fraanseesi jeen nikot (jinke naam se nikoteen shabd vyutpann hua) ne 1560 mein France ko tambaakoo se parichit karaaya aur fir tambaakoo England mein fail gaya. kisi angrej ke dhoomrapaan ki pehli report 1556 me Bristol mein ek naavik ki hai, "usaki naak se dhuaan niklata dekha gaya".[3] chai, kaufi aur afeem ki tarah tambaakoo bhi abhi kai maadak dravyon mein se ek hai jo mool roop se dava ke roop mein istemaal kiya gaya tha.[25] French mein vyaapaariyon dvaara 1600 ke aaspaas tambaakoo ko vahaan parichit karaaya gaya jise aaj ke aadhunik samay mein jaambiya aur senegal kehte hain. usi samay morakko ke kaafile timbakatoo aur Portugal ke aaspaas ke kshetron mein tambaakoo le aaye aur yeh vastu (aur paudhe) dakshin Africa ko diye, jisse poore Africa mein 1650 ke dashak mein tambaakoo ki lokapriyta sthaapit ho gayi.
Categories: 1923 birthsChief Ministers of KeralaCommunist Party of India (Marxist) politicians from KeralaIndian atheistsLiving peopleMalayali politiciansKerala politiciansIndian independence activists from KeralaTrade unionists from KeralaLeaders of the Opposition in KeralaChief ministers from Communist Party of India (Marxist)People from Alappuzha districtKerala MLAs 1967–70Kerala MLAs 1970–77Kerala MLAs 1991–96Kerala MLAs 2001–06Kerala MLAs 2006–11Kerala MLAs 2011–16
poorvi uttar ameriki janajaatiyaan vyaapaar ke ek sahaj sveekaar taiyaar mad ke roop mein tambaakoo ke paauch ka badi maatra mein apne paas rakhate hain aur aksar pipe se dhoomrapaan karte hain, chaahe vah paribhaashit samaaroh ho jise pavitra maana jaata hai ya saude ko pakka karne ke liye[17] aur ve ise jeevan ke sabhi charanon sabhi avsaron par peete hain, yahaan tak ki bachapan mein bhi.[18][page needed] aisi maanyata hai ki tambaakoo is jagat ke nirmaata se mila ek ek upahaar tha aur tambaakoo ke kash se nikla dhuaan us vyakti vishesh ke vichaaron aur praarthanaaon ko svarg tak le ja paane mein saksham hai.[19]
sansthaan ki ye sahaayak khaata bahiyaaain hai. deya khaata bahi mein sansthaan ke sabhi deya khaate tatha praapya khaata bahi mein uske sabhi praapya khaate ankit rahate hain. yadi khaaton ki sankhya adhik hui to ek se adhik khaata bahiyaaain varnaanukram ya bhaugolik aadhaar par suvidhaanusaar bhi ye bahiyaaain rakhi jaati hai. sansthaan ke samaanya khaate mein bhi deya tatha praapya dhan ka aalekh rahata hai. in khaata bahiyon ki alag vyavastha shramavibhaajan ke sahaj laabh ke kaaran ki jaati hai kyonki iske dvaara vitt vibhaag ko baaaint kar tatha alag svatantr roop se bhi kaam karne mein sahaayata milti hai. saath hi shram aur samay ki bachat hoti hai. hisaab kitaab ke Milan mein bhi isse sahaayata milti hai kyonki sansthaan ke saamaanya khaate se in bahiyon ke khaate ka santulan samay samay par hota rahata hai jisse bhool chook ki chhaanabeen bhi aasaani se ho jaati hai. bade vyaapaarik sansthaanon mein in sahaayak bahiyon ka upayog vyaapak paimaane par kiya jaata hai.
uparokt dvaara uthaai gayi chintaaon ko klipd taig ke prayog dvaara aanshik roop se khtm kiya ja sakta hai. klipd taig, ek RFID taig hai jise upabhokta gopaneeyata ko badhaane ke liye dijaain kiya gaya hai. klipd taig ka sujhaav IBM shodhakartaaon, paul moskovitj aur guentar karjoth dvaara diya gaya hai. bikri ke baad, upabhokta taig ke ek hisse ko ukhaad sakta hai. isse ek lambi doori ke taig ko ek najadeeki taig mein parivartan ki anumati milti hai jise ab bhi padha ja sakta hai, lekin sirf kam doori par - kuchh inch ya seinteemeetar se bhi kam mein. taig ke is sanshodhan ki aaainkhon se dekhkar pushti ki ja sakti hai. is taig ka upayog baad mein vaapasi, yaad dilaane, ya risaaikiling ke liye kiya ja sakta hai.
