ek safal pilot ke baad, aavaas evam vikaas board (HDB) Singapore ne 2006 mein kaagaj season parking ticket (SPT) ko pratisthaapit karte hue RFID ko laagoo karne ke liye do nividaaon ko jaari kiya. safal nividaakaaron ne March 2007 ke baad se SPT dhaarakon ko RFID taig vitrit kiya.[14] viytanaam mein, futek ke paas is desh mein kai bilding ke liye svachaalit jaanch ticket pranaali laagoo hai.
tambaakoo dhoomrapaan ek aisa abhyaas hai jismein tambaakoo ko jalaaya jaata hai aur usaka dhuaan ya to chakha jaata hai ya fir use saans mein kheencha jaata hai. iska chalan 5000-3000 E.poo.ke praarambhik kaal mein shuroo hua.[1] kai sabhyataaon mein dhaarmik anushthaanon ke dauraan ise sugandh ke taur par jalaaya gaya, jise baad mein aanand praapt karne ke liye ya fir ek saamaajik upakaran ke roop mein apnaaya gaya.[2] puraani duniya mein tambaakoo 1500 ke dashak ke antim daur mein prachalit hua jahaan isne saajha vyaapaarik maarg ka anusaran kiya. haalaanki yeh padaarth aksar aalochna ka shikaar banta raha hai, lekin iske baavajood vah lokapriya ho gaya.[3] jarman vaigyaaniko ne aupachaarik roop se der se 1920 ke dashak ke ant mein dhoomrapaan aur fefade ke Cancer ke beech ke sambandhon ki pehchaan ki jisse aadhunik itihaas mein pehle dhoomrapaan virodhi abhiyaan ki shuruaat hui. aandolan tathaapi dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan dushmanon ki seema mein pahunchane mein naakaam raha aur uske baad jald hi alokapriya ho gaya.[4] 1950 mein svaasthya adhikaariyon ne fir se dhoomrapaan aur Cancer ke beech ke sambandh par charcha shuroo ki.[5] vaigyaanik pramaan 1980 ke dashak mein praapt hue, jisne is abhyaas ke khilaaf raajaneetik kaarravaai par jor diya. 1965 se viksit deshon mein khapat ya to ksheen hui ya fir usamein giraavat aayi.[6] haalaanki, vikaasasheel duniya mein badhat jaari hai.[7]
27 fravari 2005 ko hue tambaakoo niyantran par WHO ke rooparekha samjhaute ka prabhaav pada. FCTC duniya ki pehli saarvajanik svaasthya sandhi hai. jin deshon ne is par hastaakshar kiye ve is baat par sahamat the ki ve aam lakshyon ki sthaapana, tambaakoo niyantran neeti ke liye nyoonatam maanak aur cigarette ki seema-paar taskari jaisi chunautiyon se nipatne mein sahayog sthaapit kareinge. vartamaan mein WHO ne ghoshit kiya hai ki 4 billion log is sandhi ki paridhi mein aayeinge, jis par 168 logon ne hastaakshar kiye hain.[82] doosare charan mein hastaaksharakarta saath milkar kaanoon banaayeinge jismein kaaryasthalon ke andar, saarvajanik parivhan, inador saarvajanik sthaanon aur jahaan tak upayukt ho anya saarvajanik sthaanon par dhoomrapaan par rok lagaayi jaayegi.
October 2004 mein, FDA ne maanav mein pratyaaropit kiye ja sakane vaale amareeka ke pehle RFID chip ko manjoori di. vereechip corporation ke 134 kHz RFID chips mein vyaktigat chikitsa jaankaari rakhi ja sakti hai aur company ke anusaar, chikitsa upachaar mein trutiyon ke maamale mein jeevan raksha ho sakti hai aur choton ko seemit kiya ja sakta hai. FDA anumodan ko niveshakon ke saath ek sammelan ke dauraan bataaya gaya. anumodan ke sheegra hi baad, lekhak aur RFID-virodhi kaaryakarta Cathrine albrekt aur lij maikintaayar ne FDA ki or se ek chetaavani patra ki khoj ki jismein likha tha gambhir health risks associated with the VeriChip. FDA ke mutaabik, inmein shaamil hain "pratikool ootak pratikriya", "pratyaaropit traansapondar ka sthaan parivartan", "pratyaaropit traansapondar ki vifalta","bijli ke khatre" aur "maignetik rejoneins imejing [MRI] asangati."

dendaari lekhon mein, ek saadhaaran glati se adhik bhugataan ho sakta hai. ek saamaanya udaaharan mein dupleeket beejak shaamil hain. ek beejak asthaai roop se glat jagah rakha ja sakta hai ya abhi bhi anumodan star par ho sakti hai, jab vikreta uske bhugataan ki sthiti maaloom karne ke liye sampark karta hai. A/P staaf sadasya chhaan-been karta hai aur paata hai ki usaka bhugataan abhi naheen hua hai, to vikreta dupleeket beejak bhejata hai; is beech mool beejak ka pata chalta hai aur usaka bhugataan ho jaata hai. uske baad dupleeket beejak aata hai aur anajaane mein usaka bhi bhugataan ho jaata hai, shaayad kisi alag beejak sankhya ke adheen.


