek vyakti auchitya saabit karne ke liye yeh vishvaas jata sakta hai ki dhoomrapaan tanaav se raahat ya anya laabh dilaata hai. is prakaar ki maanyataaenchinta se rokati hain aur log dhoomrapaan jaari rakhate hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
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Parakala is a trained political economist. After his return from the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1991 summer, he established a policy and research consultancy and by name Centre for Public Policy Studies (CPPS). He led the Centre as its director. CPPS worked for governments, both union and state, and undertook many evaluation studies for inter-governmental organisations such as Unicef, ILO, UNDP, WTO etc. CPPS also undertook public opinion polls and election analyses. CPPS is now made into a private limited company with the name RightFOLIO. RightFOLIO has a large portfolio: political analysis, election studies, Communications, Conferences, Brand Consulting, and Human Resource consulting. Parakala is now heading RightFOLIO as its Managing director.
January 2004 mein, CASPIAN ke gopaneeyata ke pairokaar aur jarman gopaneeyata samooh FoeBuD ko Germany mein METRO future store mein aamantrit kiya gaya, jahaan ek RFID pilot pariyojana laagoo ki gayi thi. sanyog se yeh khulaasa hua ki METRO "pebaik" graahak lauyalti card mein graahak ID vaale RFID taig shaamil the, ek tathya jise na to card praapt karne vaale graahakon ko bataaya gaya aur na hi gopaneeyata ke pairokaar is samooh ko. yeh METRO dvaara is aashvaasan ke baavajood hua ki kisi graahak pehchaan deta ko track naheen kiya ja raha hai aur sabhi RFID upayog ko spasht roop se bataaya gaya hai.[75]
August, 2004 mein, ohiyo punarvaas aur sudhaar vibhaag (ODRC) ne alaanko teknolaujeej ke kaarmik-traiking takaneek ke moolyaankan ke liye $415,000 karaar ko manjoori di. kaidi, kalaai par ghadeenuma traansameetar pahaneinge jo hataane ke prayaas ko jaan sakega aur jail ke computeron ko chetaavani dega. yeh pariyojana ameriki jailon mein chips traiking ki pehli ghatna naheen hai. Michigan, California aur ilinois mein suvidhaaen, pehle se hi is praudyogiki ko apanaae hue hain.
kuchh dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ka tark hai ki dhoomrapaan ke avasaadak ka prabhaav unki nason ko shaant karta hai, aksar ekaagrata badhaane mein madad karta hai. haalaanki inpeeriyl college London ke anusaar, "nikoteen uttejak aur avasaad donon ka prabhaav dene lagta hai aur yeh sambhaavana hai ki yeh prabhaav kisi bhi samay upayogakarta ki manosthiti, paryaavaran aur upayog ki paristhitiyon dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. adhyayan mein yeh bhi sujhaav diya gaya hai ki kam khuraak ka ek avasaadak prabhaav hai, jabki jyaada khuraak lene ka uttejak prabhaav hota hai.[67] tathaapi nikoteen ke upayog ke prabhaav aur nikoteen chhodne ke prabhaav ko alag karna asambhav hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
dhoomrapaan karne vaale maata pita ke bachchon mein gair dhoomrapaan karne vaale maata-pita ke bachchon se dhoomrapaan karne ki sambhaavana adhik hoti hai. ek adhyayan mein paaya gaya hai ki maata pita ke dhoomrapaan chhodne ka sambandh kishoraavastha mein kam dhoomrapaan se hai, sivaaya tab jab doosare maata pita vartamaan mein dhoomrapaan karte hon.[60] ek maujooda adhyayan ke pareekshan mein paaya gaya hai ki dhoomrapaan ke niyman ke maamale mein kishoraavastha mein dhoomrapaan ka sambandh ghar mein vayaskon ko dhoomrapaan ki anumati se hai. parinaam bataate hain ki ghar mein dhoomrapaan sambandhi pratibandhaatmak neetiyaan maadhyamik aur uchch vidyaalaya ke chhaatron ke dhoomrapaan ki koshish ki kam sambhaavana ke saath jude hain.[61]
Categories: 1923 birthsChief Ministers of KeralaCommunist Party of India (Marxist) politicians from KeralaIndian atheistsLiving peopleMalayali politiciansKerala politiciansIndian independence activists from KeralaTrade unionists from KeralaLeaders of the Opposition in KeralaChief ministers from Communist Party of India (Marxist)People from Alappuzha districtKerala MLAs 1967–70Kerala MLAs 1970–77Kerala MLAs 1991–96Kerala MLAs 2001–06Kerala MLAs 2006–11Kerala MLAs 2011–16
ekeekrut paripthon ki vruddhi ke saath, prayukt chips ki nirpeksh sankhya ko kam karne se laagat bachaane ka ek aur tareeka pesh hua. ek designer ka lakshya sirf aasaan sarkit banaana naheen hai, balki ghatak ki ginti kam rakhana hai. kabhi-kabhi yeh antarnihit digital laujik ke sambandh mein thode adhik jatil dijaain mein parint hota hai, lekin fir bhi ghatakon ki sankhya, board aakaar aur yahaan tak ki bijli ki khapat ko kam kar deta hai.