uber (aur “uber ____” hone ke aadhaar par banaaya gaya staartaps ke parinaamasvaroop paagalapan) jaise braandon ke lie dhanyavaad, logon ko phon eplikeshan ke maadhyam se maang par sab kuchh karane ke lie upayog kiya ja raha hai 2017 mein, mujhe ummeed hai ki yah dekhane ke lie ki yah aage bhee vikasit ho. hamaare paas savaaree, bhojan vitaran, aur yahaan tak ​​ki ek ke lie hamaare paas upalabdh hajaaron aip hain
fraanseesi jeen nikot (jinke naam se nikoteen shabd vyutpann hua) ne 1560 mein France ko tambaakoo se parichit karaaya aur fir tambaakoo England mein fail gaya. kisi angrej ke dhoomrapaan ki pehli report 1556 me Bristol mein ek naavik ki hai, "usaki naak se dhuaan niklata dekha gaya".[3] chai, kaufi aur afeem ki tarah tambaakoo bhi abhi kai maadak dravyon mein se ek hai jo mool roop se dava ke roop mein istemaal kiya gaya tha.[25] French mein vyaapaariyon dvaara 1600 ke aaspaas tambaakoo ko vahaan parichit karaaya gaya jise aaj ke aadhunik samay mein jaambiya aur senegal kehte hain. usi samay morakko ke kaafile timbakatoo aur Portugal ke aaspaas ke kshetron mein tambaakoo le aaye aur yeh vastu (aur paudhe) dakshin Africa ko diye, jisse poore Africa mein 1650 ke dashak mein tambaakoo ki lokapriyta sthaapit ho gayi.
sansthaan ki ye sahaayak khaata bahiyaaain hai. deya khaata bahi mein sansthaan ke sabhi deya khaate tatha praapya khaata bahi mein uske sabhi praapya khaate ankit rahate hain. yadi khaaton ki sankhya adhik hui to ek se adhik khaata bahiyaaain varnaanukram ya bhaugolik aadhaar par suvidhaanusaar bhi ye bahiyaaain rakhi jaati hai. sansthaan ke samaanya khaate mein bhi deya tatha praapya dhan ka aalekh rahata hai. in khaata bahiyon ki alag vyavastha shramavibhaajan ke sahaj laabh ke kaaran ki jaati hai kyonki iske dvaara vitt vibhaag ko baaaint kar tatha alag svatantr roop se bhi kaam karne mein sahaayata milti hai. saath hi shram aur samay ki bachat hoti hai. hisaab kitaab ke Milan mein bhi isse sahaayata milti hai kyonki sansthaan ke saamaanya khaate se in bahiyon ke khaate ka santulan samay samay par hota rahata hai jisse bhool chook ki chhaanabeen bhi aasaani se ho jaati hai. bade vyaapaarik sansthaanon mein in sahaayak bahiyon ka upayog vyaapak paimaane par kiya jaata hai.

Categories: 1923 birthsChief Ministers of KeralaCommunist Party of India (Marxist) politicians from KeralaIndian atheistsLiving peopleMalayali politiciansKerala politiciansIndian independence activists from KeralaTrade unionists from KeralaLeaders of the Opposition in KeralaChief ministers from Communist Party of India (Marxist)People from Alappuzha districtKerala MLAs 1967–70Kerala MLAs 1970–77Kerala MLAs 1991–96Kerala MLAs 2001–06Kerala MLAs 2006–11Kerala MLAs 2011–16

jis tarah se main ise dekhata hoon, vahaan 2017 mein ham saat pramukh takaneek pravrttiyon kee dukaan mein hain. yadi aap ek sektar mein najar rakh rahe hain jisamen koee vyavasaay shuroo karane ke lie, inamen se koee ek bahut achchha shart hai yadi aap pahale se hee ek udyamee hain, to is baare mein sochen ki aap apane lakshit darshakon tak nae tareeke se pahunchane ke lie in praudyogikiyon ka laabh kaise utha sakate hain.
paryaapt vaigyaanik saboot se pata chalta hai ki cigarette ki oonchi keemat ke kaaran cigarette ki samagr khapat mein kami aati hai. jyaadaatar adhyayanon se sanket milta hai ki moolya mein 10% ki vruddhi se cigarette ke samagr upabhog mein 3% se 5% kami ho jaayegi. moolya vruddhi ke baad yuvaaon, alpasankhyakon aur kam aay vaale dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ke nasha chhodne ki sambhaavana, anya dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki tulana mein do se teen guna adhik badh jaati hai.[84][85] dhoomrapaan karna aksar ek bahut drudh hone ka udaaharan maane jaate hain haalaanki, uda. hai ki keematon mein bhaari vruddhi ka parinaam, jiska khapat par kaafi kam prabhaav padta hai.
ek baar koi dijaain maujood hai aur satyaapit aur pareekshan yogya hai, to ise utpaadit yogya hone ke liye aksar sansaadhit karne ki aavashyakta hoti hai. aadhunik ekeekrut paripth mein, fotopratirodh ko ujaagar karne ke liye prayukt prakaash ki tarang dairdhya se chhoti visheshataaen hain. utpaadakata software, eksapojr maask mein mukt-paripth ko samaapt karne ke liye hastakshep paitarn jodte hain aur maask ke rijaulyooshan aur kantraast mein vruddhi karte hain.