NADRA ne RFID aadhaarit chaalak license viksit kiya hai jis par license dhaarak ki vyaktigat jaankaari aur yaataayaat ullanghan, jaari kiye gaye ticket aur bakaaya dand ke baare mein data sangrahit hote hain. license card is tarah se dijaain kiye gaye hain ki driving adhikaar ko gambhir ullanghan ke maamale mein electronic tareeke se radd kiya ja sake. [49]
jyaadaatar maamalon mein sanketo ki avastha ki sankhya do hoti hai aur in do avasthaaon ko do voltej staron dvaara darshaaya jaata hai: prayog mein aapoorti voltej ke aadhaar par ek va doosra (aamtaur par "jameeni" ya shoonya volt ke roop mein kaha jaata hai)| 1 uchch star par hota hai va 0 nimn star par. aksar ye donon star "lo" aur "haai" ke roop mein pratinidhitv karte hain.
riflekted power (modyuleted baikaskaitar) RFID taig ka ek bahut praarambhik pradarshan, nishkriya aur arddh-nishkriya, donon ka, steven dep, alfred koele aur Robert freman dvaara 1973 mein loss elaamos national leboretari mein kiya gaya.[2] yeh portebal pranaali 915 megaahartj par sanchaalit hoti thi aur 12-bit taig ka prayog karti thi. is takaneek ka upayog aaj ke adhikaansh UHFID aur maaikrovev RFID taig dvaara kiya jaata hai.
kuchh pranaaliyon mein yadi digital deta ka ek bhaag lupt ho jaae ya galat tareeke se vyavahrut hon, to sambandhit deta ke vishaal khandon ka arth poori tarah se badal sakta hai. kyonki kleef ifekt ke kaaran, upayogakartaaon ke liye bataana mushkil hai ki koi vishisht system vifalta ke kagaar par sahi tha ya fir vah asafal hone se pehle bahut adhik shor ko sahan kar sakta hai ya naheen.

Parakala is a trained political economist. After his return from the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1991 summer, he established a policy and research consultancy and by name Centre for Public Policy Studies (CPPS). He led the Centre as its director. CPPS worked for governments, both union and state, and undertook many evaluation studies for inter-governmental organisations such as Unicef, ILO, UNDP, WTO etc. CPPS also undertook public opinion polls and election analyses. CPPS is now made into a private limited company with the name RightFOLIO. RightFOLIO has a large portfolio: political analysis, election studies, Communications, Conferences, Brand Consulting, and Human Resource consulting. Parakala is now heading RightFOLIO as its Managing director.
The newly formed government under the leadership of N Chandrababu Naidu took office on June 8, 2018. In about three weeks time Parakala was appointed by the Chief Minister as Communications Advisor to the Government with a Cabinet Rank. Parakala established the communications network for the new state. He created systems and structures that not only communicated the point of view of the government to the people, but also collected dependable feedback from the people and conveyed it to the government leaders. Government schemes and programmes were clearly and creatively explained to the people. New Media, i.e., social media, was introduced into every department of the government. Parakala quit as Advisor to the Government as soon as the leader of the opposition made a critical comment on his continuance in the government in the wake of Telugu Desam braking its alliance with BJP as Parakala's wife happens to be a minister in the NDA government. He wrote in his letter of resignation that he was pained at the Opposition Leaders's comments and did not want any shadow of doubt to be cast on the government and the Chief Ministers fight agains the injustice done to the state by the NDA led union government.
lekin, January 2009 mein saims club ne paalan na karne par lagne vaale jurmaane ko kaafi kam kar diya, jise usane prati pailet $2 se ghataakar sirf 12 seint prati pailet kar diya. Wall-Mart ka anumaan hai ki saims ke liye khud taiging karne par prati pailet 12 seint ka kharcha aaega. saims ne yeh bhi ghoshana ki ki pailet-stareeya taiging ko 2010 mein poori shrrunkhala bhar mein shuroo kiye jaane ki ummeed hai, jabki vyaktigat vastu par taiging ki samay seema "vichaaraadheen" hai.
January 2004 mein, CASPIAN ke gopaneeyata ke pairokaar aur jarman gopaneeyata samooh FoeBuD ko Germany mein METRO future store mein aamantrit kiya gaya, jahaan ek RFID pilot pariyojana laagoo ki gayi thi. sanyog se yeh khulaasa hua ki METRO "pebaik" graahak lauyalti card mein graahak ID vaale RFID taig shaamil the, ek tathya jise na to card praapt karne vaale graahakon ko bataaya gaya aur na hi gopaneeyata ke pairokaar is samooh ko. yeh METRO dvaara is aashvaasan ke baavajood hua ki kisi graahak pehchaan deta ko track naheen kiya ja raha hai aur sabhi RFID upayog ko spasht roop se bataaya gaya hai.[75]
2009 ki garmiyon ke baad se, do kredit card companiyaan vishesh maaicroSD card ke vikaas ke liye dalaas, Texas aadhaarit divaaisafideliti ke saath kaam kar rahi hain. jab ise ek mobile phone mein daala jaaega to yeh microSD card, ek nishkriya taig aur ek RFID reedar, donon ho sakta hai.[11] microSD daalne ke baad, ek upayogakarta ka phone bank khaate se jud jaaega aur usaka upayog mobile bhugataan mein kiya jaaega. 
×