choonki ve ek aisi gatividhi mein lipt hote hain jiska svaasthya par nakaaraatmak prabhaav padta hai, at: aise log jo log dhoomrapaan karte hain, ve apne vyavahaar ko yuktisangat banaane ke liye prayatnashali rahate hain. doosare shabdon mein ve sveekaaryata viksit karte hain, jaroori naheen ki unke paas yeh taarkik kaaran ho ki unke liye dhoomrapaan ki sveekaaryata kyon hai. udaaharan ke liye, ek dhoomrapaan karne wala apne vyavahaar ka auchitya yeh kehkar saabit kar sakta hai ki har koi marata hai aur isliye vaastav mein cigarette kuchh bhi naheen badalti. ya ek vyakti auchitya saabit karne ke liye yeh vishvaas jata sakta hai ki dhoomrapaan tanaav se raahat ya anya laabh dilaata hai. is prakaar ki maanyataaenchinta se rokati hain aur log dhoomrapaan jaari rakhate hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
Europeeya sangh mein 1991 se television without frantiyrs direktiv (1989)[93] ke tahat sabhi tambaakoo vigyaapan aur television par praayojan pratibandhit kar diya, is pratibandh ko television vigyaapan nideshaalaya dvaara vistaarit kiya gaya jo July 2005 ko amal mein aaya jismein media ke anya roopon ko bhi shaamil kar liya gaya jaise Internet, print media aur radio. yeh nirdesh cinemagharon mein vigyaapan, hording ya bikri ke prayog par - ya saanskrutik aayojanon, khel ki pratiyogitaaon par laagoo naheen hota, jo poori tarah sthaaneeya hote hain, jiske sahabhaagiyon mein keval ek sadasya raajya hota hai,[94] kyonki yeh sab Europeeya aayog ke kshetraadhikaar se baahar aata hai. tathaapi, adhikaansh sadasya nirdesh ko apne desh ke kaanoon ke anusaar sthaanaantarit kar dete hain unke kshetr ko vyaapak kar dete hain aur sthaaneeya vigyaapan lete karte hain. Europeeya aayog ki 2008 ki ek report ne nishkarsh nikaala ki nirdesh ka sabhi Europeeya sangh ke sadasya raajyon mein safalataapoorvak raashtreeya kaanoon mein sthaanaantaran ho gaya hai aurain kaanoonon ko achhi tarah se laagoo kiya gaya.[95]
aam taur par teen prakaar ke RFID taig hote hain: sakriya RFID taig, jismein ek baitari hoti hai aur ye sanketon ko svatantr roop se sanchaarit kar sakte hain, nishkriya RFID taig, jismein baitari naheen hoti aur sanket sancharan prerit karne ke liye ek baahari srot ki jaroorat hoti hai aur baitari samarthit nishkriya (BAP) jise jaagane ke liye baahari srot ki aavashyakta hai lekin ismein mahatvapoorn uchch fauravard link kshamata hai jo atyadhik pathan seema pradaan karta hai.
gharelu svaasthya dhokhaadhadi ka mukaabala karne ke liye, Medicare end Medicaid sarvises ne haal hi mein gharelu svaasthya dekhbhaal udyog ki jaanch karne ki ghoshana ki. March 2009 mein, New York mein ek tikaaoo chikitsa upakaran aapoortikrta, eleet medical saplaai, chikitsa dhokhaadhadi se ladne ke liye hastaakshar karne vaalon mein pratham tha. unhonne is prakriya ko aage badhaane ke liye CYBRA ke EdgeMagic RFID aur baar code software ka chayan kiya. [11]
vivotek ke sanyojan mein dairy queen ne bhi apne nae vafaadaari aur puraskaar kaaryakram ke hisse ke roop mein mobile phone par RFIDs ka prayog shuroo kar diya hai. apne phone par lagaane ke liye sanrakshak, ek RFID taig praapt kar sakte hain. sakriyn ke baad, phone mein pronnati aur koopan praapt honge, jise vivotek ke vishesh NFC upakaranon ke dvaara padha ja sakta hai.

mobile kanpyooting aur web praudyogikiyon ke saath milkar RFID, sangathanon ko apni sampatti ki pehchaan karne aur prabandhan karne ka tareeka pradaan karti hai. shuroo mein ekeekrut RFID reedar ke saath pramukh reetel kreg paitarasan, nauksavile, TN. mobile computer, mein shuroo kiya gaya jo ab upakaranon ka poora set pradaan kar sakte hain jo kaagaji kaarravaai ko samaapt kar sakta hai aur pehchaan aur upasthiti ka saboot de sakta hai. yeh tareeka shaareerik roop se deta pravishti ko samaapt karta hai.


kendreeya vidyut anusandhaan sansthaan (angreji : central power research Institute, laghu: si.pi.aar.I) jo aamtaur par si pi aar I ke naam se jaana jaata hai, sanprati vighut mantraalaya ke adheen ek svaayatt society hai. Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara 1960 mein iski sthaapana ki gayi tatha 1978 mein svaayatt society ke roop mein usaka punagarthan kiya gaya. sansthaan ka prabandh shaasi nikaaya karta hai jiske sadasya sarkaar, vidyut upayogitaaon, udyogon, shaikshink sansthaaon aadi ka pratinidhitv karte hain. sachiv vidyut mantraalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar shaasi pirshad ke adhyaksh hain. sansthaan ke mukhya adhishaasi mahaanideshak hain, jo shaasi parishd ke sadasya sachiv bhi hein.
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