fir bhi anya kootlekhit protokaul, anadhikrut paathakon ke khilaaf gopaneeyata haasil karne ke prayaas mein hain, haalaanki ye protokaul abhi anusandhaan charan mein hain. RFID taig ko surakshit karne mein ek badi chunauti, taig ke bheetar kampyooteshanal sansaadhanon ki kami hai. maanak kootalekhan takaneek mein adhikaansh kam keemat vaale RFID upakaranon mein upalabdh sansaadhanon ki tulana mein adhik ki aavashyakta hoti hai. RSA security ne ek prototaaip upakaran ko peteint karaaya hai jo sthaaneeya star par ek maanak takkar parihaar protokaul ke dakhal se RFID sanketon ko jaam kar deta hai, or prayokta ko agar vaanchhit ho to pehchaan rokane ki anumati deta hai.[64] vibhinn neetigat upaayon ka bhi prastaav kiya gaya hai, jaise ki RFID taig waali vastu ko ek udyog maanak lebal ke saath chihnit karna. RFID suraksha, kuchh varshon se ek bahut sakriya anusandhaan kshetr hai, jismein 2002 se lekar aaj tak 400 se adhik vaigyaanik pepar prakaashit kiye gaye hain. is kshetr mein sandarbh ki ek vyaapak soochi RFID Security and Privacy Lounge mein pai ja sakti hai.


On 12 May 2013, three of his personal staffs VK Sasidharan (additional private secretary), A Suresh (personal assistant) and K Balakrishnan (press secretary) were ousted by the Politburo, which was entrusted by the CPI(M) central committee to decide on the action to be taken against them. They were expelled on charges of leaking information to media, according to CPIM.[18] With the decision, Achuthanandan's arch-rival and Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) state secretary Pinarayi Vijayan appears to have won. The state committee of the party where Vijayan has a huge majority also wanted Achuthanandan to be removed from the post of leader of opposition but this was not done. "This is a clipping of the wings of Achuthanandan", said K.M. Shahjahan.[19]
dubai mein, (sanyukt arab ameeraat) shekh jaayad road aur garahaud brij se gujarane vaale driver RFID taig ka upayog karte hue tol bhugataan karte hain jise saleek (pathakar) kaha jaata hai. dubai ne ek saarvajanik parivhan card bhi shuroo kiya hai jiska naam Nol [9] hai (jiska arth arabi mein kiraaya hai) jise metro, bas aur vaatarabas mein istemaal kiya jaata hai, ise dubai metro ke sarkaari prakshepan ke 9 September 2009 ke din seva mein pesh kiya gaya tha.
raksha ki ek dviteeya shreni, taig kloning ko rokane ke liye kriptograafi ka upayog karti hai. kuchh taig ek prakaar ke "roling code" yojana ka upayog karte hain, jismein taig pahachaanakarta jaankaari pratyek scan ke baad parivrtit ho jaati hai, is tarah dekhi gayi pratikriyaaon ki upayogita ko kam kar deti hai. adhik parishkrut upakaran chunauti-pratikriya pramaaneekaran mein sanlagn hote hain jahaan taig, reedar ke saath soochana ka aadaan pradaan karta hai. in protokaul mein, taig aur reedar ke beech asurakshit sanchaar channel par gupt taig jaankaari naheen bheji jaati hai. balki, reedar taig ke liye ek chunauti jaari karta hai, jo ek parinaam ke saath javaab deta hai jiski ganana kuchh gupt moolya ke saath bandhe kriptograafik sarkit ka upayog karte hue ki jaati hai. aise protokaul, samamit ya saarvajanik kunji kriptograafi par aadhaarit ho sakta hai. koot roop se saksham taig ki aamtaur par keemat naatakeeya roop se uchch hoti hai aur ise saral samakaksh se adhik bijli ki aavashyakta hoti hai aur parinaamasvaroop in taig ki tainaati adhik seemit hai. is laagat/vidyut bandhan ne kuchh nirmaataaon ko kaafi kamjor ya svaamitv waali enkripshan yojanaaon ka upayog karke kootlekhit taig lagaane mein prerit kiya, jo parishkrut hamle ko aavashyak roop se naheen rokate. udaaharan ke liye, eksaun-mobil speedapaas, Texas instroomeints dvaara nirmit ek kootalekh-saksham taig ka upayog karta hai, jise digital signechar traansapondar (DST) kehte hain, jismein kam laagat ke liye ek chunauti-pratikriya protokaul karne ke liye ek kamjor, svaamitv enkripshan yojana shaamil hai.
The Vyapar - Accounting & Invoicing has 8 plans - Basic - Desktop INRUSD 38 (Device/Year),Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 68 (Device/ 3 Years),Super Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 98 (Device/ 5 Years),Ultra Saver Plan - Desktop INRUSD 167 (Device/ 10 Years),Basic - Android INRUSD 11 (Device/Year),Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 27 (Device/ 3 Years),Super Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 42 (Device/ 5 Years),Ultra Saver Plan - Android INRUSD 74 (Device/ 10 Years).
web aadhaarit prabandhan upakaran, sangathanon ko apni sampatti ki nigraani ki anumati dete hue duniya mein kaheen se bhi prabandhan ke faisale karne mein saksham karte hain. web aadhaarit anuprayog ka ab matlab hai ki, teesara paksh, jaise vinirmaata aur thekedaar ko parisanpatti deta ko adyatan karne ke liye pahunch di ja sakti hai, udaaharan ke liye jismein shaamil hai, nireekshan itihaas aur online pralekhan hastaantaran jo yeh sunishchit karta hai ki antim upayogakarta ke paas hamesha sahi, rial-time data ho. sangathan, pehle se hi mobile parisanpatti prabandhan samaadhaan ke saath RFID taig ko sanyojit karke apni sampatti ko darj karne aur uske sthaan par najar rakhane, usaki vartamaan sthiti aur unka rakh-rakhaav kiya gaya hai ya naheen, yeh jaanane ke liye prayog kar rahe hain.
Indian Navy claimed that the 300-Watt panels will generate about 5.4 kW solar power system, and avoid around 165 kg of carbon a day, "So in its 25 years life the total carbon saved is around 15 lakhs kg and 5.75 lakh litres of diesel by this innovation" [14][15] Noting that the world is looking for clean, renewable sources of energy in order to protect and reduce the harm caused to the environment, the Navy said the deterioration of the environment is highly correlated to the production and usage of fossil-based fuels worldwide. The Navy said it has created a new mechanism to encourage the utilization and development of renewable energy resources.[16]
apni adyatan sanrachana aur suvijnyaata ke saath si pi aar I ne desh ke vidyut kshetr ko unnat yojana, prachaalan tatha vidyut pranaaliyon ke niyantran ke liye paryaapt yogadaan diya hai. aantarik anusandhaan va vikaas ke alaava, si pi aar I suvijnyaata ke vibhinn kshetron mein nirmaataaon aur anya abhikranon se praayojit anusandhaan pariyojanaaon ko sveekaarata hai.

vishv svaasthya sangathan (WHO) ka kehna hai ki "tambaakoo ke kaaran paida hui beemaariyon aur usase hui maut ke maamalon ke jyaadaatar shikaar gareeb log hote hain. 1.22 billion dhoomrapaan karne vaalon mein se 1 billion vikaasasheel ya sankramanakaaleen arthavyavasthaaon mein rahate hain. dhoomrapaan ki darein viksit duniya mein ya to khatm ho gayi hain ya unamein giraavat I hai.[54] haalaanki vikaasasheel duniya mein tambaakoo sevan prati varsh 3.4% ki dar se badh rahi hai, jitni 2002 mein thi.[7]
digital bhangasheelata ko ek digital pranaali ke roopaankan dvaara majabooti ke liye kam kiya ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye ek pairiti bit ya anya truti prabandhan paddhati ko signal path mein daala ja sakta hai. yeh paddhati system ko, truti ka pata lagaane mein madad karti hai aur ya to trutiyon ko sahi karti hai ya fir kam se kam deta ki ek nai pratilipi ke liye poochhati hai. ek state machine mein state traanjishn laujik ka aprayukt state ko pakadne aur ek reeset anukram trigr ya anya niyamit truti vasooli ke liye design kiya ja sakta hai.
shalya chikitsa, yahaan tak ki ek chhote paimaane par bhi, apne jokhim saath laati hai. RFID chip pratyaaropan bhi koi apavaad naheen hai. "yoojing radio freekveinsi aaidenteefikeshan (RFID) teknolaaji in hyumans in the United states for total control,"[12] ke lekhak David bi smith ke anusaar, smith svaasthya jokhimon ka udaaharan dete hain jaise "... pratikool ootak pratikriya, pratyaaropit traansapondar ka pravaas, samjhauta soochana suraksha, pratyaaropit traansapondar ki vifalta, pratyaaropan ki vifalta, electronic skainar ki vifalta, vidyut chumbakeeya hastakshep bijli ke khatre, chunbakeeya anunaad imejing asangati aur needal stick"(38). is tarah ke jokhim kisi ko bhi ho sakte hain.
Parakala was appointed to the NSUI central committee as All India Vice President in 1984. It was almost like a token of appreciation by the Congress High Command of his performance as President of the JNU unit and his contribution to the establishment of the organisation in the citadel of left wing student politics. As an office bearer of the central committee of NSUI, he toured several states and universities to organise the activities of the students' wing of the Congress Party. He took up a massive campaign against drug abuse in the university campuses all over the country. With his departure for United Kingdom in October 1986 to pursue his higher studies at the London School of Economics (LSE), there was a break to his political activity. On his return to India in May 1991 he resumed political activity in his native place Narasapuram in West Godavari District. Tragic political events in the country resulted in dramatic political developments. Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, in the midst of the election campaign and P V Narasimha Rao was elected to lead the Congress Party. After the elections, Narasimha Rao became Prime Minister at the head of a minority government. Parakala family was closely associated with P V Narasimha Rao for a long time, Parakala Seshavataram, Prabhakar's father, being a close political associate of Rao. Narasimha Rao assigned the task of conceiving, designing and building a grand institution to perpetuate the memory of Rajiv Gandhi. He made Parakala as Officer on Special Duty to oversee the implementation of the project 'Rajiv Gandhi National Institute for Youth Development (RGNIYD). It is conceived as an institution to train the youth of India and impart to them skills that are necessary to them to play a vital role in building a modern nation in the 21st century, a theme that was dear to the heart of Rajiv Gandhi. Parakala went around the country to study various institutions, their constitutions, structures, course content etc., and designed the Institute which is functional now under the aegis of Ministry of Human Resource Development. Around this time Parakala was nominated by the Congress High Command to represent the Congress Party at the French Communist Party's Plenary in Paris.
dhoomrapaan ke alaava dava ke roop mein bhi tambaakoo ka upayog hota hai. ek dard nivaarak ke taur par yeh kaan ke dard aur daant ke dard aur kabhi-kabhi ek pralep ke roop mein bhi istemaal kiya jaata hai. registaan mein rahane vaale bhaarateeya kehte hain ki dhoomrapaan karne se jukaam theek ho jaata hai, khaaskar yadi tambaakoo mein tejapaat ke chhote patte tejapaat ki dori ya bhaarateeya gulameinhadi ya khaansi mool Leptotaenia multifida mila diye jaayein, jo iske atirikt asthama aur tapedik ke liye vishesh roop se achha maana gaya.[20]
kai deshon ne tambaakoo karaadhaan ke kuchh tareeke laagoo kiye hain. 1997 mein Denmark mein cigarette ke pratyek packet par 4.02 dollar ka uchchatam kar bojh tha. taaivaan mein pratyek packet par keval 0.62 dollar ka kar bojh tha. vartamaan mein sanyukt raajya America mein sigreton par moolya aur utpaad kar ka ausat kai anya audyogik deshon se neeche hai.[86]
According to General Pakravan, "The ayatollah used to say in this very flowery Eastern way, 'Timsar [General], I count the days until we reach the day of our luncheon.'" He described the ayatollah as, very handsome, someone with extraordinary presence, a power of seduction and great charisma. They talked about religion, philosophy, and history. General Pakravan also found him to be very ambitious and secretive. "So much so that it made my hair stand on end. It was frightening," he told his wife.
On 12 May 2013, three of his personal staffs VK Sasidharan (additional private secretary), A Suresh (personal assistant) and K Balakrishnan (press secretary) were ousted by the Politburo, which was entrusted by the CPI(M) central committee to decide on the action to be taken against them. They were expelled on charges of leaking information to media, according to CPIM.[18] With the decision, Achuthanandan's arch-rival and Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) state secretary Pinarayi Vijayan appears to have won. The state committee of the party where Vijayan has a huge majority also wanted Achuthanandan to be removed from the post of leader of opposition but this was not done. "This is a clipping of the wings of Achuthanandan", said K.M. Shahjahan.[19]
is gatividhi ke liye dhoomrapaan karne vaalon dvaara diye gaye kaaran ko mote taur par is prakaar vargeekrut kiya ja sakta hai: dhoomrapaan ke nashe ki lat, maje ke liye dhoomrapaan, tanaav mein kami/vishraam, saamaajikta ke kaaran dhoomrapaan, uttejana, aadat/svachaalan aur prabandhan . in vajahon mein se kitni vajahein jimmedaar hain yeh lingabhed par nirbhar hai, tanaav mein kami/vishraam, uttejana aur saamaajikta ke kaaran dhoomrapaan ke maamale mahilaaon mein purushon se adhik hone ki sambhaavana ka havaala diya gaya hai.[66]
veetaakraaft dvaara dijaain, RFIQin, ek svat: khaana pakaane ka upakaran hai, jismein teen bhinn aakaar ke bartan hain, ek portebal indakshan heetar hai aur resipi card hai. pratyek pain mein antarnihit ek RFID taig hai jo bhojan ki pratyek sekend mein 16 baar jaanch karta hai jabki paaen ke haindal mein laga MI taig indakshan heetar ko taapamaan ko samaayojit karne ke liye sanket sanchaarit karta hai.
mobile kanpyooting aur web praudyogikiyon ke saath milkar RFID, sangathanon ko apni sampatti ki pehchaan karne aur prabandhan karne ka tareeka pradaan karti hai. shuroo mein ekeekrut RFID reedar ke saath pramukh reetel kreg paitarasan, nauksavile, TN. mobile computer, mein shuroo kiya gaya jo ab upakaranon ka poora set pradaan kar sakte hain jo kaagaji kaarravaai ko samaapt kar sakta hai aur pehchaan aur upasthiti ka saboot de sakta hai. yeh tareeka shaareerik roop se deta pravishti ko samaapt karta hai.
mahangi engineering prakriyaaon ko svachaalit karne ke liye, kuchh EDA state table le sakte hain jo state machine ka varnan karte hain aur ek state machine ke mishrit bhaag ke liye ek truth table ya ek fankshan table ka utpaadan kar sakte hain. state table paath ka ek tukada hai jo pratyek state ko paristhitiyon ke saath soocheebaddh karta hai, jo unke aur sambandhit utpaadan sanketon ke beech sankraman ko niyantrit karta hai.

praarambhik ekeekrut paripth ek aanandadaayak sanyog the. unhein paise bachaane ke liye nirmit naheen kiya gaya tha, balki vajan bachaane ke liye aur Apollo gaaideins computer ko ek antariksh yaan ko ek inarshial gaaideins system ko niyantrit karne ki anumati dene ke liye banaaya gaya tha. pehla ekeekrut paripth laujik gate ki keemat kareeb $50 thi (1960 dollar mein, jab ek engineer $10,000/varsh kamaata tha). sabhi ko aashcharyachakit karte hue, jab sarkit ka thok mein utpaadan hone laga to ve digital laujik nirmaan ki sabse sasti vidhi ban gaye. is praudyogiki mein sudhaar ne laagat mein sabhi baad ke sudhaaron ko prerit kiya.
1612 mein jemsataaun ke avasthaapan ke chhah saal baad John raalf pehle adhivaasi hain jinhonne tambaakoo ki ek nakadi fasal ke roop mein safalataapoorvak kheti ki. tambaakoo ki maang mein teji se vruddhi hui, use "bhoora sona" kaha gaya, kyonki usane sone ke abhiyaan mein vifal varjeeniya ko share company mein punarjeevit kar diya.[21] puraani duniya ki maangon ko poora karne ke liye tambaakoo ki paidaavaar lagaataar ki gayi jiske parinaamasvaroop jameen ki urvara shakti sheegra hi kam ho gayi. isne pashchim ko ek agyaat mahaadveep mein basane ke liye prerak ka kaarya kiya aur isi tarah tambaakoo utpaadan ka ek vistaar hua.[22] bekan vidroh ke pehle tak anubandhit daasata hi praathamik shram bal ka aadhaar thi jiske kaaran das pratha par dhyaan kendrit hua.[23] yeh pravrutti ameriki kraanti ke baad kam hui aur daasapratha laabhaheen maani gayi. haalaanki yeh pratha 1794 mein punarjeevit ho gayi jab kapaas ki charkhi ka aavishkaar hua.[24][page needed]

computer niyantrit digital system ko software dvaara niyantrit kiya ja sakta hai jo ki haardaveyar ko badle bina nae fankshan ko jodne ki anumati deta hai. aur aksar ise adyatan utpaad ke software ke dvaara kaarkhaane ke baahar kiya ja sakta hai. jisse utpaad ke design ki trutiyon ko graahak ke haath mein utpaad ke aane ke baad sanshodhit kiya ja sakta hai.
gharon mein aam taur par vidyut company, telephone company, kebal teleevijn ya upagrah dish seva, akhbaar ka chanda aur anya aisi niyamit sevaaen dendaari lekhe hain. gruhasth log saamaanyat: check ya kredit card ka upayog karte hue, hastachaalit tareeke se maasik aadhaar par inka dhyaan rakhate aur bhugataan karte hain. vyaapaar mein, aam taur par A/P faail mein vyaapak sevaaen shaamil hoti hain aur saamaanya roop se lekhaakaar ya bahi-khaata likhnevaale, jab unhein beejak milta hai to is dendaari khaate mein aane vaale dhan aur jab ve bhugataan karte hain, to is khaate se jaane vaale dhan ke pravaah ki khoj-khabar ke liye lekhaankan software ka prayog karte hain. badi companiyaan ek sangathan ke beejakon ke sansaadhan mein prayukt kaagj aur hastachaalit tatvon ko svachaalit karne ke liye teji se vishesh dendaari lekhon ke svachaalan ka prayog kar rahi hain.
cigarette ke maamale mein French "chhota sigaar" dhoomrapaan ka ek utpaad hai jise patali tambaakoo ki pattiyon ko ant mein kaatkar aur tambaakoo ka punargathan kar theek se taiyaar kiya jaata hai, aksar ise anya yogaj ke saath sanyukt kar ek velanaakaar kaagaj mein lapet diya jaata hai.[8] cigarette aamtaur par sulagaakar usaka dhuaan ek selooloj eseetet filtar ke maadhyam se munh aur fefadon mein kheencha jaata hai. cigarette peena tambaakoo-sevan ka sabse aam tareeka hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
dendaari lekha ek aisa faail ya khaata hai, jismein vyakti ya company dvaara aapoortikrtaaon ko bakaaya, lekin ab tak adatt (karj ka ek roop) paisa hota hai. jab aapko beejak praapt hota hai, to aap use faail se jodte hain aur bhugataan karte samay use hataate hain. is prakaar, A/P rin ka ek aisa svaroop hai, jo aapoortikrta apne khreedaaron ko pesh karte hain, jiske jriye pehle se hi praapt kisi utpaad ya seva ke liye baad mein bhugataan anumat hota hai.

INS Sarvekshak (J22) is a hydrographic survey ship in the Indian Navy, under the Southern Naval Command. Apart from a helicopter and Bofors 40 mm gun, the ship is also equipped with four survey motor boats, two small boats.[2] The ship was awarded the runner up trophy in the 2015 Innovation Trophy awards given out on Navy Day as an operational unit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The award was given for developing an innovative solution for tidal measurement during Hydrological Surveys by use of land based terrain mapping equipment and floating buoys mounted with prisms. The award was accepted by Capt Rajesh Bargoti, the Commanding Officer of INS Sarvekshak.[3]
NADRA ne RFID aadhaarit chaalak license viksit kiya hai jis par license dhaarak ki vyaktigat jaankaari aur yaataayaat ullanghan, jaari kiye gaye ticket aur bakaaya dand ke baare mein data sangrahit hote hain. license card is tarah se dijaain kiye gaye hain ki driving adhikaar ko gambhir ullanghan ke maamale mein electronic tareeke se radd kiya ja sake. [49]
khudara vikretaaon ke maadhyam se bikne vaale utpaadon ke nirmaata khudara vikreta ko beche gaye apne utpaadon ko badhaava dene ke liye ek seemit avadhi ke liye is ummeed ke saath chhoot deta hai, ki khudara vikreta bachat ko apne graahakon tak pahunchaaega. haalaanki, khudara vikreta aamtaur par forward baaing mein vyast ho jaate hain aur chhoot avadhi ke dauraan adhik utpaad khareedne lagte hain jitna ki ve prachaar avadhi ke dauraan bechne ka iraada naheen rakhate. kuchh khudara vikreta ek prakaar ke antarapanan mein sanlagn ho jaate hain aur riyaayati utpaad ko anya khudara vikretaaon ko bechne lag jaate hain, is abhyaas ko daaivarting ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. is abhyaas ka mukaabala karne ke liye, nirmaata, prachaarit maal par RFID taig ke prayog ki sambhaavanaaon ko talaash rahe hain taaki ve track kar sakein ki vaastav mein kaun sa utpaad poori tarah se riyaayati keematon par aapoorti shrrunkhala ke maadhyam se becha gaya hai.[27]
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↑ a aa The World Health Organization, and the Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health (2001). "Women and the Tobacco Epidemic: Challenges for the 21st Century" (PDF). World Health Organization. pp. 5–6. Archived from the original on 2003-11-28. http://web.archive.org/20031128122821/www.who.int/tobacco/media/en/WomenMonograph.pdf. abhigman tithi: 2009-01-02.
sanvedya jagat enalaug ke hain aur is jagat se sanket enalaug maatraaen hain. udaaharan ke liye prakaash, taapamaan, dhvani, vidyut chaalakata, vidyut aur chunbakeeya aadhaar enaalaug hain. sabse upayogi digital system nirantar enaalaug sanketon se digital sanketon ko alag karne ke liye badalna hoga. yeh parimaaneekaran trutiyon ka kaaran banta hai.
INS Sarvekshak had previously visited Mauritius in February 2006 and March 2007 to undertake hydrographic surveys. The survey work by INS Sarvekshak was of immense help to Mauritius with regards to fishing, ecosystem preservation and management, establishment of artificial reefs, delimitation of the Continental Shelf of Mauritius and safe navigation of ships and crafts.[8] In 2007 the ship surveyed Port Mathurin, Rodrigues, which was last surveyed 133 years ago.[9] In 2011 the ship was also deployed in Seychelles to carry out hydrographic surveys off the atoll of Aldabra, Picard Island, Polyminie and part of Malabar Island and Grande-Terre island on the request of Government of Seychelles as the last survey of the area was done back in 1960s.[10] As part of goodwill tour 20 students from Jammu and Kashmir also toured the ship in 2011.[11]
ZDNet ke anusaar, aalochakon ka maanana hai ki is praudyogiki se kisi vyakti ki har gatividhi par nazar rakha jaaega aur yeh gopaneeyata par ek aakraman hoga. vivaad is baat par hai ki aalochak maanate hain ki sarkaar dvaara iska durupayog hoga. kuchh log aise bhavishya ki avadhaarana pesh karte hain jahaan har gatividhi par sarkaar ki nazar hogi.[86] Cathrine albrekt ke spaaichips: how major korporeshan end gavarnameint plaan tu track yor evri moov vith RFID, se ek vyakti ko "gair-nijta waali duniya ki kalpana" ke liye protsaahit kiya jaata hai. "jahaan aapki har khareed ki nigraani aur ek detaabes mein darj ki jaati hai aur aapki har cheej sankhyaabaddh hai. jiske tahat, kisi anya sudoor raajya ke ya shaayad kisi doosare desh ke vyakti ke paas aapki har khareed ka byaura hoga. aur kya, unka pata lagaaya ja sakta hai aur door se najar rakhi ja sakti hai."[87] seedhe shabdon mein kahein, shadayantrakaareeyon ka tark hai ki RFID chip ke saath sarkaar ek vyakti ko bhaan hue bina hi usaki gopaneeyata bhang kar sakti hai.
ek laujik gate ki "vishvasaneeyata", asafalata (MTBF) ke beech uske ausat samay ka varnan karti hai. digital masheenon mein aksar laakhon laujik gate hote hai. iske alaava, adhikaansh digital masheenon ko unki laagat ko kam karne ke liye "anukoolit" kiya jaata hai. nateeja saaf hota hai, ek ekal laujik gate ki vifalta, ek digital machine ke kaam band karne ka kaaran banegi.
dendaari lekha ek aisa faail ya khaata hai, jismein vyakti ya company dvaara aapoortikrtaaon ko bakaaya, lekin ab tak adatt (karj ka ek roop) paisa hota hai. jab aapko beejak praapt hota hai, to aap use faail se jodte hain aur bhugataan karte samay use hataate hain. is prakaar, A/P rin ka ek aisa svaroop hai, jo aapoortikrta apne khreedaaron ko pesh karte hain, jiske jriye pehle se hi praapt kisi utpaad ya seva ke liye baad mein bhugataan anumat hota hai.
2002 mein rog niyantran aur rokathaam kendra ne kaha ki sanyukt raajya America mein beche gaye cigarette ke ek packet par dhoomrapaan karne vaalon ki chikitsa aur utpaadakata mein kshati ke roop mein desh ke 7 $ (dollar) se adhik kharch hote hain, jo prativrsh dhoomrapaan karne vaale prati vyakti par prativrsh $ 2000 se adhik baithata hai.[70] svaasthya arthashaastriyon ke ek dal ne ek anya adhyayan mein paaya ki unke parivaaron aur samaaj dvaara sanyukt pradatt moolya cigarette ke prati packet par 41 dollar hai.[83]
Parakala took his Ph.D from renowned London School of Economics. He submitted a thesis "Security Doctrines and Foreign Policy Behaviour: A Study of Brazil, Ghana and Indonesia". He worked for his thesis in the International Relations Department under the supervision of Dr Christopher Coker. Before joining the LSE, he went to Jawaharlal Nehru University (School of International Studies) for his MA and MPhil degrees. He did his graduation from Andhra Loyola College in Vijayawada. First year of his Intermediate was from Hyderabad and for the second year of the course he went back to his native town Narasapuram. In Hyderabad he attended Nampally Junior College and in Narasapuram he went to Sri YN College. His schooling was also in two places. His primary and secondary education was in Narasapuram. He went to Lakshminarasamamba Municipal school for his primary education. He went to Mission High School for his High School. He did his tenth partly in Narasapuram and partly in Peoples' High School in Himayatnagar, Hyderabad.
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RFID taig ka istamaal jin tol booth par electronic tol sangrahan ke liye kiya jaata hai unamein shaamil hain jaurjiya ka krooj card, California ka faasatraik, Colorado ka E-470, ilinois ka I-paas, oklaahoma ka paaikapaas, vistaar karte poorvi raajyon ka E-ZPass pranaali (maisaachusets ke fast len, delaaveyar, new haimpashaayar tarnapik, maireelaind, new jersey tarnapik peinsilveniya tarnapik, vest varjeeniya tarnapik, New York ki throove pranaali, varjeeniya, main tarnapik aur rode dweep ke nyooport brij sahit), sentral florida bhi is takaneek ka istemaal apne E-PASS pranaali ke maadhyam se karte hain. E-paas aur sanapaas paarasparik roop se sangat hain. florida ka sanapaas, Texas mein vibhinn pranaali jismein shaamil hain D/FW ka NTTA tolataig, ostin metro TxTag aur Houston HCTRA EZ taig (jo praarambhik 2007 ke roop mein kisi bhi Texas tol road par maanya hain), kensaas ka K-taig, "kraus-ijraail raajamaarg" (raajamaarg 6), fileepeens ka south lujon expressway E-paas, Brisbane ke kveensalaind motaravej ka govaaya taig (pehle E-tol ke naam se gyaat), Australia, mein system, otopista del sol (sans raajamaarg), otopista sentral (kendreeya raajamaarg), otopista los librtadores, kostaanera norte, vespusiyo norte express aur vespusiyo sur shahari raajamaarg aur har aane wala shahari raajamaarg (ek "mukt pravaah" saadhan mein) chili mein niji niveshakon ko chhoot praapt, Hongkong ke sabhi tol surang (ototol) aur Portugal ke sabhi raajamaarg (viya verd, tol ke poore network ka vistaar karne waali duniya ki pehli pranaali), France (libr-T pranaali), Italy (teleepaas), Spain (Via-T), braajeel (sem paraar - Via Fáacil). taig, jo aam taur par sakriya prakaar ke hote hain, vaahanon ke booth se gujarte samay door se padhe jaate hain aur taig jaankaari ka prayog ek poorv bhugataan khaate se tol raashi ko naame likhne ke liye kiya jaata hai. yeh pranaali tol plaaja ke maadhyam se yaataayaat ko gati dene mein madad karti hai, choonki yeh RFID vaahan taig ke liye taareekh, samay aur bill ke aankade darj karta hai. greater Toronto area mein plaaja aur kataar-mukt 407 express tol root, sabhi biling ke liye ek traansapondar (ek sakriya taig) ke prayog ki anumati deta hai. isse, license plate dvaara ek vaahan ki pehchaan karne ki aavashyakta samaapt ho jaati hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]
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